Android Things阿里云物联网平台的使用(高级版)

和普通版阿里云物联网平台相比较,高级版多了很多支持,例如设备状态查询,设备属性定义,固件升级等等

首先在阿里云物联网平台创建高级版产品,然后创建设备,并定义功能


查看Topic类列表


在开发设备中


然后我们需要开发云端控制接口,这里我使用了Idea + Spring boot进行模拟测试

在idea中新建maven项目,在pom文件中集成以下插件

    <dependencies>
        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.aliyun/aliyun-java-sdk-iot -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.aliyun</groupId>
            <artifactId>aliyun-java-sdk-iot</artifactId>
            <version>5.0.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.aliyun</groupId>
            <artifactId>aliyun-java-sdk-core</artifactId>
            <version>3.5.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-codec</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-codec</artifactId>
            <version>1.11</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

测试代码如下

具体的文档详见

https://help.aliyun.com/document_detail/69584.html?spm=a2c4g.11186623.6.650.okYZLm

但是文档中写的并不是很友好,新手肯定是需要一番折腾,所以可以用以下我简单封装的测试类进行开发测试

import com.aliyuncs.DefaultAcsClient;
import com.aliyuncs.exceptions.ClientException;
import com.aliyuncs.iot.model.v20180120.*;
import com.aliyuncs.profile.DefaultProfile;
import com.aliyuncs.profile.IClientProfile;

import java.util.Locale;


/**
 * 阿里云物联网平台服务端
 * Created by cc_want on 2018/4/11.
 */
public class IOT {
    private String TAG = "AlibabaIOT";


    public static final String accessKey = "<填写>";
    public static final String accessSecret = "<填写>";

    public static final String productKey = "<填写>"; //这个是设备模版productkey
    public static final String deviceName = "device001";//这个是设备名称

    private DefaultAcsClient mClient;


    private static IOT mIntance;

    public static IOT getIntance() {
        if (mIntance == null) {
            mIntance = new IOT();
        }
        return mIntance;
    }

    public void init() {
        try {
            DefaultProfile.addEndpoint("cn-shanghai", "cn-shanghai", "Iot", "iot.cn-shanghai.aliyuncs.com");
        } catch (ClientException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        IClientProfile profile = DefaultProfile.getProfile("cn-shanghai", accessKey, accessSecret);
        mClient = new DefaultAcsClient(profile); //初始化SDK客户端
    }

    /**
     * 获取设备状态
     */
    public void getDeviceState() {

        GetDeviceStatusRequest request = new GetDeviceStatusRequest();
        request.setDeviceName(deviceName);
        request.setProductKey(productKey);
        //request.setIotId("Zp2tLuUqHIgLHiISX8Nb0010****");

        try {
            GetDeviceStatusResponse response = mClient.getAcsResponse(request);
            //ONLINE    OFFLINE
            if (response.getSuccess()) {
                DeviceStatus status = DeviceStatus.create(response.getData().getStatus());
                System.out.println("设备 = "+ status.getDesc());
            } else {
                System.out.println("error:" + response.getErrorMessage());
            }
        } catch (ClientException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 调用服务
     */
    public void invokeThingService() {
        InvokeThingServiceRequest request = new InvokeThingServiceRequest();
        request.setDeviceName(deviceName);
        request.setProductKey(productKey);
        request.setIdentifier("cmd");
        request.setArgs("{\"LightStatus\":1,\"LightNo\":2}");

        try {
            InvokeThingServiceResponse response = mClient.getAcsResponse(request);
            if (response.getSuccess()) {
                System.out.println("调用成功");
            } else {
                System.out.println("error:" + response.getErrorMessage());
            }
        } catch (ClientException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 获取设备详情
     */
    public void queryDeviceDetail() {
        QueryDeviceDetailRequest request = new QueryDeviceDetailRequest();
        request.setDeviceName(deviceName);
        request.setProductKey(productKey);
        try {
            QueryDeviceDetailResponse response = mClient.getAcsResponse(request);
            if (response.getSuccess()) {
                Device device = new Device(response.getData());


                System.out.println(device.toString());
            } else {
                System.out.println("error:" + response.getErrorMessage());
            }
        } catch (ClientException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }


    /**
     * 设备状态枚举
     *
     * 1	ONLINE	    设备在线
     * 2	OFFLINE	    设备离线
     * 3	UNACTIVE	设备未激活
     * 4	DISABLE	    设备已禁用
     */
    public enum DeviceStatus{

        ONLINE(1,"设备在线"),
        OFFLINE(2,"设备离线"),
        UNACTIVE(3,"设备未激活"),
        DISABLE(4,"设备已禁用");


        private int id;
        private String desc;
        DeviceStatus(int id, String desc){
            this.id = id;
            this.desc = desc;
        }

        public int getId() {
            return id;
        }

        public String getDesc() {
            return desc;
        }

        public static DeviceStatus create(String status) {
            for (DeviceStatus c : DeviceStatus.values()) {
                if (c.name().equals(status)) {
                    return c;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }

    }

    /**
     *  设备信息
     *
     *  ProductKey   	String	ProductKey,全局唯一PK
     *  ProductName	    String	产品名称
     *  DeviceName  	String	设备名称
     *  DeviceSecret	String	设备秘钥
     *  IotId	        String	设备全局唯一Id,与productKey&deviceName同时作为设备的唯一标识符
     *  GmtCreate	    String	创建时间
     *  GmtActive	    String	激活时间
     *  GmtOnline	    String	在线时间
     *  Status      	String	设备状态
     *  FirmwareVersion	String	固件版本号
     *  IpAddress	    String	设备IP地址
     *  NodeType	    Integer	节点类型, 0 — 设备,1 — 网关
     *  Region	        String	所在地区
     */
    public static class Device{
        private String iotId;
        private String productKey;
        private String productName;
        private String deviceName;
        private String deviceSecret;
        private String firmwareVersion;
        private String gmtCreate;
        private String gmtActive;
        private String gmtOnline;
        private DeviceStatus status;
        private String ipAddress;
        private Integer nodeType;
        private String region;

        public Device(QueryDeviceDetailResponse.Data data){
            iotId = data.getIotId();
            productKey = data.getProductKey();
            productName = data.getProductName();
            deviceName = data.getDeviceName();
            deviceSecret = data.getDeviceSecret();
            firmwareVersion = data.getFirmwareVersion();
            gmtCreate = data.getGmtCreate();
            gmtActive = data.getGmtActive();
            gmtOnline = data.getGmtOnline();
            status = DeviceStatus.create(data.getStatus());
            ipAddress = data.getIpAddress();
            nodeType = data.getNodeType();
            region = data.getRegion();
        }

        public String getIotId() {
            return iotId;
        }

        public void setIotId(String iotId) {
            this.iotId = iotId;
        }

        public String getProductKey() {
            return productKey;
        }

        public void setProductKey(String productKey) {
            this.productKey = productKey;
        }

        public String getProductName() {
            return productName;
        }

        public void setProductName(String productName) {
            this.productName = productName;
        }

        public String getDeviceName() {
            return deviceName;
        }

        public void setDeviceName(String deviceName) {
            this.deviceName = deviceName;
        }

        public String getDeviceSecret() {
            return deviceSecret;
        }

        public void setDeviceSecret(String deviceSecret) {
            this.deviceSecret = deviceSecret;
        }

        public String getFirmwareVersion() {
            return firmwareVersion;
        }

        public void setFirmwareVersion(String firmwareVersion) {
            this.firmwareVersion = firmwareVersion;
        }

        public String getGmtCreate() {
            return gmtCreate;
        }

        public void setGmtCreate(String gmtCreate) {
            this.gmtCreate = gmtCreate;
        }

        public String getGmtActive() {
            return gmtActive;
        }

        public void setGmtActive(String gmtActive) {
            this.gmtActive = gmtActive;
        }

        public String getGmtOnline() {
            return gmtOnline;
        }

        public void setGmtOnline(String gmtOnline) {
            this.gmtOnline = gmtOnline;
        }

        public DeviceStatus getStatus() {
            return status;
        }

        public void setStatus(DeviceStatus status) {
            this.status = status;
        }

        public String getIpAddress() {
            return ipAddress;
        }

        public void setIpAddress(String ipAddress) {
            this.ipAddress = ipAddress;
        }

        public Integer getNodeType() {
            return nodeType;
        }

        public void setNodeType(Integer nodeType) {
            this.nodeType = nodeType;
        }

        public String getRegion() {
            return region;
        }

        public void setRegion(String region) {
            this.region = region;
        }

        @Override
        public String toString() {
            return "Device{" +
                    "iotId='" + iotId + '\'' +
                    ", productKey='" + productKey + '\'' +
                    ", productName='" + productName + '\'' +
                    ", deviceName='" + deviceName + '\'' +
                    ", deviceSecret='" + deviceSecret + '\'' +
                    ", firmwareVersion='" + firmwareVersion + '\'' +
                    ", gmtCreate='" + gmtCreate + '\'' +
                    ", gmtActive='" + gmtActive + '\'' +
                    ", gmtOnline='" + gmtOnline + '\'' +
                    ", status='" + status + '\'' +
                    ", ipAddress='" + ipAddress + '\'' +
                    ", nodeType=" + nodeType +
                    ", region='" + region + '\'' +
                    '}';
        }
    }

}

然后测试调用是否成功

    public static void main(String args[]){
        IOT.getIntance().init();
        //IOT.getIntance().open(1);
        //IOT.getIntance().getDeviceState();
        IOT.getIntance().invokeThingService();
        //IOT.getIntance().queryDeviceDetail();
    }

正常情况下,我们就可以在开发设备中看到以下日志


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