SSM+Maven

1. 建表语句及插入数据

 

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CREATE TABLE `book_user` (
  user_id INT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  user_name VARCHAR(50) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci NOT NULL,
  user_password CHAR(10) COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`user_id`),
  KEY `user_name` (`user_name`)
) ENGINE=INNODB AUTO_INCREMENT=10000003 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 COLLATE=utf8_unicode_ci
 
INSERT INTO book_user(user_name, user_password) VALUES('user1', 'user1.'),('user2', 'user2.');

2. Maven( ['meɪv(ə)n])

3. 选择快速框架

4. 输出项目名,包(Packaging,如果只是普通的项目,选jar就好了,如果是web项目就选war,这里是web项目,所以选择war)

5.     创建好的目录如下:

6.添加包的依赖,编辑pom.xml文件添加如下依赖:

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">

  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

  <groupId>com.hlx</groupId>

  <artifactId>book_maven_project</artifactId>

  <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>

  <packaging>war</packaging>

  

  <properties>

        <!-- spring版本号 -->

        <spring.version>3.2.8.RELEASE</spring.version>

        <!-- log4j日志文件管理包版本 -->

        <slf4j.version>1.6.6</slf4j.version>

        <log4j.version>1.2.12</log4j.version>

        <!-- junit版本号 -->

        <junit.version>4.10</junit.version>

        <!-- mybatis版本号 -->

        <mybatis.version>3.2.1</mybatis.version>

  </properties>

  

  <dependencies>

        <!-- 添加Spring依赖 -->

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>

            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>

            <version>${spring.version}</version>

        </dependency>

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>

            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>

            <version>${spring.version}</version>

        </dependency>

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>

            <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>

            <version>${spring.version}</version>

        </dependency>

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>

            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>

            <version>${spring.version}</version>

        </dependency>

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>

            <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>

            <version>${spring.version}</version>

        </dependency>

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>

            <artifactId>spring-aspects</artifactId>

            <version>${spring.version}</version>

        </dependency>

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>

            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>

            <version>${spring.version}</version>

        </dependency>

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>

            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>

            <version>${spring.version}</version>

        </dependency>

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>

            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>

            <version>${spring.version}</version>

        </dependency>

 

        <!--单元测试依赖 -->

        <dependency>

            <groupId>junit</groupId>

            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>

            <version>${junit.version}</version>

            <scope>test</scope>

        </dependency>

 

        <!-- 日志文件管理包 -->

        <!-- log start -->

        <dependency>

            <groupId>log4j</groupId>

            <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>

            <version>${log4j.version}</version>

        </dependency>

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>

            <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>

            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>

        </dependency>

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>

            <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>

            <version>${slf4j.version}</version>

        </dependency>

        <!-- log end -->

 

        <!--spring单元测试依赖 -->

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>

            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>

            <version>${spring.version}</version>

            <scope>test</scope>

        </dependency>

 

        <!--mybatis依赖 -->

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>

            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>

            <version>${mybatis.version}</version>

        </dependency>

 

        <!-- mybatis/spring包 -->

        <dependency>

            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>

            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>

            <version>1.2.0</version>

        </dependency>

 

        <!-- mysql驱动包 -->

        <dependency>

            <groupId>mysql</groupId>

            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>

            <version>5.1.29</version>

        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

  

</project>

7.创建好的目录如下:

 

 

7.1 mybatis包下添加mybatis-config.xml文件(mybatis配置文件):

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<!DOCTYPE configuration PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN" 

"http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">  

<configuration>    

</configuration>

 

7.2properties包下添加jdbc.properties文件(数据源配置文件):

 

jdbc_driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

jdbc_url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/web_test

jdbc_username=root

jdbc_password=Aa111111

 

7.3mapper包下userMapper.xml配置文件(表映射文件):

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" 

"http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">

<mapper namespace="com.hlx.dao.UserDao">

<!--设置domain类和数据库中表的字段一一对应,注意数据库字段和domain类中的字段名称不致,此处一定要!-->

    <resultMap id="BaseResultMap" type="com.hlx.domain.User">

        <id column="USER_ID" property="userId" jdbcType="INTEGER" />

        <result column="USER_NAME" property="userName" jdbcType="CHAR" />

        <result column="USER_PASSWORD" property="userPassword" jdbcType="CHAR" />

    </resultMap>

    <!-- 查询单条记录 -->

    <select id="selectUserById" parameterType="int" resultMap="BaseResultMap">

        SELECT * FROM book_user WHERE USER_ID = #{userId}

    </select>

</mapper>

 

7.4spring配置文件application.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"

    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"

    xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"

    xsi:schemaLocation="  

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd

http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop

http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd

http://www.springframework.org/schema/context

http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

 

     <!-- 引入jdbc配置文件 -->  

     <bean id="propertyConfigurer" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">

        <property name="locations">

            <list>

               <value>classpath:properties/*.properties</value>

                <!--要是有多个配置文件,只需在这里继续添加即可 -->

            </list>

        </property>

    </bean>

 

    <!-- 配置数据源 -->

    <bean id="dataSource"

        class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DriverManagerDataSource">

        <!-- 不使用properties来配置 -->

        <!-- <property name="driverClassName" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" /> 

            <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/web_test" /> 

            <property name="username" value="root" /> 

            <property name="password" value="Aa111111" /> -->

       <!-- 使用properties来配置 -->

        <property name="driverClassName">

            <value>${jdbc_driverClassName}</value>

        </property>

        <property name="url">

            <value>${jdbc_url}</value>

        </property>

        <property name="username">

            <value>${jdbc_username}</value>

        </property>

        <property name="password">

            <value>${jdbc_password}</value>

        </property>

    </bean>

 

    <!-- 自动扫描了所有的XxxxMapper.xml对应的mapper接口文件,这样就不用一个一个手动配置Mpper的映射了,只要Mapper接口类和Mapper映射文件对应起来就可以了。 -->

    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">

        <property name="basePackage"

            value="com.hlx.dao" />

    </bean>

 

    <!-- 配置Mybatis的文件 ,mapperLocations配置**Mapper.xml文件位置,configLocation配置mybatis-config文件位置-->

    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">

        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />

        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:mapper/*.xml"/>  

        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis/mybatis-config.xml" />

        <!-- <property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="com.tiantian.ckeditor.model"

            /> -->

    </bean>

 

    <!-- 自动扫描注解的bean -->

    <context:component-scan base-package="com.hlx.service" />

 

</beans>

 

8.接口和类的配置:

 

 

 

8.1com.hlx.domain下添加User.Java文件:

 

package com.hlx.domain;

 

public class User {

private Integer userId;

private String userName;

private String userPassword;

public Integer getUserId() {

return userId;

}

public void setUserId(Integer userId) {

this.userId = userId;

}

public String getUserName() {

return userName;

}

public void setUserName(String userName) {

this.userName = userName;

}

public String getUserPassword() {

return userPassword;

}

public void setUserPassword(String userPassword) {

this.userPassword = userPassword;

}

}

 

 

8.2com. hlx.dao下添加UserDao.java文件:

 

package com.hlx.dao;

 

import com.hlx.domain.User;

 

public interface UserDao {

/**

* @param userId

* @return

*/

public User selectUserById(Integer userId);

}

 

 

8.3com.hlx.service下添加UserService.java接口和UserServiceImpl实现类:

 

package com.hlx.service;

 

import com.hlx.domain.User;

 

public interface UserService {

public User selectUserById(Integer userId);

}

 

 

package com.hlx.service;

 

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

 

import com.hlx.dao.UserDao;

import com.hlx.domain.User;

 

@Service

public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

@Autowired

private UserDao userDao;

 

public User selectUserById(Integer userId) {

return userDao.selectUserById(userId);

}

 

}

 

9.单元测试:

 

9.1com.hlx.baseTest下添加SpringTestCase.java:

 

package com.hlx.baseTest;

 

import org.junit.runner.RunWith;

import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;

import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.AbstractJUnit4SpringContextTests;

import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;

 

//指定bean注入的配置文件 

@ContextConfiguration(locations= {"classpath:application.xml"})

 

 

//使用标准的JUnit @RunWith注释来告诉JUnit使用Spring TestRunner  

@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)

public class SpringTestCase extends AbstractJUnit4SpringContextTests {

 

}

9.2com.hlx.service添加UserServiceTest.java:

 

package com.hlx.service;

 

import org.junit.Test;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

 

import com.hlx.baseTest.SpringTestCase;

import com.hlx.domain.User;

 

public class UserServiceTest extends SpringTestCase {

@Autowired 

    private UserService userService; 

 

    @Test 

    public void selectUserByIdTest(){  

        User user = userService.selectUserById(10000003);  

        System.out.println(user.getUserName() + ":" + user.getUserPassword());

    }  

}

9.3运行单元测试,UserServiceTest右键Run As –>Junit Test,运行结果:

 

下面加入springMVC,并转换maven工程为web项目

10.转换成web项目:

如果上面webapp为空的,说明这个项目还不是web项目:

 

 

接下来打开如下页面。将红框里面的勾去掉,确定(OK):

 

 

然后重新打开刚刚那个页面,把Dynamic web Module勾上(显示需要更高的java版本,但调整java版本后依旧显示更高版本;所以在这里就将Dynamic Web Module版本调低),就会看到红框的内容,点击:

 

然后配置如下:

 

那么webapp下就会生成这些东西:

 

 

 

11.配置springmvc:

11.1在pom.xml增加两个依赖:

 

<!-- javaee-api包 注意和项目使用的JDK版本对应 -->

<dependency>

<groupId>javax</groupId>

<artifactId>javaee-api</artifactId>

<version>6.0</version>

<scope>provided</scope>

</dependency>

 

<!-- javaee-web-api包 注意和项目使用的JDK版本对应 -->

<dependency>

<groupId>javax</groupId>

<artifactId>javaee-web-api</artifactId>

<version>6.0</version>

<scope>provided</scope>

</dependency>

11.2在src/main/resource中添加springmvc文件夹,然后添加文件spring-mvc.xml,内容如下:

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"

  xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"

  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"

  xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"

  xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"

  xsi:schemaLocation="

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd

http://www.springframework.org/schema/context

http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd

http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc

http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.2.xsd">

 

   <mvc:annotation-driven /> 

   <!-- 扫描controller(controller层注入) -->

   <context:component-scan base-package="com.hlx.controller"/>  

 

   <!-- 对模型视图添加前后缀 -->

   <bean id="viewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver"

      p:prefix="/WEB-INF/view/" p:suffix=".jsp"/>

</beans>

 

11.3配置web.xml

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<web-app id="WebApp_ID" version="2.5"

xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"

xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee 

http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd">

<display-name>Archetype Created Web Application</display-name>

<!-- 起始欢迎界面 -->

<welcome-file-list>

<welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>

</welcome-file-list>

 

<!-- 读取spring配置文件 -->

<context-param>

<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>

<param-value>classpath:application.xml</param-value>

</context-param>

<!-- 设计路径变量值 -->

<context-param>

<param-name>webAppRootKey</param-name>

<param-value>springmvc.root</param-value>

</context-param>

 

<!-- Spring字符集过滤器 -->

<filter>

<filter-name>SpringEncodingFilter</filter-name>

<filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>

<init-param>

<param-name>encoding</param-name>

<param-value>UTF-8</param-value>

</init-param>

<init-param>

<param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>

<param-value>true</param-value>

</init-param>

</filter>

<filter-mapping>

<filter-name>SpringEncodingFilter</filter-name>

<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>

</filter-mapping>

 

<listener>

<listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>

</listener>

 

<!-- springMVC核心配置 -->

<servlet>

<servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name>

<servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>

<init-param>

<param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>

<!--spingMVC的配置路径 -->

<param-value>classpath:springmvc/spring-mvc.xml</param-value>

</init-param>

<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>

</servlet>

<!-- 拦截设置 -->

<servlet-mapping>

<servlet-name>dispatcherServlet</servlet-name>

<url-pattern>/</url-pattern>

</servlet-mapping>

 

<!-- 错误跳转页面 -->

<error-page>

<!-- 路径不正确 -->

<error-code>404</error-code>

<location>/WEB-INF/errorpage/404.jsp</location>

</error-page>

<error-page>

<!-- 没有访问权限,访问被禁止 -->

<error-code>405</error-code>

<location>/WEB-INF/errorpage/405.jsp</location>

</error-page>

<error-page>

<!-- 内部错误 -->

<error-code>500</error-code>

<location>/WEB-INF/errorpage/500.jsp</location>

</error-page>

</web-app>

 

11.4添加index.jsp,在src/main/webapp/WEB-INF下新建一个文件夹view,添加一个index.jsp,内容如下:

 

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"

pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">

<html>

<head>

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">

<title>Insert title here</title>

</head>

<body>

<h2>Hello World!</h2>

用户名: ${user.userName} 

密码:${user.userPassword}

</body>

</html>

11.5写controller

 

package com.hlx.controller;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;

import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

 

import com.hlx.domain.User;

import com.hlx.service.UserService;

 

@Controller

public class UserController {

@Resource

    private UserService userService;  

 

    @RequestMapping("/")    

    public ModelAndView getIndex(){      

        ModelAndView mav = new ModelAndView("index");   

        User user = userService.selectUserById(1);  

        mav.addObject("user", user);   

        return mav;    

    }    

}

 

 

12.Eclipse配置tomcat

 

配置后发现工程没有部署上,所以修改相关路径

 

13.备注说明

13.1主要参考文档

http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MjM5NzMyMjAwMA==&mid=2651477246&idx=2&sn=f30d754635ec5a3f589574707c12c263&scene=21#wechat_redirect

13.2用注解Resource时出错,本人改变了javaSE版本

 

13.3可能会遇到的错

 

之前有个兄弟按照我的配置,但是发现pom.xml文件报如下错误:

 

Cannot detect Web Project version. Please specify version of Web Project through <version> configuration property of war plugin. E.g.: <plugin> <artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId> <configuration> <version>3.0<ersion> </configuration> </plugin>

 

解决方案是,如下的三个地方jdk版本需要保持一致:

1、项目右键->属性->Java Compiler:

 

2、项目右键->属性->Project Facets:

 

 

3、如果pom.xml配置了如下的插件的话:\

 

<build>

 <plugins>

    <plugin>

      <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>

      <configuration>

        <source>1.7</source>

        <target>1.7</target>

      </configuration>

    </plugin>

    <plugin>

      <artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>

      <version>2.4</version>

      <configuration>

        <version>3.0</version>

      </configuration>

    </plugin>

  </plugins>

  <finalName>webserver</finalName>

</build>

 

这里也要跟上面两个保持一致:

 

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