MD5

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一、MD5介绍

MD5是MD5消息摘要算法的简称(英语:MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm),是一种广泛使用的密码散列函数,可以产生出一个128位(16字节)的散列值(即哈希值),用于确保信息传输的完整性。MD5由罗纳德·李维斯特设计,于1992年公开,用以取代MD4算法。这套算法的程序在RFC 1321 中被加以规范。
将数据(如一段文字)运算变为另一固定长度值,是散列算法的基础原理。
MD5已经被证实可以被碰撞破解。对于需要高度安全性的数据,专家一般建议改用其他算法,如SHA-2。

CMD5上可以根据MD5密文查询出对应明文。

二、C++生成MD5

libmd5是计算md5值的C++开源库。这里对libmd5进行二次封装,方便调用,支持生成字符串、文件的MD5值。调用GetStringMd5生成字符串MD5;调用GetFileMd5生成文件MD5值,文件大小不受限制,但是文件越大,生成md5的耗时就越长。

Md5Maker.h

#ifndef __MD5_MAKER_34DFDR7_H__
#define __MD5_MAKER_34DFDR7_H__


#include <string>

namespace cpp4j
{
    namespace libmd5
    {
        #define UWORD32 unsigned int
        #define md5byte unsigned char

        struct MD5Context {
            UWORD32 buf[4];
            UWORD32 bytes[2];
            UWORD32 in[16];
        };

        void MD5Init(struct MD5Context *context);
        void MD5Update(struct MD5Context *context, md5byte const *buf, unsigned len);
        void MD5Final(unsigned char digest[16], struct MD5Context *context);
        void MD5Buffer (const unsigned char *buf,unsigned int len,unsigned char sig[16]);
        void MD5SigToString(unsigned char sig[16],char *str,int len);
    }

    std::string GetStringMd5(const std::string &str);
    std::string GetStringMd5(const void *pData, unsigned int iDataSize);
    std::string GetFileMd5(const std::string &strFilePath);
}

#endif

Md5Maker.cpp

#include "Md5Maker.h"

namespace cpp4j
{
    namespace libmd5
    {
        /*
        * This code implements the MD5 message-digest algorithm.
        * The algorithm is due to Ron Rivest.  This code was
        * written by Colin Plumb in 1993, no copyright is claimed.
        * This code is in the public domain; do with it what you wish.
        *
        * Equivalent code is available from RSA Data Security, Inc.
        * This code has been tested against that, and is equivalent,
        * except that you don't need to include two pages of legalese
        * with every copy.
        *
        * To compute the message digest of a chunk of bytes, declare an
        * MD5Context structure, pass it to MD5Init, call MD5Update as
        * needed on buffers full of bytes, and then call MD5Final, which
        * will fill a supplied 16-byte array with the digest.
        *
        * Changed so as no longer to depend on Colin Plumb's `usual.h' header
        * definitions; now uses stuff from dpkg's config.h.
        *  - Ian Jackson <ian@chiark.greenend.org.uk>.
        * Still in the public domain.
        */

#define HEX_STRING      "0123456789abcdef"      /* to convert to hex */

        int g_bigEndian = 0;
        int g_endianessDetected = 0;

        void detectEndianess()
        {
            int nl = 0x12345678;
            short ns = 0x1234;

            unsigned char *p = (unsigned char *)(&nl);
            unsigned char *sp = (unsigned char *)(&ns);

            if (g_endianessDetected) return;

            if ( p[0] == 0x12 && p[1] == 0x34 && p[2] == 0x56 && p[3] == 0x78 )
            {
                g_bigEndian = 1;
            }
            else if ( p[0] == 0x78 && p[1] == 0x56 && p[2] == 0x34 && p[3] == 0x12 )
            {
                g_bigEndian = 0;
            }
            else
            {
                g_bigEndian = *sp != 0x12;
            }

            g_endianessDetected = 1;
        }

        void byteSwap(UWORD32 *buf, unsigned words)
        {
            md5byte *p;

            if (!g_bigEndian) return;

            p = (md5byte *)buf;

            do
            {
                *buf++ = (UWORD32)((unsigned)p[3] << 8 | p[2]) << 16 |
                         ((unsigned)p[1] << 8 | p[0]);
                p += 4;
            }
            while (--words);
        }

#ifndef ASM_MD5

        /* The four core functions - F1 is optimized somewhat */

        /* #define F1(x, y, z) (x & y | ~x & z) */
#define F1(x, y, z) (z ^ (x & (y ^ z)))
#define F2(x, y, z) F1(z, x, y)
#define F3(x, y, z) (x ^ y ^ z)
#define F4(x, y, z) (y ^ (x | ~z))

        /* This is the central step in the MD5 algorithm. */
#define MD5STEP(f,w,x,y,z,in,s) \
    (w += f(x,y,z) + in, w = (w<<s | w>>(32-s)) + x)

        /*
         * The core of the MD5 algorithm, this alters an existing MD5 hash to
         * reflect the addition of 16 longwords of new data.  MD5Update blocks
         * the data and converts bytes into longwords for this routine.
         */
        void MD5Transform(UWORD32 buf[4], UWORD32 const in[16])
        {
            register UWORD32 a, b, c, d;

            a = buf[0];
            b = buf[1];
            c = buf[2];
            d = buf[3];

            MD5STEP(F1, a, b, c, d, in[0] + 0xd76aa478, 7);
            MD5STEP(F1, d, a, b, c, in[1] + 0xe8c7b756, 12);
            MD5STEP(F1, c, d, a, b, in[2] + 0x242070db, 17);
            MD5STEP(F1, b, c, d, a, in[3] + 0xc1bdceee, 22);
            MD5STEP(F1, a, b, c, d, in[4] + 0xf57c0faf, 7);
            MD5STEP(F1, d, a, b, c, in[5] + 0x4787c62a, 12);
            MD5STEP(F1, c, d, a, b, in[6] + 0xa8304613, 17);
            MD5STEP(F1, b, c, d, a, in[7] + 0xfd469501, 22);
            MD5STEP(F1, a, b, c, d, in[8] + 0x698098d8, 7);
            MD5STEP(F1, d, a, b, c, in[9] + 0x8b44f7af, 12);
            MD5STEP(F1, c, d, a, b, in[10] + 0xffff5bb1, 17);
            MD5STEP(F1, b, c, d, a, in[11] + 0x895cd7be, 22);
            MD5STEP(F1, a, b, c, d, in[12] + 0x6b901122, 7);
            MD5STEP(F1, d, a, b, c, in[13] + 0xfd987193, 12);
            MD5STEP(F1, c, d, a, b, in[14] + 0xa679438e, 17);
            MD5STEP(F1, b, c, d, a, in[15] + 0x49b40821, 22);

            MD5STEP(F2, a, b, c, d, in[1] + 0xf61e2562, 5);
            MD5STEP(F2, d, a, b, c, in[6] + 0xc040b340, 9);
            MD5STEP(F2, c, d, a, b, in[11] + 0x265e5a51, 14);
            MD5STEP(F2, b, c, d, a, in[0] + 0xe9b6c7aa, 20);
            MD5STEP(F2, a, b, c, d, in[5] + 0xd62f105d, 5);
            MD5STEP(F2, d, a, b, c, in[10] + 0x02441453, 9);
            MD5STEP(F2, c, d, a, b, in[15] + 0xd8a1e681, 14);
            MD5STEP(F2, b, c, d, a, in[4] + 0xe7d3fbc8, 20);
            MD5STEP(F2, a, b, c, d, in[9] + 0x21e1cde6, 5);
            MD5STEP(F2, d, a, b, c, in[14] + 0xc33707d6, 9);
            MD5STEP(F2, c, d, a, b, in[3] + 0xf4d50d87, 14);
            MD5STEP(F2, b, c, d, a, in[8] + 0x455a14ed, 20);
            MD5STEP(F2, a, b, c, d, in[13] + 0xa9e3e905, 5);
            MD5STEP(F2, d, a, b, c, in[2] + 0xfcefa3f8, 9);
            MD5STEP(F2, c, d, a, b, in[7] + 0x676f02d9, 14);
            MD5STEP(F2, b, c, d, a, in[12] + 0x8d2a4c8a, 20);

            MD5STEP(F3, a, b, c, d, in[5] + 0xfffa3942, 4);
            MD5STEP(F3, d, a, b, c, in[8] + 0x8771f681, 11);
            MD5STEP(F3, c, d, a, b, in[11] + 0x6d9d6122, 16);
            MD5STEP(F3, b, c, d, a, in[14] + 0xfde5380c, 23);
            MD5STEP(F3, a, b, c, d, in[1] + 0xa4beea44, 4);
            MD5STEP(F3, d, a, b, c, in[4] + 0x4bdecfa9, 11);
            MD5STEP(F3, c, d, a, b, in[7] + 0xf6bb4b60, 16);
            MD5STEP(F3, b, c, d, a, in[10] + 0xbebfbc70, 23);
            MD5STEP(F3, a, b, c, d, in[13] + 0x289b7ec6, 4);
            MD5STEP(F3, d, a, b, c, in[0] + 0xeaa127fa, 11);
            MD5STEP(F3, c, d, a, b, in[3] + 0xd4ef3085, 16);
            MD5STEP(F3, b, c, d, a, in[6] + 0x04881d05, 23);
            MD5STEP(F3, a, b, c, d, in[9] + 0xd9d4d039, 4);
            MD5STEP(F3, d, a, b, c, in[12] + 0xe6db99e5, 11);
            MD5STEP(F3, c, d, a, b, in[15] + 0x1fa27cf8, 16);
            MD5STEP(F3, b, c, d, a, in[2] + 0xc4ac5665, 23);

            MD5STEP(F4, a, b, c, d, in[0] + 0xf4292244, 6);
            MD5STEP(F4, d, a, b, c, in[7] + 0x432aff97, 10);
            MD5STEP(F4, c, d, a, b, in[14] + 0xab9423a7, 15);
            MD5STEP(F4, b, c, d, a, in[5] + 0xfc93a039, 21);
            MD5STEP(F4, a, b, c, d, in[12] + 0x655b59c3, 6);
            MD5STEP(F4, d, a, b, c, in[3] + 0x8f0ccc92, 10);
            MD5STEP(F4, c, d, a, b, in[10] + 0xffeff47d, 15);
            MD5STEP(F4, b, c, d, a, in[1] + 0x85845dd1, 21);
            MD5STEP(F4, a, b, c, d, in[8] + 0x6fa87e4f, 6);
            MD5STEP(F4, d, a, b, c, in[15] + 0xfe2ce6e0, 10);
            MD5STEP(F4, c, d, a, b, in[6] + 0xa3014314, 15);
            MD5STEP(F4, b, c, d, a, in[13] + 0x4e0811a1, 21);
            MD5STEP(F4, a, b, c, d, in[4] + 0xf7537e82, 6);
            MD5STEP(F4, d, a, b, c, in[11] + 0xbd3af235, 10);
            MD5STEP(F4, c, d, a, b, in[2] + 0x2ad7d2bb, 15);
            MD5STEP(F4, b, c, d, a, in[9] + 0xeb86d391, 21);

            buf[0] += a;
            buf[1] += b;
            buf[2] += c;
            buf[3] += d;
        }

#endif

        /*
         * Start MD5 accumulation.  Set bit count to 0 and buffer to mysterious
         * initialization constants.
         */
        void MD5Init(struct MD5Context *ctx)
        {
            detectEndianess();

            ctx->buf[0] = 0x67452301;
            ctx->buf[1] = 0xefcdab89;
            ctx->buf[2] = 0x98badcfe;
            ctx->buf[3] = 0x10325476;

            ctx->bytes[0] = 0;
            ctx->bytes[1] = 0;
        }

        /*
         * Update context to reflect the concatenation of another buffer full
         * of bytes.
         */
        void MD5Update(struct MD5Context *ctx, md5byte const *buf, unsigned len)
        {
            UWORD32 t;

            /* Update byte count */

            t = ctx->bytes[0];

            if ((ctx->bytes[0] = t + len) < t)
                ctx->bytes[1]++;    /* Carry from low to high */

            t = 64 - (t & 0x3f);    /* Space available in ctx->in (at least 1) */

            if (t > len)
            {
                memcpy((md5byte *)ctx->in + 64 - t, buf, len);
                return;
            }

            /* First chunk is an odd size */
            memcpy((md5byte *)ctx->in + 64 - t, buf, t);
            byteSwap(ctx->in, 16);
            MD5Transform(ctx->buf, ctx->in);
            buf += t;
            len -= t;

            /* Process data in 64-byte chunks */
            while (len >= 64)
            {
                memcpy(ctx->in, buf, 64);
                byteSwap(ctx->in, 16);
                MD5Transform(ctx->buf, ctx->in);
                buf += 64;
                len -= 64;
            }

            /* Handle any remaining bytes of data. */
            memcpy(ctx->in, buf, len);
        }

        /*
         * Final wrapup - pad to 64-byte boundary with the bit pattern
         * 1 0* (64-bit count of bits processed, MSB-first)
         */
        void MD5Final(md5byte digest[16], struct MD5Context *ctx)
        {
            int count = ctx->bytes[0] & 0x3f;   /* Number of bytes in ctx->in */
            md5byte *p = (md5byte *)ctx->in + count;

            /* Set the first char of padding to 0x80.  There is always room. */
            *p++ = 0x80;

            /* Bytes of padding needed to make 56 bytes (-8..55) */
            count = 56 - 1 - count;

            if (count < 0)      /* Padding forces an extra block */
            {
                memset(p, 0, count + 8);
                byteSwap(ctx->in, 16);
                MD5Transform(ctx->buf, ctx->in);
                p = (md5byte *)ctx->in;
                count = 56;
            }

            memset(p, 0, count);
            byteSwap(ctx->in, 14);

            /* Append length in bits and transform */
            ctx->in[14] = ctx->bytes[0] << 3;
            ctx->in[15] = ctx->bytes[1] << 3 | ctx->bytes[0] >> 29;
            MD5Transform(ctx->buf, ctx->in);

            byteSwap(ctx->buf, 4);
            memcpy(digest, ctx->buf, 16);
            memset(ctx, 0, sizeof(*ctx));   /* In case it's sensitive */
        }

        void MD5Buffer (const unsigned char *buf, unsigned int len, unsigned char sig[16])
        {
            struct MD5Context md5;
            MD5Init(&md5);
            MD5Update(&md5, buf, len);
            MD5Final(sig, &md5);
        }

        void MD5SigToString(unsigned char signature[16], char *str, int len)
        {
            unsigned char *sig_p;
            char          *str_p, *max_p;
            unsigned int  high, low;

            str_p = str;
            max_p = str + len;

            for (sig_p = (unsigned char *)signature;
                    sig_p < (unsigned char *)signature + 16;
                    sig_p++)
            {
                high = *sig_p / 16;
                low = *sig_p % 16;

                /* account for 2 chars */
                if (str_p + 1 >= max_p)
                {
                    break;
                }

                *str_p++ = HEX_STRING[high];
                *str_p++ = HEX_STRING[low];
            }

            /* account for 2 chars */
            if (str_p < max_p)
            {
                *str_p++ = '\0';
            }
        }
    }

    std::string GetStringMd5(const std::string &str)
    {
        unsigned char md5Sig[16] = {0};
        char szMd5[33] = {0};

        libmd5::MD5Buffer((const unsigned char *)str.c_str(), str.length(), md5Sig);
        libmd5::MD5SigToString(md5Sig, szMd5, 33);

        return szMd5;
    }

    std::string GetStringMd5(const void *pData, unsigned int iDataSize)
    {
        unsigned char md5Sig[16] = {0};
        char szMd5[33] = {0};

        libmd5::MD5Buffer((const unsigned char *)pData, iDataSize, md5Sig);
        libmd5::MD5SigToString(md5Sig, szMd5, 33);

        return szMd5;
    }

    std::string GetFileMd5(const std::string &strFilePath)
    {
        FILE *f = NULL;

        if(fopen_s(&f, strFilePath.c_str(), "rb"))
            return "";

        unsigned char szMd5Sig[16] = {0};
        char szMd5[33] = {0};
        libmd5::MD5Context md5Context;
        libmd5::MD5Init(&md5Context);

        size_t dwReadBytes = 0;
        unsigned char szData[1024] = {0};

        while((dwReadBytes = fread(szData, 1, 1024, f)) > 0)
        {
            libmd5::MD5Update(&md5Context, szData, dwReadBytes);
        }

        fclose(f);

        libmd5::MD5Final(szMd5Sig, &md5Context);
        libmd5::MD5SigToString(szMd5Sig, szMd5, 33);

        return szMd5;
    }
}

参考:https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/MD5

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