使用hibernate和struts2实现分页功能

原文地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/xiaoluo501395377/archive/2012/10/18/2730073.html

1.DAO层接口的设计,定义一个PersonDAO接口,里面声明了两个方法:

public interface PersonDAO
{
    public List<Person> queryByPage(String hql, int offset, int pageSize);
    
    public int getAllRowCount(String hql);
}

2.DAO层接口的实现类PersonDAOImpl类,将其两个方法实现出来:

public class PersonDAOImpl implements PersonDAO
{
    /**
     * 通过hql语句得到数据库中记录总数
     */
    @Override
    public int getAllRowCount(String hql)
    {
        Session session = HibernateUtil.openSession();
        Transaction tx = null;
        int allRows = 0;
        try
        {
            tx = session.beginTransaction();
            
            Query query = session.createQuery(hql);
            
            allRows = query.list().size();
            
            tx.commit();
            
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            if(tx != null)
            {
                tx.rollback();
            }
            
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        finally
        {
            HibernateUtil.closeSession(session);
        }
        
        return allRows;
    }
    /**
     * 使用hibernate提供的分页功能,得到分页显示的数据
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    @Override
    public List<Person> queryByPage(String hql, int offset, int pageSize)
    {
        Session session = HibernateUtil.openSession();
        Transaction tx = null;
        List<Person> list = null;
        
        try
        {
            tx = session.beginTransaction();
            
            Query query = session.createQuery(hql).setFirstResult(offset).setMaxResults(pageSize);
            
            list = query.list();
            
            tx.commit();
            
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            if(tx != null)
            {
                tx.rollback();
            }
            
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        finally
        {
            HibernateUtil.closeSession(session);
        }
        
        
        return list;
    }
}

3.定义了一个PageBean(每一页所需要的内容都存放在这个PageBean里面),里面用来存放网页每一页显示的内容:

public class PageBean
{
    private List<Person> list; //通过hql从数据库分页查询出来的list集合
    
    private int allRows; //总记录数
    
    private int totalPage; //总页数
    
    private int currentPage; //当前页

    public List<Person> getList()
    {
        return list;
    }

    public void setList(List<Person> list)
    {
        this.list = list;
    }

    public int getAllRows()
    {
        return allRows;
    }

    public void setAllRows(int allRows)
    {
        this.allRows = allRows;
    }

    public int getTotalPage()
    {
        return totalPage;
    }

    public void setTotalPage(int totalPage)
    {
        this.totalPage = totalPage;
    }

    public int getCurrentPage()
    {
        return currentPage;
    }

    public void setCurrentPage(int currentPage)
    {
        this.currentPage = currentPage;
    }
    
    /**
     * 得到总页数
     * @param pageSize 每页记录数
     * @param allRows  总记录数
     * @return 总页数
     */
    public int getTotalPages(int pageSize, int allRows)
    {
        int totalPage = (allRows % pageSize == 0)? (allRows / pageSize): (allRows / pageSize) + 1;
        
        return totalPage;
    }
    
    /**
     * 得到当前开始记录号
     * @param pageSize 每页记录数
     * @param currentPage 当前页
     * @return
     */
    public int getCurrentPageOffset(int pageSize, int currentPage)
    {
        int offset = pageSize * (currentPage - 1);
        
        return offset;
    }
    
    /**
     * 得到当前页, 如果为0 则开始第一页,否则为当前页
     * @param page
     * @return
     */
    public int getCurPage(int page)
    {
        int currentPage = (page == 0)? 1: page;
        
        return currentPage;
    }
    
}

4.Service层接口设计,定义一个PersonService接口,里面声明了一个方法,返回一个PageBean:

public interface PersonService
{
    public PageBean getPageBean(int pageSize, int page);
}

5.Service层接口实现类PersonServiceImpl类,实现唯一的方法:

public class PersonServiceImpl implements PersonService
{
    private PersonDAO personDAO = new PersonDAOImpl();
    
    /**
     * pageSize为每页显示的记录数
     * page为当前显示的网页
     */
    @Override
    public PageBean getPageBean(int pageSize, int page)
    {
        PageBean pageBean = new PageBean();
        
        String hql = "from Person";
        
        int allRows = personDAO.getAllRowCount(hql);
        
        int totalPage = pageBean.getTotalPages(pageSize, allRows);
        
        int currentPage = pageBean.getCurPage(page);
        
        int offset = pageBean.getCurrentPageOffset(pageSize, currentPage);
        
        List<Person> list = personDAO.queryByPage(hql, offset, pageSize);
        
        pageBean.setList(list);
        pageBean.setAllRows(allRows);
        pageBean.setCurrentPage(currentPage);
        pageBean.setTotalPage(totalPage);
        
        return pageBean;
    }
}

6.Action层设计,定义一个PersonAction:

public class PersonAction extends ActionSupport
{
    private PersonService personService = new PersonServiceImpl();
    
    private int page;
    
    public int getPage()
    {
        return page;
    }

    public void setPage(int page)
    {
        this.page = page;
    }

    @Override
    public String execute() throws Exception
    {
        //表示每页显示5条记录,page表示当前网页
        PageBean pageBean = personService.getPageBean(5, page);
        
        HttpServletRequest request = ServletActionContext.getRequest();
        
        request.setAttribute("pageBean", pageBean);
        
        return SUCCESS;
    }
}

7.辅助类设计,HibernateUtil:

public class HibernateUtil
{
    private static SessionFactory sessionFactory;
    
    static
    {
        sessionFactory = new Configuration().configure().buildSessionFactory();
    }
    
    public static Session openSession()
    {
        Session session = sessionFactory.openSession();
        
        return session;
    }
    
    public static void closeSession(Session session)
    {
        if(session != null)
        {
            session.close();
        }
    }
    
}
8.最后也就是分页页面显示pagePerson.jsp:

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@ taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags"%>

<html>
  <head>
    <base href="<%=basePath%>">
    
    <title>My JSP 'pagePerson.jsp' starting page</title>
    
    <meta http-equiv="pragma" content="no-cache">
    <meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="no-cache">
    <meta http-equiv="expires" content="0">    
    <meta http-equiv="keywords" content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">
    <meta http-equiv="description" content="This is my page">

    <script type="text/javascript">
    
        function validate()
        {
            var page = document.getElementsByName("page")[0].value;
                
            if(page > <s:property value="#request.pageBean.totalPage"/>)
            {
                alert("你输入的页数大于最大页数,页面将跳转到首页!");
                
                window.document.location.href = "personAction";
                
                return false;
            }
            
            return true;
        }
    
    </script>

  </head>
  
  <body>

    <h1><font color="blue">分页查询</font></h1><hr>
    
    <table border="1" align="center" bordercolor="yellow" width="50%">
    
        <tr>
            <th>序号</th>
            <th>姓名</th>
            <th>年龄</th>
        </tr>
    
    
    <s:iterator value="#request.pageBean.list" id="person">
    
        <tr>
            <th><s:property value="#person.id"/></th>
            <th><s:property value="#person.name"/></th>
            <th><s:property value="#person.age"/></th>        
        </tr>
    
    </s:iterator>
    
    </table>
    
    <center>
    
        <font size="5">共<font color="red"><s:property value="#request.pageBean.totalPage"/></font>页 </font>  
        <font size="5">共<font color="red"><s:property value="#request.pageBean.allRows"/></font>条记录</font><br><br>
        
        <s:if test="#request.pageBean.currentPage == 1">
            首页   上一页
        </s:if>
        
        <s:else>
            <a href="personAction.action">首页</a>
               
            <a href="personAction.action?page=<s:property value="#request.pageBean.currentPage - 1"/>">上一页</a>
        </s:else>
        
        <s:if test="#request.pageBean.currentPage != #request.pageBean.totalPage">
            <a href="personAction.action?page=<s:property value="#request.pageBean.currentPage + 1"/>">下一页</a>
               
            <a href="personAction.action?page=<s:property value="#request.pageBean.totalPage"/>">尾页</a>
        </s:if>
        
        <s:else>
            下一页   尾页
        </s:else>
    
    </center><br>
    
    <center>
        
        <form action="personAction" οnsubmit="return validate();">
            <font size="4">跳转至</font>
            <input type="text" size="2" name="page">页
            <input type="submit" value="跳转">
        </form>
        
    </center>
    
  </body>
</html>


恭喜你已学会hibernate+struts2实现分页功能。


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