c# WPF中通过双击编辑DataGrid中Cell的示例(附源码)

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背景
  在很多的时候我们需要编辑DataGrid中每一个Cell,编辑后保存数据,原生的WPF中的DataGrid并没有提供这样的功能,今天通过一个具体的例子来实现这一个功能,在这个例子中DataGrid中的数据类型可能是多种多样的,有枚举、浮点类型、布尔类型、DateTime类型,每一种不同的类型需要双击以后呈现不同的效果,本文通过使用Xceed.Wpf.DataGrid这个动态控件库来实现这个功能,当前使用的Dll版本是2.5.0.0,不同的版本可能实现上面有差别,这个在使用的时候需要特别注意。

Demo预览

在这里插入图片描述

代码结构
  代码还是按照常规的MVVM结构来进行编写,主要包括Views、Models、MainWindowViewModel、Converters这些常规的结构,在介绍这些之前来说一下我们的整体结构,在Demo中我们准备了一个四行三列的DataGrid,其中第一列主要是表示当前行的名称、后面的Step列是根据代码动态进行添加的,这个Step部分是我们通过代码动态调整的,调整完成后能够将数据保存到数据源中,我们还是按照MVVM的结构来进行进行代码的介绍。

1 MainWindow

<Window x:Class="DataGridCellDoubleClickDemo.MainWindow"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
        xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
        xmlns:xceed="http://schemas.xceed.com/wpf/xaml/datagrid"
        xmlns:models="clr-namespace:DataGridCellDoubleClickDemo.Models"
        xmlns:views="clr-namespace:DataGridCellDoubleClickDemo.Views"
        mc:Ignorable="d"
        Title="DataGridDemo" Height="450" Width="800">
    <Window.Resources>
        <DataTemplate x:Key="CustomTemplate">
            <Border BorderThickness="1" BorderBrush="Blue">
                <TextBlock Text="{Binding Path=Display }"  FontWeight="Bold"
                           HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalAlignment="Stretch" />
            </Border>
        </DataTemplate>
        <DataTemplate x:Key="RowHeadTemplate" DataType="{x:Type models:RecipeControlVariable}">
            <TextBlock Text="{Binding DisplayName}"  HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalAlignment="Stretch" Foreground="Black" FontSize="12"/>
        </DataTemplate>
        <xceed:DataGridCollectionViewSource x:Key="recipeData" Source="{Binding RecipeVariables}"></xceed:DataGridCollectionViewSource>
    </Window.Resources>
    <Grid>
        <xceed:DataGridControl x:Name="DataGridControl"
                               AutoCreateColumns="False"
                               FontSize="13"
                               VerticalContentAlignment="Center"
                               BorderBrush="Gray"
                               BorderThickness="1"
                               ItemsPrimaryAxis="Horizontal"
                               PagingBehavior="LeftToRight"
                               UpdateSourceTrigger="CellContentChanged"
                               SelectionUnit="Cell"
                               SelectionMode="Single"                              
                               ItemsSource="{Binding  Source={StaticResource recipeData}}">
            <xceed:DataGridControl.View>
                <xceed:TableflowView FixedColumnCount="1" ContainerHeight="30" x:Name="tblView"
                                        VerticalGridLineThickness="0.5" HorizontalGridLineBrush="Gray"
                                        HorizontalGridLineThickness="1" VerticalGridLineBrush="Black"
                                        RowFadeInAnimationDuration="0"
                                        ScrollingAnimationDuration="0" ColumnStretchMinWidth="10"
                                        DetailIndicatorWidth="20" ShowRowSelectorPane="False"
                                        ShowScrollTip="False" UseDefaultHeadersFooters="False">
                    <xceed:TableflowView.FixedHeaders>
                        <DataTemplate>
                            <xceed:ColumnManagerRow AllowColumnReorder="False" AllowColumnResize="True" AllowDrop="False" AllowSort="False" />
                        </DataTemplate>
                    </xceed:TableflowView.FixedHeaders>
                </xceed:TableflowView>
            </xceed:DataGridControl.View>
  
            <xceed:DataGridControl.DefaultCellEditors>
                <xceed:CellEditor x:Key="{x:Type models:SmartCellViewModel}">
                    <xceed:CellEditor.EditTemplate>
                        <DataTemplate>
                            <views:SmartCellEditor Content="{xceed:CellEditorBinding}"  VerticalAlignment="Center"
                                                   Height="{Binding ActualHeight,RelativeSource={RelativeSource AncestorType={x:Type Border},AncestorLevel=1}}"></views:SmartCellEditor>
                        </DataTemplate>
                    </xceed:CellEditor.EditTemplate>
                </xceed:CellEditor>
            </xceed:DataGridControl.DefaultCellEditors>
  
        </xceed:DataGridControl>
    </Grid>
</Window>

在View部分主要是通过引用Xceed中的DataGridControl控件进行扩展的,这个里面主要是需要设置DataGridControl的View和DefaultCellEditor这个里面DefaultCellEditor是本文的重点,这个就是单元格Cell双击后进行编辑的主体,在这个里面我们需要指定CellEditor的EditTemplate,这里面需要匹配一个DataTemplate,这个里面是一个SmartCellEditor的子View,下面我们来看看这个SmartCellEditor里面是什么内容?

2 SmartCellEditor

<UserControl x:Class="DataGridCellDoubleClickDemo.Views.SmartCellEditor"
             xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
             xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
             xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
             xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
             xmlns:conv="clr-namespace:DataGridCellDoubleClickDemo.Converters"
             xmlns:xceed="clr-namespace:Xceed.Wpf.Toolkit;assembly=Xceed.Wpf.Toolkit"
             mc:Ignorable="d"
             d:DesignHeight="450" d:DesignWidth="800">
    <UserControl.Resources>
        <conv:VisibilityConverter x:Key="visConverter" />
        <conv:TimeSpanConverter x:Key="timeSpanConverter" />
        <conv:NumConverter x:Key="numConverter" />
        <conv:BoolConverter x:Key="boolConverter" />
    </UserControl.Resources>
  
    <StackPanel Margin="0">
        <!--TextBlock-->
        <TextBlock x:Name="textBlock"
                   Background="{Binding Background}"
                   Foreground="{Binding Foreground}"
                   Text="{Binding Path=Display,Mode=OneWay}" 
                   ToolTip="{Binding ToolTip}"
                   FontWeight="{Binding FontWeight}"
                   VerticalAlignment="Stretch" 
                   Visibility="{Binding Path=., Converter={StaticResource visConverter},ConverterParameter=TextBlock}"/>
  
  
        <!--Editable ComboBox-->
        <ComboBox x:Name="editableComboBox" ItemsSource="{Binding SmartCellData.Selections}" IsEditable="True"  VerticalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalContentAlignment="Center"
                  DisplayMemberPath="SelectionDisplayName" Text="{Binding CellValue,Mode=TwoWay, UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"
                  Visibility="{Binding Path=., Converter={StaticResource visConverter},ConverterParameter=EditableComboBox}" />
  
        <!--Readonly ComboBox-->
        <ComboBox x:Name="readonlyComboBox"  VerticalAlignment="Center" VerticalContentAlignment="Stretch"  ItemsSource="{Binding SmartCellData.Selections}" IsEditable="False"
                  DisplayMemberPath="SelectionDisplayName" SelectedValuePath="ControlName" SelectedValue="{Binding Path=CellValue,Mode=TwoWay,UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"
                  Visibility="{Binding Path=., Converter={StaticResource visConverter},ConverterParameter=ReadonlyComboBox}" />
  
  
        <!--Text Input TextBox-->
        <TextBox HorizontalContentAlignment="Left"  VerticalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalContentAlignment="Center" Text="{Binding CellValue}"
                 Visibility="{Binding Path=., Converter={StaticResource visConverter},ConverterParameter=TextBox}" TextAlignment="Left" />
  
  
        <!--Number Input TextBox-->
        <xceed:DecimalUpDown HorizontalContentAlignment="Left"  VerticalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalContentAlignment="Center"  FormatString="G" Value="{Binding Path=CellValue,Converter={StaticResource numConverter},Mode=TwoWay,UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"
                             Increment="1" Visibility="{Binding Path=., Converter={StaticResource visConverter},ConverterParameter=DecimalUpDown}" TextAlignment="Left" />
  
  
        <!--CheckBox-->
        <CheckBox x:Name="checkBox"  VerticalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalContentAlignment="Center"  Content="{Binding Tag}" IsChecked="{Binding Path=CellValue,Converter={StaticResource boolConverter},Mode=TwoWay,UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"
                  Visibility="{Binding Path=., Converter={StaticResource visConverter},ConverterParameter=CheckBox}" />
  
  
        <!--TimePicker-->
        <xceed:DateTimeUpDown Format="Custom" FormatString="HH:mm:ss"  VerticalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalContentAlignment="Center"  Value="{Binding Path=CellValue,Converter={StaticResource timeSpanConverter},Mode=TwoWay,UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"
                              Visibility="{Binding Path=., Converter={StaticResource visConverter},ConverterParameter=TimePicker}" CultureInfo="uk-UA" />
  
    </StackPanel>
</UserControl>

在这个里面我们在一个StackPanel中放置了匹配各种数据类型的Template,并且每一个的Visibility都是由visConverter这个自定义的Converter来实现的,后面我们会分析这个Converter里面的内容,这些代码的整体思想就是每次这个StackPanel里面的Template都只有一个可以显示,其它的都是隐藏的,哪一个会显示是根据当前的数据类型决定的,每一个注释表示每一个类型的数据,比如我们如果定义的是Bool类型,那么当我们双击单元格Cell的时候会出现一个CheckBox供我们编辑,所以这个里面我们需要根据我们定义的数据类型来扩展对应的模板,当我们双击单元格的时候就会显示这个模板从而进行编辑数据。

3 MainWindowViewModel
这个里面是定义的MainWindow对应的DataContext,在这里面我们会初始化绑定到MainWindow中DataGridControl的ItemsSource,我们先来看看这个里面核心的代码并就其中的要点进行分析。

using DataGridCellDoubleClickDemo.Models;
using System;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;
using System.Windows;
  
namespace DataGridCellDoubleClickDemo
{
    public class MainWindowViewModel : NotificationObject
    {
        public MainWindowViewModel(Xceed.Wpf.DataGrid.DataGridControl dataGridControl)
        {
            DataGridControl = dataGridControl;
            InitRecipeVariables();
        }
  
  
        #region Properties
        private ObservableCollection<RecipeControlVariable> _RecipeVariables = new ObservableCollection<RecipeControlVariable>();
  
        public ObservableCollection<RecipeControlVariable> RecipeVariables
        {
            get { return _RecipeVariables; }
            set
            {
                if (value != _RecipeVariables)
                {
                    _RecipeVariables = value;
                    OnPropertyChanged(nameof(RecipeVariables));
                }
  
            }
        }
  
        public Xceed.Wpf.DataGrid.DataGridControl DataGridControl { get; set; }
  
        #endregion
  
        #region Private Methods
        private void InitRecipeVariables()
        {
            _RecipeVariables.Add(new RecipeControlVariable
            {
                ControlName = "Name",
                DisplayName = "Name",
                StepValues = new ObservableCollection<SmartCellViewModel>
                {
                    new SmartCellViewModel
                    {
                        CellValue="Step",
                        ErrorInfo=null,
                        SmartCellData=new RecipeVariableItem
                        {
                             ControlName = "Name",
                             DisplayName = "Name",
                             VariableEditorType=RecipeVariableEditorType.TextInput
                        }
                    },
                    new SmartCellViewModel
                    {
                        CellValue="Step",
                        ErrorInfo=null,
                        SmartCellData=new RecipeVariableItem
                        {
                             ControlName = "Name",
                             DisplayName = "Name",
                             VariableEditorType=RecipeVariableEditorType.TextInput
                        }
                    }
                }
  
            });
            _RecipeVariables.Add(new RecipeControlVariable
            {
                ControlName = "Time",
                DisplayName = "Process Time(Sec)",
                StepValues = new ObservableCollection<SmartCellViewModel>
                {
                    new SmartCellViewModel
                    {
                        CellValue="0",
                        ErrorInfo=null,
                        SmartCellData=new RecipeVariableItem
                        {
                             ControlName = "Time",
                             DisplayName = "Process Time(Sec)",
                             VariableEditorType=RecipeVariableEditorType.NumInput
                        }
                    },
                    new SmartCellViewModel
                    {
                        CellValue="0",
                        ErrorInfo=null,
                        SmartCellData=new RecipeVariableItem
                        {
                             ControlName = "Time",
                             DisplayName = "Process Time(Sec)",
                             VariableEditorType=RecipeVariableEditorType.NumInput
                        }
                    }
                }
  
            });
            _RecipeVariables.Add(new RecipeControlVariable
            {
                ControlName = "FrontChemical",
                DisplayName = "FrontChemical",
                StepValues = new ObservableCollection<SmartCellViewModel>
                {
                    new SmartCellViewModel
                    {
                        CellValue="None",
                        ErrorInfo=null,
                        SmartCellData=new RecipeVariableItem
                        {
                             ControlName = "FrontChemical",
                             DisplayName = "FrontChemical",
                             VariableEditorType=RecipeVariableEditorType.ReadOnlySelection,
                             Selections=new ObservableCollection<SelectionItem>
                             {
                                 new SelectionItem
                                 {
                                     SelectionControlName="CHEM1",
                                     SelectionDisplayName="CHEM1",
                                 },
                                 new SelectionItem
                                 {
                                     SelectionControlName="N2",
                                     SelectionDisplayName="N2",
                                 },
                                 new SelectionItem
                                 {
                                     SelectionControlName="CDIW",
                                     SelectionDisplayName="CDIW",
                                 },
                                 new SelectionItem
                                 {
                                     SelectionControlName="",
                                     SelectionDisplayName="None",
                                 }
                             }
                        }
                    },
                    new SmartCellViewModel
                    {
                        CellValue="None",
                        ErrorInfo=null,
                        SmartCellData=new RecipeVariableItem
                        {
                             ControlName = "FrontChemical",
                             DisplayName = "FrontChemical",
                             VariableEditorType=RecipeVariableEditorType.ReadOnlySelection,
                             Selections=new ObservableCollection<SelectionItem>
                             {
                                 new SelectionItem
                                 {
                                     SelectionControlName="CHEM1",
                                     SelectionDisplayName="CHEM1",
                                 },
                                 new SelectionItem
                                 {
                                     SelectionControlName="N2",
                                     SelectionDisplayName="N2",
                                 },
                                 new SelectionItem
                                 {
                                     SelectionControlName="CDIW",
                                     SelectionDisplayName="CDIW",
                                 },
                                 new SelectionItem
                                 {
                                     SelectionControlName="",
                                     SelectionDisplayName="None",
                                 }
                             }
                        }
                    }
                }
  
            });
            _RecipeVariables.Add(new RecipeControlVariable
            {
                ControlName = "NozzleBindingSetting",
                DisplayName = "Nozzle Scan",
                StepValues = new ObservableCollection<SmartCellViewModel>
                {
                    new SmartCellViewModel
                    {
                        CellValue="Default",
                        ErrorInfo=null,
                        SmartCellData=new RecipeVariableItem
                        {
                             ControlName = "NozzleBindingSetting",
                             DisplayName = "Nozzle Scan",
                             VariableEditorType=RecipeVariableEditorType.TextInput
                        }
                    },
                    new SmartCellViewModel
                    {
                        CellValue="Default",
                        ErrorInfo=null,
                        SmartCellData=new RecipeVariableItem
                        {
                             ControlName = "NozzleBindingSetting",
                             DisplayName = "Nozzle Scan",
                             VariableEditorType=RecipeVariableEditorType.TextInput
                        }
                    }
                }
  
            });
        }
        #endregion
  
        /// <summary>
        /// reload datagrid content
        /// </summary>
        public void RefreshDataGrid()
        {
            try
            {
                if (null == DataGridControl) return;
                //generate columns in Grid
                DataGridControl.CurrentColumn = null;
                if (DataGridControl.Columns.Count > 0)
                    DataGridControl.Columns.Clear();
  
                var template = (DataTemplate)this.DataGridControl.FindResource("CustomTemplate");
                var rowTemplate = (DataTemplate)this.DataGridControl.FindResource("RowHeadTemplate");
  
                DataGridControl.Columns.Add(new Xceed.Wpf.DataGrid.Column()
                {
                    Width = 140,
                    Title = "Name",
                    FieldName = ".",
                    CellContentTemplate = rowTemplate
                });
  
                var cellEditor = DataGridControl.DefaultCellEditors[typeof(SmartCellViewModel)];
  
                for (int index = 0; index < RecipeVariables[0].StepValues.Count; index++)
                {
                    int width = 1;
                    for (int n = 0; n < RecipeVariables.Count; n++)
                    {
                        string display = RecipeVariables[n].StepValues[index].Display;
                        if (!string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(display))
                        {
                            int temp = display.Length * 7;
                            width = Math.Max(temp, width);
                        }
                    }
                    width = (int)(width * 1.1);
                    width = Math.Max(width, 80);
                    DataGridControl.Columns.Add(new Xceed.Wpf.DataGrid.Column()
                    {
  
                        Title = string.Format("Step {0}", index + 1),
                        FieldName = string.Format("StepValues[{0}]", index),
                        CellContentTemplate = template,
                        AllowSort = false,
                        Width = width,
                        MaxWidth = width * 2,
                        CellEditor = cellEditor
                    });
                }
  
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
  
            }

在这个里面我们重点分析下RefreshDataGrid这个子函数,在我们的MainWindowViewModel中我们定义的RecipeVariables是最终绑定到MainWindow中定义的DataGridControl中的ItemsSource,是整个控件的数据源,由于我们这个DataGird的第一列和后面的Step列数据类型不同,所以我们的RefreshDataGrid函数中增加Column列的时候是分作两个部分,第一个部分是单独增加一列,后面的列是通过循环StepValues这个集合来动态进行增加的,代码中我们定义了多少个StepValue,那么后面就会有多少列,这个里面的重点是增加Column的时候FieldName的赋值,这个是十分关键的,这个关系到能够让每一列获取到正确的数据源,例如第一列赋值Filed= “.” 表示直接从当前绑定的数据源获取数据,另外后面的Step列的每一个FieldName是动c#教程态进行赋值的,赋值语句是:FieldName = string.Format(“StepValues[{0}]”, index),这个里面Index是一个动态值,这个是非常关键的一步,另外后面的Step列由于需要通过双击进行编辑所以每一个Column是需要赋值CellEditor对象的,另外这个ViewModel中的DataGridControl是通过构造函数进行赋值的,构造函数中的赋值就是MainWindow中定义的DataGridControl对象,这个在阅读代码时需要特别注意。

4 Models
Models主要是定义的数据集合,我们的代码中主要包括RecipeControlVariable和SmartViewModel这两个部分,这两个部分分别对应DataGridControl的数据源以及双击进行编辑的SmartCellEditor两个部分一一对应。

更多代码方面的细节需要仔细去分析阅读源码,需要源码请点击此处进行下载。

以上就是c# WPF中通过双击编辑DataGrid中Cell的示例(附源码)的详细内容

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