C# winform登陆框验证码的实现

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       验证码技术已愈来愈成熟,从最初的数字、字母、字符、汉字已经到目前的语言,其应用也甚广,之前大多数只有在网站上可以看到,现在在一些客户端软件也经常可见(比如证券相关软件)。之前做的一个基于 C# 客户端连 J2EE 应用的项目,其 Login Form 也要求实现验证码,在此贴上。

1、  新建一个简单的 windows 应用项目

在默认的 Form1 中添加如下控件:

1)  Label text = “ 输入验证码 :”

2)  TextBox name=” txtValidCode” 输入验证码的文本框

3)  Image name=” picValidCode” 显示验证码的图片控件

4)  Button :单击事件进行验证码验证

 

2、  新建一个产生验证码的核心类,并构建其一个实例: ValidCode validCode = new ValidCode (5, ValidCode .CodeType .Numbers)

using System;

using System.Collections.Generic;

using System.Text;

using System.IO;

using System.Drawing;

using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;

 

namespace BigHorseLib.Security

{

    public class ValidCode

    {

        #region Private Fields

        private const double PI = 3.1415926535897932384626433832795;

        private const double PI2 = 6.283185307179586476925286766559;

        //private readonly int _wordsLen = 4;

        private int _len;

        private CodeType _codetype;

        private readonly Single _jianju = (float )18.0;

        private readonly Single _height = (float )24.0;

        private string _checkCode;

        #endregion

        #region Public Property

        public string CheckCode

        {

            get

            {

                return _checkCode;

            }

        }

        #endregion

        #region Constructors

        /// <summary>

        /// public constructors

        /// </summary>

        /// <param name="len"> 验证码长度 </param>

        /// <param name="ctype"> 验证码类型:字母、数字、字母+ 数字 </param>

        public ValidCode(int len, CodeType ctype)

        {

            this ._len = len;

            this ._codetype = ctype;

        }

        #endregion

        #region Public Field

         public enum CodeType {Words, Numbers, Characters, Alphas }

        #endregion

        #region Private Methods

 

        private string GenerateNumbers()

        {

            string strOut = "" ;

            System.Random random = new Random ();

             for (int i = 0; i < _len; i++)

            {

                string num = Convert .ToString(random.Next(10000)%10);

                strOut += num;

            }

            return strOut.Trim();

        }

 

        private string GenerateCharacters()

        {

            string strOut = "" ;

            System.Random random = new Random ();

            for (int i = 0; i < _len; i++)

            {

                string num = Convert .ToString((char )(65+random.Next(10000)%26));

                strOut += num;

            }

            return strOut.Trim();

        }

        //

        private string GenerateAlphas()

        {

            string strOut = "" ;

            string num = "" ;

            System.Random random = new Random ();

            for (int i = 0; i < _len; i++)

            {

                if (random.Next(500) % 2 == 0)

                {

                    num = Convert .ToString(random.Next(10000) % 10);

                }

                else

                {

                    num = Convert .ToString((char )(65 + random.Next(10000) % 26));

                }

                strOut += num;

            }

            return strOut.Trim();

        }

 

        private System.Drawing.Bitmap TwistImage(Bitmap srcBmp, bool bXDir, double dMultValue, double dPhase)

        {

            System.Drawing.Bitmap destBmp = new Bitmap (srcBmp.Width, srcBmp.Height);

 

            // 将位图背景填充为白色

            System.Drawing.Graphics graph = System.Drawing.Graphics .FromImage(destBmp);

            graph.FillRectangle(new SolidBrush (System.Drawing.Color .White), 0, 0, destBmp.Width, destBmp.Height);

            graph.Dispose();

 

            double dBaseAxisLen = bXDir ? (double )destBmp.Height : (double )destBmp.Width;

 

            for (int i = 0; i < destBmp.Width; i++)

             {

                for (int j = 0; j < destBmp.Height; j++)

                {

                    double dx = 0;

                    dx = bXDir ? (PI2 * (double )j) / dBaseAxisLen : (PI2 * (double )i) / dBaseAxisLen;

                    dx += dPhase;

                    double dy = Math .Sin(dx);

 

                    // 取得当前点的颜色

                    int nOldX = 0, nOldY = 0;

                    nOldX = bXDir ? i + (int )(dy * dMultValue) : i;

                    nOldY = bXDir ? j : j + (int )(dy * dMultValue);

 

                    System.Drawing.Color color = srcBmp.GetPixel(i, j);

                    if (nOldX >= 0 && nOldX < destBmp.Width

                     && nOldY >= 0 && nOldY < destBmp.Height)

                    {

                        destBmp.SetPixel(nOldX, nOldY, color);

                    }

                }

            }

 

            return destBmp;

        }

        #endregion

        #region Public Methods

        public Stream CreateCheckCodeImage()

        {

            string checkCode;

            switch (_codetype){

                case CodeType .Alphas:

                    checkCode = GenerateAlphas();

                    break ;

                case CodeType .Numbers:

                    checkCode = GenerateNumbers();

                     break ;

                case CodeType .Characters:

                    checkCode = GenerateCharacters();

                    break ;

                default :

                    checkCode = GenerateAlphas();

                    break ;

            }

             this ._checkCode = checkCode;

            MemoryStream ms = null ;

            //

            if (checkCode == null || checkCode.Trim() == String .Empty)

                return null ;

            Bitmap image = new System.Drawing.Bitmap ((int )Math .Ceiling((checkCode.Length * _jianju)), (int )_height);

            Graphics g = Graphics .FromImage(image);

            try

            {

                Random random = new Random ();

                g.Clear(Color .White);

                // 画图片的背景噪音线

                for (int i = 0; i < 18; i++)

                {

                    int x1 = random.Next(image.Width);

                    int x2 = random.Next(image.Width);

                    int y1 = random.Next(image.Height);

                     int y2 = random.Next(image.Height);

                    g.DrawLine(new Pen (Color .FromArgb(random.Next()),1), x1, y1, x2, y2);

                }

                Font font = new System.Drawing.Font ("Times New Roman" , 14, System.Drawing.FontStyle .Bold);

                 LinearGradientBrush brush = new LinearGradientBrush (new Rectangle (0, 0, image.Width, image.Height), Color .Blue, Color .DarkRed, 1.2f, true );

                if (_codetype != CodeType .Words)

                {

                    for (int i = 0; i < checkCode.Length; i++)

                    {

                        g.DrawString(checkCode.Substring(i, 1), font, brush, 2 + i * _jianju, 1);

                    }

                }else {

                    g.DrawString(checkCode, font, brush, 2, 2);

                }

                // 画图片的前景噪音点

                for (int i = 0; i < 150; i++)

                {

                    int x = random.Next(image.Width);

                    int y = random.Next(image.Height);

                    image.SetPixel(x, y, Color .FromArgb(random.Next()));

                }

                // 画图片的波形滤镜效果

                if (_codetype != CodeType .Words)

                {

                    image = TwistImage(image, true , 3, 1);

                }

                // 画图片的边框线

                g.DrawRectangle(new Pen (Color .Silver), 0, 0, image.Width - 1, image.Height - 1);

 

                ms = new System.IO.MemoryStream ();

                image.Save(ms, System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat .Gif);

            }

            finally

            {

                g.Dispose();

                image.Dispose();

            }

            return ms;

        }

        #endregion

    }

}

 

3、  图片加载验证码、验证码验证

// 图片加载验证码

picValidCode.Image = Bitmap .FromStream(validCode.CreateCheckCodeImage())

 

// 验证

    if (!this .txtValidCode.Text.Equals(_validCode.CheckCode))

     {

         MessageBox .Show(" 请输入正确的验证码!" , this .Text);

         this .txtValidCode.Focus();

         return ;

  }

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