Visual C++ and Visual C# are not languages nor GUI frameworks; they are Integrated Development Environments - IDEs. This means they are text editors tailored to the task of development.
Visual C++ lets you code in C++, Visual C# lets you code in C#. Also, both let you create GUIs in a point-and-click manner.
Sounds like what you really want to do is create GUIs. In that case, without having further information, I recommend you go for C#. It is a much cleaner language than C++, it has fewer ways to shoot yourself in the foot, and it provides access to the immensely useful .NET framework.
C# features that C++ doesn’t have:
Fully automatic memory management Lambda functions¹ Type inference¹ Reflection Remoting Automatic serialization True entity types Properties Database integration via LINQ Convenient functional-style programming via LINQ No header files No undefined behavior Direct interoperability with many languages Compile once, run everywhere
¹ these features have been added to C++ in the C++11 standard.
C++ features that C# doesn’t have
Template metaprogramming Typedefs Zero-overhead principle Means to enforce const-correctness Mature compilers that produce extremely optimized code nowadays Much wider platform support
can you help me which language i should stick to , and which one will be easy.
In general, if you’re goal is to develop Windows Applications, you’ll probably find many, many more simple examples to learn from in C# than in C++. There is a huge community around C# for Windows GUI development.
That being said, many of the concepts you’ll need are the same in any language you learn. You can’t really go wrong - at some point, you’ll probably want to learn both langauges if you’re going to program professionally (as well as others).
i think it's hard when i don't understand concept in ref books etc.
You should get a beginning programming book, not reference books, and go through it step-by-step. If your goal is just GUI development, I’d recommend a good, simple C# book, and just step through it form beginning to end, and do all of the examples. Learning from a “reference” book won’t work - it’s reference material, and not meant to teach concepts.
There is no “C++.net”, you mean C++/CLR. Also, writing in C++/CLR is hard, but not because it’s lower-level (it’s not). It’s hard because the language uses C++’s old-school syntax with all the gotchas, while C# is designed from the ground up to fit with the .NET framework and to learn from C++’s mistakes.
C# is largely intended for Business Applications so as Java. Visual C# is Microsoft’s implementation of the C# programming language specification, included in the Microsoft Visual Studio suite of products.
C# is much slower than C++, since the code passes through CLR. VC++.net has the same drawback.
VC++ is very hard to learn, so as MFC and windows programming, even though you know C++. But is it a prestigious and efficient language.
It is easy to switch from VC++ to VC#. But the reverse is harder.
If you go for VC++, MFC and Windows programming, try this.