存储器类型

RAM(掉电易失):

SRAM每个单元由六个晶体管组成,存储密度较低,耗电量大,稳定,只要带电就可以保存信息,抗干扰,存取速度较DRAM快;

DRAM每个单元由一个晶体管,存储密度高,但需要定时刷新,以保存信息;

ROM(非掉电易失,注意并非真正的Read Only Memory):

PROM,只能进行一次编程;

EPROM(紫外线擦除) ,EEPROM(电可擦除);


Programs stored in ROM devices are often referred to as firmware.When a computer system is powered up, it runs firmware stored in a ROM.

Some systems provide a small set of primitive input and output functions in firmware, for example, a PC's BIOS(basic input/output system) routines.

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