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C# DataTable中Compute方法用法集锦(数值/字符串/运算符/表等操作)(转载)

转自:http://www.jb51.net/article/86254.htm

这篇文章主要介绍了C# DataTable中Compute方法用法,总结分析了DataTable中Compute方法常见的数值运算操作、字符串操作、运算符操作、表运算等相关技巧,需要的朋友可以参考下。

本文实例讲述了C# DataTable中Compute方法用法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:
Compute函数的参数就两个:Expression,和Filter。
Expresstion是计算表达式,关于Expression的详细内容请看这里:
http://msdn2.microsoft.com/zh-cn/library/system.data.datacolumn.expression(VS.80).aspx
而Filter则是条件过滤器,类似sql的Where条件。

DataTable dt = new DataTable();
//嵌套的三元运算 牛叉到五体投地
object obj = dt.Compute("iif(1000=5,1000,iif(100>100,4001,2000))", null);
Response.Write(obj);
System.Data.DataTable table = new DataTable();
//计算常量,可以没有初始化列
object test = table.Compute("1+1", "");
Console.WriteLine(test);
string a = "123";
System.Double b = 123;
decimal c = 123m;
Console.WriteLine(Convert.ToDecimal(a));
//test=2;
test = table.Compute("1+1", "false");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=2;常数计算和filter无关
test = table.Compute("abs(1)", "");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=null,不知道为什么这个没有报错,而且返回null,其他的数学函数都会抱错
test = table.Compute("2%2", "");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=0;
//其他函数参考下面的计算列
//初始化datatale
table.Columns.Add("id", typeof(string));
table.Columns.Add("value", typeof(int));
for (int i = 1; i <= 10; i++)
{
  System.Data.DataRow dRow = table.NewRow();
  dRow["id"] = "id" + i.ToString();
  dRow["value"] = i;
  table.Rows.Add(dRow);
}
//test = table.Compute("value+1", "true");
/**/
////抛出异常,这里必须是聚合函数
//*************************************支持的聚合函数**********************//
//求数量
test = table.Compute("count(id)", "false");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=0;
test = table.Compute("count(id)", "true");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=10;
//求和
test = table.Compute("sum(value)", "");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=55;
//test = table.Compute("sum(id)","");
/**/
////抛出异常,这里不能是string
//平均
test = table.Compute("avg(value)", "");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=5;
//最小
test = table.Compute("min(value)", "");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=1;
//最大
test = table.Compute("max(value)", "");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=10;
//统计标准偏差
test = table.Compute("StDev(value)", "");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=3.02765035409749
//统计方差
test = table.Compute("Var(value)", "");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=9.16666666666667
//复杂计算
test = table.Compute("max(value)/sum(value)", "");
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=0.181818181818182
/**/
/*******************************************计算列*************************/
System.Data.DataColumn column = new DataColumn("exp1", typeof(float));
table.Columns.Add(column);
//简单计算
column.Expression = "value*2";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=2;
//字符串函数
column.Expression = "len(id)";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=3;
//字符串函数
column.Expression = "len(' '+id+' ')";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=5;
//字符串函数
column.Expression = "len(trim(' '+id+' '))";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=3;
//字符串函数
column.Expression = "substring(id,3,len(id)-2)";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=1; //substring的起始字符位置为1不是0
//类型转换
column.Expression = "convert(substring(id,3,len(id)-2),'System.Int32')*1.6";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=1.6;
//相当于sqlserver的isnull
column.Expression = "isnull(value,10)";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=1;
//三元运算符,相当于sqlserver的case when
column.Expression = "iif(value>5,1000,2000)";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=2000;
//like运算符
column.Expression = "iif(id like '%1',1000,2000)";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=1000;
//in运算符
column.Expression = "iif(id not in('id1'),1000,2000)";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=2000;
//嵌套的三元运算
column.Expression = "iif(value>5,1000,iif(id like '%1',4000,2000))";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=4000;
//客户端计算所占总数的百分比
column.Expression = "value/sum(value)";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=0.01818182
//客户端计算差值,比如nba常规赛的胜场差
column.Expression = "max(value)-value";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=9
//***********************父子表计算*************************************/
//初始化子表,父子表关系
DataTable tableChild = new DataTable();
tableChild.Columns.Add("id", typeof(string));
tableChild.Columns.Add("value", typeof(int));
System.Data.DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Tables.Add(tableChild);
ds.Tables.Add(table);
DataRelation relation = new DataRelation("relation", table.Columns["id"], tableChild.Columns["id"]);
ds.Relations.Add(relation);
for (int i = 1; i <= 10; i++)
{
  System.Data.DataRow dRow = tableChild.NewRow();
  dRow["id"] = "id1";
  dRow["value"] = i;
  tableChild.Rows.Add(dRow);
}
//计算子表记录数
column.Expression = "count(child(relation).value)";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=10;
//计算父子表的百分比
column.Expression = "value/sum(child(relation).value)";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=0.01818182;
//计算父子表的差值,比如父表为库存数量,子表为订购数量,计算得出需要补充的数量
column.Expression = "iif(value-sum(child(relation).value)>0,0,value-sum(child(relation).value))";
test = table.Select("id='id1'")[0]["exp1"];
Console.WriteLine(test);
//test=-54;
//比较遗憾的是没有发现能够计算同比和环比的方法,而且计算列无法作为约束
//结束,DataTable可以让你尽量发挥聪明才智来减少繁杂的sql语句并且减轻服务器计算符合
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