SQL中用一个参数决定选取部分还是全部

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。博主微信conggova。 https://blog.csdn.net/conggova/article/details/77516382

下面的例子中只有一个参数,但是可以决定是选取某个部门还是全部。


如果给定值10)等于某个部门编号那么选取这个部门的

SCOTT@ prod> with t as (select 10 from dual)
  2  select * from emp where deptno = (select * from t)
  3  union
  4  select * from emp where (select * from t) not in ( select distinct deptno from emp ) ;
 
     EMPNO ENAME      JOB              MGR HIREDATE         SAL       COMM     DEPTNO
---------- ---------- --------- ---------- --------- ---------- ---------- ----------
      7782 CLARK      MANAGER         7839 09-JUN-81       2450                    10
      7839 KING       PRESIDENT            17-NOV-81       5000                    10
      7934 MILLER     CLERK           7782 23-JAN-82       1300                    10
 

如果给定值100)不等于任何一个部门编号那么选取全部的

SCOTT@ prod> with t as (select 100 from dual)
  2  select * from emp where deptno = (select * from t)
  3  union
  4  select * from emp where (select * from t) not in ( select distinct deptno from emp ) ;
 
     EMPNO ENAME      JOB              MGR HIREDATE         SAL       COMM     DEPTNO
---------- ---------- --------- ---------- --------- ---------- ---------- ----------
      7369 SMITH      CLERK           7902 17-DEC-80        800                    20
      7499 ALLEN      SALESMAN        7698 20-FEB-81       1600        300         30
      7521 WARD       SALESMAN        7698 22-FEB-81       1250        500         30
      7566 JONES      MANAGER         7839 02-APR-81       2975                    20
      7654 MARTIN     SALESMAN        7698 28-SEP-81       1250       1400         30
      7698 BLAKE      MANAGER         7839 01-MAY-81       2850                    30
      7782 CLARK      MANAGER         7839 09-JUN-81       2450                    10
      7788 SCOTT      ANALYST         7566 19-APR-87       3000                    20
      7839 KING       PRESIDENT            17-NOV-81       5000                    10
      7844 TURNER     SALESMAN        7698 08-SEP-81       1500          0         30
      7876 ADAMS      CLERK           7788 23-MAY-87       1100                    20
      7900 JAMES      CLERK           7698 03-DEC-81        950                    30
      7902 FORD       ANALYST         7566 03-DEC-81       3000                    20
      7934 MILLER     CLERK           7782 23-JAN-82       1300                    10
 
14 rows selected.


展开阅读全文

没有更多推荐了,返回首页