安卓自动更新功能实现+安卓调用默认浏览器打开指定URL

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/lkjasdgfh/article/details/46598257
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;

	Intent intent = new Intent();        
        intent.setAction("android.intent.action.VIEW");    
        Uri content_url = Uri.parse("http://www.baidu.com");   
        intent.setData(content_url);  
        startActivity(intent);打开浏览器
        System.exit(0);//退出当前APP
   

打开指定网页 注意加



自动更新原理

APP有一个叫版本号的属性  对比远程服务器上的版本号

如果服务器上的版本号>APP版本 则根据服务器上的下载地址 下载新的版本 之后安装 (会自动覆盖之前的版本)

服务器版本号和下载地址用XML储存 :

<update>
<version>3</version>
<name>baidu_xinwen_1.1.0</name>
<url>http://www.wangfuxin.com/UpdateSoftDemo.apk</url>
</update>

下边一个类为更新类 包括判断版本 执行下载 安装
package com.szy.update;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.MalformedURLException;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.HashMap;

import android.app.AlertDialog;
import android.app.Dialog;
import android.app.AlertDialog.Builder;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.DialogInterface.OnClickListener;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager.NameNotFoundException;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ProgressBar;
import android.widget.Toast;

/**
 *@author coolszy
 *@date 2012-4-26
 *@blog http://blog.92coding.com
 */

public class UpdateManager
{
	
	private static final int DOWNLOAD = 1;
	
	private static final int DOWNLOAD_FINISH = 2;
	
	HashMap<String, String> mHashMap;
	
	private String mSavePath;

	private int progress;
	
	private boolean cancelUpdate = false;

	private Context mContext;

	private ProgressBar mProgress;
	private Dialog mDownloadDialog;

	private Handler mHandler = new Handler()
	{
		public void handleMessage(Message msg)
		{
			switch (msg.what)
			{
			
			case DOWNLOAD:
				
				mProgress.setProgress(progress);
				break;
			case DOWNLOAD_FINISH:
			
				installApk();
				break;
			default:
				break;
			}
		};
	};

	public UpdateManager(Context context)
	{
		this.mContext = context;
	}

	
	public boolean checkUpdate()
	{
		if (isUpdate())
		{
			
			showNoticeDialog();
			return false;
		} else
		{
			return true;
		}
	}
	public InputStream getInputStreamFromUrl(String urlStr)//根据URL获取XML文件
	        throws MalformedURLException, IOException {
		URL  url = new URL(urlStr);
	    HttpURLConnection urlConn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
	    InputStream inputStream = urlConn.getInputStream();
	    return inputStream;
	}
	
	private boolean isUpdate()
	{
		
		int versionCode = getVersionCode(mContext);
		try
		{
		InputStream inStream =getInputStreamFromUrl("http://www.wangfuxin.com/version.xml");//XML地址
		
		ParseXmlService service = new ParseXmlService();
		
			mHashMap = service.parseXml(inStream);
		} catch (Exception e)
		{
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		if (null != mHashMap)
		{
			int serviceCode = Integer.valueOf(mHashMap.get("version"));
			
			if (serviceCode > versionCode)
			{
				return true;
			}
		}
		return false;
	}


	private int getVersionCode(Context context)
	{
		int versionCode = 0;
		try
		{
			
			versionCode = context.getPackageManager().getPackageInfo("com.szy.update", 0).versionCode;
		} catch (NameNotFoundException e)
		{
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		return versionCode;
	}

	
	private void showNoticeDialog()
	{
		
		AlertDialog.Builder builder = new Builder(mContext);
		builder.setTitle(R.string.soft_update_title);
		builder.setMessage(R.string.soft_update_info);
		
		builder.setPositiveButton(R.string.soft_update_updatebtn, new OnClickListener()
		{
			@Override
			public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which)
			{
				dialog.dismiss();
				
				//如果用户单击更新
				showDownloadDialog();
			}
		});
		
		builder.setNegativeButton(R.string.soft_update_later, new OnClickListener()
		{
			@Override
			public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which)
			{
				//如果用户选择稍后跟新()
				dialog.dismiss();
			        //直接退出。。。。当然你可以不这么干
			        System.exit(0);
			}
		});
		Dialog noticeDialog = builder.create();
		noticeDialog.show();
	}


	private void showDownloadDialog()
	{
		
		AlertDialog.Builder builder = new Builder(mContext);
		builder.setTitle(R.string.soft_updating);
		
		final LayoutInflater inflater = LayoutInflater.from(mContext);
		View v = inflater.inflate(R.layout.softupdate_progress, null);
		mProgress = (ProgressBar) v.findViewById(R.id.update_progress);
		builder.setView(v);
	
		builder.setNegativeButton(R.string.soft_update_cancel, new OnClickListener()
		{
			@Override
			public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which)
			{
				dialog.dismiss();
				
				cancelUpdate = true;
			}
		});
		mDownloadDialog = builder.create();
		mDownloadDialog.show();
	
		downloadApk();
	}


	private void downloadApk()
	{
		
		new downloadApkThread().start();
	}


	private class downloadApkThread extends Thread
	{
		@Override
		public void run()
		{
			try
			{
				
				if (Environment.getExternalStorageState().equals(Environment.MEDIA_MOUNTED))
				{
				
					String sdpath = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/";
					mSavePath = sdpath + "download";
					URL url = new URL(mHashMap.get("url"));
				
					HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
					conn.connect();
				
					int length = conn.getContentLength();
			
					InputStream is = conn.getInputStream();

					File file = new File(mSavePath);
				
					if (!file.exists())
					{
						file.mkdir();
					}
					File apkFile = new File(mSavePath, mHashMap.get("name"));
					FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(apkFile);
					int count = 0;
			
					byte buf[] = new byte[1024];
			
					do
					{
						int numread = is.read(buf);
						count += numread;
				
						progress = (int) (((float) count / length) * 100);
				
						mHandler.sendEmptyMessage(DOWNLOAD);
						if (numread <= 0)
						{
					
							mHandler.sendEmptyMessage(DOWNLOAD_FINISH);
							break;
						}
				
						fos.write(buf, 0, numread);
					} while (!cancelUpdate);
					fos.close();
					is.close();
				}
			} catch (MalformedURLException e)
			{
				e.printStackTrace();
			} catch (IOException e)
			{
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
			
			mDownloadDialog.dismiss();
		}
	};

	
	private void installApk()
	{
		File apkfile = new File(mSavePath, mHashMap.get("name"));
		if (!apkfile.exists())
		{
			return;
		}
		
		Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
		i.setDataAndType(Uri.parse("file://" + apkfile.toString()), "application/vnd.android.package-archive");
		mContext.startActivity(i);
	}
}

上边的类用到了一个XML解析的类在这里

package com.szy.update;

import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.HashMap;

import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;

import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.Element;
import org.w3c.dom.Node;
import org.w3c.dom.NodeList;


public class ParseXmlService
{
	public HashMap<String, String> parseXml(InputStream inStream) throws Exception
	{
		HashMap<String, String> hashMap = new HashMap<String, String>();
		
		// 实例化一个文档构建器工厂
		DocumentBuilderFactory factory = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
		// 通过文档构建器工厂获取一个文档构建器
		DocumentBuilder builder = factory.newDocumentBuilder();
		// 通过文档通过文档构建器构建一个文档实例
		Document document = builder.parse(inStream);
		//获取XML文件根节点
		Element root = document.getDocumentElement();
		//获得所有子节点
		NodeList childNodes = root.getChildNodes();
		for (int j = 0; j < childNodes.getLength(); j++)
		{
			//遍历子节点
			Node childNode = (Node) childNodes.item(j);
			if (childNode.getNodeType() == Node.ELEMENT_NODE)
			{
				Element childElement = (Element) childNode;
				//版本号
				if ("version".equals(childElement.getNodeName()))
				{
					hashMap.put("version",childElement.getFirstChild().getNodeValue());
				}
				//软件名称
				else if (("name".equals(childElement.getNodeName())))
				{
					hashMap.put("name",childElement.getFirstChild().getNodeValue());
				}
				//下载地址
				else if (("url".equals(childElement.getNodeName())))
				{
					hashMap.put("url",childElement.getFirstChild().getNodeValue());
				}
			}
		}
		return hashMap;
	}
}


之后是调用方法
package com.szy.update;



import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;


public class MainActivity extends Activity
{
	boolean a=true;
	@Override
	public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
	{
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
                UpdateManager manager = new UpdateManager(MainActivity.this);
		if(manager.checkUpdate())//不加这个判断的话 会同步执行下边的代码 所以加了这个 你也可以去掉试试
		{                        //checkUpdate这个会自动判断是否为新版本 然后提示 是否更新 之后执行相关的操作
	        //如果是最新版本 则
                }
		else
		{
		  //否则这里什么也不用写	  
		}
	}

	
    
}

文章借鉴了:coolszy的博文
在他的基础上添加了 远程XML的访问 跟判断

有任何问题欢迎留言

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