Linux中MongoDB无法正常启动的问题解决办法!

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1、报错,导致mongodb无法正常启动。具体命令如下(注意红色字体,提示日志路径,可查看该日志文件):

[root@oracleLinux ~]# service mongod start
Starting mongod: Fri Jan 24 09:59:59.385 
Fri Jan 24 09:59:59.386 warning: 32-bit servers don't have journaling enabled by default. Please use --journal if you want durability.
Fri Jan 24 09:59:59.387 
about to fork child process, waiting until server is ready for connections.
forked process: 2120
all output going to: /var/log/mongo/mongod.log
ERROR: child process failed, exited with error number 100
                                                           [失败]

通过输出信息可知,日子文件为/var/log/mongo/mongod.log
错误信息是:

ERROR: child process failed, exited with error number 100


2、查看mongod.log文件内容,具体命令如下:

[root@oracleLinux ~]# cat /var/log/mongo/mongod.log 
日志内容较长,此处截取了相关的内容如下:

************** 
Unclean shutdown detected.
Please visit http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/repair for recovery instructions.
*************
Thu Jan 23 12:34:11.293 [initandlisten] exception in initAndListen: 12596 old lock file, terminating
Thu Jan 23 12:34:11.293 dbexit: 
Thu Jan 23 12:34:11.293 [initandlisten] shutdown: going to close listening sockets...
Thu Jan 23 12:34:11.293 [initandlisten] shutdown: going to flush diaglog...
Thu Jan 23 12:34:11.293 [initandlisten] shutdown: going to close sockets...
Thu Jan 23 12:34:11.293 [initandlisten] shutdown: waiting for fs preallocator...
Thu Jan 23 12:34:11.293 [initandlisten] shutdown: closing all files...
Thu Jan 23 12:34:11.293 [initandlisten] closeAllFiles() finished
Thu Jan 23 12:34:11.293 dbexit: really exiting now

此处是非法关闭mongodb,根据日子文件具体内容中提供的地址(第3行处)获取到修复方式。

a、首先删除/var/lib/mongo/目录下的mongod.lock文件,具体命令如下:

[root@oracleLinux ~]# rm /var/lib/mongo/mongod.lock

b、已repair方式启动mongodb,具体命令如下:

[root@oracleLinux mongo]# mongod -f /etc/mongod.conf --repair
Fri Jan 24 10:38:39.112 
Fri Jan 24 10:38:39.113 warning: 32-bit servers don't have journaling enabled by default. Please use --journal if you want durability.
Fri Jan 24 10:38:39.114 
about to fork child process, waiting until server is ready for connections.
forked process: 2237
all output going to: /var/log/mongo/mongod.log
child process started successfully, parent exiting

c、在启动一次mongodb,具体命令如下:

[root@oracleLinux mongo]# mongod -f /etc/mongod.conf
Fri Jan 24 10:41:13.664 
Fri Jan 24 10:41:13.665 warning: 32-bit servers don't have journaling enabled by default. Please use --journal if you want durability.
Fri Jan 24 10:41:13.666 
about to fork child process, waiting until server is ready for connections.
forked process: 2253
all output going to: /var/log/mongo/mongod.log
child process started successfully, parent exiting

d、查看进程,如果存在mongodb进程,即代表修复成功,具体命令如下:

[root@oracleLinux mongo]# ps -ef | grep mongo
root      2253     1  2 10:41 ?        00:00:02 mongod -f /etc/mongod.conf
root      2268  2079  0 10:43 pts/0    00:00:00 grep mongo

3、开始使用mongodb,具体命令如下:

[root@oracleLinux mongo]# mongo
MongoDB shell version: 2.4.9
connecting to: test
Server has startup warnings: 
Fri Jan 24 10:41:13.708 [initandlisten] 
Fri Jan 24 10:41:13.708 [initandlisten] ** NOTE: This is a 32 bit MongoDB binary.
Fri Jan 24 10:41:13.708 [initandlisten] **       32 bit builds are limited to less than 2GB of data (or less with --journal).
Fri Jan 24 10:41:13.708 [initandlisten] **       Note that journaling defaults to off for 32 bit and is currently off.
Fri Jan 24 10:41:13.708 [initandlisten] **       See http://dochub.mongodb.org/core/32bit
Fri Jan 24 10:41:13.708 [initandlisten] 
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