Android文件相关操作整理

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/bit_kaki/article/details/60876763

Android开发里经常涉及文件相关的操作,于是整理了下,将涉及文件操作放到了一个类里,调用时候比较方便。
      主要包含了一下几类内容:

       1.文件创建、读写、拷贝、删除;

       2.整个文件夹下文件获取、复制、删除;

       3.压缩、解压文件;

       4.判断文件是否存在;

       5.数据流和字节数组转换;

       6.获取文件夹大小;

       7.转换文件大小;


详细代码如下:

public class ToolsFile {
    /** buffer的大小 */
    private static int BUFFER_SIZE = 1024 * 8;

    /**
     * 创建文件
     *
     * @param path
     *            :文件路径
     */
    public static boolean createFiles(String path){
        File toF = new File(path);
        if(!toF.exists()){
            toF.mkdirs();
        }
        return toF.exists();
    }
    /**
     * 写入json数据
     *
     * @param path
     *            :文件路径
     * @param out
     *            :写入的文件
     */

    public static void writeData(String path, String out) {
        try {
            FileWriter file = new FileWriter(path);
            file.write(out);
            file.flush();
            file.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    /**
     *  读取json数据
     * @param Path:读取文件路径
     * @return
     */
    public static String readData(String Path) {
        String result = null;
        String line = null;
        try {
            File file = new File(Path);
            FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(file);
            InputStreamReader inputStreamReader = new InputStreamReader(fis,
                    "UTF-8");
            BufferedReader bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(
                    inputStreamReader);
            StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
            while ((line = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                stringBuilder.append(line);
            }
            bufferedReader.close();
            inputStreamReader.close();
            result = stringBuilder.toString();
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 获取某指定目录下的所有文件/文件夹名称
     *
     * @param fileAbsolutePath
     *            :指定路径
     * @return
     */
    public static List<String> getAllFiles(String fileAbsolutePath){
        List<String> listFiles = new ArrayList<String>();
        File file = new File(fileAbsolutePath);
        File[] subFile = file.listFiles();
        for (int iFileLength = 0; iFileLength < subFile.length; iFileLength++) {
            // 判断是否为文件夹
            if (subFile[iFileLength].isDirectory()) {
                String filename = subFile[iFileLength].getName();
                listFiles.add(filename);
            }
        }
        return listFiles;
    }
    public static List<String> getAllFilesName(String fileAbsolutePath){
        List<String> listFiles = new ArrayList<String>();
        File file = new File(fileAbsolutePath);
        File[] subFile = file.listFiles();
        for (int iFileLength = 0; iFileLength < subFile.length; iFileLength++) {
            // 判断是否为文件夹
            if (subFile[iFileLength].isDirectory()) {
                String filename = subFile[iFileLength].getName();
                listFiles.add(filename);
            }
        }
        return listFiles;
    }
    /**
     * 拷贝文件
     *
     * @param fromF
     *            :文件的原路径
     * @param toF
     *            :文件的目标路径
     */
    public static void copyFile(String fromPath, String toPath) {
        File fromF=new File( fromPath);
        File toF=new File(toPath);
        FileInputStream fileInputStream = null;
        FileOutputStream fileOutputStream = null;
        try {
            if (!toF.exists()) {
                toF.createNewFile();
            }
            fileInputStream = new FileInputStream(fromF);
            fileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(toF);
            byte[] buffer = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];
            for (int bytesRead = 0; (bytesRead = fileInputStream.read(buffer,
                    0, buffer.length)) != -1;)
            {
                fileOutputStream.write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
            }
        } catch (Exception e)
        {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally

        {
            try
            {
                if (fileInputStream != null)
                {
                    fileInputStream.close();
                }
                if (fileOutputStream != null)
                {
                    fileOutputStream.close();
                }
            } catch (Exception e)
            {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

    }

    /**
     * 复制一个目录或文件
     *
     * @param from
     *            :需要复制的目录或文件 例如: /home/from
     * @param to
     *            :复制到的目录或文件 例如: /home/to
     * @param isCover
     *            :是否覆盖
     */
    public static void copy(String from, String to, boolean isCover) {
        File fromF = new File(from);
        File toF = new File(to + "/" + fromF.getName());
        copyR(from, toF.getAbsolutePath(), isCover);
    }

    /**
     * 复制目录或文件
     *
     * @param from
     *            源文件
     * @param to
     *            目标文件
     * @param isCover
     *            是否覆盖
     */
    private static void copyR(String from, String to, boolean isCover)
    {
        File fromF = new File(from);
        if (fromF.isDirectory()) {
            File toF = new File(to);
            toF.mkdirs();
            File[] files = fromF.listFiles();
            for (File file : files)
            {
                try
                {
                    File toTmpF = new File(toF.getAbsolutePath() + "/"
                            + file.getName());
                    copyR(file.getAbsolutePath(), toTmpF.getAbsolutePath(),
                            isCover);
                } catch (Exception e)
                {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        } else
        {
            File toF = new File(to);
            if (!toF.exists())
            {
                try
                {
                    toF.createNewFile();

                } catch (Exception e)
                {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                copyFile(from, to);
            } else

            {
                if (isCover)
                {
                    try
                    {
                        toF.createNewFile();

                    } catch (Exception e)
                    {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                    copyFile(from, to);
                }
            }
        }
    }

//    /**
//     * 拷贝assets下的文件
//     *
//     * @param assetFilePath
//     *            assets的文件路径
//     * @param to
//     *            拷贝到的路径
//     */
// public static void copyAssetFile(String assetFilePath, String to)
//
// {
//    InputStream inputStream = null;
//    FileOutputStream fileOutputStream = null;
//    try {
//       inputStream = ApplicationData.globalContext.getAssets().open(
//             assetFilePath);
//       File toDir = new File(to);
//       toDir.mkdirs();
//       File toFile = new File(
//             toDir.getAbsolutePath()
//                   + "/"
//                   + assetFilePath.substring(assetFilePath
//                         .lastIndexOf("/") + 1));
//       fileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(toFile);
//       byte[] buffer = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];
//       for (int bytesRead = 0; (bytesRead = inputStream.read(buffer, 0,
//             buffer.length)) != -1;) {
//          fileOutputStream.write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
//       }
//    } catch (Exception e) {
//       e.printStackTrace();
//    } finally {
//       try {
//          if (inputStream != null) {
//             inputStream.close();
//          }
//          if (fileOutputStream != null) {
//             fileOutputStream.close();
//          }
//       } catch (Exception e) {
//          e.printStackTrace();
//       }
//    }
// }

    /**
     * 解压zip文件
     *
     * @param srcFileFullName
     *            需要被解压的文件地址(包括路径+文件名) 例如:/home/kx.apk
     * @param targetPath
     *            需要解压到的目录 例如:/home/kx
     * @return 是否已经被解压
     */

    public static boolean unzip(String srcFileFullName, String targetPath) {
        try {
            ZipFile zipFile = new ZipFile(srcFileFullName);
            Enumeration<? extends ZipEntry> emu = zipFile.entries();
            while (emu.hasMoreElements()) {
                ZipEntry entry = (ZipEntry) emu.nextElement();
                // 会把目录作为一个file读出一次,所以只建立目录就可以,之下的文件还会被迭代到
                if (entry.isDirectory()) {
                    new File(targetPath + entry.getName()).mkdirs();
                    continue;
                }
                BufferedInputStream bis = new BufferedInputStream(
                        zipFile.getInputStream(entry));
                File file = new File(targetPath + entry.getName());
                // 加入这个的原因是zipFile读取文件是随机读取的,这就造成可能先读取一个文件,而这个文件所在的目录还没有出现过,所以要建出目录来
                File parent = file.getParentFile();
                if (parent != null && !parent.exists()) {
                    parent.mkdirs();
                }
                FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(file);
                BufferedOutputStream bos = new BufferedOutputStream(fos,
                        BUFFER_SIZE);
                int count;
                byte data[] = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];
                while ((count = bis.read(data, 0, BUFFER_SIZE)) != -1) {
                    bos.write(data, 0, count);
                }
                bos.flush();
                bos.close();
                bis.close();
            }
            zipFile.close();
            return true;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return false;
    }


    /**
     * 压缩文件或目录
     *
     * @param srcPath
     *            被压缩的文件或目录地址 例如: /home/kx 或 /home/kx/kx.apk
     * @param targetFileFullName
     *            压缩后的文件地址全程(包括路径+文件名)例如: /home/kx.apk
     */

    public static void zip(String srcPath, String targetFileFullName) {
        ZipOutputStream outputStream = null;
        FileOutputStream fileOutputStream = null;
        try

        {
            fileOutputStream = new FileOutputStream(targetFileFullName);
            outputStream = new ZipOutputStream(fileOutputStream);
            zip(outputStream, new File(srcPath), "");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            try {
                if (outputStream != null) {
                    outputStream.close();
                }
                if (fileOutputStream != null) {
                    fileOutputStream.close();
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 压缩文件或目录的具体方法
     *
     * @param outputStream
     *            压缩的流
     * @param file
     *            文件路径
     * @param string
     */

    private static void zip(ZipOutputStream out, File file, String base) {
        if (file.isDirectory()) {
            File[] fl = file.listFiles();
            base = base.length() == 0 ? "" : base + "/";
            for (int i = 0; i < fl.length; i++) {
                zip(out, fl[i], base + fl[i].getName());
            }
        } else {
            FileInputStream in = null;
            BufferedInputStream bis = null;
            try {
                out.putNextEntry(new ZipEntry(base));
                in = new FileInputStream(file);
                byte[] buffer = new byte[BUFFER_SIZE];
                bis = new BufferedInputStream(in, BUFFER_SIZE);
                int size;
                while ((size = bis.read(buffer)) != -1) {
                    out.write(buffer, 0, size);
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } finally {
                try {
                    if (in != null) {
                        in.close();
                    }
                    if (bis != null) {
                        bis.close();
                    }
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 删除文件
     *
     * @param filePath
     *            删除的文件路径
     */

    public static void deleteFile(String filePath) {
        if (null == filePath || 0 == filePath.length()) {
            return;
        }
        try {
            File file = new File(filePath);
            if (null != file && file.exists()) {
                if (file.isDirectory())// 判断是否为文件夹
                {
                    File[] fileList = file.listFiles();
                    for (int i = 0; i < fileList.length; i++) {
                        String path = fileList[i].getPath();
                        deleteFile(path);
                    }
                    file.delete();
                }
                if (file.isFile())// 判断是否为文件
                {
                    file.delete();
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 删除目录下的制定文件
     *
     * @param filePath
     *            文件路径
     * @param type
     *            文件类型
     */

    public static void deleteFileByType(String filePath, String type) {
        if (null == filePath || 0 == filePath.length()) {
            return;
        }
        try {
            File file = new File(filePath);
            if (null != file && file.isDirectory()) {
                File[] fileList = file.listFiles();
                for (int i = 0; i < fileList.length; i++) {
                    String path = fileList[i].getPath();
                    if (null != path && path.endsWith(type)) {
                        File fileDel = new File(path);
                        if (null != fileDel && fileDel.exists()) {
                            fileDel.delete();
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * dirStr1中是否包含所有dirStr2中的内容
     *
     * @param dirStr1
     *            文件
     * @param dirStr2
     *            文件
     * @return 是否有包含关系
     */
    public static boolean isContain(String dirStr1, String dirStr2) {
        File dir1 = new File(dirStr1);
        File dir2 = new File(dirStr2);
        boolean result = false;
        try {
            result = Arrays.asList(dir1.list()).containsAll(
                    Arrays.asList(dir2.list()));
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * InputStream->byte[]方法
     *
     * @param inputStream
     *            输入流
     * @param wantReadLean
     *            读多少
     * @return 返回字节数组
     * @throws IOException
     *             流操作中的io异常
     */

    public static final byte[] readBytes(InputStream inputStream,
                                         int wantReadLean) throws IOException {
        ByteArrayOutputStream byteArrayOutputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        byte[] bys = null;
        try {
            byte abyte0[] = new byte[1024];
            int readLength;
            for (int totoalLen = 0; (wantReadLean == 0 || wantReadLean > 0
                    && wantReadLean > totoalLen)
                    && -1 != (readLength = inputStream.read(abyte0));) {
                totoalLen += readLength;
                byteArrayOutputStream.write(abyte0, 0, readLength);
            }
            bys = byteArrayOutputStream.toByteArray();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if (byteArrayOutputStream != null) {
                byteArrayOutputStream.close();
            }
        }
        return bys;
    }

    /**
     * 获取文件夹大小
     *
     * @param file
     *            文件
     * @return 返回文件的大小
     */

    public static long getFileSize(File file) {
        if (file == null || !file.exists()) {
            return 0;
        }
        long size = 0;
        try {
            File[] flist = file.listFiles();
            for (int i = 0; i < flist.length; i++) {
                if (flist[i].isDirectory()) {
                    size += getFileSize(flist[i]);
                } else {
                    size += flist[i].length();
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return size;
    }

    /**
     * 转换文件大小
     *
     * @param size
     *            文件大小
     * @return 转化后的文件大小
     */

    public static String formatFileSize(long size) {
        DecimalFormat df = new DecimalFormat("0.00");
        String fileSize = "";
        if (size <= 0) {
            fileSize = "0 KB";
        } else if (size < 1024) {
            fileSize = df.format((double) size) + " B";
        } else if (size < 1048576) {
            fileSize = df.format((double) size / 1024) + " KB";
        } else if (size < 1073741824) {
            fileSize = df.format((double) size / 1048576) + " M";
        } else {
            fileSize = df.format((double) size / 1073741824) + " G";
        }
        return fileSize;
    }

    /**
     * 判断某个文件是否存在
     *
     * @param path
     *            文件路径
     * @param name
     *            文件名称
     * @return 返回该文件是否存在
     */
    public static boolean isFileExist(String path, String name) {
        boolean re = false;
        try {
            if (null != path) {
                if (new File(path + name).exists()) {
                    re = true;
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return false;
        }
        return re;
    }
}

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