基于角色的权限管理系统--前端登录数据js加密后端解密(DES)

实现了前端对数据进行加密后传输,后端对加密的数据进行解密,然后去数据库对比。因为要解密所以采用对称加密算法。不讨论哪个对称加密算法好,这里采用DES,在实现的过程中发现要找一个js版本的DES加密,并且java能DES解密的还真不容易。

加解密思路

由于是对称加密,所以加解密的密钥就非常重要。这里采用uuid作为加解密的密钥,而且每次请求页面时生成的uuid都不一样,保证每次的密钥都不知道是什么。

看后端生成密钥的过程

@RequestMapping(value = "/login.html", method = RequestMethod.GET)
public String login(Model model, HttpSession session) {
    logger.info("登录页面");
    session.setAttribute(SessionParam.LOGIN_KEY, UUIDGenerator.getUUID());
    model.addAttribute("title", "用户登录");
    return "admin/login";
}

在进入login页面的时候将生成的uuid放进session中。

// 密码进行两次md5
var passwordMd5 = CryptoJS.MD5(password);
passwordMd5 = CryptoJS.MD5(passwordMd5);
// console.info("md5:" + passwordMd5);
$(this).val("正在登录...");
$(this).attr("disabled", true);
// 用户名des加密
username = encryptByDES(username, key);
// 填充表单并提交表单
$("#postUsername").val(username);
$('#postPassword').val(passwordMd5);
$('#postForm').submit();

// DES加密
function encryptByDES(message, key) {
    var keyHex = CryptoJS.enc.Utf8.parse(key);
    var encrypted = CryptoJS.DES.encrypt(message, keyHex, {
        mode : CryptoJS.mode.ECB,
        padding : CryptoJS.pad.Pkcs7
    });
    return encrypted.toString();
}

当表单准备好之后,对密码进行两次MD5,用户名则采用DES加密,加密的密钥就是session中保存的那个uuid

后端再对传过来的用户名进行解密,因为数据库本来就存的是密码的两次MD5的值,所以只对用户名进行加密,因为即使密码被获取到,也不知道是什么。

后端过程

// 得到加密密钥
logger.info("-----原始数据:username:{} password:{}-----", username, password);
String key = session.getAttribute(SessionParam.LOGIN_KEY) + "";
logger.info("-----加解密key:{}-----", key);
try {
    username = DESUtil.decryption(username, key);
} catch (Exception e) {
    logger.info("-----解密出错:{}-----", e.getMessage());
}
logger.info("解密后:username:{} password:{}", username, password);

截图

这里写图片描述

这里写图片描述

JAVA DES

分享一个js前端加密,java后端加密的小程序

package com.jrbac.util;

import java.security.InvalidKeyException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.spec.InvalidKeySpecException;

import javax.crypto.BadPaddingException;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.IllegalBlockSizeException;
import javax.crypto.NoSuchPaddingException;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;
import javax.crypto.SecretKeyFactory;
import javax.crypto.spec.DESKeySpec;

/**
 * DES加解密工具类
 * 
 * @author 程高伟
 *
 * @date 2016年6月15日 上午10:02:50
 */
public class DESUtil {
    private static final String DES_ALGORITHM = "DES";

    /**
     * DES加密
     * 
     * @param plainData
     *            原始字符串
     * @param secretKey
     *            加密密钥
     * @return 加密后的字符串
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String encryption(String plainData, String secretKey) throws Exception {

        Cipher cipher = null;
        try {
            cipher = Cipher.getInstance(DES_ALGORITHM);
            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, generateKey(secretKey));

        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (NoSuchPaddingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (InvalidKeyException e) {

        }

        try {
            // 为了防止解密时报javax.crypto.IllegalBlockSizeException: Input length must
            // be multiple of 8 when decrypting with padded cipher异常,
            // 不能把加密后的字节数组直接转换成字符串
            byte[] buf = cipher.doFinal(plainData.getBytes());

            return Base64Utils.encode(buf);

        } catch (IllegalBlockSizeException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            throw new Exception("IllegalBlockSizeException", e);
        } catch (BadPaddingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            throw new Exception("BadPaddingException", e);
        }

    }

    /**
     * DES解密
     * 
     * @param secretData
     *            密码字符串
     * @param secretKey
     *            解密密钥
     * @return 原始字符串
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String decryption(String secretData, String secretKey) throws Exception {

        Cipher cipher = null;
        try {
            cipher = Cipher.getInstance(DES_ALGORITHM);
            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, generateKey(secretKey));

        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            throw new Exception("NoSuchAlgorithmException", e);
        } catch (NoSuchPaddingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            throw new Exception("NoSuchPaddingException", e);
        } catch (InvalidKeyException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            throw new Exception("InvalidKeyException", e);

        }

        try {

            byte[] buf = cipher.doFinal(Base64Utils.decode(secretData.toCharArray()));

            return new String(buf);

        } catch (IllegalBlockSizeException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            throw new Exception("IllegalBlockSizeException", e);
        } catch (BadPaddingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            throw new Exception("BadPaddingException", e);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 获得秘密密钥
     * 
     * @param secretKey
     * @return
     * @throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
     * @throws InvalidKeySpecException
     * @throws InvalidKeyException
     */
    private static SecretKey generateKey(String secretKey)
            throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, InvalidKeySpecException, InvalidKeyException {
        SecretKeyFactory keyFactory = SecretKeyFactory.getInstance(DES_ALGORITHM);
        DESKeySpec keySpec = new DESKeySpec(secretKey.getBytes());
        keyFactory.generateSecret(keySpec);
        return keyFactory.generateSecret(keySpec);
    }

    static private class Base64Utils {

        static private char[] alphabet = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/="
                .toCharArray();
        static private byte[] codes = new byte[256];

        static {
            for (int i = 0; i < 256; i++)
                codes[i] = -1;
            for (int i = 'A'; i <= 'Z'; i++)
                codes[i] = (byte) (i - 'A');
            for (int i = 'a'; i <= 'z'; i++)
                codes[i] = (byte) (26 + i - 'a');
            for (int i = '0'; i <= '9'; i++)
                codes[i] = (byte) (52 + i - '0');
            codes['+'] = 62;
            codes['/'] = 63;
        }

        /**
         * 将原始数据编码为base64编码
         */
        static private String encode(byte[] data) {
            char[] out = new char[((data.length + 2) / 3) * 4];
            for (int i = 0, index = 0; i < data.length; i += 3, index += 4) {
                boolean quad = false;
                boolean trip = false;
                int val = (0xFF & (int) data[i]);
                val <<= 8;
                if ((i + 1) < data.length) {
                    val |= (0xFF & (int) data[i + 1]);
                    trip = true;
                }
                val <<= 8;
                if ((i + 2) < data.length) {
                    val |= (0xFF & (int) data[i + 2]);
                    quad = true;
                }
                out[index + 3] = alphabet[(quad ? (val & 0x3F) : 64)];
                val >>= 6;
                out[index + 2] = alphabet[(trip ? (val & 0x3F) : 64)];
                val >>= 6;
                out[index + 1] = alphabet[val & 0x3F];
                val >>= 6;
                out[index + 0] = alphabet[val & 0x3F];
            }

            return new String(out);
        }

        /**
         * 将base64编码的数据解码成原始数据
         */
        static private byte[] decode(char[] data) {
            int len = ((data.length + 3) / 4) * 3;
            if (data.length > 0 && data[data.length - 1] == '=')
                --len;
            if (data.length > 1 && data[data.length - 2] == '=')
                --len;
            byte[] out = new byte[len];
            int shift = 0;
            int accum = 0;
            int index = 0;
            for (int ix = 0; ix < data.length; ix++) {
                int value = codes[data[ix] & 0xFF];
                if (value >= 0) {
                    accum <<= 6;
                    shift += 6;
                    accum |= value;
                    if (shift >= 8) {
                        shift -= 8;
                        out[index++] = (byte) ((accum >> shift) & 0xff);
                    }
                }
            }
            if (index != out.length)
                throw new Error("miscalculated data length!");
            return out;
        }
    }
}

CryptoJS DES和MD5

这里写图片描述

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