Android获取Mac地址-适配所有版本

最近由于项目需要MAC地址的记录,搞了一个通用的适配类,目前经过测试可以适配Android所有版本,我测试过的设备系统Android 4 5 6 7 7+都可以获取到,废话不多说直接上代码,简洁:

该类分为三类:Android6.0以下、6.0以上7.0以下、7.0以上

首先是获取MAC的整合方法:

 

public static String getMac(Context context) {

        String strMac = null;

        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
            Log.e("=====", "6.0以下");
            Toast.makeText(context, "6.0以下", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            strMac = getLocalMacAddressFromWifiInfo(context);
            return strMac;
        } else if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.N
                && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
            Log.e("=====", "6.0以上7.0以下");
            Toast.makeText(context, "6.0以上7.0以下", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            strMac = getMacAddress(context);
            return strMac;
        } else if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.N) {
            Log.e("=====", "7.0以上");
            if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(getMacAddress())) {
                Log.e("=====", "7.0以上1");
                Toast.makeText(context, "7.0以上1", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                strMac = getMacAddress();
                return strMac;
            } else if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(getMachineHardwareAddress())) {
                Log.e("=====", "7.0以上2");
                Toast.makeText(context, "7.0以上2", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                strMac = getMachineHardwareAddress();
                return strMac;
            } else {
                Log.e("=====", "7.0以上3");
                Toast.makeText(context, "7.0以上3", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                strMac = getLocalMacAddressFromBusybox();
                return strMac;
            }
        }

        return "02:00:00:00:00:00";
    }

 

 

 

6.0以下方法,Google提供的公有方法,需要权限

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE" />

 

 

 

 

 

/**
     * 根据wifi信息获取本地mac
     * @param context
     * @return
     */
    public static String getLocalMacAddressFromWifiInfo(Context context){
        WifiManager wifi = (WifiManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
        WifiInfo winfo = wifi.getConnectionInfo();
        String mac =  winfo.getMacAddress();
        return mac;
    }

 

 

 

android 6.0及以上、7.0以下

android 6.0以后 将不再能通过 wifimanager 获取mac,获取到的mac将是固定的:02:00:00:00:00:00
然而我开发的sdk就是通过wifimanager获取的mac。
android sdk后来做了6.0适配,通过cat /sys/class/net/wlan0/address,可以在6.0上获取mac地址。

 

 

 /**
     * android 6.0及以上、7.0以下 获取mac地址
     *
     * @param context
     * @return
     */
    public static String getMacAddress(Context context) {

        // 如果是6.0以下,直接通过wifimanager获取
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
            String macAddress0 = getMacAddress0(context);
            if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(macAddress0)) {
                return macAddress0;
            }
        }

        String str = "";
        String macSerial = "";
        try {
            Process pp = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(
                    "cat /sys/class/net/wlan0/address");
            InputStreamReader ir = new InputStreamReader(pp.getInputStream());
            LineNumberReader input = new LineNumberReader(ir);

            for (; null != str; ) {
                str = input.readLine();
                if (str != null) {
                    macSerial = str.trim();// 去空格
                    break;
                }
            }
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            Log.e("----->" + "NetInfoManager", "getMacAddress:" + ex.toString());
        }
        if (macSerial == null || "".equals(macSerial)) {
            try {
                return loadFileAsString("/sys/class/net/eth0/address")
                        .toUpperCase().substring(0, 17);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
                Log.e("----->" + "NetInfoManager",
                        "getMacAddress:" + e.toString());
            }

        }
        return macSerial;
    }

    private static String getMacAddress0(Context context) {
        if (isAccessWifiStateAuthorized(context)) {
            WifiManager wifiMgr = (WifiManager) context
                    .getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
            WifiInfo wifiInfo = null;
            try {
                wifiInfo = wifiMgr.getConnectionInfo();
                return wifiInfo.getMacAddress();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                Log.e("----->" + "NetInfoManager",
                        "getMacAddress0:" + e.toString());
            }

        }
        return "";

    }

    /**
     * Check whether accessing wifi state is permitted
     *
     * @param context
     * @return
     */
    private static boolean isAccessWifiStateAuthorized(Context context) {
        if (PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED == context
                .checkCallingOrSelfPermission("android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE")) {
            Log.e("----->" + "NetInfoManager", "isAccessWifiStateAuthorized:"
                    + "access wifi state is enabled");
            return true;
        } else
            return false;
    }

    private static String loadFileAsString(String fileName) throws Exception {
        FileReader reader = new FileReader(fileName);
        String text = loadReaderAsString(reader);
        reader.close();
        return text;
    }

    private static String loadReaderAsString(Reader reader) throws Exception {
        StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
        char[] buffer = new char[4096];
        int readLength = reader.read(buffer);
        while (readLength >= 0) {
            builder.append(buffer, 0, readLength);
            readLength = reader.read(buffer);
        }
        return builder.toString();
    }

 

 

 

 

 

 

android 7.0及以上

 

android 7.0 后,通过上述适配的方法,将获取不到mac地址。

经过调研和测试,7.0上仍有办法回去mac地址:

总共分为三种方式:

 

(1)通过ip地址来获取绑定的mac地址

(2)扫描各个网络接口获取mac地址

(3)通过busybox获取本地存储的mac地址

 

 

代码如下:

 

/**
     * 根据IP地址获取MAC地址
     *
     * @return
     */
    public static String getMacAddress() {
        String strMacAddr = null;
        try {
            // 获得IpD地址
            InetAddress ip = getLocalInetAddress();
            byte[] b = NetworkInterface.getByInetAddress(ip)
                    .getHardwareAddress();
            StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer();
            for (int i = 0; i < b.length; i++) {
                if (i != 0) {
                    buffer.append(':');
                }
                String str = Integer.toHexString(b[i] & 0xFF);
                buffer.append(str.length() == 1 ? 0 + str : str);
            }
            strMacAddr = buffer.toString().toUpperCase();
        } catch (Exception e) {

        }

        return strMacAddr;
    }

/**
     * 获取移动设备本地IP
     *
     * @return
     */
    private static InetAddress getLocalInetAddress() {
        InetAddress ip = null;
        try {
            // 列举
            Enumeration<NetworkInterface> en_netInterface = NetworkInterface
                    .getNetworkInterfaces();
            while (en_netInterface.hasMoreElements()) {// 是否还有元素
                NetworkInterface ni = (NetworkInterface) en_netInterface
                        .nextElement();// 得到下一个元素
                Enumeration<InetAddress> en_ip = ni.getInetAddresses();// 得到一个ip地址的列举
                while (en_ip.hasMoreElements()) {
                    ip = en_ip.nextElement();
                    if (!ip.isLoopbackAddress()
                            && ip.getHostAddress().indexOf(":") == -1)
                        break;
                    else
                        ip = null;
                }

                if (ip != null) {
                    break;
                }
            }
        } catch (SocketException e) {

            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return ip;
    }

    /**
     * 获取本地IP
     *
     * @return
     */
    private static String getLocalIpAddress() {
        try {
            for (Enumeration<NetworkInterface> en = NetworkInterface
                    .getNetworkInterfaces(); en.hasMoreElements(); ) {
                NetworkInterface intf = en.nextElement();
                for (Enumeration<InetAddress> enumIpAddr = intf
                        .getInetAddresses(); enumIpAddr.hasMoreElements(); ) {
                    InetAddress inetAddress = enumIpAddr.nextElement();
                    if (!inetAddress.isLoopbackAddress()) {
                        return inetAddress.getHostAddress().toString();
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (SocketException ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

 

 

 

 

 

 

<span style="color:#cc33cc"> /**
     * android 7.0及以上 (2)扫描各个网络接口获取mac地址
     *
     */
    /**
     * 获取设备HardwareAddress地址
     *
     * @return
     */
    public static String getMachineHardwareAddress() {
        Enumeration<NetworkInterface> interfaces = null;
        try {
            interfaces = NetworkInterface.getNetworkInterfaces();
        } catch (SocketException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        String hardWareAddress = null;
        NetworkInterface iF = null;
        if (interfaces == null) {
            return null;
        }
        while (interfaces.hasMoreElements()) {
            iF = interfaces.nextElement();
            try {
                hardWareAddress = bytesToString(iF.getHardwareAddress());
                if (hardWareAddress != null)
                    break;
            } catch (SocketException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        return hardWareAddress;
    }

    /***
     * byte转为String
     *
     * @param bytes
     * @return
     */
    private static String bytesToString(byte[] bytes) {
        if (bytes == null || bytes.length == 0) {
            return null;
        }
        StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
        for (byte b : bytes) {
            buf.append(String.format("%02X:", b));
        }
        if (buf.length() > 0) {
            buf.deleteCharAt(buf.length() - 1);
        }
        return buf.toString();
    }</span>

 

 

 

 

 

 

<span style="color:#000099"> /**
     * android 7.0及以上 (3)通过busybox获取本地存储的mac地址
     *
     */

    /**
     * 根据busybox获取本地Mac
     *
     * @return
     */
    public static String getLocalMacAddressFromBusybox() {
        String result = "";
        String Mac = "";
        result = callCmd("busybox ifconfig", "HWaddr");
        // 如果返回的result == null,则说明网络不可取
        if (result == null) {
            return "网络异常";
        }
        // 对该行数据进行解析
        // 例如:eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:16:E8:3E:DF:67
        if (result.length() > 0 && result.contains("HWaddr") == true) {
            Mac = result.substring(result.indexOf("HWaddr") + 6,
                    result.length() - 1);
            result = Mac;
        }
        return result;
    }

    private static String callCmd(String cmd, String filter) {
        String result = "";
        String line = "";
        try {
            Process proc = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
            InputStreamReader is = new InputStreamReader(proc.getInputStream());
            BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(is);

            while ((line = br.readLine()) != null
                    && line.contains(filter) == false) {
                result += line;
            }

            result = line;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return result;
    }</span>

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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