logback系列之四:输出日志到不同文件

[url=http://czj4451.iteye.com/blog/1974831]logback系列之一:输出日志到控制台[/url]
[url=http://czj4451.iteye.com/blog/1975220]logback系列之二:输出日志到文件[/url]
[url=http://czj4451.iteye.com/blog/1975937]logback系列之三:输出日志到文件(滚动)[/url]
logback系列之四:输出日志到不同文件


为了方便查看和归档:
不同包的日志可能要放到不同的文件中,如service层和dao层的日志;
不同日志级别:调试、信息、警告和错误等也要分文件输出。

[size=medium]一、根据包输出,通过[color=red]logger的name属性[/color]指定不同的包[/size]

[size=medium]1. 创建不同包下的两个类:[/size]

package com.john.service;

@Service
public class ObligationService {
static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ObligationService.class);

@Resource
ObligationDao dao;

public void obligate() {
log.debug("obligate start...");
dao.queryObligations();
log.error("An error occurred during the progress");
log.debug("obligate end...");
}
}



package com.john.dao;

@Repository
public class ObligationDao {
static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ObligationDao.class);

public void queryObligations() {
log.debug("query obligations start...");
log.error("An error occurred during the query");
log.debug("query obligations end...");
}
}


[size=medium]2. 在logback(-test).xml中添加:[/size]

<appender name="serviceAppender" class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
<file>/logs/bribery.log</file>
<rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy">
<fileNamePattern>/logs/bribery-%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.log</fileNamePattern>
</rollingPolicy>
<encoder>
<pattern>%d{HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{5} - %msg%n</pattern>
</encoder>
</appender>

<appender name="daoAppender" class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
<file>/logs/venality.log</file>
<rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy">
<fileNamePattern>/logs/venality-%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.log</fileNamePattern>
</rollingPolicy>
<encoder>
<pattern>%d{HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{5} - %msg%n</pattern>
</encoder>
</appender>

<logger name="com.john.service" level="DEBUG" additivity="false">
<appender-ref ref="serviceAppender" />
</logger>

<logger name="com.john.dao" level="DEBUG" additivity="false">
<appender-ref ref="daoAppender" />
</logger>


在类路径下创建Spring的beans.xml文件:(beans节点省略)

<context:component-scan base-package="com.john" />


[size=medium]3. 测试方法:[/size]

@Test
public void dispatchByPackageTest() {
AbstractApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("beans.xml");
ObligationService service = ctx.getBean(ObligationService.class);
service.obligate();
}

执行测试后,
bribery.log:
15:59:59.839 [main] DEBUG c.j.s.ObligationService - obligate start...
15:59:59.844 [main] ERROR c.j.s.ObligationService - An error occurred during the progress
15:59:59.844 [main] DEBUG c.j.s.ObligationService - obligate end...

venality.log:
15:59:59.844 [main] DEBUG c.j.d.ObligationDao - query obligations start...
15:59:59.844 [main] ERROR c.j.d.ObligationDao - An error occurred during the query
15:59:59.844 [main] DEBUG c.j.d.ObligationDao - query obligations end...

[size=medium]二、根据日志级别输出[/size]

这里把所有级别为ERROR的日志输出到一个文件中

[size=medium]1. 修改logback(-test).xml文件[/size]

serviceAppender和daoAppender都加入以下[color=red]级别过滤器[/color],这样错误日志就不会在bribery.log和venality.log中打印了:

<filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
<level>ERROR</level>
<onMatch>DENY</onMatch>
<onMismatch>ACCEPT</onMismatch>
</filter>


新建一个错误日志的appender:

<appender name="errorAppender" class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
<file>/logs/error.log</file>
<rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy">
<fileNamePattern>/logs/venality-%d{yyyy-MM-dd}.log</fileNamePattern>
</rollingPolicy>
<encoder>
<pattern>%d{HH:mm:ss.SSS} %thread %X{invokeNo} %logger{40} %msg%n</pattern>
</encoder>
<filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter"><!-- 只打印错误日志 -->
<level>ERROR</level>
<onMatch>ACCEPT</onMatch>
<onMismatch>DENY</onMismatch>
</filter>
</appender>


name为com.john.dao和com.john.service的logger都加上errorAppender:

<appender-ref ref="errorAppender" />


[size=medium]2. 执行上面的测试方法,service和dao的错误日志都打印到error.log文件中了:[/size]
16:12:51,433 main com.john.dao.ObligationDao An error occurred during the query
16:12:51,433 main com.john.service.ObligationService An error occurred during the progress
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