JAVA生成二维码

http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_5a6efa330102v1lb.html

一步一步教你用 java 生成二维码

 

 

 

一步一步用 java 设计生成二维码

在物联网的时代,二维码是个很重要的东西了,现在无论什么东西都要搞个二维码标志,唯恐落伍,就差人没有用二维码识别了。也许有一天生分证或者户口本都会用二维码识别了。今天心血来潮,看见别人都为自己的博客添加了二维码,我也想搞一个测试一下.

 

主要用来实现两点:

1. 生成任意文字的二维码.

2. 在二维码的中间加入图像.

 

一、准备工作。

准备QR二维码3.0 版本的core包和一张jpg图片。

 

下载QR二维码包。

首先得下载 zxing.jar 包, 我这里用的是3.0 版本的core包

下载地址: 现在已经迁移到了github: https://github.com/zxing/zxing/wiki/Getting-Started-Developing,

当然你也可以从maven仓库下载jar 包: http://central.maven.org/maven2/com/google/zxing/core/

 

 

二、程序设计

 1、启动eclipse,新建一个java项目,命好项目名(本例取名为QRCodeSoft)。点下一步:

 

2、导入zxing.jar 包, 我这里用的是3.0 版本的core包:点“添加外部JAR(X)…”。

 

 

 

3、新建两个类,分别是:

BufferedImageLuminanceSource.java

QRCodeUtil.java

关键代码在于:BufferedImageLuminanceSource.java 和QRCodeUtil.java , 其中测试的main 方法位于 QRCodeUtil.java 中。

BufferedImageLuminanceSource.java程序代码:

package qrcodesoft;

import java.awt.Graphics2D;

import java.awt.geom.AffineTransform;

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;

import com.google.zxing.LuminanceSource;

public class BufferedImageLuminanceSource extends LuminanceSource {

    private final BufferedImage image;

    private final int left;

    private final int top;

    public BufferedImageLuminanceSource(BufferedImage image) {

        this(image, 0, 0, image.getWidth(), image.getHeight());

    }

    public BufferedImageLuminanceSource(BufferedImage image, int left,

            int top, int width, int height) {

        super(width, height);

        int sourceWidth = image.getWidth();

        int sourceHeight = image.getHeight();

        if (left + width > sourceWidth || top + height > sourceHeight) {

            throw new IllegalArgumentException(

                    "Crop rectangle does not fit within image data.");

        }

        for (int y = top; y < top + height; y++) {

            for (int x = left; x < left + width; x++) {

                if ((image.getRGB(x, y) & 0xFF000000) == 0) {

                    image.setRGB(x, y, 0xFFFFFFFF); // = white

                }

            }

        }

        this.image = new BufferedImage(sourceWidth, sourceHeight,

                BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY);

        this.image.getGraphics().drawImage(image, 0, 0, null);

        this.left = left;

        this.top = top;

    }

    public byte[] getRow(int y, byte[] row) {

        if (y < 0 || y >= getHeight()) {

            throw new IllegalArgumentException(

                    "Requested row is outside the image: " + y);

        }

        int width = getWidth();

        if (row == null || row.length < width) {

            row = new byte[width];

        }

        image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top + y, width, 1, row);

        return row;

    }

    public byte[] getMatrix() {

        int width = getWidth();

        int height = getHeight();

        int area = width * height;

        byte[] matrix = new byte[area];

        image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top, width, height, matrix);

        return matrix;

    }

 

    public boolean isCropSupported() {

        return true;

    }

 

    public LuminanceSource crop(int left, int top, int width, int height) {

        return new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(image, this.left + left,

                this.top + top, width, height);

    }

 

    public boolean isRotateSupported() {

        return true;

    }

 

    public LuminanceSource rotateCounterClockwise() {

        int sourceWidth = image.getWidth();

        int sourceHeight = image.getHeight();

        AffineTransform transform = new AffineTransform(0.0, -1.0, 1.0,

                0.0, 0.0, sourceWidth);

        BufferedImage rotatedImage = new BufferedImage(sourceHeight,

                sourceWidth, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY);

        Graphics2D g = rotatedImage.createGraphics();

        g.drawImage(image, transform, null);

        g.dispose();

        int width = getWidth();

        return new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(rotatedImage, top,

                sourceWidth - (left + width), getHeight(), width);

    }

}

QRCodeUtil.java的程序代码:

package qrcodesoft;

 

import java.awt.BasicStroke;

import java.awt.Graphics;

import java.awt.Graphics2D;

import java.awt.Image;

import java.awt.Shape;

import java.awt.geom.RoundRectangle2D;

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;

import java.io.File;

import java.io.OutputStream;

import java.util.Hashtable;

import java.util.Random;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;

import com.google.zxing.BarcodeFormat;

import com.google.zxing.BinaryBitmap;

import com.google.zxing.DecodeHintType;

import com.google.zxing.EncodeHintType;

import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatReader;

import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatWriter;

import com.google.zxing.Result;

import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix;

import com.google.zxing.common.HybridBinarizer;

import com.google.zxing.qrcode.decoder.ErrorCorrectionLevel;

public class QRCodeUtil {

    private static final String CHARSET = "utf-8";

    private static final String FORMAT_NAME = "JPG";

    // 二维码尺寸

    private static final int QRCODE_SIZE = 300;

    // LOGO宽度

    private static final int WIDTH = 60;

    // LOGO高度

    private static final int HEIGHT = 60;

    private static BufferedImage createImage(String content, String imgPath,

            boolean needCompress) throws Exception {

        Hashtable hints = new Hashtable();

        hints.put(EncodeHintType.ERROR_CORRECTION, ErrorCorrectionLevel.H);

        hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, CHARSET);

        hints.put(EncodeHintType.MARGIN, 1);

        BitMatrix bitMatrix = new MultiFormatWriter().encode(content,

                BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, QRCODE_SIZE, QRCODE_SIZE, hints);

        int width = bitMatrix.getWidth();

        int height = bitMatrix.getHeight();

        BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height,

                BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);

        for (int x = 0; x < width; x++) {

            for (int y = 0; y < height; y++) {

                image.setRGB(x, y, bitMatrix.get(x, y) ? 0xFF000000

                        : 0xFFFFFFFF);

            }

        }

        if (imgPath == null || "".equals(imgPath)) {

            return image;

        }

        // 插入图片

        QRCodeUtil.insertImage(image, imgPath, needCompress);

        return image;

    }

 

    private static void insertImage(BufferedImage source, String imgPath,

            boolean needCompress) throws Exception {

        File file = new File(imgPath);

        if (!file.exists()) {

            System.err.println(""+imgPath+"   该文件不存在!");

            return;

        }

        Image src = ImageIO.read(new File(imgPath));

        int width = src.getWidth(null);

        int height = src.getHeight(null);

        if (needCompress) { // 压缩LOGO

            if (width > WIDTH) {

                width = WIDTH;

            }

            if (height > HEIGHT) {

                height = HEIGHT;

            }

            Image image = src.getScaledInstance(width, height,

                    Image.SCALE_SMOOTH);

            BufferedImage tag = new BufferedImage(width, height,

                    BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);

            Graphics g = tag.getGraphics();

            g.drawImage(image, 0, 0, null); // 绘制缩小后的图

            g.dispose();

            src = image;

        }

        // 插入LOGO

        Graphics2D graph = source.createGraphics();

        int x = (QRCODE_SIZE - width) / 2;

        int y = (QRCODE_SIZE - height) / 2;

        graph.drawImage(src, x, y, width, height, null);

        Shape shape = new RoundRectangle2D.Float(x, y, width, width, 6, 6);

        graph.setStroke(new BasicStroke(3f));

        graph.draw(shape);

        graph.dispose();

    }

 

    public static void encode(String content, String imgPath, String destPath,

            boolean needCompress) throws Exception {

        BufferedImage image = QRCodeUtil.createImage(content, imgPath,

                needCompress);

        mkdirs(destPath);

        String file = new Random().nextInt(99999999)+".jpg";

        ImageIO.write(image, FORMAT_NAME, new File(destPath+"/"+file));

    }

 

    public static void mkdirs(String destPath) {

        File file =new File(destPath);   

        //当文件夹不存在时,mkdirs会自动创建多层目录,区别于mkdir.(mkdir如果父目录不存在则会抛出异常)

        if (!file.exists() && !file.isDirectory()) {

            file.mkdirs();

        }

    }

 

    public static void encode(String content, String imgPath, String destPath)

            throws Exception {

        QRCodeUtil.encode(content, imgPath, destPath, false);

    }

   

    public static void encode(String content, String destPath,

            boolean needCompress) throws Exception {

        QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, destPath, needCompress);

    }

 

    public static void encode(String content, String destPath) throws Exception {

        QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, destPath, false);

    }

 

    public static void encode(String content, String imgPath,

            OutputStream output, boolean needCompress) throws Exception {

        BufferedImage image = QRCodeUtil.createImage(content, imgPath,

                needCompress);

        ImageIO.write(image, FORMAT_NAME, output);

    }

 

    public static void encode(String content, OutputStream output)

            throws Exception {

        QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, output, false);

    }

 

    public static String decode(File file) throws Exception {

        BufferedImage image;

        image = ImageIO.read(file);

        if (image == null) {

            return null;

        }

        BufferedImageLuminanceSource source = new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(

                image);

        BinaryBitmap bitmap = new BinaryBitmap(new HybridBinarizer(source));

        Result result;

        Hashtable hints = new Hashtable();

        hints.put(DecodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, CHARSET);

        result = new MultiFormatReader().decode(bitmap, hints);

        String resultStr = result.getText();

        return resultStr;

    }

 

    public static String decode(String path) throws Exception {

        return QRCodeUtil.decode(new File(path));

    }

   

   

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

        String text = "http://www.dans88.com.cn";

        QRCodeUtil.encode(text, "d:/MyWorkDoc/my180.jpg", "d:/MyWorkDoc", true);

    }

 

}

 

生成不带logo 的二维码程序代码

 

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

        String text = "http://www.dans88.com.cn";

        QRCodeUtil.encode(text,"","d:/MyWorkDoc",true);

 

运行这个测试方法,生成的二维码不带 logo , 样式如下:

 

 

 

有兴趣可以用手机扫描一下

生成带logo 的二维码

logo 可以用自己的头像,或者自己喜欢的一个图片都可以 , 采用如下代码程序代码

 

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

        String text = "http://www.dans88.com.cn";

        QRCodeUtil.encode(text, "d:/MyWorkDoc/my180.jpg", "d:/MyWorkDoc", true);

    }

唯一的区别是,在前面的基础上指定了logo 的地址,这里测试都用了c盘的图片文件

 

 

用手机扫描,能出现要出现的文字,点击就进入自己的网站,看起来还不错, 整个源代码,提供在下载测试:java barcode sample

 

总结:

 

1、

http://central.maven.org/maven2/com/google/zxing/core/3.3.0/

3、优化:可指定生成二维码图片的名称

 

 

 

 

 

 

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