cmd打开记事本并写字_Windows中的记事本和写字板之间有什么区别?

cmd打开记事本并写字

cmd打开记事本并写字

If you’ve been trained on Microsoft Word since you started using a computer, maybe you’ve never looked at those other writing options in Windows. Notepad and WordPad are both developed by Microsoft itself, and included in every copy of Windows. Don’t dismiss them out of hand—while neither are as powerful as paid software in the same niches, they might just do for you.

如果您从开始使用计算机以来就已经接受过Microsoft Word的培训,那么也许您从未看过Windows中的其他书写选项。 记事本和写字板均由Microsoft自己开发,并包含在Windows的每个副本中。 不要一味地抛弃它们,尽管它们在同一个领域都不如付费软件那么强大,但它们可能只是为您服务。

Notepad and WordPad, despite their similar names, serve different purposes. Notepad is a text editor, meant for basic plain text entry, while WordPad is a word processor, meant for formatting and printing documents—like Microsoft Word, but not quite as advanced.

尽管它们的名称相似,但记事本和写字板具有不同的用途。 记事本是一种文本编辑器,用于基本的纯文本输入,而写字板是一种字处理器,用于格式化和打印文档,例如Microsoft Word,但还不那么高级。

They aren’t the only programs in their respective categories, either. Let’s talk a little bit about text editors and word processors, and their intentions.

它们也不是各自类别中的唯一程序。 让我们谈谈文本编辑器和文字处理器及其意图。

文本编辑器:文本,只有文本 (Text Editors: The Text, and Nothing But the Text)

Text editors are just that: editing programs that focus almost exclusively on text itself. These types of applications are designed to keep their users zeroed in on the pure content of what they’re writing, offering little to no means to change the formatting or visual style of the contents. If that doesn’t seem particularly useful to you, then odds are that you don’t have a need for something so simple…and there’s a reason for that, too.

文本编辑器就是这样:编辑几乎专门针对文本本身的程序。 这些类型的应用程序旨在使用户始终专注于其所写内容的纯内容,而几乎没有提供更改内容格式或视觉样式的方法。 如果这对您似乎不是特别有用,那么很有可能您不需要这么简单的东西……这也是有原因的。

These programs eschew editing tags and visual formatting because they need to keep their formatting and contents as broad as possible, a concept known as “plain text.” The files saved by text editors in the .txt format can be imported, read, and edited by a huge variety of tools, many of which aren’t even intended to be read by users on a regular basis.

这些程序避免编辑标签和视觉格式,因为它们需要保持其格式和内容尽可能的宽,这就是所谓的“纯文本”概念。 文本编辑器以.txt格式保存的文件可以通过多种工具导入,读取和编辑,其中许多工具甚至不希望用户定期阅读。

For example, Windows programs often save local configuration settings as a simple list in a .txt file. That way, the program itself can retrieve and alter its own settings as needed, but if something goes wrong and the program can’t boot, a user can open the file manually and edit the settings by manipulating the values. Operating logs, an ongoing recording of a program’s activities and results, are often saved as plain text. A lack of formatting makes .txt and similar files tiny in comparison to document files: a 100,000-word novel can be saved as a .txt file that’s only half a megabyte large.

例如,Windows程序通常将本地配置设置保存为.txt文件中的简单列表。 这样,程序本身可以根据需要检索和更改其自身的设置,但是如果出现问题并且程序无法启动,则用户可以手动打开文件并通过操纵值来编辑设置。 操作日志是程序活动和结果的持续记录,通常以纯文本格式保存。 与文档文件相比,缺乏格式的格式使.txt和类似文件变得很小:可以将一个100,000字的小说另存为只有半个兆字节大小的.txt文件。

A game’s video settings file saved as plain text.
游戏的视频设置文件另存为纯文本。

Programmers appreciate simple text editors, because the lack of formatting is conducive to writing in multiple programming languages. Some writers and typists also prefer the simplicity of a text editor for the first stage of large projects, then switch to a word processor for finishing. While the text created by text editors is by definition without complex formatting, some text editors nonetheless include some basic formatting tools (like text wrapping for easy reading, compatibility with cut, copy, and paste shortcuts, or a “Find” function) as creature comforts for users.

程序员喜欢简单的文本编辑器,因为缺乏格式有助于使用多种编程语言进行编写。 一些作家和打字员还喜欢大型项目的第一阶段使用文本编辑器的简单性,然后切换到文字处理程序进行整理。 虽然根据定义,文本编辑器创建的文本没有复杂的格式,但是某些文本编辑器还是包含一些基本的格式化工具(例如易于阅读的文本换行,与剪切,复制和粘贴快捷方式兼容或“查找”功能)。给用户带来的舒适感。

文字处理器:适合打印的所有格式 (Word Processors: All the Formatting That’s Fit to Print)

Word processors are intended as tools primarily for writing, not just text entry. The files produced from a word processor are meant to be read, edited, and often printed, complete with often complex formatting and structural options.

文字处理器主要用作书写工具,而不仅仅是文本输入。 由文字处理器生成的文件旨在被读取,编辑和经常打印,并带有通常复杂的格式和结构选项。

Word processors output to specific formats meant to be printed or read by other word processing programs. The formatting tools in word processors include robust options for both print and digital output, with support for inserting hyperlinks, images, tables, and sometimes even more exotic content like videos. Most of them are compatible both with their own proprietary formats—like the .doc extension for Microsoft Word—as well as more general, platform-agnostic formats like .rtf Real Text Format.

文字处理器输出为特定格式,供其他文字处理程序打印或阅读。 文字处理器中的格式化工具包括用于打印和数字输出的强大选项,并支持插入超链接,图像,表格以及有时甚至是更奇特的内容,例如视频。 它们中的大多数都与它们自己的专有格式(例如Microsoft Word的.doc扩展名)以及更通用的与平台无关的格式(如.rtf Real Text Format)兼容。

Confusingly, word processors can also read and edit file formats meant for plain text editors, like .txt. Users can add as much content as they want to these plain text files, but care must be taken when saving them. Saving in the original format will destroy any formatting added in the more complex word processing program, but saving to a more robust file format will make the file larger and incompatible with the original text editor. Generally speaking, if you’re opening a .txt file or something else without formatting, you should do so in Notepad to avoid the possibility of saving it in an incompatible file.

令人困惑的是,文字处理器还可以读取和编辑供纯文本编辑器使用的文件格式,例如.txt。 用户可以向这些纯文本文件添加任意数量的内容,但是在保存它们时必须小心。 以原始格式保存将破坏在更复杂的文字处理程序中添加的所有格式,但是保存为更健壮的文件格式将使文件更大且与原始文本编辑器不兼容。 一般来说,如果要打开.txt文件或其他未格式化的文件,则应在记事本中这样做,以免将其保存在不兼容的文件中。

记事本与写字板 (Notepad vs. WordPad)

Microsoft’s Notepad actually predates Windows—it was first included as a pack-in app for the original Microsoft Mouse way back in 1983, running in MS-DOS. The text editor was bundled with the first release of Windows in 1985, and it’s been inseparable from the platform ever since. While Notepad isn’t the most complex or capable text editor in the world, its universality makes it the most used by default.

微软的记事本实际上早于Windows,它最初是作为打包应用程序包含在Windows中的,最初是在1983年以MS-DOS运行的原始Microsoft Mouse。 文本编辑器是1985年与Windows的第一版捆绑在一起的,此后一直与该平台密不可分。 尽管记事本不是世界上最复杂或功能最强大的文本编辑器,但其通用性使其在默认情况下使用最多。

Notepad in the original Windows release, 1985.
原始Windows版本1985中的记事本。

A decade later, WordPad was developed my Microsoft as a free program bundled with Windows 95, and has likewise remained a standard component of the evolving operating system. It replaced the similar Microsoft Write program included with Windows 1.0 and later. As a free and basic word processor, WordPad sat in between Notepad and more elaborate paid programs like Microsoft Word or Corel’s WordPerfect.

十年后,写字板是由Microsoft开发的,是与Windows 95捆绑在一起的免费程序,并且同样仍是不断发展的操作系统的标准组件。 它取代了Windows 1.0及更高版本中包含的类似Microsoft Write程序。 作为一个免费的基本文字处理程序,写字板位于记事本和更复杂的付费程序(例如Microsoft Word或Corel的WordPerfect)之间。

The original WordPad, running in Windows 95.
原始的写字板,在Windows 95中运行。

As a text editor, Notepad excels at small, simple tasks, like a quick grocery list or on-the-fly notation. It’s also much better suited to programming files of all kinds, though there are certainly more powerful programming text editors as well (see below).

作为文本编辑器,记事本擅长处理小型,简单的任务,例如快速的购物清单或即时注释。 尽管肯定还有更强大的编程文本编辑器,但它也更适合于各种类型的文件编程(请参见下文)。

Similarly, while WordPad isn’t as robust as more complex programs, its basic formatting tools makes it a better choice for editing long-form text intended for reading by others, like a letter or instruction file. Microsoft has specifically kept more advanced word processing features like spell check and advanced formatting out of WordPad, probably to avoid cannibalizing sales of Microsoft Word and Office. Even so, some writers prefer the simplicity of WordPad’s interface and .rtf files.

同样,虽然写字板不像更复杂的程序那样健壮,但其基本格式设置工具使其成为编辑供他人阅读的长格式文本(如字母或说明文件)的更好选择。 微软专门将更高级的文字处理功能(如拼写检查和高级格式设置)保留在写字板之外,这可能是为了避免蚕食Microsoft Word和Office的销售。 即使这样,一些作家还是喜欢写字板的界面和.rtf文件的简单性。

替代文本编辑器和文字处理器 (Alternative Text Editors and Word Processors)

Notepad and Wordpad are free and come with Windows, but that doesn’t mean you need to stick with them. There are a plethora of alternatives to both programs, including many free ones.

Windows附带了记事本和写字板,它们是免费的,但这并不意味着您需要坚持使用它们。 两种程序都有很多替代方案,包括许多免费的。

Notepad++, a freeware alternative favored by programmers.
Notepad ++,一种程序员偏爱的免费软件替代品。

Notepad+ and the newer Notepad++ preserve the program’s simple interface while adding handy new features, like a line indicator, a customizable series of toolbars, macros, and auto-completion. Though it’s generally preferred by programmers, Notepad++ is quite useful for ordinary writers, too. More advanced plain text editors cater even more towards writing computer code, like Atom, SublimeText, and the venerable Emacs. All five are free to use. Users looking for a simple way to jot down notes might also be interesting in cross-platform syncing tools like Evernote, Google Keep, and Microsoft’s OneNote.

Notepad +和较新的Notepad ++保留了程序的简单界面,同时添加了方便的新功能,例如线条指示器,可自定义的一系列工具栏,宏和自动完成功能。 尽管它通常是程序员首选的,但Notepad ++对普通作家也非常有用。 更高级的纯文本编辑器甚至更适合编写计算机代码,例如AtomSublimeText和古老的Emacs 。 所有五个都是免费使用。 在跨平台同步工具(如EvernoteGoogle Keep和Microsoft的OneNote)中 ,寻找简单记笔记的用户可能也会很感兴趣。

As a word processor, WordPad’s primary alternative is, obviously, Microsoft Word. But if you’d rather not pay for a license to Microsoft Office, there are plenty of free word processors that have many of the same features, all of which are more complex and capable than WordPad. LibreOffice is the freeware alternative du jour, though OpenOffice (the project on which it’s based) is still available. Online word processors like Google Docs are handy for those who like to keep their files synced. Microsoft even offers a free version of Word online, though it’s only accessible from a browser. Other popular desktop alternatives include AbiWord, JarteKingsoft Writer. Try a few out and find the one you like the best—with so many options, you’re sure to find one perfect for your needs.

作为文字处理程序,写字板的主要替代品显然是Microsoft Word。 但是,如果您不想支付Microsoft Office的许可费用,则有很多免费的文字处理器具有许多相同的功能,所有这些功能都比写字板更复杂,功能更强大。 LibreOffice是免费的替代品,尽管OpenOffice(基于它的项目)仍然可用 。 像Google Docs这样的在线文字处理程序对于那些希望保持文件同步的人来说非常方便。 微软甚至在线提供了Word的免费版本 ,尽管只能通过浏览器访问。 其他流行的桌面替代品包括AbiWordJatteKingsoft Writer 。 尝试一些,找到最喜欢的一个-有这么多的选择,您一定会找到最适合自己的选择。

Image Credits: Wikipedia, Wikipedia, and GUIdebook

图片来源: WikipediaWikipediaGUIdebook

翻译自: https://www.howtogeek.com/299490/whats-the-difference-between-notepad-and-wordpad-in-windows/

cmd打开记事本并写字

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