SpringBoot非官方教程 | 第二十一篇: springboot集成JMS

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springboot对JMS提供了很好的支持,对其做了起步依赖。

构架工程

创建一个springboot工程,在其pom文件加入:


	<dependency>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-mail</artifactId>
	</dependency>

添加配置

spring.mail.host=smtp.163.com
spring.mail.username=miles02@163.com
spring.mail.password=
spring.mail.port=25
spring.mail.protocol=smtp
spring.mail.default-encoding=UTF-8

在password 中填写自己的邮箱密码。

测试发邮件

测试代码清单如下:

package com.forezp;

import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.core.io.FileSystemResource;
import org.springframework.mail.SimpleMailMessage;
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.JavaMailSenderImpl;
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.MimeMessageHelper;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;

import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
import java.io.File;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class SpringbootJmsApplicationTests {

	@Test
	public void contextLoads() {
	}


	@Autowired
	private JavaMailSenderImpl mailSender;

	/**
	 * 发送包含简单文本的邮件
	 */
	@Test
	public void sendTxtMail() {
		SimpleMailMessage simpleMailMessage = new SimpleMailMessage();
		// 设置收件人,寄件人
		simpleMailMessage.setTo(new String[] {"miles02@163.com"});
		simpleMailMessage.setFrom("miles02@163.com");
		simpleMailMessage.setSubject("Spring Boot Mail 邮件测试【文本】");
		simpleMailMessage.setText("这里是一段简单文本。");
		// 发送邮件
		mailSender.send(simpleMailMessage);

		System.out.println("邮件已发送");
	}

	/**
	 * 发送包含HTML文本的邮件
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	@Test
	public void sendHtmlMail() throws Exception {
		MimeMessage mimeMessage = mailSender.createMimeMessage();
		MimeMessageHelper mimeMessageHelper = new MimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage);
		mimeMessageHelper.setTo("miles02@163.com");
		mimeMessageHelper.setFrom("miles02@163.com");
		mimeMessageHelper.setSubject("Spring Boot Mail 邮件测试【HTML】");

		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
		sb.append("<html><head></head>");
		sb.append("<body><h1>spring 邮件测试</h1><p>hello!this is spring mail test。</p></body>");
		sb.append("</html>");

		// 启用html
		mimeMessageHelper.setText(sb.toString(), true);
		// 发送邮件
		mailSender.send(mimeMessage);

		System.out.println("邮件已发送");

	}

	/**
	 * 发送包含内嵌图片的邮件
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	@Test
	public void sendAttachedImageMail() throws Exception {
		MimeMessage mimeMessage = mailSender.createMimeMessage();
		// multipart模式
		MimeMessageHelper mimeMessageHelper = new MimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage, true);
		mimeMessageHelper.setTo("miles02@163.com");
		mimeMessageHelper.setFrom("miles02@163.com");
		mimeMessageHelper.setSubject("Spring Boot Mail 邮件测试【图片】");

		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
		sb.append("<html><head></head>");
		sb.append("<body><h1>spring 邮件测试</h1><p>hello!this is spring mail test。</p>");
		// cid为固定写法,imageId指定一个标识
		sb.append("<img src=\"cid:imageId\"/></body>");
		sb.append("</html>");

		// 启用html
		mimeMessageHelper.setText(sb.toString(), true);

		// 设置imageId
		FileSystemResource img = new FileSystemResource(new File("E:/1.jpg"));
		mimeMessageHelper.addInline("imageId", img);

		// 发送邮件
		mailSender.send(mimeMessage);

		System.out.println("邮件已发送");
	}

	/**
	 * 发送包含附件的邮件
	 * @throws Exception
	 */
	@Test
	public void sendAttendedFileMail() throws Exception {
		MimeMessage mimeMessage = mailSender.createMimeMessage();
		// multipart模式
		MimeMessageHelper mimeMessageHelper = new MimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage, true, "utf-8");
		mimeMessageHelper.setTo("miles02@163.com");
		mimeMessageHelper.setFrom("miles02@163.com");
		mimeMessageHelper.setSubject("Spring Boot Mail 邮件测试【附件】");

		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
		sb.append("<html><head></head>");
		sb.append("<body><h1>spring 邮件测试</h1><p>hello!this is spring mail test。</p></body>");
		sb.append("</html>");

		// 启用html
		mimeMessageHelper.setText(sb.toString(), true);
		// 设置附件
		FileSystemResource img = new FileSystemResource(new File("E:/1.jpg"));
		mimeMessageHelper.addAttachment("image.jpg", img);

		// 发送邮件
		mailSender.send(mimeMessage);

		System.out.println("邮件已发送");
	}
}


测试已全部通过,没有坑。

参考资料

http://blog.720ui.com/2017/springboot_07_othercore_javamail/

源码下载

https://github.com/forezp/SpringBootLearning


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