ASP.NET Web API 2 - 简单Unit Testing

资源:http://www.asp.net/web-api/overview/testing-and-debugging/unit-testing-with-aspnet-web-api

本文讲述的是为Web API 2 app创建简单的unit test。如何在solution中创建unit test,如何编写用来检查从controller方法中返回的值的test method(测试方法)。这里展示的仅仅是简单的数据场景,更多高级数据场景参考:ASP.NET Web API 2 - 模拟 EF(Entity Framework) 的Unit Testing。

创建Unit Test 项目

这里有两种方法:

  • 创建包含Unit Test的app

  • 在已存在的app中添加Unit Test

在solution上右键-> Add-> New Project-> Test-> Unit Test

创建Web API 2 app 

在Models下添加Products.cs后,build这个solution。

public class Product
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public decimal Price { get; set; }
    }
在Controllers下添加ProductController

 public class ProductController : ApiController
    {
        List<Product> products = new List<Product>(); //Refer to as DataBase
        public ProductController() { }

        public ProductController(List<Product> products ) //The constructor enables Unit Test to pass test data
        {
            this.products = products;
        }

        public IEnumerable<Product> GetAllProducts()
        {
            return products;
        }

        public async Task<IEnumerable<Product>> GetAllProductAsync() //Async Used by Unit Test
        {
            return await Task.FromResult(GetAllProducts()); // Task.FromResult to minimize extraneous code
        }

        public IHttpActionResult GetProduct(int id)
        {
            var product = products.FirstOrDefault((p) => p.Id == id);
            if (product == null)
            {
                return NotFound();
            }
            return Ok(product);
        }

        public async Task<IHttpActionResult> GetProductAsync(int id) //Async Used by Unit Test
        {
            return await Task.FromResult(GetProduct(id));
        }
    }

在Test中安装NuGet 包

右键Test project-> Manage NuGet Package -> install "Microsoft ASP.NET Web API 2 Core"

创建Tests

默认Test project下面有一个UnitTest1.cs,可以更改这个文件也可删除后重新添加。有一点需要注意的是,一定要是public class,不然运行不了。

本文中创建一个TestProductController.cs,该class中在[TestClass]标签下面,所有的方法都在[TestMethod]下面,run unit test的时候会自动运行TestClass类下面的TestMethod方法。

[TestClass]
    public class TestProductController
    {
        [TestMethod]
        public void GetAllProducts_ShouldReturnAllProducts()
        {
            var testProducts = GetTestProducts();
            var controller = new ProductController(testProducts);
            var result = controller.GetAllProducts() as List<Product>;
            if (result != null)
            {
                Assert.AreEqual(testProducts.Count,result.Count);
            }
        }

        [TestMethod]
        public async Task GetAllProductsAsync_ShouldReturnAllProducts()
        {
            var testProducts = GetTestProducts();
            var controller = new ProductController(testProducts);

            var result = await controller.GetAllProductAsync() as List<Product>;
            Assert.IsNotNull(result);
            Assert.AreEqual((object) testProducts.Count, result.Count);

        }

        [TestMethod]
        public void GetProduct_ShouldReturnCorrectProduct()
        {
            var testProducts = GetTestProducts();
            var controller = new ProductController(testProducts);

            var result = controller.GetProduct(3) as OkNegotiatedContentResult<Product>;
            Assert.IsNotNull(result);
            Assert.AreEqual(testProducts[2].Name,result.Content.Name);
        }

        [TestMethod]
        public async Task GetProductAsync_ShouldReturnCorrectProduct()
        {
            var testProducts = GetTestProducts();
            var controller = new ProductController(testProducts);

            var result = await controller.GetProductAsync(3) as OkNegotiatedContentResult<Product>;
            Assert.IsNotNull(result);
            Assert.AreEqual(testProducts[2].Name, result.Content.Name);
        }

        [TestMethod]
        public void GetProduct_ShouldNotFindProduct()
        {
            var controller = new ProductController(GetTestProducts());

            var result = controller.GetProduct(999);
            Assert.IsInstanceOfType(result,typeof(NotFoundResult));
        }

        private List<Product> GetTestProducts()
        {
            var testProducts = new List<Product>
            {
                new Product() {Id = 1, Name = "Demo1", Price = 1},
                new Product() {Id = 2, Name = "Deom2", Price = 2.3M},
                new Product() {Id = 3, Name = "Deom2", Price = 4.3M},
                new Product() {Id = 4, Name = "Deom2", Price = 6.3M}
            };
            return testProducts;
        }
    }


运行测试

在一再Test-> Run -> 运行指定test,所有test,查看覆盖率






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