ffmpeg 静态链接第三方库

动态(共享)链接库自是有诸多优于静态链接库的特点:如能共享内存空间; 节约整个系统的存储空间,从而使整个系统速度提高; 当只有某个动态链接库有更新时--便于维护--只用更新这个库。

  但在有些情况下,如,服务器并不是你一个人独享;服务器上不止有一个版本的ffmpeg要用; 有一个集群的服务器需要你部署和维护,更新。这时能使用静态链接库就再好不过啦。

 

   FFmpeg对第三方库通常是优先使用动态链接的。可以使用下面介绍的步骤实现这些第三方库的静态链接,从而你的ffmpeg只用copy一个程序就可以到处用,也方便了部署和维护。

第三方库:(3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH为本机上你想将第三方库安装的路径)

 

》》》 为FFmpeg-4.0添加libopus静态库

1. opus-1.2.1

./configure --prefix=/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/ --enable-static --disable-shared

make && make install

 

Libraries have been installed in:

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib

 

If you ever happen to want to link against installed libraries

in a given directory, LIBDIR, you must either use libtool, and

specify the full pathname of the library, or use the '-LLIBDIR'

flag during linking and do at least one of the following:

- add LIBDIR to the 'LD_LIBRARY_PATH' environment variable

during execution

- add LIBDIR to the 'LD_RUN_PATH' environment variable

during linking

- use the '-Wl,-rpath -Wl,LIBDIR' linker flag

- have your system administrator add LIBDIR to '/etc/ld.so.conf'

 

See any operating system documentation about shared libraries for

more information, such as the ld(1) and ld.so(8) manual pages.

 

 

2. ffmpeg-4.0

$ cd ffmpeg-4.0

$ vim linux_configure.sh

#!/bin/sh

 

./configure \

--prefix=/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/ \

--disable-ffplay \

--enable-debug=3 --extra-cflags=-Wall --extra-cflags=-O0 --enable-pic \

--enable-gpl --enable-nonfree --enable-version3 \

--disable-shared --enable-static \

--enable-pthreads --enable-runtime-cpudetect \

--disable-postproc \

--extra-cflags='-I/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/include -DREDIRECT_DEBUG_LOG' \

--extra-ldflags='-L/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib -gl' \

--enable-libopus --enable-encoder=libopus --enable-decoder=libopus \

--enable-libx264 --enable-encoder=libx264 --disable-opencl \

--enable-avfilter --enable-filter=movie

【保存并退出】

$ ./linux_configure.sh

ERROR: opus not found using pkg-config

 

If you think configure made a mistake, make sure you are using the latest

version from Git. If the latest version fails, report the problem to the

ffmpeg-user@ffmpeg.org mailing list or IRC #ffmpeg on irc.freenode.net.

Include the log file "ffbuild/config.log" produced by configure as this will help

solve the problem.

 

$ pkg-config --list-all

libpostproc libpostproc - FFmpeg postprocessing library

libswscale libswscale - FFmpeg image rescaling library

libavdevice libavdevice - FFmpeg device handling library

libssl OpenSSL - Secure Sockets Layer and cryptography libraries

libavfilter libavfilter - FFmpeg audio/video filtering library

libavutil libavutil - FFmpeg utility library

libswresample libswresample - FFmpeg audio resampling library

opus Opus - Opus IETF audio codec (floating-point build)

com_err com_err - Common error description library

openssl OpenSSL - Secure Sockets Layer and cryptography libraries and tools

libidn Libidn - IETF stringprep, nameprep, punycode, IDNA text processing.

zlib zlib - zlib compression library

fdk-aac Fraunhofer FDK AAC Codec Library - AAC codec library

libcrypto OpenSSL-libcrypto - OpenSSL cryptography library

uuid uuid - Universally unique id library

libsepol libsepol - SELinux policy library

libselinux libselinux - SELinux utility library

shared-mime-info shared-mime-info - Freedesktop common MIME database

libcurl libcurl - Library to transfer files with ftp, http, etc.

libavformat libavformat - FFmpeg container format library

x264 x264 - H.264 (MPEG4 AVC) encoder library

libavcodec libavcodec - FFmpeg codec library

 

$ export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/pkgconfig

 

$ vim ffbuild/config.log

gcc -D_ISOC99_SOURCE -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_POSIX_C_SOURCE=200112 -D_XOPEN_SOURCE=600 -DPIC -Wall -O0 -I/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/include -DREDIRECT_DEBUG_LOG -std=c99 -fomit-frame-pointer -fPIC -pthread -I/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/include/opus -L/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib -c -o /tmp/ffconf.S7eM3X5J/test.o /tmp/ffconf.S7eM3X5J/test.c

gcc -L/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib -gl -Wl,--as-needed -Wl,-z,noexecstack -I/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/include/opus -L/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib -o /tmp/ffconf.S7eM3X5J/test /tmp/ffconf.S7eM3X5J/test.o -lopus

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(opus_decoder.o): In function `opus_decode_frame':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/src/opus_decoder.c:570: undefined reference to `exp'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(celt_decoder.o): In function `celt_decode_lost':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/celt_decoder.c:669: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/celt_decoder.c:743: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(pitch.o): In function `compute_pitch_gain':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/pitch.c:433: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/pitch.c:433: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(quant_bands.o): In function `amp2Log2':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/quant_bands.c:553: undefined reference to `log'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(quant_bands.o): In function `quant_fine_energy':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/quant_bands.c:379: undefined reference to `floorf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(quant_bands.o): In function `quant_coarse_energy_impl':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/quant_bands.c:202: undefined reference to `floorf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(vq.o): In function `renormalise_vector':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/vq.c:394: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(vq.o): In function `fast_atan2f':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/vq.c:406: undefined reference to `floorf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(vq.o): In function `stereo_itheta':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/vq.c:429: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/vq.c:428: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(vq.o): In function `fast_atan2f':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/vq.c:406: undefined reference to `floorf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(vq.o): In function `op_pvq_search_c':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/vq.c:224: undefined reference to `floorf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(vq.o): In function `exp_rotation':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/vq.c:86: undefined reference to `cosf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/vq.c:87: undefined reference to `cosf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(vq.o): In function `normalise_residual':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/vq.c:131: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/vq.c:131: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(bands.o): In function `compute_band_energies':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/bands.c:169: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(bands.o): In function `anti_collapse':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/bands.c:299: undefined reference to `exp'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/bands.c:300: undefined reference to `sqrt'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/bands.c:336: undefined reference to `exp'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(bands.o): In function `denormalise_bands':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/bands.c:230: undefined reference to `exp'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(bands.o): In function `quant_band':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/bands.c:1225: undefined reference to `sqrt'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib/libopus.a(bands.o): In function `stereo_merge':

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/bands.c:458: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/3rdlib-source/opus-1.2.1/celt/bands.c:456: undefined reference to `sqrtf'

collect2: ld returned 1 exit status

ERROR: opus not found using pkg-config

【退出】

$ vim configure

enabled libopus && {

enabled libopus_decoder && {

require_pkg_config libopus opus opus_multistream.h opus_multistream_decoder_create

}

enabled libopus_encoder && {

require_pkg_config libopus opus opus_multistream.h opus_multistream_surround_encoder_create

}

}

改成:

enabled libopus && {

enabled libopus_decoder && {

require_pkg_config libopus opus opus_multistream.h opus_multistream_decoder_create -lm

}

enabled libopus_encoder && {

require_pkg_config libopus opus opus_multistream.h opus_multistream_surround_encoder_create -lm

}

}

【保存并退出】

$ ./linux_configure.sh && make && make install

 

3. 测试并验证

./ffmpeg -i opus_16k1c-old.aac -acodec libopus -b:a 64k -compression_level 10 -y output.opus

ffmpeg version 4.0 Copyright (c) 2000-2018 the FFmpeg developers

built with gcc 4.4.7 (GCC) 20120313 (Red Hat 4.4.7-23)

configuration: --prefix=/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/ --disable-ffplay --enable-debug=3 --extra-cflags=-Wall --extra-cflags=-O0 --enable-pic --enable-gpl --enable-nonfree --enable-version3 --disable-shared --enable-static --enable-pthreads --enable-runtime-cpudetect --disable-postproc --extra-cflags='-I/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/include -DREDIRECT_DEBUG_LOG' --extra-ldflags='-L/data/PJT-ffmpeg-4.0/install/lib -gl' --enable-libopus --enable-encoder=libopus --enable-decoder=libopus --enable-libx264 --enable-encoder=libx264 --disable-opencl --enable-avfilter --enable-filter=movie

libavutil 56. 14.100 / 56. 14.100

libavcodec 58. 18.100 / 58. 18.100

libavformat 58. 12.100 / 58. 12.100

libavdevice 58. 3.100 / 58. 3.100

libavfilter 7. 16.100 / 7. 16.100

libswscale 5. 1.100 / 5. 1.100

libswresample 3. 1.100 / 3. 1.100

[aac @ 0x2e4a580] Estimating duration from bitrate, this may be inaccurate

Input #0, aac, from 'opus_16k1c-old.aac':

Duration: 00:02:56.28, bitrate: 56 kb/s

Stream #0:0: Audio: aac (LC), 16000 Hz, mono, fltp, 56 kb/s

Stream mapping:

Stream #0:0 -> #0:0 (aac (native) -> opus (libopus))

Press [q] to stop, [?] for help

Output #0, opus, to 'output.opus':

Metadata:

encoder : Lavf58.12.100

Stream #0:0: Audio: opus (libopus), 16000 Hz, mono, flt, 64 kb/s

Metadata:

encoder : Lavc58.18.100 libopus

size= 1580kB time=00:02:39.95 bitrate= 80.9kbits/s speed= 142x

video:0kB audio:1567kB subtitle:0kB other streams:0kB global headers:0kB muxing overhead: 0.864157%

 

》》》 libspeex 静态库的添加:

下载:https://www.speex.org/downloads/

tar -zxvf speex-1.2.0.tar.gz

cd speex-1.2.0

./configure --prefix=3RD_LIB_INSTALL_PATH --enable-static --disable-shared

make && make install

 

需要修复ffmpeg的configure文件

cd /data/ffmpeg

vim configure

将:

enabled libspeex          && require_pkg_config speex speex/speex.h speex_decoder_init -lspeex

改成:

#enabled libspeex          && require_pkg_config speex speex/speex.h speex_decoder_init -lspeex
enabled libspeex          && require libspeex speex/speex.h speex_decoder_init -lspeex

【保存并退出】

配置选项添加如下:

#!/bin/sh

./configure \
--prefix=/data/ffmpeg-install/ \
--disable-ffplay --disable-ffserver \
--enable-debug=3 --extra-cflags=-Wall --extra-cflags=-O0 --disable-optimizations --disable-asm --enable-pic \
--enable-gpl --enable-nonfree --enable-version3 \
--disable-shared --enable-static \
--enable-pthreads --enable-runtime-cpudetect \
--enable-zlib --enable-bzlib \
--enable-postproc \
--extra-cflags='-I/data/ffmpeg-3rdlib/install/include -DREDIRECT_DEBUG_LOG' \
--extra-ldflags='-L/data/ffmpeg-3rdlib/install/lib -gl' \
--enable-libx264 --enable-encoder=libx264 --disable-opencl \
--enable-encoder=libfdk_aac  --enable-decoder=libfdk_aac --enable-muxer=adts --enable-libfdk-aac \ 
--enable-libspeex --enable-encoder=libspeex --enable-decoder=libspeex \
--enable-avfilter --enable-filter=movie

 

 

 

》》》》

1. libfaac

#cd  faac-1.28

#./configure --prefix=3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH --enable-static --disable-shared

#make;make install

 

2. libmp3lame

#cd lame-3.98.4

#./configure --prefix=3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH --enable-static --disable-shared

#make; make install

NOTE:

因为它的configure参数并不起作用,所以一定要到3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH/lib下将libmp3lame的动态库都删除。

 

3. libx264

#cd x264-snapshot-VERSION

#./configure --prefix=3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH --enable-static

#make; make install

 

FFmpeg的配置

#cd ffmpeg

#./configure 

--enable-gpl --enable-nonfree --enable-version3 

--disable-shared --enable-static 

--enable-pthreads --enable-runtime-cpudetect 

--enable-zlib --enable-bzlib \

--enable-postproc 

--extra-cflags='-I3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH/include -DREDIRECT_DEBUG_LOG' 

--extra-ldflags='-L3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH/lib -gl' 

--enable-libxvid --enable-decoder=libxvid --enable-encoder=libxvid 

--disable-encoder=aac 

--enable-libfaac --enable-encoder=libfaac 

--enable-libmp3lame --enable-encoder=libmp3lame 

--enable-libx264 --enable-encoder=libx264 

--enable-avfilter --enable-filter=movie

#make; 

 

其实,静态链接的关键就是要保证在你的库路径“3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH”下没有动态链接库(.so),这样ffmpeg在默认的动态库找不到的情况下就会链接静态库。

 

最新的ffmpeg v0.11编译与链接

1. libfaac

  1. $cd faac-1.28
  2. $./configure --prefix=3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH --enable-static --disable-shard
  3. $make
  4. $make install

2. libmp3lame

  1. $tar -zxvf lame-3.98.4.tar.gz
  2. $./configure --prefix=3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH--enable-static --disable-shared
  3. $make
  4. $make install

3.libx264

  1. $git clone git://git.videolan.org/x264.git
  2. $cd x264
  3. $./configure --prefix=3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH --enable-static
  4. $make
  5. $make install

4.librtmp

  1. $git clone git://git.ffmpeg.org/rtmpdump
  2. $cd rtmpdump
  3. $cd librtmp

修改Makefile文件

 

$vim Makefile

  1. #prefix=/usr/local
  2. prefix=3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH
  3. ...
  4. #CRYPTO=OPENSSL
  5. CRYPTO=
  6. ...
  7. #SO_LDFLAGS_posix=-shared -Wl,-soname,$@ 
  8. SO_LDFLAGS_posix=-Wl,-soname,$@
  9. ...
  10. #SHARED=yes
  11. SHARED=no 
  12.  
  13. 保存并退出

 

  1. $make
  2. $cd ..
  3. $make SYS=darwin XDEF=-DNO_SSL CRYPTO= SHARED= 
  4. $make install

 

 

5. ffmpeg配置

  1. $cd ffmpeg
  2.  
  3. 修改configure文件
  4. $vim configure
  5. ...
  6. #enabled librtmp && require_pkg_config librtmp librtmp/rtmp.h RTMP_Socket
  7. enabled librtmp && { check_lib librtmp/rtmp.h RTMP_Socket -lrtmp -lpolarssl -lwinmm -lws2_32 ||
  8.                         check_lib librtmp/rtmp.h RTMP_Socket -lrtmp -lssl -lcrypto -lz ||
  9.                                                 die "ERROR: librtmp not found or RTMP_Socket() missing, librtmp 
  10.  
  11. version must be >= 2.2.f"; }
  12.  
  13. 保存并退出
    1. 也可以改成这样:
    2. $vim configure
    3. ...
    4. #enabled librtmp && require_pkg_config librtmp librtmp/rtmp.h RTMP_Socket
    5. enabled librtmp && { check_lib librtmp/rtmp.-lrtmp||
    6.                         check_lib librtmp/rtmp.-lrtmp  -lz ||
    7.                                                 die "ERROR: librtmp not found or RTMP_Socket() missing, librtmp 
    8.  
    9. version must be >= 2.2.f"; }
    10.  
    11. 保存并退出
  14.  
  15.  
  16.  
  17. $./configure \
  18. --enable-gpl --enable-nonfree --enable-version3 \
  19. --disable-shared --enable-static \
  20. --enable-pthreads --enable-runtime-cpudetect \
  21. --enable-zlib --enable-bzlib \
  22. --enable-postproc \
  23. --extra-cflags='-I/3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH/include -DREDIRECT_DEBUG_LOG' \
  24. --extra-ldflags='-L/3RDLIB_INSTALL_PATH/lib -gl' \
  25. --disable-encoder=aac \
  26. --enable-libfaac --enable-encoder=libfaac \
  27. --enable-libmp3lame --enable-encoder=libmp3lame \
  28. --enable-libx264 --enable-encoder=libx264 \
  29. --enable-avfilter --enable-filter=movie \
  30. --enable-librtmp
  31.  
  32. $make
  33. $make install

 

编译ffmpeg以支持rtmp, librtmp not found问题

在mingw下编译ffmpeg,并加上对rtmp的支持,即要先编译librtmp. 编译过程出了个librtmp not found问题,
​google了一圈,发现有很多类似的问题,但都和我的不完全一样。
​我的根本问题是mingw下的pkg-config没有正确安装。
​librtmp经过make和make install后,库文件和头文件都已经分别拷贝到/usr/local/lib和/usr/local/include目录下,
​ffmpeg在configure时找不到librtmp,为什么找不到呢?
​百思不得其解,无奈之下google,最终得到提示。

 

打开configure文件,发现下面一行

enabled librtmp    && require_pkg_config librtmp librtmp/rtmp.h RTMP_Socket
原来ffmpeg通过pkg-config去找librtmp,难怪找不着了。

 

解决办法:

以#符号注释掉enabled librtmp一行

在configure时加上参数

./configure \

... ...

--extra-ldflags="-L/usr/local/lib" \

--extra-cflags="-I/usr/local/include" \

--extra-libs="-lrtmp" \

... ...

  1.  
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