VxWorks学习笔记二------Config.h和Makefile文件

config.h

/* This file contains the configuration parameters for the CPU evaluation board */

#ifndef INCconfigh
#define INCconfigh		/* BSP version/revision identification, before configAll.h */
#define BSP_VER_1_2 1	
#define BSP_VER_1_1 1
#define BSP_VERSION "1.2" 	/* A Tornado 2.0 BSP */
#define BSP_REV "/3" 		/* 0 for first revision */
#include "configAll.h"       	/* 这个文件定义了VxWorks所有的缺省设置 */

Default boot line

#define DEFAULT_BOOT_LINE \ 
		Emac(0,0)405GP:vxWorks h=172.16.1.159 e=172.16.254.52 \  
		u=xxx pw=xxx tn=vxTarget"

DEFAULT_BOOT_LINE 的原意是为没有NVRAM的target设计的,这样用户就不需要在每次系统启动时手工输入这些参数。系统启动网络时xxxEndLoad()会解释这一行并按这一行的定义进行加载。

Emac(0,0) : 启动设备,可以是软盘,硬盘,PCMCIA卡等
405GP:主机名
vxWorks:从主机加载的VxWorks文件
h=172.16.1.159 主机的IP地址
e=172.16.254.52 目标机的IP地址
u=xxx 用户名,pw=xxx 密码: 若通过网络加载调试时,登录主机的ftp服务器的用户名和密码
tn=vxTarget 目标机名称。

其他的设备名称如:
fd为软盘,(0,0)表示第一个软驱,3.5寸盘。
dc则表示从DEC 21x4x芯片启动,即系统有NVRAM存在,这种方式现在已不采用.
elpci表示启动设备为3COM EtherLink XL PCI网卡
fei:Intel 82559 EtherExpress网卡
ene:NE2000网卡
ELT:3COM以太网卡
EEX:Intel网卡
ata: ATA/IDE 硬盘

内存设置

如果定义了LOCAL_MEM_AUTOSIZE则SDRAM的大小会在Boot时指定

/* Memory configuration */
#undef LOCAL_MEM_AUTOSIZE   /* run-time memory sizing */
#define USER_RESERVED_MEM 0  /* see sysMemTop() */

/*
 * Local-to-Bus memory address constants:
 * the local memory address always appears at 0 locally;
 * it is not dual ported.
 */
        
#define LOCAL_MEM_LOCAL_ADRS 0x20000000 /* fixed at 512Mbyte*/
#define LOCAL_MEM_BUS_ADRS 0x20000000 /* fixed at 1Mbyte after TCM */
#define LOCAL_MEM_SIZE  0x02000000	 /* 32MB 内存缺省 */
#define LOCAL_MEM_END_ADRS (LOCAL_MEM_LOCAL_ADRS + LOCAL_MEM_SIZE)
	
#undef VEC_BASE_ADRS
#define VEC_BASE_ADRS  ((char*)0)	/* 内存基地址为 0 */
	
/*
 * Boot ROM is an image written into Flash. Part of the Flash can be
 * reserved for boot parameters etc. (see the Flash section below).
 *
 * The following parameters are defined here and in the Makefile.
 * They must be kept synchronized; effectively config.h depends on Makefile.
 * Any changes made here must be made in the Makefile and vice versa.
 *
 * ROM_BASE_ADRS is the base of the Flash ROM/EPROM.
 * ROM_TEXT_ADRS is the entry point of the VxWorks image
 * ROM_SIZE is the size of the part of the Flash ROM/EPROM allocated to
 *  the VxWorks image (block size - size of headers)
 *
 * Two other constants are used:
 * ROM_COPY_SIZE is the size of the part of the ROM to be copied into RAM
 *    (e.g. in uncompressed boot ROM)
 * ROM_SIZE_TOTAL is the size of the entire Flash ROM (used in sysPhysMemDesc)
 *
 * The values are given as literals here to make it easier to ensure
 * that they are the same as those in the Makefile.
 */


#define ROM_BASE_ADRS 0xfff80000                  /* ROM的基地址 */
#define ROM_TEXT_ADRS (ROM_BASE_ADRS + 0x100)    /* 程序指针和堆栈指针 */
#define ROM_WARM_ADRS (ROM_TEXT_ADRS+0x0004)     /* 热启动入口地址 */
#define ROM_SIZE 0x0007f000                       /* ROM大小 512KB */
#define RAM_LOW_ADRS 0x00010000                   /* RAM 低地址运行 vxWorks */
#define RAM_HIGH_ADRS 0x00C00000                  /* RAM 高地址存储 bootrom */
#define USER_RESERVED_MEM 0                       /* 用户保留地址 */

这里主要设置系统的内存分配定义,若分配不当,则系统不能正常加载和运行。
ROM_TEXT_ADRS,ROM_SIZE,RAM_HIGH_ADRS,和RAM_LOW_ADRS 在config.h和Makefile文件中都要定义,且必须要保持一致,这些地址的定义一定要参照VxWorks加载执行过程,硬件手册,MMU和VxWorks的大小进行。
主要原则是保证VxWorks image 在ROM和RAM中都要有一定的运行空间且高效运行。

缓存

 Cache options    定义缓存
 
#define INCLUDE_CACHE_SUPPORT
#define USER_D_CACHE_ENABLE
#define USER_I_CACHE_ENABLE
#undef USER_D_CACHE_MODE
#define USER_D_CACHE_MODE (CACHE_COPYBACK)

/* 405 timers (PIT, FIT, WDT) 可由外部时钟驱动或者CPU驱动 */    
#define TIMER_CLOCK_EXTERNAL    
/* ptional timestamp support */
#undef INCLUDE_TIMESTAMP

时钟

Auxilliary Timer rates 定义辅助计时器频率

#ifdef TIMER_CLOCK_EXTERNAL
#define AUX_CLK_RATE_MIN (EXT_TIMER_CLK_FREQ / (1 << 21) )
#define AUX_CLK_RATE_MAX (EXT_TIMER_CLK_FREQ / (1 << 9) )
#define AUX_CLK_RATE_DEFAULT (EXT_TIMER_CLK_FREQ / (1 << 17) )
#else
/* ZZZZZZZZZZZ todo put rates in for system clock derived timer clock *
/#endif/*

* Watchdog Timer rates    
#define WDT_RATE_MIN 1 /* minimum watchdog timer rate */
#define WDT_RATE_MAX 5000 /* maximum watchdog timer rate */

/* 实时时钟设置 */
#define INCLUDE_RTC/* 去除不需要的网络驱动 */
#undef INCLUDE_EI
#undef INCLUDE_EX
#undef INCLUDE_ENP
#undef INCLUDE_LN
#undef INCLUDE_SM_NET
#undef INCLUDE_SM_SEQ_ADDR
/* #define for software floating point support */
#undef INCLUDE_SW_FP/* 定义串口 Serial port configuration */
#define INCLUDE_SERIAL

PCI

/* PCI 设置,PCI configuration */
#define INCLUDE_PCI
#ifdef INCLUDE_PCI
/*
* Three programmable processor local memory address to PCI memory address
* mappings. If a region is enabled, PMMx_LOCAL_ADRS must be between
* PCI_MEMORY_START and PCI_MEMORY_END. If PMMx_PCI_HIGH_ADRS is non-zero in
* an enabled region, 64 bit dual cycle addresses will be generated on the
* PCI bus for this region.
*/
//定义PCI设备的初始化地址 参见 PCI设备(网卡)初始化代码分析
#define PMM0_LOCAL_ADRS PCI_MEMORY_START      // 定义PCI空间起始地址
#define PMM0_PCI_LOW_ADRS 0x80000000           // 定义PCI空间低位地址
#define PMM0_PCI_HIGH_ADRS 0x00000000         // 定义PCI空间高位地址
#define PMM0_PCI_MASK_ATTRIB (PMM_MASK_512MB | PMM_ENABLE)
#define PMM1_LOCAL_ADRS PMM_UNUSED
#define PMM1_PCI_LOW_ADRS PMM_UNUSED
#define PMM1_PCI_HIGH_ADRS PMM_UNUSED
#define PMM1_PCI_MASK_ATTRIB PMM_UNUSED
#define PMM2_LOCAL_ADRS PMM_UNUSED
#define PMM2_PCI_LOW_ADRS PMM_UNUSED
#define PMM2_PCI_HIGH_ADRS PMM_UNUSED
#define PMM2_PCI_MASK_ATTRIB PMM_UNUSED
/*
* PCI memory address to processor local memory address mapping. If a region
* is enabled, PTMx_LOCAL_ADRS must be within the two Local memory / peripheral
* regions (0x00000000-0x7FFFFFFF, or 0F0000000-0xFFFFFFFF)
*/
#define PTM1_LOCAL_ADRS LOCAL_MEM_LOCAL_ADRS
#define PTM1_SIZE_ATTRIB PTM_SIZE_2GB | PTM_ENABLE
#define PTM2_LOCAL_ADRS PTM_UNUSED
#define PTM2_SIZE_ATTRIB PTM_UNUSED
#endif /* INCLUDE_PCI */

网卡

/*
* 如果支持网络,本地EMAC和PCI网卡,必须有一个被选取,两者都是END形式驱动
*/
#define INCLUDE_NETWORK             /* 支持网络 */
#define INCLUDE_EMAC_NETWORK       /* 405GP 本地 EMAC 网络 */
#undef INCLUDE_PCI_NETWORK         /* PCI 网络 */
/*
* The board does not have the Ethernet MAC address of the EMAC stored
* in any sort of NVRAM. Modify the 12 digit string below to match the decal
* that is on your board.
*/
#ifdef INCLUDE_EMAC_NETWORK
    #define DEFAULT_EMAC_HW_ADDR "xxxxxxxxxxxx"         /* 网络硬件地址,即MAC地址 */
#endif

串口

/*
* WDB 通过网络Enhanced Network Driver加载调试程序,若网络加载调试,必须定义此项
*/
#define WDB_COMM_TYPE WDB_COMM_SERIAL /*首先默认使用串口通信*/ 
#define WDB_TTY_CHANNEL 0 /*使用第一个串口
#ifdef INCLUDE_NETWORK
    #define INCLUDE_END
    #undef WDB_COMM_TYPE
    #define WDB_COMM_TYPE WDB_COMM_END      /* 定义网络通信, END 驱动 */
#else
    #undef WDB_COMM_TYPE
    #define WDB_COMM_TYPE     WDB_COMM_SERIAL /* 定义串口通信,和PC机串口连接 */ 
    #undef WDB_TTY_CHANNEL
    #define WDB_TTY_CHANNEL 0                        /* 串口1 */
#endif /* INCLUDE_NETWORK *//*************** 此处定义一些杂项 */
#ifdef NUM_TTY
#undef NUM_TTY
#endif
#define NUM_TTY 2             /* 定义了两个串口终端,*/
#ifdef WDB_TTY_BAUD
#undef WDB_TTY_BAUD
#endif
#define WDB_TTY_BAUD 57600 /* 波特率设置 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200 */#ifdef CONSOLE_BAUD_RATE
#undef CONSOLE_BAUD_RATE
#endif
#define CONSOLE_BAUD_RATE 57600
#undef INCLUDE_ENV_VARS /* unix compatable environment variables */
#undef INCLUDE_TIMEX /* timexLib for exec timing */
#undef INCLUDE_HW_FP
#undef INCLUDE_TFTP_CLIENT /* used by autoboot from ftp server*/#define INCLUDE_SW_FP
#define INCLUDE_ELF
#define INCLUDE_NET_SHOW
#define INCLUDE_PING
#undef INCLUDE_DEMO /* only for vxWorks bsp test */
#define ETHERNET_ADR_SET /* only for bootrom used */
#define INCLUDE_USER_APPL /* Startup the user's application in dos makefile project */
#undef PCIDEBUG#ifdef INCLUDE_USER_APPL
#define USER_APPL_INIT _appEntry()
#endif
#endif /* INCconfigh */
#if defined(PRJ_BUILD)
#include "prjParams.h"
#endif

Makefile

#Makefile - make rules for board
#
#
CPU = PPC40x
TOOL = gnuTGT_DIR=$(WIND_BASE)/target
include $(TGT_DIR)/h/make/defs.bsp
include $(TGT_DIR)/h/make/make.$(CPU)$(TOOL)
include $(TGT_DIR)/h/make/defs.$(WIND_HOST_TYPE)

##Only redefine make definitions below this point, or your definitions will 
## be overwritten by the makefile stubs above.

TARGET_DIR = xxx
VENDOR = IBM
BOARD = xxx
RELEASE = vxWorks vxWorks.st bootrom_uncmp.hex
USR_ENTRY = usrInit

ROM_TEXT_ADRS = fff80100                 # ROM 起始地址
ROM_SIZE = 0007f000                      # ROM 空间大小
RAM_LOW_ADRS = 00010000                  # RAM 低地址 vxWorks */
RAM_HIGH_ADRS = 00C00000                 # RAM 高地址存储 bootrom */
HEX_FLAGS = -a 100

#ADDED_CFLAGS = -gdwarf -O0 	#for debug
MACH_EXTRA = appentry.o                
# 注意:这里加载用户的程序模块,程序调用在usrRoot()
BOOTCONFIG = bootconfig.c               
# bsp bootconfig.c for bootrom
##Only redefine make definitions above this point, or the expansion of
##makefile target dependencies may be incorrect.include $(TGT_DIR)/h/make/rules.bsp
include $(TGT_DIR)/h/make/rules.$(WIND_HOST_TYPE

ROM_TEXT_ADRS,ROM_SIZE,RAM_HIGH_ADRS和RAM_LOW_ADRS要在config.h,Makefile和Makefile.*文件中定义,且必须要保持一致

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