Linux下Mariadb下载安装

1.查看系统是否已有Mariadb包
[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa | grep mariadb
mariadb-server-5.5.52-1.el7.x86_64
mariadb-libs-5.5.52-1.el7.x86_64

2.删除已有安装包

rpm -e  --nodeps mariadb-server-5.5.52-1.el7.x86_64

rpm -e  --nodeps mariadb-libs-5.5.52-1.el7.x86_64

(使用yum remove mysql mysql-server mysql-libs compat-mysql51全部删除;)

3.查找下载地址

http://mirrors.aliyun.com/mariadb/yum/10.1.20/centos7-amd64/

4.建立安装脚本

编辑内容如下

vim /etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo

[mariadb]
name = MariaDB
baseurl = http://mirrors.aliyun.com/mariadb/yum/10.1/centos/7.3/x86_64/
gpgkey =  http://mirrors.aliyun.com/mariadb/yum/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
gpgcheck = 1

:wq

5.开始yum安装

yum -y install MariaDB-server MariaDB-client

6.安装完成启动Mariadb

systemctl start mariadb

7.设置开机启动

systemctl enable mariadb

8.配置Mariadb

mysql_secure_installation

根据提示设置密码

以下仅作参考

Enter current password for root (enter for none):<–初次运行直接回车

设置密码

Set root password? [Y/n] <– 是否设置root用户密码,输入y并回车或直接回车
New password: <– 设置root用户的密码
Re-enter new password: <– 再输入一次你设置的密码

其他配置

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] <– 是否删除匿名用户,回车

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] <–是否禁止root远程登录,回车,

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] <– 是否删除test数据库,回车

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] <– 是否重新加载权限表,回车

初始化MariaDB完成,接下来测试登录

mysql -uroot -ppassword

9.修改配置文件

vim /etc/my.cnf

# Example MySQL config file for medium systems.
#
# This is for a system with little memory (32M - 64M) where MySQL plays
# an important part, or systems up to 128M where MySQL is used together with
# other programs (such as a web server)
#
# You can copy this file to
# /etc/my.cnf to set global options,
# mysql-data-dir/my.cnf to set server-specific options (in this
# installation this directory is /opt/lampp/var/mysql) or
# ~/.my.cnf to set user-specific options.
#
# In this file, you can use all long options that a program supports.
# If you want to know which options a program supports, run the program
# with the "--help" option.

# The following options will be passed to all MySQL clients
[client]
#password	= your_password
port		= 3306
socket		= /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

# Here follows entries for some specific programs

# The MySQL server
[mysqld]
user = mysql
port=3306
socket		= /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
skip-external-locking
key_buffer = 4096M
max_allowed_packet = 500M
table_open_cache = 600000
skip_name_resolve = ON
table_definition_cache = 5400
sort_buffer_size = 512K
net_buffer_length = 8K
net_read_timeout = 180
net_write_timeout = 180
read_buffer_size = 256K
read_rnd_buffer_size = 512K
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 800M
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 800M
slow_launch_time=2
slow_query_log=on
slow_query_log_file=/data/database/mysql/mongs-slow.log
datadir = /data/database/mysql
default-storage-engine=MyISAM
character-set-server=utf8
max_connections=65535
max_connect_errors=65535
tmp_table_size=7355443200
max_heap_table_size=7355443200
event_scheduler=ON
concurrent_insert=2
interactive_timeout=3600
wait_timeout=3600
#log_bin_trust_function_creators=on
open_files_limit=700000
#server-id    = 1
#log_bin      =/data/database/mysql/log/binlog
#log_bin_index=/data/database/mysql/log/binlog.index
#relay_log      =/data/database/mysql/log/relaylog
#relay_log_index=/data/database/mysql/log/relaylog.index
#relay_log_purge=0
#max_relay_log_size=100M
#expire_logs_days=2

# Where do all the plugins live
plugin_dir = /var/lib/mysql/plugin/

# Don't listen on a TCP/IP port at all. This can be a security enhancement,
# if all processes that need to connect to mysqld run on the same host.
# All interaction with mysqld must be made via Unix sockets or named pipes.
# Note that using this option without enabling named pipes on Windows
# (via the "enable-named-pipe" option) will render mysqld useless!
# 
#skip-networking

# Replication Master Server (default)
# binary logging is required for replication
# log-bin deactivated by default since XAMPP 1.4.11
#log-bin=mysql-bin

# required unique id between 1 and 2^32 - 1
# defaults to 1 if master-host is not set
# but will not function as a master if omitted
#server-id	= 1

# Replication Slave (comment out master section to use this)
#
# To configure this host as a replication slave, you can choose between
# two methods :
#
# 1) Use the CHANGE MASTER TO command (fully described in our manual) -
#    the syntax is:
#
#    CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST=<host>, MASTER_PORT=<port>,
#    MASTER_USER=<user>, MASTER_PASSWORD=<password> ;
#
#    where you replace <host>, <user>, <password> by quoted strings and
#    <port> by the master's port number (3306 by default).
#
#    Example:
#
#    CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST='125.564.12.1', MASTER_PORT=3306,
#    MASTER_USER='joe', MASTER_PASSWORD='secret';
#
# OR
#
# 2) Set the variables below. However, in case you choose this method, then
#    start replication for the first time (even unsuccessfully, for example
#    if you mistyped the password in master-password and the slave fails to
#    connect), the slave will create a master.info file, and any later
#    change in this file to the variables' values below will be ignored and
#    overridden by the content of the master.info file, unless you shutdown
#    the slave server, delete master.info and restart the slaver server.
#    For that reason, you may want to leave the lines below untouched
#    (commented) and instead use CHANGE MASTER TO (see above)
#
# required unique id between 2 and 2^32 - 1
# (and different from the master)
# defaults to 2 if master-host is set
# but will not function as a slave if omitted
#server-id       = 2
#
# The replication master for this slave - required
#master-host     =   <hostname>
#
# The username the slave will use for authentication when connecting
# to the master - required
#master-user     =   <username>
#
# The password the slave will authenticate with when connecting to
# the master - required
#master-password =   <password>
#
# The port the master is listening on.
# optional - defaults to 3306
#master-port     =  <port>
#
# binary logging - not required for slaves, but recommended
#log-bin=mysql-bin


# Point the following paths to different dedicated disks
#tmpdir		= /tmp/		
#log-update 	= /path-to-dedicated-directory/hostname

# Uncomment the following if you are using BDB tables
#bdb_cache_size = 4M
#bdb_max_lock = 10000

# Comment the following if you are using InnoDB tables
#skip-innodb
innodb_data_home_dir = /var/lib/mysql
innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:10M:autoextend
innodb_log_group_home_dir = /var/lib/mysql
# You can set .._buffer_pool_size up to 50 - 80 %
# of RAM but beware of setting memory usage too high
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 1000M
# Deprecated in 5.6
#innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 2M
# Set .._log_file_size to 25 % of buffer pool size
innodb_log_file_size = 5M
innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 512M

[mysql]
no-auto-rehash
# Remove the next comment character if you are not familiar with SQL
#safe-updates

[isamchk]
key_buffer = 20M
sort_buffer_size = 20M
read_buffer = 2M
write_buffer = 2M

[myisamchk]
key_buffer = 20M
sort_buffer_size = 20M
read_buffer = 2M
write_buffer = 2M

[mysqlhotcopy]
interactive-timeout                                                                                             

10.重启Mariadb

systemctl restart mysqld

11.如果启动失败

vim /etc/selinux/config 

改成如图所示

 

mysql -uroot -p

结束。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。

 

 

 

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