hdoj 1505 City Game 【dp or 单调栈】

我就是DP 同时被 2 个专栏收录
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题目链接:hdoj 1505 City Game

City Game

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others) Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 6223 Accepted Submission(s): 2657

Problem Description
Bob is a strategy game programming specialist. In his new city building game the gaming environment is as follows: a city is built up by areas, in which there are streets, trees,factories and buildings. There is still some space in the area that is unoccupied. The strategic task of his game is to win as much rent money from these free spaces. To win rent money you must erect buildings, that can only be rectangular, as long and wide as you can. Bob is trying to find a way to build the biggest possible building in each area. But he comes across some problems – he is not allowed to destroy already existing buildings, trees, factories and streets in the area he is building in.

Each area has its width and length. The area is divided into a grid of equal square units.The rent paid for each unit on which you’re building stands is 3$.

Your task is to help Bob solve this problem. The whole city is divided into K areas. Each one of the areas is rectangular and has a different grid size with its own length M and width N.The existing occupied units are marked with the symbol R. The unoccupied units are marked with the symbol F.

Input
The first line of the input contains an integer K – determining the number of datasets. Next lines contain the area descriptions. One description is defined in the following way: The first line contains two integers-area length M<=1000 and width N<=1000, separated by a blank space. The next M lines contain N symbols that mark the reserved or free grid units,separated by a blank space. The symbols used are:

R – reserved unit

F – free unit

In the end of each area description there is a separating line.

Output
For each data set in the input print on a separate line, on the standard output, the integer that represents the profit obtained by erecting the largest building in the area encoded by the data set.

Sample Input
2
5 6
R F F F F F
F F F F F F
R R R F F F
F F F F F F
F F F F F F

5 5
R R R R R
R R R R R
R R R R R
R R R R R
R R R R R

Sample Output
45
0

题意:求解由F组成的最大矩形的面积*3.

思路:我们枚举每一行,把第 j j j列当做是第 j j j根柱子(长度为前 i i i行以第 i i i行结尾的连续长度),那就是求解最大覆盖面积了。

可以用dp做,也可以用单调栈。

dp AC代码:

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cmath>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstring>
#define CLR(a, b) memset(a, (b), sizeof(a))
using namespace std;
typedef long long LL;
const int MAXN = 1e4 +10;
const int INF = 0x3f3f3f3f;
char str[1010][1010];
int l[1010], r[1010], d[1010];
int main()
{
    int t; scanf("%d", &t);
    while(t--) {
        int N, M; scanf("%d%d", &N, &M);
        for(int i = 1; i <= N; i++) {
            for(int j = 1; j <= M; j++) {
                char s[10]; scanf("%s", &s);
                str[i][j] = s[0]; d[j] = 0;
            }
        }
        int ans = 0;
        for(int i = 1; i <= N; i++) {
            for(int j = 1; j <= M; j++) {
                l[j] = r[j] = j;
                if(str[i][j] == 'F') d[j]++;
                else d[j] = 0;
            }
            for(int j = 1; j <= M; j++) {
                if(d[j] == 0) continue;
                while(d[j] <= d[l[j]-1]) {
                    l[j] = l[l[j]-1];
                }
            }
            for(int j = M; j >= 1; j--) {
                if(d[j] == 0) continue;
                while(d[j] <= d[r[j]+1]) {
                    r[j] = r[r[j]+1];
                }
            }
            for(int j = 1; j <= M; j++) {
                ans = max(ans, (r[j] - l[j] + 1) * d[j]);
            }
        }
        printf("%d\n", ans * 3);
    }
    return 0;
}

单调栈 AC代码:

#include <iostream>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cmath>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstring>
#define CLR(a, b) memset(a, (b), sizeof(a))
#define fi first
#define se second
using namespace std;
typedef long long LL;
typedef pair<int, int> pii;
const int MAXN = 1e4 +10;
const int INF = 0x3f3f3f3f;
char str[1010][1010];
pii Stack[1010]; int d[1010];
int main()
{
    int t; scanf("%d", &t);
    while(t--) {
        int n, m; scanf("%d%d", &n, &m);
        for(int i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
            for(int j = 1; j <= m; j++) {
                char s[10]; scanf("%s", s);
                str[i][j] = s[0]; d[j] = 0;
            }
        }
        int ans = 0;
        for(int i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
            for(int j = 1; j <= m; j++) {
                if(str[i][j] == 'F') {
                    d[j]++;
                }
                else {
                    d[j] = 0;
                }
            }
            int top = 0; int l, r;
            for(int j = 1; j <= m; j++) {
                r = 0;
                while(top && Stack[top-1].fi >= d[j]) {
                    if(r == 0) r = Stack[top-1].se;
                    if(top == 1) {
                        l = Stack[top-1].se;
                    }
                    else {
                        l = Stack[top-1].se - Stack[top-2].se;
                    }
                    ans = max(ans, (r - Stack[top-1].se + l) * Stack[top-1].fi); top--;
                }
                Stack[top++] = pii(d[j], j);
            }
            r = 0;
            while(top) {
                if(r == 0) r = Stack[top-1].se;
                if(top == 1) {
                    l = Stack[top-1].se;
                }
                else {
                    l = Stack[top-1].se - Stack[top-2].se;
                }
                ans = max(ans, (r - Stack[top-1].se + l) * Stack[top-1].fi); top--;
            }
        }
        printf("%d\n", ans * 3);
    }
    return 0;
}
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