启动nfs服务器

http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_6648c1140100w4eq.html

在保证虚拟机与通信板能相互ping通的前提下,完成下面这些步骤,就ok了。


环境 ubuntu 10.4 vm 7.1
终端
ifconfig 
INET ADDR 192.168.0.4
BCAST 192.168.0.255
MASK 255.255.255.0

一 安装NFS
$ sudo apt-get install nfs-kernel-server
$ sudo apt-get install nfs-common

二 配置NFS
1 $ sudo dpkg-reconfigure portmap , 对Should portmap be bound to the loopback address? 选N
2 $ sudo /etc/default/portmap 末行清除 "-i 127.0.0.1"

三 配置hosts.deny
$ sudo vi /etc/hosts.deny
文本末添加
### NFS DAEMONS
portmap: ALL
lockd: ALL
mountd: ALL
rquotad: ALL
statd: ALL

四 配置hosts.allow
$ sudo vi /etc/hosts.allow
文本末加入
### NFS DAEMONS
portmap: 192.168.0.
lockd: 192.168.0.
rquotad: 192.168.0.
mountd: 192.168.0.
statd: 192.168.0.
$ sudo /etc/init.d/portmap restart 重启portmap daemon.
显示如下
Since the script you are attempting to invoke has been converted to an
Upstart job, you may also use the restart(8) utility, e.g. restart portmap
portmap start/running, process XXXX

五 配置/etc/exports
$ sudo vi /etc/exports
文本末添加
/home/work *(rw,sync,no_root_squash)
chmod 777 -R /home/work
$ sudo showmount -e
显示 clnt-create : RPC : Program not registered

$ sudo exportfs -r 更新

$ sudo showmount 192.168.0.4 -e
显示
Export list for 192.168.0.4:
/home/work *

六 启用
$ sudo /etc/init.d/nfs-kernel-server restart 重启nfs服务
显示如下
* Stopping NFS kernel daemon [ OK ]
* Unexporting directories for NFS kernel daemon... [ OK ]
* Exporting directories for NFS kernel daemon...
exportfs: /etc/exports [1]: Neither 'subtree_check' or 'no_subtree_check' specified for export "*:/home/work".
Assuming default behaviour ('no_subtree_check').
NOTE: this default has changed since nfs-utils version 1.0.x

* Starting NFS kernel daemon [ OK ]

挂载
mount -t nfs 192.168.0.4:/home/work /nfsmnt

mount -t nfs 192.168.0.4:/home/work /nfsmnt -o nolock



挂载共享目录,运行以下命令。其中,-t选项用于指定文件系统的类型为nfs。
mount -t nfs 192.168.4.211:/data/nfs_share    /root/remote_dir

共享目录使用结束之后,卸载共享目录,运行以下命令:
umount /root/remote_dir

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