如何在JavaWeb程序中使用自定义标签(tag、tld两种)

tld定义格式

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1" ?>
<!DOCTYPE taglib
PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD JSP Tag Library 1.2//EN"
"http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-jsptaglibrary_1_2.dtd">

<taglib>
<!--定义标签版本库-->
<tlib-version>1.0</tlib-version>
<!--定义jsp版本库-->
<jsp-version>1.2</jsp-version>
<short-name>Cms Tag</short-name>
<description><!--标签描述--->
A simple appbase tag library
</description>
<tag>

<name>page</name><!--tag的名字-->
<tag-class>com.cms.common.tag.PageTag</tag-class><!--tag对应的java类的名字-->
<body-content>empty</body-content>

<!--关于body-content 有三个值可选;empty:标签体必须为空;jsp:标签由其他jsp元素组成比如标签中含有<%=attributeName%>的jsp元素,那么此时body-content的值就是实际attributeName传入的值;tagdependent:有标签解释不带jsp转换(这个深入的含义不太了解)-->

<attribute><!---这里表示的是这个tag的一个参数-->
<name>cmsform</name><!--这个参数的名字-->
<required>true</required><!--是否是必填选项-->
<rtexprvalue>true</rtexprvalue><!--这个参数的值是否可以写入,换句话说 就是这个参数是否可以动态赋值-->
</attribute>

</tag>

</taglib>

定义Tag对应类

此类必须重写doStartTag以及doEndTag方法

/**
 * 
 */
package com.cms.common.tag;

import javax.servlet.jsp.JspException;
import javax.servlet.jsp.JspWriter;
import javax.servlet.jsp.tagext.TagSupport;

/**
 * @author louisliao
 *
 */
public class DemoViewTag extends TagSupport {
	/**
	 * 
	 */
	private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
	private String cmsform = "";	
	public String getCmsForm() {
		return cmsform ;
	}
	public void setCmsForm(String cmsform ) {
		this.cmsform = cmsform ;
	}
		/**
	 * 
	 */
	public DemoViewTag() {
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
	}
	public int doStartTag()
	{
		return super.SKIP_BODY;
	}
	public int doEndTag() throws JspException
	{
		JspWriter writer=pageContext.getOut();
		try {
			writer.print("这是我的标签示例<br/>"+"cmsform :"+this.cmsform);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO: handle exception
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return super.EVAL_PAGE;
	}
}

在web.xml中加入taglib对应文件配置

如:

<taglib>
<taglib-uri>http://mytag.sf.net</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/mytag.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

这样就表示了http://mytag.sf.net对应WEB-INF/mytag.tld文件

 

在Jsp页面中引用

如:

<%@ taglib uri="http://mytag.sf.net" prefix="myTag"%>

 

在Jsp页面中使用

<myTag:exname1><myTag:exname1>

 

示例:

定义myTag.tld标签文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE taglib PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD JSP Tag Library 1.1//EN"
	  "http://java.sun.com/j2ee/dtds/web-jsptaglibrary_1_1.dtd">
<taglib>
	<tlibversion>1.0</tlibversion>
	<jspversion>1.1</jspversion>
	<shortname>MyJSPTag Library</shortname>
	<uri>http://mytag.sf.net</uri>
	<info>我的示例标签库</info>
	
	<tag>
		<name>demo.Viewport</name>
		<tagclass>com.myapp.web.tag.DemoViewTag</tagclass>
		<bodycontent>JSP</bodycontent>
		<info>demo.Viewport标签</info>
		<attribute>
			<name>northTitle</name>
			<required>true</required>
			<rtexprvalue>true</rtexprvalue>
		</attribute>
		<attribute>
			<name>westTitle</name>
			<required>true</required>
			<rtexprvalue>true</rtexprvalue>
		</attribute>	
	</tag>
</taglib>

定义标签类

/**
 * 
 */
package com.myapp.web.tag;

import javax.servlet.jsp.JspException;
import javax.servlet.jsp.JspWriter;
import javax.servlet.jsp.tagext.TagSupport;

/**
 * @author louisliao
 *
 */
public class DemoViewTag extends TagSupport {
	/**
	 * 
	 */
	private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
	private String northTitle = "";
	private String westTitle = "";
	
	public String getNorthTitle() {
		return northTitle;
	}
	public void setNorthTitle(String northTitle) {
		this.northTitle = northTitle;
	}
	public String getWestTitle() {
		return westTitle;
	}
	public void setWestTitle(String westTitle) {
		this.westTitle = westTitle;
	}
	/**
	 * 
	 */
	public DemoViewTag() {
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
	}
	public int doStartTag()
	{
		return super.SKIP_BODY;
	}
	public int doEndTag() throws JspException
	{
		JspWriter writer=pageContext.getOut();
		try {
			writer.print("这是我的标签示例<br/>westTitle:"+this.westTitle+"<br/>northTitle:"+this.northTitle);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			// TODO: handle exception
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return super.EVAL_PAGE;
	}
}

web.xml添加配置

<taglib>
<taglib-uri>http://mytag.sf.net</taglib-uri>
<taglib-location>/WEB-INF/mytag.tld</taglib-location>
</taglib>

测试页面

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
<%@ taglib uri="http://mytag.sf.net" prefix="myTag"%> 
<%
String path = request.getContextPath();
String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";
%>

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
  <head>
    <base href="<%=basePath%>">
    
    <title>My JSP 'tagtldDemo.jsp' starting page</title>
    
	<meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
	<meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
	<meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">    
	<meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">
	<meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page">
	<!--
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
	-->

  </head>
  
  <body>
    This is my JSP page. <br>
    <myTag:demo.Viewport northTitle="南" westTitle="西"></myTag:demo.Viewport>
  </body>
</html>


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