Python爬虫系列:京东商品爬虫

版权声明: https://blog.csdn.net/binsun1102/article/details/80403576

需求:爬取京东手机频道的手机商品信息:名称、价格、评论数、商家名称等
这里涉及2个问题需要解决。
1、手机图片的爬取和保存
2、手机价格的爬取与保存(因为手机价格是异步加载的,无法从网页源代码中直接获取)

图片的爬取和保存

import requests
url="https://img13.360buyimg.com/n7/jfs/t3391/79/1963324994/297093/187de6d4/583ced0fN27e50577.jpg"
res=requests.get(url)

with open("E:\\jupyter-notebook\\PyCrawler\\jd1.jpg","wb") as fd:
    fd.write(res.content)

异步加载的数据-以京东商城价格信息提取为例

import re
url="https://p.3.cn/prices/mgets?callback=jQuery6775278&skuids=J_5089253"
res=requests.get(url)
pat='"p":"(.*?)"}'
price=re.compile(pat).findall(res.text)
print(price)

京东手机图片采集

url="https://list.jd.com/list.html?cat=9987,653,655"
res=requests.get(url)
imagepat='<img width="220" height="220" data-img="1" data-lazy-img="//(.*?)">'
imagelist=re.compile(imagepat).findall(res.text)
print(imagelist)

x=1
for imageurl in imagelist:
    imagename="E:\\jupyter-notebook\\PyCrawler\\jdpic\\"+str(x)+".jpg"
    x+=1
    imageurl="http://"+imageurl
    res=requests.get(imageurl)
    with open(imagename,'wb') as fd:
        fd.write(res.content)

完整代码如下

#京东手机信息采集:名称、价格、评论数、商家名称等
import requests
from lxml import etree
from pandas import DataFrame
import pandas as pd

jdInfoAll=DataFrame()
for i in range(1,4):
    url="https://list.jd.com/list.html?cat=9987,653,655&page="+str(i)
    res=requests.get(url)
    res.encoding='utf-8'
    root=etree.HTML(res.text)
    name=root.xpath('//li[@class="gl-item"]//div[@class="p-name"]/a/em/text()')
    for i in range(0,len(name)):
        name[i]=re.sub('\s','',name[i])

    #sku
    sku=root.xpath('//li[@class="gl-item"]/div/@data-sku')

    #价格
    price=[]
    comment=[]
    for i in range(0,len(sku)):
        thissku=sku[i]
        priceurl="https://p.3.cn/prices/mgets?callback=jQuery6775278&skuids=J_"+str(thissku)
        pricedata=requests.get(priceurl)
        pricepat='"p":"(.*?)"}'
        thisprice=re.compile(pricepat).findall(pricedata.text)   
        price=price+thisprice

        commenturl="https://club.jd.com/comment/productCommentSummaries.action?my=pinglun&referenceIds="+str(thissku)
        commentdata=requests.get(commenturl)
        commentpat='"CommentCount":(.*?),"'
        thiscomment=re.compile(commentpat).findall(commentdata.text)
        comment=comment+thiscomment

    #商家名称
    shopname=root.xpath('//li[@class="gl-item"]//div[@class="p-shop"]/@data-shop_name')
    print(shopname)

    jdInfo=DataFrame([name,price,shopname,comment]).T
    jdInfo.columns=['产品名称','价格','商家名称','评论数']
    jdInfoAll=pd.concat([jdInfoAll,jdInfo])
jdInfoAll.to_excel('jdInfoAll.xls')
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