各种提示、输入对话框的使用

1、非阻塞提示框
symbian定义了几个提示类,分别是:
confirm类:CAknConfirmationNote
info类: CAknInformationNote
warning类:CAknWarningNote
error类: CAknErrorNote
头文件:aknnotewrappers.h
lib:avkon.lib eikcdlg.lib eikctl.lib

使用方法:


Code: TBuf<32> buf;
buf.Copy(_L("info note"));
CAknInformationNote* iInfoNote = new (ELeave) CAknInformationNote;
iInfoNote->ExecuteLD(buf); 此类提示框不阻塞线程,ExecuteLD执行显示提示框后,后面的语句继续执行。


2、阻塞提示框
void CEikonEnv::AlertWin(const TDesC& aMsg);
void CEikonEnv::AlertWin(const TDesC& aMsg1,const TDesC& aMsg2);
static void CEikonEnv::InfoWinL(const TDesC& aFirstLine,const TDesC& aSecondLine);

AlertWin为CEikonEnv类的非静态成员函数,InfoWinL为CEikonEnv类的静态成员函数。
AlertWin只能在ui、view和container中使用,使用方法如下:


Code: iEikonEnv->AlertWin(_L("text")); InfoWinL可以在任意类中使用,使用方法如下:


Code: CEikonEnv::Static()->InfoWinL(_L("note:"), _L("text")); 为方便使用,常定义宏来使用这类提示框,如:


Code: #define DEBUG_DIALOG(x) iEikonEnv->AlertWin(##x);
#define DEBUG_DIALOG1(x) CEikonEnv::Static()->InfoWinL(_L("note:"), ##x);
#define DEBUG_DIALOG2(x,y) CEikonEnv::Static()->InfoWinL(##x, ##y);

可以这么使用:
TBuf<32> buf;
buf.Copy(_L("test"));
DEBUG_DIALOG(buf);
DEBUG_DIALOG1(buf);
DEBUG_DIALOG2(buf,_L("text")); 此类提示框在S60 2nd中可阻塞线程,只有用户按键退出提示框后,后面的程序才能接着运行;在S60 3rd中不阻塞线程。

3、进度条对话框
进度条对话框类为:
CAknProgressDialog
头文件:aknprogressdialog.h
lib: avkon.lib eikcdlg.lib eikctl.lib

使用方法:

 

Code: //初始化进度条
CAknProgressDialog* iProgressDialog;
CEikProgressInfo* iProgressInfo;
iProgressDialog = new ( ELeave ) CAknProgressDialog( reinterpret_cast
<CEikDialog**>
( &iProgressDialog ) );
iProgressDialog->SetCallback( this );
iProgressDialog->PrepareLC( R_RESOURCE_PROGRESS_NOTE ); //从资源文件构造对话框,资源见下面的定义
iProgressInfo = iProgressDialog->GetProgressInfoL();
iProgressInfo->SetFinalValue( aMaxValue ); //设置进度条的最大值(结束值)
iProgressDialog->RunLD();

//更新进度条
iProgressInfo->IncrementAndDraw( aStep );

//结束进度条
iProgressDialog->ProcessFinishedL();
delete iProgressDialog;

RESOURCE DIALOG R_RESOURCE_PROGRESS_NOTE //进度条对话框资源
{
flags = EAknProgressNoteFlags;
buttons = R_AVKON_SOFTKEYS_CANCEL;
items =
{
DLG_LINE
{
type = EAknCtNote;
id = EMagicBoxCtrlIdProgressNote;
control = AVKON_NOTE
{
layout = EProgressLayout;
singular_label = "对话框中显示的文字";
plural_label = "download";
imagefile = AVKON_BMPFILE_NAME; //第二版中 图标文件为 #define AVKON_BMPFILE_NAME "z://system//data//avkon.mbm"
imageid = EMbmAvkonQgn_note_sml; //这两项可更改显示不同图标
imagemask = EMbmAvkonQgn_note_sml_mask;
};
}
};
} 4、等待对话框
等待对话框要用到的类:
CAknGlobalNote
头文件:aknglobalnote.h
lib:aknnotify.lib eiksrv.lib

使用方法:


Code: //显示等待对话框
CAknGlobalNote* globalNote = CAknGlobalNote::NewL();
CleanupStack::PushL( globalNote );
TInt iWaitNoteId = globalNote->ShowNoteL( EAknGlobalWaitNote, _L("对话框中显示的文字") );
CleanupStack::PopAndDestroy();

//结束等待对话框
CAknGlobalNote * note = CAknGlobalNote::NewL();
CleanupStack::PushL( note );
note->CancelNoteL( iWaitNoteId );
CleanupStack::PopAndDestroy(); 注:
CAknGlobalNote类除了显示等待对话框外还可显示多种类型的全局对话框,具体类型可通过ShowNoteL的第一个参数指定,可能的类型如下:

 

Code: enum TAknGlobalNoteType
{
EAknGlobalInformationNote = 1,
EAknGlobalWarningNote,
EAknGlobalConfirmationNote,
EAknGlobalErrorNote,
EAknGlobalChargingNote,
EAknGlobalWaitNote,
EAknGlobalPermanentNote,
EAknGlobalNotChargingNote,
EAknGlobalBatteryFullNote,
EAknGlobalBatteryLowNote,
EAknGlobalRechargeBatteryNote,
EAknCancelGlobalNote,
EAknGlobalTextNote
}; 5、询问对话框
询问对话框用到的类:
CAknQueryDialog
头文件:AknQueryDialog.h
lib:avkon.lib

使用方法:


Code: CAknQueryDialog* dlg;
dlg = CAknQueryDialog::NewL( CAknQueryDialog::ENoTone );
dlg->PrepareLC( R_RESOURCE_QUERY_DIALOG ); //从资源文件构造对话框,资源见下面的定义
TInt ret = dlg->RunLD(); //若用户选择“是”,返回非0,选择“否”,则返回0

RESOURCE DIALOG R_RESOURCE_QUERY_DIALOG //询问对话框资源
{
flags = EGeneralQueryFlags;
buttons = R_AVKON_SOFTKEYS_YES_NO; //CBA显示“是”和“否”两个按钮
items =
{
DLG_LINE
{
type = EAknCtQuery;
id = EGeneralQuery;
control = AVKON_CONFIRMATION_QUERY //表示这是confirm询问对话框,用户选择“是”或“否”
{
layout = EConfirmationQueryLayout;
label = "对话框中显示的文字";
};
}
};
} 此类对话框可以有声音提示,由NewL的const TTone& aTone参数指定,可能的值如下:


Code: enum TTone {
/// No tone is played
ENoTone = 0,
/// A confirmation tone is played
EConfirmationTone = EAvkonSIDConfirmationTone,
/// A warning tone is played
EWarningTone = EAvkonSIDWarningTone,
/// An error tone is played
EErrorTone = EAvkonSIDErrorTone
}; 通过定义不同的询问对话框资源,可实现不同的询问对话框,如让用户输入文字的询问对话框资源定义如下:


Code: RESOURCE DIALOG R_RESOURCE_DATA_QUERY
{
flags = EGeneralQueryFlags;
buttons = R_AVKON_SOFTKEYS_OK_CANCEL; //CBA按钮显示“确定”和“取消”
items =
{
DLG_LINE
{
type = EAknCtQuery;
id = EGeneralQuery;
control = AVKON_DATA_QUERY //表示这是data询问对话框,需要用户输入内容
{
layout = EDataLayout;
label = "提示内容";
control = EDWIN
{
flags = EEikEdwinNoHorizScrolling | EEikEdwinResizable;
width = 30;
lines = 2;
maxlength = 159;
};
};
}
};
} 使用方法:


Code: TBuf<128> msg;
CAknTextQueryDialog* dlg = new (ELeave) CAknTextQueryDialog(msg,CAknQueryDialog::ENoTone);
TInt ret = dlg->ExecuteLD(R_RESOURCE_DATA_QUERY); 用户输入内容后按“确定”,内容就存储到msg中,函数返回非0;按“取消”,函数返回0。

这里用到的类是CAknQueryDialog的子类CAknTextQueryDialog。
CAknQueryDialog的子类有:


Code: CAknFloatingPointQueryDialog //This class should be used when user is reguest to enter a flotaing point number
CAknFixedPointQueryDialog //...
CAknDurationQueryDialog //This class should be used when user is reguest to enter duration
CAknIpAddressQueryDialog //This class should be used when user is reguest to enter IP address,@since 2.1
CAknMultiLineDataQueryDialog //Query Dialog with data input on more than one line (2 lines at the moment)
Create using NewL methods and passing parameters as appropriate.
Attention: When deriving from this class, you must call SetDataL during
second phase construction.
CAknMultiLineIpQueryDialog //...
CAknNumberQueryDialog //This class should be used when user is reguest to enter number
CAknTextQueryDialog //This class should be used when user is reguest to enter plain text, secret text, phonenumber or PIN-code
CAknTimeQueryDialog //This class should be used when user is reguest to enter time or date 使用不同的类,资源文件会有所不同。

另外,在资源中定义EDWIN时,可指定输入发,如:

文章出处:飞诺网(http://www.diybl.com/course/3_program/c++/cppjs/20081117/151430.html)

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