C++中POD是什么?

什么是POD?
POD 的全称是 Plain Old Data,在C++标准中,POD是这样定义的:
Arithmetic types (3.9.1), enumeration types, pointer types, and pointer to member types (3.9.2), and cv-qualified(注2) versions of these types (3.9.3) are collectively called scalar types. Scalar types, POD-struct types,POD-union types (clause 9), arrays of such types and cv-qualified versions of these types (3.9.3) are collectively called POD types.

什么是cv-qualified ?
这里的CV分别是const 以及volatile的缩写。用const,volatile以及const volatile之一作修饰的变量被成为cv-qualified ,否则该变量是cv-unqualified

class是不是POD类型?
如果一个class没有non-trivial 的 constructor, destructor, 以及 copy assignmet operator这些东西的话,这个class事实上已经退化成一个POD类型了,就相当于C中的struct。

 

POD类型包括下面类型:

1、标量类型,c/c++的基本类型

  • signed integer types ( signed char , short, int, long),
  • unsigned integer types ( unsigned char , unsigned short , unsigned int , unsigned long ),
  • char and wchar_t, and
  • bool.
  • float, double, and long double
  • pointer-to-void ( void * ),
  • pointer-to-object and pointer-to-static-member-data (both of the form T* when pointing to an object of typeT), and
  • pointer-to-function and pointer-to-static-member-function (both of the form T (*)(... ) when pointing to a function that returns an object of typeT).
  • pointer-to-nonstatic-member-data (of the form T C::* when pointing to one of classC's data members that has type T), and
  • pointer-to-nonstatic-member-functions (of the form T (C::*)(... ) when pointing to one of class C 's member functions that returns an object of typeT).

2、用户自定义的类类型:

  • non-static data (including arrays) of any pointer-to-member type,
  • non-static data (including arrays) of any non-POD class type,
  • non-static data of any reference type,
  • user-defined copy assignment operator, nor
  • user-defined destructor.
  • user-declared constructors,
  • private or protected non-static data members,
  • base classes, nor
  • virtual functions.

相关资源:

http://www.fnal.gov/docs/working-groups/fpcltf/Pkg/ISOcxx/doc/POD.html

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/146452/what-are-pod-types-in-c

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