自己写的实用VBA代码合集

1.遍历所有已打开的word文档

For Each docOpened In Documents
   ……
Next docOpened

2.Word 将目录下所有文档转换为txt,并删除原文档

Sub 目录下doc转txt()
'目录下所有word文档转为txt,并删除word文档
'保存在原目录
    '遍历所有文件夹,把带路径的文件名存入字典
    On Error Resume Next
    Dim Path As String, t 'Path为路径,t用于计算程序执行花费的时间
    Set objshell = CreateObject("Shell.Application")
    Set objfolder = objshell.BrowseForFolder(0, "选择文件夹", 0, 0)
    If Not objfolder Is Nothing Then Path = objfolder.self.Path & "\"
    Set objfolder = Nothing
    Set objshell = Nothing    
    '创建字典用于存储路径和文件名
    Dim DicPath, DicFile, i As Integer, Ke, ContentName As String, FileName As String, MsgTxt
    Set DicPath = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")
    Set DicFile = CreateObject("Scripting.Dictionary")
    DicPath.Add Path, ""
    i = 0
    '存所有路径
    Do While i < DicPath.count
        Ke = DicPath.keys
        ContentName = Dir(Ke(i), vbDirectory)
        Do While ContentName <> ""
            '若有子文件夹,则添加
            '跳过当前的目录及上层目录
            If ContentName <> "." And ContentName <> ".." Then
                If GetAttr(Ke(i) & ContentName) = vbDirectory Then
                    DicPath.Add (Ke(i) & ContentName & "\"), ""
                End If
            End If
                ContentName = Dir
        Loop
        i = i + 1
    Loop
    '存所有doc文件名
    For Each Ke In DicPath.keys
        FileName = Dir(Ke & "*.doc")
        Do While FileName <> ""
            DicFile.Add (Ke & FileName), ""
            FileName = Dir
        Loop
    Next Ke    
    '打开文件
    Application.DisplayAlerts = wdAlertsNone
    Dim myDoc
    For Each Ke In DicFile.keys
        Set myDoc = Documents.Open(Ke)
        '原路径另存为TXT
        ActiveDocument.SaveAs2 FileName:=myDoc.Path & "\" & Left(myDoc.Name, InStrRev(myDoc.Name, ".") - 1) & ".txt", FileFormat:=wdFormatText
        '处理完成后关闭并删除原word文档
        ActiveDocument.Close
        Kill Ke
    Next Ke
    MsgBox "Done!"
End Sub

3.获取网页源代码

有时源代码里的中文会变成乱码,此时用StrConv函数转换成unicode,问题即可解决
Dim httpRequest As Object
    Set httpRequest = CreateObject("MSXML2.XMLHTTP.3.0")
    httpRequest.Open "GET", "http://develop.100ppi.com/tmp/autoproduct/ccq2/ci/cha_num.php?pid=" & ItemID & "&sdate=" & sDate & "&edate=" & eDate, False
    httpRequest.Send
    txtTemp = httpRequest.responseText
    或txtTemp = StrConv(httpRequest.responsebody, vbUnicode)

4.Excel合并相同文件名的单元格,不同文件名的行填充不同的背景色

A列填了文件名,已排序。
Dim i As Integer, j As Integer, k As Integer 'i用于遍历,j用于计数须合并的行数,k用于填充颜色
i = 1
k = 0
With wbTmp
    Do While .Cells(i + 1, 1) <> ""
        j = 1
        Do While .Cells(i, 1) = .Cells(i + j, 1)
           j = j + 1
        Loop
        If j > 1 Then
            .Range(.Cells(i, 1), .Cells(i + j - 1, 1)).Merge
        End If
        If (k Mod 2 = 1) Then
            .Cells(i, 1).Resize(j, 5).Interior.Color = 5296274
        Else: .Cells(i, 1).Resize(j, 5).Interior.Color = 49407
        End If
        k = k + 1
        i = i + j
    Loop
End With

5.若同目录下不存在某文件夹,则创建

Dim sr
sr = Dir(ThisWorkbook.Path & "\上海办待导入txt", vbDirectory)
If sr = "" Then
    MkDir ThisWorkbook.Path & "\上海办待导入txt"
End If

6.Word替换昨日今日去年之类的字眼

Sub 替换昨今去()
Dim Yesterday_Day As Integer, Yesterday As String, Yesterday_Month As Integer, Yesterday_Year As Integer
Dim Today_Day As Integer, Today_Month As Integer, Today_Year As Integer
Yesterday = DateAdd("d", -1, Date)
Yesterday_Day = Day(Yesterday)
Yesterday_Month = Month(Yesterday)
Yesterday_Year = Year(Yesterday)
Today_Day = Day(Date)
Today_Month = Month(Date)
Today_Year = Year(Date)




    '选择性粘贴
    Selection.PasteAndFormat (wdPasteDefault)
    
    Selection.Find.ClearFormatting
    Selection.Find.Replacement.ClearFormatting


    '取消所有超链接
    Dim cc As Field
    For Each cc In ActiveDocument.Fields
    If cc.Type = wdFieldHyperlink Then
    cc.Unlink
    End If
    Next
    Set cc = Nothing


    '替换昨天、昨日
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "昨[天日]{1}"
        .Replacement.Text = Yesterday_Month & "月" & Yesterday_Day & "日"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '替换今天、今日
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "今[天日]{1}"
        .Replacement.Text = Today_Month & "月" & Today_Day & "日"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '替换今年
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "今年"
        .Replacement.Text = Today_Year & "年"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '替换去年
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "去年"
        .Replacement.Text = Today_Year - 1 & "年"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '删象屿期货的段前符号
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = ChrW(61548)
        .Replacement.Text = ""
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = True
        .MatchWildcards = False
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '手动换行符替换成回车符
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "^l"
        .Replacement.Text = "^p"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = True
        .MatchWildcards = False
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '段与段顶多只隔一行,将任意个回车符号替换成二个
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "(^13)@"
        .Replacement.Text = "^p^p"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '全选+剪切
    Selection.WholeStory
    Selection.Cut
End Sub

7.提取word文档里的图片

Sub 存成html()
Application.ScreenUpdating = False


    Dim FileName As String
    FileName = InputBox("请输入文件名")
    Selection.Copy
    Documents.Add DocumentType:=wdNewBlankDocument
    Selection.PasteAndFormat (wdPasteDefault)
    '若无目录则创建
    If Dir("D:\backup\140591\桌面\报告temp\", vbDirectory) = "" Then MkDir "D:\backup\140591\桌面\报告temp\"
    ActiveDocument.SaveAs FileName:="D:\backup\140591\桌面\报告temp\" & FileName, FileFormat:=wdFormatHTML, _
        LockComments:=False, Password:="", AddToRecentFiles:=True, WritePassword _
        :="", ReadOnlyRecommended:=False, EmbedTrueTypeFonts:=False, _
        SaveNativePictureFormat:=False, SaveFormsData:=False, SaveAsAOCELetter:= _
        False
    ActiveWindow.View.Type = wdWebView
    '段与段顶多只隔一行,将任意个回车符号替换成二个
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "(^13)@"
        .Replacement.Text = "^p^p"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '全选+剪切
    Selection.WholeStory
    Selection.Cut
    
    ActiveDocument.Close False
Application.ScreenUpdating = True
MsgBox "已完成!"
End Sub

8.Word 删除新闻中的多余代码和文字

Sub 新闻排版()
'
'
    '选择性粘贴
    Selection.PasteAndFormat (wdPasteDefault)
    
    Selection.Find.ClearFormatting
    Selection.Find.Replacement.ClearFormatting
    
    '删图片
    Dim oInlineShape As InlineShape
    For Each oInlineShape In ActiveDocument.InlineShapes
        oInlineShape.Delete
    Next


    '取消所有超链接
    Dim cc As Field
    For Each cc In ActiveDocument.Fields
    If cc.Type = wdFieldHyperlink Then
    cc.Unlink
    End If
    Next
    Set cc = Nothing


    '删(微博)[微博]
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "[\[\(\(]微博[\)\]\)]"
        .Replacement.Text = ""
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '删(博客,微博)
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "(博客,微博)"
        .Replacement.Text = "^p^p"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = True
        .MatchWildcards = False
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '删象屿期货的段前符号
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = ChrW(61548)
        .Replacement.Text = ""
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = True
        .MatchWildcards = False
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '删小标题后的/
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "/^p"
        .Replacement.Text = "^p"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = True
        .MatchWildcards = False
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '删股票代码
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "\([\-0-9.]{1,}[,^s]{1,}[\-0-9.]{1,}[,^s]{1,}[\-0-9.%]{1,}\)"
        .Replacement.Text = ""
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '删股票涨跌值
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "\[[\-0-9.%]{1,}\]"
        .Replacement.Text = ""
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '删[2.98% 资金 研报]
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "\[[\-0-9.%]{1,}^s资金^s研报\]"
        .Replacement.Text = ""
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '删(600648,股吧)
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "\([0-9]{6},[股吧基金]{2,3}\)"
        .Replacement.Text = ""
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
        
    '手动换行符替换成回车符
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "^l"
        .Replacement.Text = "^p"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = True
        .MatchWildcards = False
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '段与段顶多只隔一行,将任意个回车符号替换成二个
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "(^13)@"
        .Replacement.Text = "^p^p"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
        .MatchByte = False
        .MatchWildcards = True
    End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
    
    '全选+剪切
    Selection.WholeStory
    Selection.Cut
End Sub
 

9.Excel双击则复制单元格内容到剪切板

放到Worksheet对应的代码中
Private Sub Worksheet_BeforeDoubleClick(ByVal Target As Range, Cancel As Boolean)
    With CreateObject("new:{1C3B4210-F441-11CE-B9EA-00AA006B1A69}")
        .SetText Target
        .PutInClipboard
    End With
End Sub

10.用对话框打开Excel文件

iFileName = Application.GetOpenFilename("Excel文件 (*.xlsx;*.xls), *.xlsx;*.xls")

11.Excel按指定列升序排列

With wbf.Sort
    .SortFields.Clear
    .SortFields.Add Key:=Range("B1"), SortOn:=xlSortOnValues, Order:=xlAscending 'descending,递减。Ascending,递增
    .SetRange Range("A1").CurrentRegion '排序区域
    .Header = xlGuess '第一行包含标题
    .MatchCase = False '不区分大小写
    .Orientation = xlTopToBottom
    .SortMethod = xlPinYin
    .Apply
End With

12.汉字编码成URL用的字符串

Public Function Escape(ByVal strText As String) As String
    Set JS = CreateObject("msscriptcontrol.scriptcontrol")
    JS.Language = "JavaScript"
    Escape = JS.eval_r("encodeURI('" & Replace(strText, "'", "\'") & "');")
End Function

13.Excel汇总同目录文件

Sub HzWb()
    Dim bt As Range, r As Long, c As Long
    r = 1    '1 是表头的行数
    c = 8    '8 是表头的列数
    Range(Cells(r + 1, "A"), Cells(65536, c)).ClearContents    ' 清除汇总表中原表数据
    Application.ScreenUpdating = False
    Dim FileName As String, wb As Workbook, Erow As Long, fn As String, arr As Variant
    FileName = Dir(ThisWorkbook.Path & "\*.xls")
    Do While FileName <> ""
        If FileName <> ThisWorkbook.Name Then    ' 判断文件是否是本工作簿
            Erow = Range("A1").CurrentRegion.Rows.Count + 1    ' 取得汇总表中第一条空行行号
            fn = ThisWorkbook.Path & "\" & FileName
            Set wb = GetObject(fn)    ' 将fn 代表的工作簿对象赋给变量
            Set sht = wb.Worksheets(1)    ' 汇总的是第1 张工作表
            ' 将数据表中的记录保存在arr 数组里
            arr = sht.Range(sht.Cells(r + 1, "A"), sht.Cells(65536, "B").End(xlUp).Offset(0, 8))
            ' 将数组arr 中的数据写入工作表
            Cells(Erow, "A").Resize(UBound(arr, 1), UBound(arr, 2)) = arr
            wb.Close False
        End If
        FileName = Dir    ' 用Dir 函数取得其他文件名,并赋给变量
    Loop
    Application.ScreenUpdating = True
End Sub

14.Excel 将指定 数据另存为txt文件

'新建一张表用于存放待保存的数据
Set wbTmp = ThisWorkbook.Worksheets.Add(after:=wb)

'复制待保存的数据
wb.Cells(2 + iJx, "C").Resize(iSc, 1).Copy wbTmp.Cells(1, 1)
wb.Cells(2 + iJx, "R").Resize(iSc, 1).Copy wbTmp.Cells(1, 2)

'将新表复制出来成为一个单独的文件并另存为txt
wbTmp.Copy
ActiveWorkbook.SaveAs FileName:=ThisWorkbook.Path & "\自定义文件名.txt", FileFormat:=xlText, CreateBackup:=False

'关闭上一步出现的新Workbook
ActiveWorkbook.Close False

'删除原文件中的临时表
wbTmp.Delete



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