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天道酬勤

Tomcat严重错误,日志里出现: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/el/ExpressionFactory

发布工程时,抛出以下异常:
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/el/ExpressionFactory
Apache Tomcat/5.0.28

则将javaee.jar包再copy一份放在tomcat目录的common/lib下就不会了。
关于用到的javaee.jar、jsf-api.jar、jsf-impl.jar、jstl-1.2.jar这四个包可以通过myeclipse中获得,这四个包的所在的目录是:
D:/Program Files/MyEclipse 6.5/myeclipse/eclipse/plugins/com.genuitec.eclipse.j2eedt.core_6.5.0.zmyeclipse650200806/data/libraryset/EE_5

 

 

 

另:

 

 

在maven中配置以下依赖:

       <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.2</version>
        </dependency>

在resin-3.0.28中运行,报以下错误:

Servlet.service() for servlet jsp threw exception
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/el/ELException

原因是容器不支持JSTL1.2,换成以下依赖就好了:

        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.2</version>
        </dependency>

Tomcat中也有同样的问题

Tomcat6   JSP2.1 / Servlet2.5 / JSTL2.0

Tomcat5   JSP2.0 / Servlet2.4 / JSTL1.1

Tomcat4   JSP1.2 / Servlet2.3 / JSTL1.0

resin-3.0.28 JSP2.0 / Servlet2.4 / JSTL1.1

Tomcat5与Tomcat6的EL冲突,JSTL的版本问题
Servlet.service() for servlet jsp threw exception
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/el/ELException
at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods0(Native Method)
at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredMethods(Class.java:2365)
at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods(Class.java:1763)
at java.beans.Introspector$1.run(Introspector.java:1259)
at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
at java.beans.Introspector.getPublicDeclaredMethods(Introspector.java:1257)
at java.beans.Introspector.getTargetMethodInfo(Introspector.java:1125)
at java.beans.Introspector.getBeanInfo(Introspector.java:383)
at java.beans.Introspector.getBeanInfo(Introspector.java:155)
at java.beans.Introspector.getBeanInfo(Introspector.java:216)
at java.beans.Introspector.<init>(Introspector.java:364)
at java.beans.Introspector.getBeanInfo(Introspector.java:155)
at org.apache.jasper.compiler.Generator$TagHandlerInfo.<init>(Generator.java:3673)
at org.apache.jasper.compiler.Generator$GenerateVisitor.getTagHandlerInfo(Generator.java:2092)
at org.apache.jasper.compiler.Generator$GenerateVisitor.visit(Generator.java:1573)
at org.apache.jasper.compiler.Node$CustomTag.accept(Node.java:1441)
at org.apache.jasper.compiler.Node$Nodes.visit(Node.java:2163)
at org.apache.jasper.compiler.Node$Visitor.visitBody(Node.java:2213)
at org.apache.jasper.compiler.Node$Visitor.visit(Node.java:2219)

这个问题应该是出在JSTL的支持上,通过查看,原来系统使用了JSTL1.2。

JSTL1.2

The JSTL 1.2 Maintenace Release aligns with the Unified Expression Language (EL) that is being delivered as part of the JavaServer Pages (JSP) 2.1 specification。JSTL 1.2 is part of the Java EE 5 platform. (from http://java.sun.com/products/jsp/jstl/

JSTL1.1

Jakarta Taglibs hosts the Standard Taglib 1.1, an implementation of the JSP Standard Tag Library (JSTL), version 1.1, which was developed under the Java Community Process. 
NOTE: Standard-1.1 (JSTL 1.1) requires a JSP container that supports the Java Servlet 2.4 and JavaServer Pages 2.0 specifications. Jakarta Tomcat 5 supports the new specifications. The Standard-1.1 taglib has been tested with Tomcat 5.0.3.

JSTL1.0
Standard-1.0 (implementation of the JSTL 1.0 specification) requires a JSP container that supports the Java Servlet 2.3 and JavaServer Pages 1.2 specifications. Jakarta Tomcat 4 supports these specifications. The Standard 1.0 taglib has been tested with Tomcat 4.1.24. (from http://jakarta.apache.org/taglibs/doc/standard-doc/intro.html)

Tomcat6 实现了servlet 2.5 和JSP2.1的规范,可以支持JSTL1.2;

而Tomcat5实现了 servlet 2.4 和JSP2.0的规范,只能支持JSTL1.1

所以,只要使用JSTL1.1(standard-1.1.jar和jstl-1.1.jar)替换JSTL1.2(jstl-1.2.jar)即可在Tomcat5下正常运行!

另外,web.xml必须指定使用servlet 2.4 和JSP2.0的规范:
<web-app version="2.4" xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">

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