Spring源码分析——资源访问利器Resource之实现类分析

http://doc.okbase.net/zrtqsk/archive/105869.html

今天来分析Spring的资源接口Resource的各个实现类。关于它的接口和抽象类,参见上一篇博文——Spring源码分析——资源访问利器Resource之接口和抽象类分析

  一、文件系统资源 FileSystemResource

  文件系统资源 FileSystemResource,资源以文件系统路径的方式表示。这个类继承自AbstractResource,并实现了写的接口WritableResource。类全称为public class FileSystemResource extends AbstractResource implements WritableResource 。这个资源类是所有Resource实现类中,唯一一个实现了WritableResource接口的类。就是说,其他的类都不可写入操作,都只能读取。部分翻译注释后,源码如下:(以后不重要的源码我就折叠起来) 

View Code

  结论:

  1、这个类由2个不可变的属性 file 和 path ,本质上就是一个java.io.File 的包装

  2、值得一提的是,与父类AbstractResource不同的是,这个类的 equals() 和 hashcode() 都通过属性 path 来操作。

  测试:

public class FileSytemResourceTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String path = "E:/java/abc.txt";
        Resource resource = new FileSystemResource(path);
        System.out.println("resource1 : "+resource.getFilename());
        
        File f = new File("text.txt");
        Resource resource2 = new FileSystemResource(f);
        System.out.println("resource2 : "+resource2.getFilename());
    }
}

  结果:

resource1 : abc.txt
resource2 : text.txt

 

二、字节数组资源——ByteArrayResource

  字节数组资源ByteArrayResource,资源即,字节数组。

  这个类很简单,也没必要翻译,仅仅是一个不可变的字节数组加一个不可变的描述字符串的包装,源码如下: 

/*
 * Copyright 2002-2012 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.springframework.core.io;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.Arrays;

/**
 * {@link Resource} implementation for a given byte array.
 * Creates a ByteArrayInputStreams for the given byte array.
 *
 * <p>Useful for loading content from any given byte array,
 * without having to resort to a single-use {@link InputStreamResource}.
 * Particularly useful for creating mail attachments from local content,
 * where JavaMail needs to be able to read the stream multiple times.
 *
 * @author Juergen Hoeller
 * @since 1.2.3
 * @see java.io.ByteArrayInputStream
 * @see InputStreamResource
 * @see org.springframework.mail.javamail.MimeMessageHelper#addAttachment(String, InputStreamSource)
 */
public class ByteArrayResource extends AbstractResource {

    private final byte[] byteArray;

    private final String description;


    /**
     * Create a new ByteArrayResource.
     * @param byteArray the byte array to wrap
     */
    public ByteArrayResource(byte[] byteArray) {
        this(byteArray, "resource loaded from byte array");
    }

    /**
     * Create a new ByteArrayResource.
     * @param byteArray the byte array to wrap
     * @param description where the byte array comes from
     */
    public ByteArrayResource(byte[] byteArray, String description) {
        if (byteArray == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Byte array must not be null");
        }
        this.byteArray = byteArray;
        this.description = (description != null ? description : "");
    }

    /**
     * Return the underlying byte array.
     */
    public final byte[] getByteArray() {
        return this.byteArray;
    }


    /**
     * This implementation always returns {@code true}.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean exists() {
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the length of the underlying byte array.
     */
    @Override
    public long contentLength() {
        return this.byteArray.length;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns a ByteArrayInputStream for the
     * underlying byte array.
     * @see java.io.ByteArrayInputStream
     */
    public InputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {
        return new ByteArrayInputStream(this.byteArray);
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the passed-in description, if any.
     */
    public String getDescription() {
        return this.description;
    }


    /**
     * This implementation compares the underlying byte array.
     * @see java.util.Arrays#equals(byte[], byte[])
     */
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        return (obj == this ||
            (obj instanceof ByteArrayResource && Arrays.equals(((ByteArrayResource) obj).byteArray, this.byteArray)));
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the hash code based on the
     * underlying byte array.
     */
    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        return (byte[].class.hashCode() * 29 * this.byteArray.length);
    }

}

View Code

  若需要操作描述一个字节数组,可以用这个资源类。ByteArrayResource可多次读取数组资源。

 

三、描述性资源——DescriptiveResource
  描述性资源DescriptiveResource,这个类更简单,仅仅一个不可变的描述字符串的包装,源码如下: 

/*
 * Copyright 2002-2012 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.springframework.core.io;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

/**
 * Simple {@link Resource} implementation that holds a resource description
 * but does not point to an actually readable resource.
 *
 * <p>To be used as placeholder if a {@code Resource} argument is
 * expected by an API but not necessarily used for actual reading.
 *
 * @author Juergen Hoeller
 * @since 1.2.6
 */
public class DescriptiveResource extends AbstractResource {

    private final String description;


    /**
     * Create a new DescriptiveResource.
     * @param description the resource description
     */
    public DescriptiveResource(String description) {
        this.description = (description != null ? description : "");
    }


    @Override
    public boolean exists() {
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isReadable() {
        return false;
    }

    public InputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {
        throw new FileNotFoundException(
                getDescription() + " cannot be opened because it does not point to a readable resource");
    }

    public String getDescription() {
        return this.description;
    }


    /**
     * This implementation compares the underlying description String.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        return (obj == this ||
            (obj instanceof DescriptiveResource && ((DescriptiveResource) obj).description.equals(this.description)));
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the hash code of the underlying description String.
     */
    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        return this.description.hashCode();
    }

}

View Code

  若一个资源,仅仅有一个描述,非常抽象的这种情况,可以用这个资源类,它并没有指向一个实际的可读的资源。一般用的非常稀少。个人觉得用处不大。

四、输入流资源——InputStreamResource
  输入流资源InputStreamResource,是一个不可变InputStream的包装和一个不可变的描述字符串。此外还有一个私有成员变量Boolean read用于限制本资源的InputStream不可被重复获取。
View Code 

/*
 * Copyright 2002-2012 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.springframework.core.io;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

/**
 * {@link Resource} implementation for a given InputStream. Should only
 * be used if no specific Resource implementation is applicable.
 * In particular, prefer {@link ByteArrayResource} or any of the
 * file-based Resource implementations where possible.
 *
 * <p>In contrast to other Resource implementations, this is a descriptor
 * for an <i>already opened</i> resource - therefore returning "true" from
 * {@code isOpen()}. Do not use it if you need to keep the resource
 * descriptor somewhere, or if you need to read a stream multiple times.
 *
 * @author Juergen Hoeller
 * @since 28.12.2003
 * @see ByteArrayResource
 * @see ClassPathResource
 * @see FileSystemResource
 * @see UrlResource
 */
public class InputStreamResource extends AbstractResource {

    private final InputStream inputStream;

    private final String description;

    private boolean read = false;


    /**
     * Create a new InputStreamResource.
     * @param inputStream the InputStream to use
     */
    public InputStreamResource(InputStream inputStream) {
        this(inputStream, "resource loaded through InputStream");
    }

    /**
     * Create a new InputStreamResource.
     * @param inputStream the InputStream to use
     * @param description where the InputStream comes from
     */
    public InputStreamResource(InputStream inputStream, String description) {
        if (inputStream == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("InputStream must not be null");
        }
        this.inputStream = inputStream;
        this.description = (description != null ? description : "");
    }


    /**
     * This implementation always returns {@code true}.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean exists() {
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation always returns {@code true}.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean isOpen() {
        return true;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation throws IllegalStateException if attempting to
     * read the underlying stream multiple times.
     */
    public InputStream getInputStream() throws IOException, IllegalStateException {
        if (this.read) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("InputStream has already been read - " +
                    "do not use InputStreamResource if a stream needs to be read multiple times");
        }
        this.read = true;
        return this.inputStream;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the passed-in description, if any.
     */
    public String getDescription() {
        return this.description;
    }


    /**
     * This implementation compares the underlying InputStream.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        return (obj == this ||
            (obj instanceof InputStreamResource && ((InputStreamResource) obj).inputStream.equals(this.inputStream)));
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the hash code of the underlying InputStream.
     */
    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        return this.inputStream.hashCode();
    }

}

View Code

  简单而言,这是一个InputStream的包装类,这个包装类指向的是一个已经打开的资源,所以它的 isOpen()总是返回true。而且它不能重复获取资源,只能读取一次。关闭资源也只能通过其中的InputStream来关闭。个人认为,用处有限。

五、VFS资源——VfsResource
  vfs是Virtual File System虚拟文件系统,也称为虚拟文件系统开关(Virtual Filesystem Switch).是Linux档案系统对外的接口。任何要使用档案系统的程序都必须经由这层接口来使用它。(摘自百度百科...)它能一致的访问物理文件系统、jar资源、zip资源、war资源等,VFS能把这些资源一致的映射到一个目录上,访问它们就像访问物理文件资源一样,而其实这些资源不存在于物理文件系统。
  
  这个资源类包装类一个Object对象,所有的操作都是通过这个包装的对象的反射来实现的。这里就没必要贴源码了。 
  可以参考下面的用法:  

@Test  
public void testVfsResourceForRealFileSystem() throws IOException {  
//1.创建一个虚拟的文件目录  
VirtualFile home = VFS.getChild("/home");  
//2.将虚拟目录映射到物理的目录  
VFS.mount(home, new RealFileSystem(new File("d:")));  
//3.通过虚拟目录获取文件资源  
VirtualFile testFile = home.getChild("test.txt");  
//4.通过一致的接口访问  
Resource resource = new VfsResource(testFile);  
if(resource.exists()) {  
        dumpStream(resource);  
}  
System.out.println("path:" + resource.getFile().getAbsolutePath());  
Assert.assertEquals(false, resource.isOpen());         
}  
@Test  
public void testVfsResourceForJar() throws IOException {  
//1.首先获取jar包路径  
    File realFile = new File("lib/org.springframework.beans-3.0.5.RELEASE.jar");  
    //2.创建一个虚拟的文件目录  
    VirtualFile home = VFS.getChild("/home2");  
    //3.将虚拟目录映射到物理的目录  
VFS.mountZipExpanded(realFile, home,  
TempFileProvider.create("tmp", Executors.newScheduledThreadPool(1)));  
//4.通过虚拟目录获取文件资源  
    VirtualFile testFile = home.getChild("META-INF/spring.handlers");  
    Resource resource = new VfsResource(testFile);  
    if(resource.exists()) {  
            dumpStream(resource);  
    }  
    System.out.println("path:" + resource.getFile().getAbsolutePath());  
    Assert.assertEquals(false, resource.isOpen());  
}  

View Code


六、Portlet上下文资源——PortletContextResource

  Portlet是基于java的web组件,由portlet容器管理,并由容器处理请求,生产动态内容。这个资源类封装了一个不可变的javax.portlet.PortletContext对象和一个不可变的String对象代表路径。类中所有操作都基于这两个属性。PortletContextResource对象实现了ContextResource接口,实现了方法String getPathWithinContext(),即返回自身的path属性。

  源码如下:

/*
 * Copyright 2002-2012 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.springframework.web.portlet.context;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import javax.portlet.PortletContext;

import org.springframework.core.io.AbstractFileResolvingResource;
import org.springframework.core.io.ContextResource;
import org.springframework.core.io.Resource;
import org.springframework.util.Assert;
import org.springframework.util.ResourceUtils;
import org.springframework.util.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.web.portlet.util.PortletUtils;

/**
 * {@link org.springframework.core.io.Resource} implementation for
 * {@link javax.portlet.PortletContext} resources, interpreting
 * relative paths within the portlet application root directory.
 *
 * <p>Always supports stream access and URL access, but only allows
 * {@code java.io.File} access when the portlet application archive
 * is expanded.
 *
 * @author Juergen Hoeller
 * @author John A. Lewis
 * @since 2.0
 * @see javax.portlet.PortletContext#getResourceAsStream
 * @see javax.portlet.PortletContext#getRealPath
 */
public class PortletContextResource extends AbstractFileResolvingResource implements ContextResource {

    private final PortletContext portletContext;

    private final String path;


    /**
     * Create a new PortletContextResource.
     * <p>The Portlet spec requires that resource paths start with a slash,
     * even if many containers accept paths without leading slash too.
     * Consequently, the given path will be prepended with a slash if it
     * doesn't already start with one.
     * @param portletContext the PortletContext to load from
     * @param path the path of the resource
     */
    public PortletContextResource(PortletContext portletContext, String path) {
        // check PortletContext
        Assert.notNull(portletContext, "Cannot resolve PortletContextResource without PortletContext");
        this.portletContext = portletContext;

        // check path
        Assert.notNull(path, "Path is required");
        String pathToUse = StringUtils.cleanPath(path);
        if (!pathToUse.startsWith("/")) {
            pathToUse = "/" + pathToUse;
        }
        this.path = pathToUse;
    }

    /**
     * Return the PortletContext for this resource.
     */
    public final PortletContext getPortletContext() {
        return this.portletContext;
    }

    /**
     * Return the path for this resource.
     */
    public final String getPath() {
        return this.path;
    }


    /**
     * This implementation checks {@code PortletContext.getResource}.
     * @see javax.portlet.PortletContext#getResource(String)
     */
    @Override
    public boolean exists() {
        try {
            URL url = this.portletContext.getResource(this.path);
            return (url != null);
        }
        catch (MalformedURLException ex) {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * This implementation delegates to {@code PortletContext.getResourceAsStream},
     * which returns {@code null} in case of a non-readable resource (e.g. a directory).
     * @see javax.portlet.PortletContext#getResourceAsStream(String)
     */
    @Override
    public boolean isReadable() {
        InputStream is = this.portletContext.getResourceAsStream(this.path);
        if (is != null) {
            try {
                is.close();
            }
            catch (IOException ex) {
                // ignore
            }
            return true;
        }
        else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * This implementation delegates to {@code PortletContext.getResourceAsStream},
     * but throws a FileNotFoundException if not found.
     * @see javax.portlet.PortletContext#getResourceAsStream(String)
     */
    public InputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {
        InputStream is = this.portletContext.getResourceAsStream(this.path);
        if (is == null) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException("Could not open " + getDescription());
        }
        return is;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation delegates to {@code PortletContext.getResource},
     * but throws a FileNotFoundException if no resource found.
     * @see javax.portlet.PortletContext#getResource(String)
     */
    @Override
    public URL getURL() throws IOException {
        URL url = this.portletContext.getResource(this.path);
        if (url == null) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException(
                    getDescription() + " cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist");
        }
        return url;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation resolves "file:" URLs or alternatively delegates to
     * {@code PortletContext.getRealPath}, throwing a FileNotFoundException
     * if not found or not resolvable.
     * @see javax.portlet.PortletContext#getResource(String)
     * @see javax.portlet.PortletContext#getRealPath(String)
     */
    @Override
    public File getFile() throws IOException {
        URL url = getURL();
        if (ResourceUtils.isFileURL(url)) {
            // Proceed with file system resolution...
            return super.getFile();
        }
        else {
            String realPath = PortletUtils.getRealPath(this.portletContext, this.path);
            return new File(realPath);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public Resource createRelative(String relativePath) {
        String pathToUse = StringUtils.applyRelativePath(this.path, relativePath);
        return new PortletContextResource(this.portletContext, pathToUse);
    }

    @Override
    public String getFilename() {
        return StringUtils.getFilename(this.path);
    }

    public String getDescription() {
        return "PortletContext resource [" + this.path + "]";
    }

    public String getPathWithinContext() {
        return this.path;
    }


    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        if (obj == this) {
            return true;
        }
        if (obj instanceof PortletContextResource) {
            PortletContextResource otherRes = (PortletContextResource) obj;
            return (this.portletContext.equals(otherRes.portletContext) && this.path.equals(otherRes.path));
        }
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        return this.path.hashCode();
    }

}

View Code

 

这个类非常简单,并没有什么需要注意的。

 

七、Servlet上下文资源——ServletContextResource

  Servlet这个大家都知道。这个资源类是为了访问Web容器上下文的资源而封装的类,可以以相对于Web应用根目录的路径加载资源。这个资源类封装了一个不可变的javax.servlet.ServletContext对象和一个不可变的String对象代表路径。类中所有操作都基于这两个属性。PortletContextResource对象实现了ContextResource接口,实现了方法String getPathWithinContext(),即返回自身的path属性。

  这个类的实现基本就是基于 this.servletContext.getResource(this.path) 或 this.servletContext.getResourceAsStream(this.path) 这两个方法。

典型的,例如这个方法:

public InputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {
        InputStream is = this.servletContext.getResourceAsStream(this.path);
        if (is == null) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException("Could not open " + getDescription());
        }
        return is;
    }

 

  又如这个方法:

public URL getURL() throws IOException {
        URL url = this.servletContext.getResource(this.path);
        if (url == null) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException(
                    getDescription() + " cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist");
        }
        return url;
    }

 

贴一下源码:

/*
 * Copyright 2002-2012 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.springframework.web.context.support;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import javax.servlet.ServletContext;

import org.springframework.core.io.AbstractFileResolvingResource;
import org.springframework.core.io.ContextResource;
import org.springframework.core.io.Resource;
import org.springframework.util.Assert;
import org.springframework.util.ResourceUtils;
import org.springframework.util.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.web.util.WebUtils;

/**
 * {@link org.springframework.core.io.Resource} implementation for
 * {@link javax.servlet.ServletContext} resources, interpreting
 * relative paths within the web application root directory.
 *
 * <p>Always supports stream access and URL access, but only allows
 * {@code java.io.File} access when the web application archive
 * is expanded.
 *
 * @author Juergen Hoeller
 * @since 28.12.2003
 * @see javax.servlet.ServletContext#getResourceAsStream
 * @see javax.servlet.ServletContext#getResource
 * @see javax.servlet.ServletContext#getRealPath
 */
public class ServletContextResource extends AbstractFileResolvingResource implements ContextResource {

    private final ServletContext servletContext;

    private final String path;


    /**
     * Create a new ServletContextResource.
     * <p>The Servlet spec requires that resource paths start with a slash,
     * even if many containers accept paths without leading slash too.
     * Consequently, the given path will be prepended with a slash if it
     * doesn't already start with one.
     * @param servletContext the ServletContext to load from
     * @param path the path of the resource
     */
    public ServletContextResource(ServletContext servletContext, String path) {
        // check ServletContext
        Assert.notNull(servletContext, "Cannot resolve ServletContextResource without ServletContext");
        this.servletContext = servletContext;

        // check path
        Assert.notNull(path, "Path is required");
        String pathToUse = StringUtils.cleanPath(path);
        if (!pathToUse.startsWith("/")) {
            pathToUse = "/" + pathToUse;
        }
        this.path = pathToUse;
    }

    /**
     * Return the ServletContext for this resource.
     */
    public final ServletContext getServletContext() {
        return this.servletContext;
    }

    /**
     * Return the path for this resource.
     */
    public final String getPath() {
        return this.path;
    }


    /**
     * This implementation checks {@code ServletContext.getResource}.
     * @see javax.servlet.ServletContext#getResource(String)
     */
    @Override
    public boolean exists() {
        try {
            URL url = this.servletContext.getResource(this.path);
            return (url != null);
        }
        catch (MalformedURLException ex) {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * This implementation delegates to {@code ServletContext.getResourceAsStream},
     * which returns {@code null} in case of a non-readable resource (e.g. a directory).
     * @see javax.servlet.ServletContext#getResourceAsStream(String)
     */
    @Override
    public boolean isReadable() {
        InputStream is = this.servletContext.getResourceAsStream(this.path);
        if (is != null) {
            try {
                is.close();
            }
            catch (IOException ex) {
                // ignore
            }
            return true;
        }
        else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * This implementation delegates to {@code ServletContext.getResourceAsStream},
     * but throws a FileNotFoundException if no resource found.
     * @see javax.servlet.ServletContext#getResourceAsStream(String)
     */
    public InputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {
        InputStream is = this.servletContext.getResourceAsStream(this.path);
        if (is == null) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException("Could not open " + getDescription());
        }
        return is;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation delegates to {@code ServletContext.getResource},
     * but throws a FileNotFoundException if no resource found.
     * @see javax.servlet.ServletContext#getResource(String)
     */
    @Override
    public URL getURL() throws IOException {
        URL url = this.servletContext.getResource(this.path);
        if (url == null) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException(
                    getDescription() + " cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist");
        }
        return url;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation resolves "file:" URLs or alternatively delegates to
     * {@code ServletContext.getRealPath}, throwing a FileNotFoundException
     * if not found or not resolvable.
     * @see javax.servlet.ServletContext#getResource(String)
     * @see javax.servlet.ServletContext#getRealPath(String)
     */
    @Override
    public File getFile() throws IOException {
        URL url = this.servletContext.getResource(this.path);
        if (url != null && ResourceUtils.isFileURL(url)) {
            // Proceed with file system resolution...
            return super.getFile();
        }
        else {
            String realPath = WebUtils.getRealPath(this.servletContext, this.path);
            return new File(realPath);
        }
    }

    /**
     * This implementation creates a ServletContextResource, applying the given path
     * relative to the path of the underlying file of this resource descriptor.
     * @see org.springframework.util.StringUtils#applyRelativePath(String, String)
     */
    @Override
    public Resource createRelative(String relativePath) {
        String pathToUse = StringUtils.applyRelativePath(this.path, relativePath);
        return new ServletContextResource(this.servletContext, pathToUse);
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the name of the file that this ServletContext
     * resource refers to.
     * @see org.springframework.util.StringUtils#getFilename(String)
     */
    @Override
    public String getFilename() {
        return StringUtils.getFilename(this.path);
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns a description that includes the ServletContext
     * resource location.
     */
    public String getDescription() {
        return "ServletContext resource [" + this.path + "]";
    }

    public String getPathWithinContext() {
        return this.path;
    }


    /**
     * This implementation compares the underlying ServletContext resource locations.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        if (obj == this) {
            return true;
        }
        if (obj instanceof ServletContextResource) {
            ServletContextResource otherRes = (ServletContextResource) obj;
            return (this.servletContext.equals(otherRes.servletContext) && this.path.equals(otherRes.path));
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the hash code of the underlying
     * ServletContext resource location.
     */
    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        return this.path.hashCode();
    }

}

View Code

 

  

八、类路径资源——ClassPathResource

  ClassPathResource这个资源类表示的是类路径下的资源,资源以相对于类路径的方式表示。这个资源类有3个成员变量,分别是一个不可变的相对路径、一个类加载器、一个类对象。这个资源类可以相对于应用程序下的某个类或者相对于整个应用程序,但只能是其中之一,取决于构造方法有没有传入Class参数。

  这个类的实现基本也都是基于class的 getResourceAsStream(this.path) 或者 this.classLoader.getResourceAsStream(this.path) ,

我们来看一下它典型的getInputStream()方法:

public InputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {
        InputStream is;
        if (this.clazz != null) {
            is = this.clazz.getResourceAsStream(this.path);
        }
        else {
            is = this.classLoader.getResourceAsStream(this.path);
        }
        if (is == null) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException(getDescription() + " cannot be opened because it does not exist");
        }
        return is;
    }

 

可以看到,本资源类的clazz属性存在,那么资源相对于这个clazz类相对路径的。如果不存在,那么资源类就是相对于整个应用程序的。

这里贴一下源码:

/*
 * Copyright 2002-2012 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.springframework.core.io;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.URL;

import org.springframework.util.Assert;
import org.springframework.util.ClassUtils;
import org.springframework.util.ObjectUtils;
import org.springframework.util.StringUtils;

/**
 * {@link Resource} implementation for class path resources.
 * Uses either a given ClassLoader or a given Class for loading resources.
 *
 * <p>Supports resolution as {@code java.io.File} if the class path
 * resource resides in the file system, but not for resources in a JAR.
 * Always supports resolution as URL.
 *
 * @author Juergen Hoeller
 * @author Sam Brannen
 * @since 28.12.2003
 * @see ClassLoader#getResourceAsStream(String)
 * @see Class#getResourceAsStream(String)
 */
public class ClassPathResource extends AbstractFileResolvingResource {

    private final String path;

    private ClassLoader classLoader;

    private Class<?> clazz;


    /**
     * Create a new ClassPathResource for ClassLoader usage.
     * A leading slash will be removed, as the ClassLoader
     * resource access methods will not accept it.
     * <p>The thread context class loader will be used for
     * loading the resource.
     * @param path the absolute path within the class path
     * @see java.lang.ClassLoader#getResourceAsStream(String)
     * @see org.springframework.util.ClassUtils#getDefaultClassLoader()
     */
    public ClassPathResource(String path) {
        this(path, (ClassLoader) null);
    }

    /**
     * Create a new ClassPathResource for ClassLoader usage.
     * A leading slash will be removed, as the ClassLoader
     * resource access methods will not accept it.
     * @param path the absolute path within the classpath
     * @param classLoader the class loader to load the resource with,
     * or {@code null} for the thread context class loader
     * @see ClassLoader#getResourceAsStream(String)
     */
    public ClassPathResource(String path, ClassLoader classLoader) {
        Assert.notNull(path, "Path must not be null");
        String pathToUse = StringUtils.cleanPath(path);
        if (pathToUse.startsWith("/")) {
            pathToUse = pathToUse.substring(1);
        }
        this.path = pathToUse;
        this.classLoader = (classLoader != null ? classLoader : ClassUtils.getDefaultClassLoader());
    }

    /**
     * Create a new ClassPathResource for Class usage.
     * The path can be relative to the given class,
     * or absolute within the classpath via a leading slash.
     * @param path relative or absolute path within the class path
     * @param clazz the class to load resources with
     * @see java.lang.Class#getResourceAsStream
     */
    public ClassPathResource(String path, Class<?> clazz) {
        Assert.notNull(path, "Path must not be null");
        this.path = StringUtils.cleanPath(path);
        this.clazz = clazz;
    }

    /**
     * Create a new ClassPathResource with optional ClassLoader and Class.
     * Only for internal usage.
     * @param path relative or absolute path within the classpath
     * @param classLoader the class loader to load the resource with, if any
     * @param clazz the class to load resources with, if any
     */
    protected ClassPathResource(String path, ClassLoader classLoader, Class<?> clazz) {
        this.path = StringUtils.cleanPath(path);
        this.classLoader = classLoader;
        this.clazz = clazz;
    }

    /**
     * Return the path for this resource (as resource path within the class path).
     */
    public final String getPath() {
        return this.path;
    }

    /**
     * Return the ClassLoader that this resource will be obtained from.
     */
    public final ClassLoader getClassLoader() {
        return (this.classLoader != null ? this.classLoader : this.clazz.getClassLoader());
    }

    /**
     * This implementation checks for the resolution of a resource URL.
     * @see java.lang.ClassLoader#getResource(String)
     * @see java.lang.Class#getResource(String)
     */
    @Override
    public boolean exists() {
        URL url;
        if (this.clazz != null) {
            url = this.clazz.getResource(this.path);
        }
        else {
            url = this.classLoader.getResource(this.path);
        }
        return (url != null);
    }

    /**
     * This implementation opens an InputStream for the given class path resource.
     * @see java.lang.ClassLoader#getResourceAsStream(String)
     * @see java.lang.Class#getResourceAsStream(String)
     */
    public InputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {
        InputStream is;
        if (this.clazz != null) {
            is = this.clazz.getResourceAsStream(this.path);
        }
        else {
            is = this.classLoader.getResourceAsStream(this.path);
        }
        if (is == null) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException(getDescription() + " cannot be opened because it does not exist");
        }
        return is;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns a URL for the underlying class path resource.
     * @see java.lang.ClassLoader#getResource(String)
     * @see java.lang.Class#getResource(String)
     */
    @Override
    public URL getURL() throws IOException {
        URL url;
        if (this.clazz != null) {
            url = this.clazz.getResource(this.path);
        }
        else {
            url = this.classLoader.getResource(this.path);
        }
        if (url == null) {
            throw new FileNotFoundException(getDescription() + " cannot be resolved to URL because it does not exist");
        }
        return url;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation creates a ClassPathResource, applying the given path
     * relative to the path of the underlying resource of this descriptor.
     * @see org.springframework.util.StringUtils#applyRelativePath(String, String)
     */
    @Override
    public Resource createRelative(String relativePath) {
        String pathToUse = StringUtils.applyRelativePath(this.path, relativePath);
        return new ClassPathResource(pathToUse, this.classLoader, this.clazz);
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the name of the file that this class path
     * resource refers to.
     * @see org.springframework.util.StringUtils#getFilename(String)
     */
    @Override
    public String getFilename() {
        return StringUtils.getFilename(this.path);
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns a description that includes the class path location.
     */
    public String getDescription() {
        StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder("class path resource [");
        String pathToUse = path;
        if (this.clazz != null && !pathToUse.startsWith("/")) {
            builder.append(ClassUtils.classPackageAsResourcePath(this.clazz));
            builder.append('/');
        }
        if (pathToUse.startsWith("/")) {
            pathToUse = pathToUse.substring(1);
        }
        builder.append(pathToUse);
        builder.append(']');
        return builder.toString();
    }

    /**
     * This implementation compares the underlying class path locations.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        if (obj == this) {
            return true;
        }
        if (obj instanceof ClassPathResource) {
            ClassPathResource otherRes = (ClassPathResource) obj;
            return (this.path.equals(otherRes.path) &&
                    ObjectUtils.nullSafeEquals(this.classLoader, otherRes.classLoader) &&
                    ObjectUtils.nullSafeEquals(this.clazz, otherRes.clazz));
        }
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the hash code of the underlying
     * class path location.
     */
    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        return this.path.hashCode();
    }

}

View Code

 

可见,需要操作应用程序类路径下的资源时,用这个资源类会非常方便。

 

九、Url资源——UrlResource

  UrlResource这个资源类封装了可以以URL表示的各种资源。这个资源类有3个属性,一个URI、一个URL,以及一个规范化后的URL,用于资源间的比较以及计算HashCode。

通过构造方法可以看到,这个资源类基本可以看作java.net.URL的封装。这个资源类的很多方法也都是通过URL或URI操作的。

  若是操作URL资源,很明显,这个类比单纯的java.net.URL要好很多。这个类总体很简单,重写父类的方法不是很多,不必多说。

源码:

/*
 * Copyright 2002-2013 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.springframework.core.io;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URI;
import java.net.URISyntaxException;
import java.net.URL;
import java.net.URLConnection;

import org.springframework.util.Assert;
import org.springframework.util.ResourceUtils;
import org.springframework.util.StringUtils;

/**
 * {@link Resource} implementation for {@code java.net.URL} locators.
 * Obviously supports resolution as URL, and also as File in case of
 * the "file:" protocol.
 *
 * @author Juergen Hoeller
 * @since 28.12.2003
 * @see java.net.URL
 */
public class UrlResource extends AbstractFileResolvingResource {

    /**
     * Original URI, if available; used for URI and File access.
     */
    private final URI uri;

    /**
     * Original URL, used for actual access.
     */
    private final URL url;

    /**
     * Cleaned URL (with normalized path), used for comparisons.
     */
    private final URL cleanedUrl;


    /**
     * Create a new UrlResource based on the given URI object.
     * @param uri a URI
     * @throws MalformedURLException if the given URL path is not valid
     */
    public UrlResource(URI uri) throws MalformedURLException {
        Assert.notNull(uri, "URI must not be null");
        this.uri = uri;
        this.url = uri.toURL();
        this.cleanedUrl = getCleanedUrl(this.url, uri.toString());
    }

    /**
     * Create a new UrlResource based on the given URL object.
     * @param url a URL
     */
    public UrlResource(URL url) {
        Assert.notNull(url, "URL must not be null");
        this.url = url;
        this.cleanedUrl = getCleanedUrl(this.url, url.toString());
        this.uri = null;
    }

    /**
     * Create a new UrlResource based on a URL path.
     * <p>Note: The given path needs to be pre-encoded if necessary.
     * @param path a URL path
     * @throws MalformedURLException if the given URL path is not valid
     * @see java.net.URL#URL(String)
     */
    public UrlResource(String path) throws MalformedURLException {
        Assert.notNull(path, "Path must not be null");
        this.uri = null;
        this.url = new URL(path);
        this.cleanedUrl = getCleanedUrl(this.url, path);
    }

    /**
     * Create a new UrlResource based on a URI specification.
     * <p>The given parts will automatically get encoded if necessary.
     * @param protocol the URL protocol to use (e.g. "jar" or "file" - without colon);
     * also known as "scheme"
     * @param location the location (e.g. the file path within that protocol);
     * also known as "scheme-specific part"
     * @throws MalformedURLException if the given URL specification is not valid
     * @see java.net.URI#URI(String, String, String)
     */
    public UrlResource(String protocol, String location) throws MalformedURLException  {
        this(protocol, location, null);
    }

    /**
     * Create a new UrlResource based on a URI specification.
     * <p>The given parts will automatically get encoded if necessary.
     * @param protocol the URL protocol to use (e.g. "jar" or "file" - without colon);
     * also known as "scheme"
     * @param location the location (e.g. the file path within that protocol);
     * also known as "scheme-specific part"
     * @param fragment the fragment within that location (e.g. anchor on an HTML page,
     * as following after a "#" separator)
     * @throws MalformedURLException if the given URL specification is not valid
     * @see java.net.URI#URI(String, String, String)
     */
    public UrlResource(String protocol, String location, String fragment) throws MalformedURLException  {
        try {
            this.uri = new URI(protocol, location, fragment);
            this.url = this.uri.toURL();
            this.cleanedUrl = getCleanedUrl(this.url, this.uri.toString());
        }
        catch (URISyntaxException ex) {
            MalformedURLException exToThrow = new MalformedURLException(ex.getMessage());
            exToThrow.initCause(ex);
            throw exToThrow;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Determine a cleaned URL for the given original URL.
     * @param originalUrl the original URL
     * @param originalPath the original URL path
     * @return the cleaned URL
     * @see org.springframework.util.StringUtils#cleanPath
     */
    private URL getCleanedUrl(URL originalUrl, String originalPath) {
        try {
            return new URL(StringUtils.cleanPath(originalPath));
        }
        catch (MalformedURLException ex) {
            // Cleaned URL path cannot be converted to URL
            // -> take original URL.
            return originalUrl;
        }
    }


    /**
     * This implementation opens an InputStream for the given URL.
     * It sets the "UseCaches" flag to {@code false},
     * mainly to avoid jar file locking on Windows.
     * @see java.net.URL#openConnection()
     * @see java.net.URLConnection#setUseCaches(boolean)
     * @see java.net.URLConnection#getInputStream()
     */
    public InputStream getInputStream() throws IOException {
        URLConnection con = this.url.openConnection();
        ResourceUtils.useCachesIfNecessary(con);
        try {
            return con.getInputStream();
        }
        catch (IOException ex) {
            // Close the HTTP connection (if applicable).
            if (con instanceof HttpURLConnection) {
                ((HttpURLConnection) con).disconnect();
            }
            throw ex;
        }
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the underlying URL reference.
     */
    @Override
    public URL getURL() throws IOException {
        return this.url;
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the underlying URI directly,
     * if possible.
     */
    @Override
    public URI getURI() throws IOException {
        if (this.uri != null) {
            return this.uri;
        }
        else {
            return super.getURI();
        }
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns a File reference for the underlying URL/URI,
     * provided that it refers to a file in the file system.
     * @see org.springframework.util.ResourceUtils#getFile(java.net.URL, String)
     */
    @Override
    public File getFile() throws IOException {
        if (this.uri != null) {
            return super.getFile(this.uri);
        }
        else {
            return super.getFile();
        }
    }

    /**
     * This implementation creates a UrlResource, applying the given path
     * relative to the path of the underlying URL of this resource descriptor.
     * @see java.net.URL#URL(java.net.URL, String)
     */
    @Override
    public Resource createRelative(String relativePath) throws MalformedURLException {
        if (relativePath.startsWith("/")) {
            relativePath = relativePath.substring(1);
        }
        return new UrlResource(new URL(this.url, relativePath));
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the name of the file that this URL refers to.
     * @see java.net.URL#getFile()
     * @see java.io.File#getName()
     */
    @Override
    public String getFilename() {
        return new File(this.url.getFile()).getName();
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns a description that includes the URL.
     */
    public String getDescription() {
        return "URL [" + this.url + "]";
    }


    /**
     * This implementation compares the underlying URL references.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
        return (obj == this ||
            (obj instanceof UrlResource && this.cleanedUrl.equals(((UrlResource) obj).cleanedUrl)));
    }

    /**
     * This implementation returns the hash code of the underlying URL reference.
     */
    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        return this.cleanedUrl.hashCode();
    }

}

View Code

 

 

十、对资源编码——EncodedResource

  EncodedResource并不是Resource的实现类,实际上它相当于一个工具类,用于给资源进行编码。

  由于资源加载时默认采用系统编码读取资源内容,需要给Resource编码时可以使用这个包装工具类。它的核心为一个 java.io.Reader getReader()方法。

  这个类有一个不可变的Resource属性、一个Charset属性和一个表示字符的string属性。后两者存在一个即可。我们来看一下getReader()的实现:

public Reader getReader() throws IOException {
        if (this.charset != null) {
            return new InputStreamReader(this.resource.getInputStream(), this.charset);
        }
        else if (this.encoding != null) {
            return new InputStreamReader(this.resource.getInputStream(), this.encoding);
        }
        else {
            return new InputStreamReader(this.resource.getInputStream());
        }
    }

 

 

Resource这个资源接口大体就是这样了。总体上感觉并不复杂。一般讲Resource,基本都会讲一个跟Resouce紧密相关的接口ResourceLoader,用来方便的载入Resouce。而由于ApplicationContext这些接口都是ResouceLoader的子接口,也实现类资源加载的功能。所以我打算分析完Spring容器类之后再来讲这个。

阅读Resouce源码最大的感悟就是,Resouce的工具类实在好强大,而且,Spring的编写者对于JDK真的好熟悉,有机会必须分析分析JDK源码才行。

 

原文链接:http://www.cnblogs.com/zrtqsk/p/4015985.html

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/xiang--liu/p/9710199.html

阅读终点,创作起航,您可以撰写心得或摘录文章要点写篇博文。去创作
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Spring 源码分析是一个相对复杂和庞大的话题,无法在一次对话中详细讨论。不过,我可以给你提供一些关于 Spring 源码分析的一般指导和建议。 1. 了解 Spring 的核心模块:Spring 框架是模块化的,每个模块都有不同的功能和职责。在开始源码分析之前,你需要先了解 Spring 的核心模块,如 Spring Core、Spring MVC、Spring Data 等。 2. 阅读官方文档和源码注释:Spring 框架的官方文档和源码注释是你学习和理解源码的重要资源。官方文档提供了对 Spring 各个模块的详细说明,源码注释则解释了代码的作用和实现细节。 3. 调试和跟踪代码:在进行源码分析时,调试器是你的好帮手。通过设置断点、单步跟踪以及观察变量的值,你可以深入理解代码的执行流程和逻辑。 4. 理解设计模式和原理:Spring 框架采用了许多设计模式和原理来实现其功能。在分析源码时,你需要熟悉这些设计模式和原理,例如依赖注入、AOP、工厂模式等。 5. 参考开源社区和博客:Spring 框架是一个非常活跃的开源社区,许多开发者在博客和论坛上分享了他们的源码分析和理解。阅读这些文章可以帮助你更好地理解 Spring 框架的实现细节。 请记住,深入分析 Spring 源码需要耐心和时间投入,同时也需要有一定的 Java 和设计模式的基础。希望这些指导对你有所帮助!如果你有具体的问题或者需要更详细的信息,欢迎继续提问。

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