coderK2014

天下技术,非精研细究、持之以恒,不足以破之……

C#中NPOI操作excel之读取和写入excel数据

 一、下载引用

下载需要引用的dll,即:NPOI.dll,NPOI.OOXML.dll,NPOI.OpenXml4Net.dll,ICSharpCode.SharpZipLib.dll(office2007版需要此dll)。

二、excel转datatable类

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.IO;
using NPOI.SS.UserModel;
using NPOI.XSSF.UserModel;
using NPOI.HSSF.UserModel;

namespace NPOIOprateExcel
{
    public class ExcelUtility
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 将excel导入到datatable
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="filePath">excel路径</param>
        /// <param name="isColumnName">第一行是否是列名</param>
        /// <returns>返回datatable</returns>
        public static DataTable ExcelToDataTable(string filePath, bool isColumnName)
        {
            DataTable dataTable = null;
            FileStream fs = null;
            DataColumn column = null;
            DataRow dataRow = null;
            IWorkbook workbook = null;
            ISheet sheet = null;
            IRow row = null;
            ICell cell = null;
            int startRow = 0;
            try
            {
                using (fs = File.OpenRead(filePath))
                {
                    // 2007版本
                    if (filePath.IndexOf(".xlsx") > 0)
                        workbook = new XSSFWorkbook(fs);
                    // 2003版本
                    else if (filePath.IndexOf(".xls") > 0)
                        workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(fs);

                    if (workbook != null)
                    {
                        sheet = workbook.GetSheetAt(0);//读取第一个sheet,当然也可以循环读取每个sheet
                        dataTable = new DataTable();
                        if (sheet != null)
                        {
                            int rowCount = sheet.LastRowNum;//总行数
                            if (rowCount > 0)
                            {
                                IRow firstRow = sheet.GetRow(0);//第一行
                                int cellCount = firstRow.LastCellNum;//列数

                                //构建datatable的列
                                if (isColumnName)
                                {
                                    startRow = 1;//如果第一行是列名,则从第二行开始读取
                                    for (int i = firstRow.FirstCellNum; i < cellCount; ++i)
                                    {
                                        cell = firstRow.GetCell(i);
                                        if (cell != null)
                                        {
                                            if (cell.StringCellValue != null)
                                            {
                                                column = new DataColumn(cell.StringCellValue);
                                                dataTable.Columns.Add(column);
                                            }
                                        }
                                    }
                                }
                                else
                                {
                                    for (int i = firstRow.FirstCellNum; i < cellCount; ++i)
                                    {
                                        column = new DataColumn("column" + (i + 1));
                                        dataTable.Columns.Add(column);
                                    }
                                }

                                //填充行
                                for (int i = startRow; i <= rowCount; ++i)
                                {
                                    row = sheet.GetRow(i);
                                    if (row == null) continue;

                                    dataRow = dataTable.NewRow();
                                    for (int j = row.FirstCellNum; j < cellCount; ++j)
                                    {
                                        cell = row.GetCell(j);                                        
                                        if (cell == null)
                                        {
                                            dataRow[j] = "";
                                        }
                                        else
                                        {
                                            //CellType(Unknown = -1,Numeric = 0,String = 1,Formula = 2,Blank = 3,Boolean = 4,Error = 5,)
                                            switch (cell.CellType)
                                            {
                                                case CellType.Blank:
                                                    dataRow[j] = "";
                                                    break;
                                                case CellType.Numeric:
                                                    short format = cell.CellStyle.DataFormat;
                                                    //对时间格式(2015.12.5、2015/12/5、2015-12-5等)的处理
                                                    if (format == 14 || format == 31 || format == 57 || format == 58)
                                                        dataRow[j] = cell.DateCellValue;
                                                    else
                                                        dataRow[j] = cell.NumericCellValue;
                                                    break;
                                                case CellType.String:
                                                    dataRow[j] = cell.StringCellValue;
                                                    break;
                                            }
                                        }
                                    }
                                    dataTable.Rows.Add(dataRow);
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
                return dataTable;
            }
            catch (Exception)
            {
                if (fs != null)
                {
                    fs.Close();
                }
                return null;
            }
        }
    }
}
三、结果



四、写入excel类

public static bool DataTableToExcel(DataTable dt)
        {
            bool result = false;
            IWorkbook workbook = null;
            FileStream fs = null;
            IRow row = null;
            ISheet sheet = null;
            ICell cell = null;
            try
            {
                if (dt != null && dt.Rows.Count > 0)
                {
                    workbook = new HSSFWorkbook();
                    sheet = workbook.CreateSheet("Sheet0");//创建一个名称为Sheet0的表
                    int rowCount = dt.Rows.Count;//行数
                    int columnCount = dt.Columns.Count;//列数

                    //设置列头
                    row = sheet.CreateRow(0);//excel第一行设为列头
                    for (int c = 0; c < columnCount; c++)
                    {
                        cell = row.CreateCell(c);
                        cell.SetCellValue(dt.Columns[c].ColumnName);
                    }                    

                    //设置每行每列的单元格,
                    for (int i = 0; i <rowCount; i++)
                    {
                        row = sheet.CreateRow(i+1);
                        for (int j = 0; j < columnCount; j++)
                        {                            
                            cell = row.CreateCell(j);//excel第二行开始写入数据
                            cell.SetCellValue(dt.Rows[i][j].ToString());                            
                        }
                    }
                    using (fs = File.OpenWrite(@"D:/myxls.xls")) 
                    {
                        workbook.Write(fs);//向打开的这个xls文件中写入数据
                        result = true;
                    }
                }
                return result;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                if (fs != null)
                {
                    fs.Close();
                }
                return false;
            }
        }

结果如下:



源码地址:http://download.csdn.net/detail/coderk2014/9328779

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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/coderK2014/article/details/50185163
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