NIO框架之MINA源码解析(二):mina核心引擎

NIO框架之MINA源码解析(一):背景



MINA的底层还是利用了jdk提供了nio功能,mina只是对nio进行封装,包括MINA用的线程池都是jdk直接提供的。


MINA的server端主要有accept、processor、session三部分组成的。其中accept主要负责在指定的端口监听,若有新连接则建立一个新的session;processor则负责处理session对应的发送数据和接收数据并调用上层处理;session则缓存当前连接数据

MINA采用了线程懒启动的技术,即最少启动线程,在MINA server启动的时候,只有一个线程-accept,并且accept线程只有一个,在指定的端口进行监听(可以同时监听多个端口,mina可以绑定多端口)。


1、acceptor


先看下acceptor的主要类图吧。



mina server的启动入口是在NioSocketAcceptor.bind(InetSocketAddress)或者NioSocketAcceptor.bind(SocketAddress...)方法, acceptor.bind(new InetSocketAddress(1234));  
然后会调用AbstractPollingIoAcceptor.bindInternal(List<? extends SocketAddress>)方法,在bindInternal方法里面会调用startupAcceptor()方法提交一个accept线程到线程池里面(只提交一次),并初始化acceptor端的Selector,就这样一个acceptor线程启动了。

acceptor端业务相对简单,相当于在当前Selector里面监听acceptor事件,处理新连接并新建一个session放到对应的processor里面。




acceptor 代码,很简单。

 private class Acceptor implements Runnable {
        public void run() {
            assert (acceptorRef.get() == this);

            int nHandles = 0;

            // Release the lock
            lock.release();

            while (selectable) {
                try {
                    // Detect if we have some keys ready to be processed
                    // The select() will be woke up if some new connection
                    // have occurred, or if the selector has been explicitly
                    // woke up
                    int selected = select();

                    // this actually sets the selector to OP_ACCEPT,
                    // and binds to the port on which this class will
                    // listen on  在通道里面注册连接事件
                    nHandles += registerHandles();

                    // Now, if the number of registred handles is 0, we can
                    // quit the loop: we don't have any socket listening
                    // for incoming connection.
                    if (nHandles == 0) {
                        acceptorRef.set(null);

                        if (registerQueue.isEmpty() && cancelQueue.isEmpty()) {
                            assert (acceptorRef.get() != this);
                            break;
                        }

                        if (!acceptorRef.compareAndSet(null, this)) {
                            assert (acceptorRef.get() != this);
                            break;
                        }

                        assert (acceptorRef.get() == this);
                    }

                    if (selected > 0) {
                        // We have some connection request, let's process
                        // them here.处理连接
                        processHandles(selectedHandles());
                    }

                    // check to see if any cancellation request has been made.
                    nHandles -= unregisterHandles();
                } catch (ClosedSelectorException cse) {
                    // If the selector has been closed, we can exit the loop
                    break;
                } catch (Throwable e) {
                    ExceptionMonitor.getInstance().exceptionCaught(e);

                    try {
                        Thread.sleep(1000);
                    } catch (InterruptedException e1) {
                        ExceptionMonitor.getInstance().exceptionCaught(e1);
                    }
                }
            }

            // Cleanup all the processors, and shutdown the acceptor.
            if (selectable && isDisposing()) {
                selectable = false;
                try {
                    if (createdProcessor) {
                        processor.dispose();
                    }
                } finally {
                    try {
                        synchronized (disposalLock) {
                            if (isDisposing()) {
                                destroy();
                            }
                        }
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        ExceptionMonitor.getInstance().exceptionCaught(e);
                    } finally {
                        disposalFuture.setDone();
                    }
                }
            }
        }

2、processor



processor顾名思义,就是进行IO处理,处理当前session的数据读写,并进行业务处理。


在mina server初始化的时候,会初始化一个processor池,通过NioSocketAcceptor的构造器传入池的大小,默认是当前处理器的个数+1。


processor池里面有一个jdk提供的 线程池 - Executors.newCachedThreadPool()。各个processor线程会引用此线程池,即每个processor线程都在这个线程池里面运行。


在mina server实际处理时,每个processor相当于一个线程,轮流处理当前的session队列里面的数据(每个processor里面的session相当于顺序处理,共享一个线程)。


每个processor有一个Selector对象


processor类图



processor端的处理逻辑相对有点复杂,看下面的流程图。




1、把新添加进来的session注册到当前processor的Selector里面的read事件,并初始化session;
2、判断当前Selector是否有读写事件;
3、若第2步有读事件时,进入步骤4,若没有的话,直接到第6步;
4、处理当前读事件,并把处理后的数据放入到flush队列里面;
5、把第4步执行的结果flush到客户端;
6、处理session,比如session idle时间等。
7、重新执行第1步,循环执行。


processor端代码。

 private class Processor implements Runnable {
        public void run() {
            assert (processorRef.get() == this);

            int nSessions = 0;
            lastIdleCheckTime = System.currentTimeMillis();

            for (;;) {
                try {
                    // This select has a timeout so that we can manage
                    // idle session when we get out of the select every
                    // second. (note : this is a hack to avoid creating
                    // a dedicated thread).
                    long t0 = System.currentTimeMillis();
                    int selected = select(SELECT_TIMEOUT);
                    long t1 = System.currentTimeMillis();
                    long delta = (t1 - t0);

                    if ((selected == 0) && !wakeupCalled.get() && (delta < 100)) {
                        // Last chance : the select() may have been
                        // interrupted because we have had an closed channel.
                        if (isBrokenConnection()) {
                            LOG.warn("Broken connection");

                            // we can reselect immediately
                            // set back the flag to false
                            wakeupCalled.getAndSet(false);

                            continue;
                        } else {
                            LOG.warn("Create a new selector. Selected is 0, delta = " + (t1 - t0));
                            // Ok, we are hit by the nasty epoll
                            // spinning.
                            // Basically, there is a race condition
                            // which causes a closing file descriptor not to be
                            // considered as available as a selected channel, but
                            // it stopped the select. The next time we will
                            // call select(), it will exit immediately for the same
                            // reason, and do so forever, consuming 100%
                            // CPU.
                            // We have to destroy the selector, and
                            // register all the socket on a new one.
                            registerNewSelector();
                        }

                        // Set back the flag to false
                        wakeupCalled.getAndSet(false);

                        // and continue the loop
                        continue;
                    }

                    // Manage newly created session first  处理新添加进来的session,并注册到当前processor的Selector读事件
                    nSessions += handleNewSessions();

                    updateTrafficMask();

                    // Now, if we have had some incoming or outgoing events,
                    // deal with them
                    if (selected > 0) {
                        //LOG.debug("Processing ..."); // This log hurts one of the MDCFilter test...处理读事件,并把结果放入flush队列里面
                        process();
                    }

                    // Write the pending requests  把flush队列里面的session的处理完的数据发送给客户端
                    long currentTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
                    flush(currentTime);

                    // And manage removed sessions
                    nSessions -= removeSessions();

                    // Last, not least, send Idle events to the idle sessions
                    notifyIdleSessions(currentTime);

                    // Get a chance to exit the infinite loop if there are no
                    // more sessions on this Processor
                    if (nSessions == 0) {
                        processorRef.set(null);

                        if (newSessions.isEmpty() && isSelectorEmpty()) {
                            // newSessions.add() precedes startupProcessor
                            assert (processorRef.get() != this);
                            break;
                        }

                        assert (processorRef.get() != this);

                        if (!processorRef.compareAndSet(null, this)) {
                            // startupProcessor won race, so must exit processor
                            assert (processorRef.get() != this);
                            break;
                        }

                        assert (processorRef.get() == this);
                    }

                    // Disconnect all sessions immediately if disposal has been
                    // requested so that we exit this loop eventually.
                    if (isDisposing()) {
                        for (Iterator<S> i = allSessions(); i.hasNext();) {
                            scheduleRemove(i.next());
                        }

                        wakeup();
                    }
                } catch (ClosedSelectorException cse) {
                    // If the selector has been closed, we can exit the loop
                    break;
                } catch (Throwable t) {
                    ExceptionMonitor.getInstance().exceptionCaught(t);

                    try {
                        Thread.sleep(1000);
                    } catch (InterruptedException e1) {
                        ExceptionMonitor.getInstance().exceptionCaught(e1);
                    }
                }
            }

            try {
                synchronized (disposalLock) {
                    if (disposing) {
                        doDispose();
                    }
                }
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                ExceptionMonitor.getInstance().exceptionCaught(t);
            } finally {
                disposalFuture.setValue(true);
            }
        }
    }

3、session


session做为一个连接的具体对象,缓存当前连接用户的一些信息。

session类图



session对象是绑定在SelectableChannel的一个attach。


class  NioProcessor
 @Override
    protected void init(NioSession session) throws Exception {
        SelectableChannel ch = (SelectableChannel) session.getChannel();
        ch.configureBlocking(false);
        session.setSelectionKey(ch.register(selector, SelectionKey.OP_READ, session));//chanel 注册读事件,并把session当做一个attach辅导SelectableChannel里面。
    }



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