Hadoop0.20.2 完全分布式安装和配置

版权声明:本文为博主阿甘(Gane_Cheng)原创文章,欢迎转载,传播知识,请留言告知并注明出处,方便文章有误改正之后能找到原文。个人之言,请抱着怀疑的态度参考! https://blog.csdn.net/Gane_Cheng/article/details/52922372

转载请注明出处:

http://blog.csdn.net/gane_cheng/article/details/52922372

http://www.ganecheng.tech/blog/52922372.html (浏览效果更好)

准备工作

安装 Hadoop 分布式环境,需要先做一些准备工作。

Hadoop 集群规划

IP地址 主机名hostname 负责工作
192.168.0.31 hadoop-1 namenode,secondary namenode,job tracker
192.168.0.32 hadoop-2 datanode,tasktracker
192.168.0.33 hadoop-3 datanode,tasktracker
192.168.0.34 hadoop-4 datanode,tasktracker

虚拟机软件:VMware Workstation 12 Pro ,12.1.0 build-3272444

主机操作系统:Windows 7 Ultimate,64-bit 6.1.7601, Service Pack 1

虚拟机 Linux 操作系统:Deepin 15.3,64-bit

Hadoop 版本:hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz

JDK 版本:jdk-8u101-linux-x64.tar.gz

设置固定 IP 地址 (四台机器都操作)

Deepin 系统 GUI 做的非常不错,和 Windows 操作系统类似,可以在系统设置里面直接设置固定 IP 地址。

这里写图片描述

开启 root 账户 和 远程连接 SSH (四台机器都操作)

后面所有操作,都要在 root 账户下进行,这样可以避免很多问题。

开启 root 账户 和远程连接 SSH 方式如下。

① 激活root账户

sudo passwd root

输入密码之后,切换到 root 账户。

su root

输入密码之后就可以进入 root 账户了。

② 安装 SSH 服务

apt-get install ssh

安装完成之后,可以使用命令启动 SSH 服务。

有两种方式可以启动,下面两种方式任选其一。

service sshd start

/etc/init.d/sshd start

③ 开启 SSH 的 root 账户远程登录

用 Xshell root 连接时,显示 SSH 服务器拒绝了密码,原因是 sshd 默认设置不允许 root 用户密码远程登录。

现在开启 root 账户远程登录。

vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config

找到

# Authentication:
LoginGraceTime 120
PermitRootLogin prohibit-password
StrictModes yes

改为

# Authentication:
LoginGraceTime 120
PermitRootLogin yes
StrictModes yes

此时重启 SSH 服务

service sshd restart

/etc/init.d/sshd restart

当然,重启电脑更好。

安装 JDK (四台机器都操作)

切换到 root 账户。

deepin@hadoop-1:~$ su root
密码:

创建一个目录。软件安装在 /opt/softwares

root@hadoop-1:/home/deepin# cd /opt/

root@hadoop-1:/opt# mkdir softwares

root@hadoop-1:/opt# ls
cxoffice  deepinwine  google  samsung  smfp-common  softwares

jdk-8u101-linux-x64.tar.gz 复制到目录 /opt/softwares ,然后解压。

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# ls
jdk-8u101-linux-x64.tar.gz

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# tar -zxvf jdk-8u101-linux-x64.tar.gz

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# ls
jdk-8u101-linux-x64.tar.gz  jdk1.8.0_101

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# rm -rf jdk-8u101-linux-x64.tar.gz

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# ls
jdk1.8.0_101

设置 Java 环境变量 /etc/profile

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# vi /etc/profile

在文件末尾加上以下内容。

## JAVA
export JAVA_HOME=/opt/softwares/jdk1.8.0_101
export JRE_HOME=$JAVA_HOME/jre  
export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin  
export CLASSPATH=./:$JAVA_HOME/lib:$JAVA_HOME/jre/lib

添加完成之后,使文件生效。

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# source /etc/profile

测试 Java 环境。

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# java -version
Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
java version "1.8.0_101"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_101-b13)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.101-b13, mixed mode)

完全分布式环境搭建

现在讲一下 Hadoop0.20.2 完全分布式环境的搭建

编辑 /etc/hosts (四台机器都操作)

127.0.0.1   localhost
192.168.0.31    hadoop-1
192.168.0.32    hadoop-2
192.168.0.33    hadoop-3
192.168.0.34    hadoop-4

配置 root 用户能够无密码登录

hadoop 分布式集群要求每一台电脑都可以互相无密码连接。下面介绍具体步骤。

hadoop-1节点

root@hadoop-1:~# hostname
hadoop-1

root@hadoop-1:~# mkdir ~/.ssh

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh-keygen -t rsa

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:yDfgKdrMikVM702FPU0MA5lcdj2bX/EzzeJ3iDWJMzU root@hadoop-1
The key's randomart image is:
+---[RSA 2048]----+
|     ..==oo.     |
|      ++ =. o E. |
|  .   o + .  * ++|
| o . o = .  * =o=|
|  o o * S    B =o|
| . * + . .  . + o|
|  o = .        ..|
| o .             |
|. .              |
+----[SHA256]-----+

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh-keygen -t dsa

Generating public/private dsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_dsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_dsa.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:giTYQlpNTIThLBLN3VtwFhzaPl+WCdweiKzoR/XG0AA root@hadoop-1
The key's randomart image is:
+---[DSA 1024]----+
|.+oX+.E+*o       |
|oB+ + .*o= o     |
|* = . .o* = o    |
|.o o o.+ + o +   |
|    o + S + *    |
|   . . . + o     |
|    . .   .      |
|     .           |
|                 |
+----[SHA256]-----+

hadoop-2节点

root@hadoop-2:~# hostname
hadoop-2

root@hadoop-2:~# mkdir ~/.ssh

root@hadoop-2:~# ssh-keygen -t rsa

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:Gj9hFxYYaCyevF39fDDSFrGxMmYEoI7wcNw3ORqLRp4 root@hadoop-2
The key's randomart image is:
+---[RSA 2048]----+
|     ..oo+o o.   |
| . ...+... ..+   |
|o +o++=  .B.o.   |
| B =+= o.+o+=    |
|  E +o..S .= o   |
| .  . .= o  o .  |
|      . o    .   |
|         .       |
|                 |
+----[SHA256]-----+

root@hadoop-2:~# ssh-keygen -t dsa

Generating public/private dsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_dsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_dsa.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:pAJ+nvtredExhNKkwdVNhZMmA12eZwRJZfipiYO6POs root@hadoop-2
The key's randomart image is:
+---[DSA 1024]----+
|     ..++= ==O=  |
|      ooo *.O+   |
|  .   .... +ooo. |
| . .   o  o  oo  |
|  . o . So + o   |
|   o o  o + o    |
|    o  o . .     |
|     o= .        |
|    .+E*         |
+----[SHA256]-----+

hadoop-3节点

root@hadoop-3:~# hostname
hadoop-3

root@hadoop-3:~# mkdir ~/.ssh

root@hadoop-3:~# ssh-keygen -t rsa

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:FLxH+SoS4JjnnYEwLLxoeyIVvN8a9z3Xkpf6U4dYJCU root@hadoop-3
The key's randomart image is:
+---[RSA 2048]----+
|.o     ..  .E..  |
|..* .   ..o ...  |
|...O o  .o . o   |
|.o= + o.. . . .  |
|...+ o +S. . o . |
|.o .+ * . . . . o|
|. o  + o o   o o.|
|    .   . o + =  |
|           o.=.. |
+----[SHA256]-----+

root@hadoop-3:~# ssh-keygen -t dsa

Generating public/private dsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_dsa): \^H^H^[[3~^[[2~^C
root@hadoop-3:~# ssh-keygen -t dsa
Generating public/private dsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_dsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_dsa.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:p6nuIzyRBU/M1XaJmKcUywfIR75z7glu/QyiQbwXCHU root@hadoop-3
The key's randomart image is:
+---[DSA 1024]----+
|     +.+E= . .   |
|    ..*+=o= o    |
|    .+ o++..     |
|     oo..o       |
|     o+ S o      |
|    o. . O       |
|   . .o *.o      |
|    + .*.+.+     |
|     ==o. o.o    |
+----[SHA256]-----+

hadoop-4节点

root@hadoop-4:~# hostname
hadoop-4

root@hadoop-4:~# mkdir ~/.ssh

root@hadoop-4:~# ssh-keygen -t rsa

Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:iJIAXhELcaGr4gnZa8vTWxPSKnSRp104mLCk4c9DbYQ root@hadoop-4
The key's randomart image is:
+---[RSA 2048]----+
|oo+*=.           |
|++=E++ .         |
|o+.o=o+ .        |
| .=..B +         |
| .++= = S        |
|.+ o.o .         |
|= o.. o          |
|+.+o.. .         |
| ++o..           |
+----[SHA256]-----+

root@hadoop-4:~# ssh-keygen -t dsa

Generating public/private dsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_dsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_dsa.
Your public key has been saved in /root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:N6P/fb+DVcZ+lL3WcAcVRaKYOHnN6+aYeiUb4qQJeu4 root@hadoop-4
The key's randomart image is:
+---[DSA 1024]----+
|              .+*|
|         o = ... |
|        + + +  oo|
|         o   ...O|
|        S + .  *=|
|    .   ooo+.  ++|
|   . . =.. =o + .|
|  . . o ..o= o ..|
|   +E   .o+.o .o=|
+----[SHA256]-----+

现在在 hadoop-1 上远程操作各节点的认证。

hadoop-1节点

root@hadoop-1:~# cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub >>~/.ssh/authorized_keys

root@hadoop-1:~# cat ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub >>~/.ssh/authorized_keys

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh hadoop-2 cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub >>~/.ssh/authorized_keys

The authenticity of host 'hadoop-2 (192.168.0.32)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-2,192.168.0.32' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.

root@hadoop-2's password: 

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh hadoop-2 cat ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub >>~/.ssh/authorized_keys

root@hadoop-2's password: 

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh hadoop-3 cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub >>~/.ssh/authorized_keys

The authenticity of host 'hadoop-3 (192.168.0.33)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-3,192.168.0.33' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.

root@hadoop-3's password: 

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh hadoop-3 cat ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub >>~/.ssh/authorized_keys

root@hadoop-3's password: 

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh hadoop-4 cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub >>~/.ssh/authorized_keys

The authenticity of host 'hadoop-4 (192.168.0.34)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-4,192.168.0.34' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.

root@hadoop-4's password: 

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh hadoop-4 cat ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub >>~/.ssh/authorized_keys

root@hadoop-4's password: 

root@hadoop-1:~# scp /root/.ssh/authorized_keys hadoop-2:~/.ssh/authorized_keys

root@hadoop-2's password: 

authorized_keys                                                                                                                                                   100% 3992     3.9KB/s   00:00    

root@hadoop-1:~# scp /root/.ssh/authorized_keys hadoop-3:~/.ssh/authorized_keys

root@hadoop-3's password: 

authorized_keys                                                                                                                                                   100% 3992     3.9KB/s   00:00    

root@hadoop-1:~# scp /root/.ssh/authorized_keys hadoop-4:~/.ssh/authorized_keys

root@hadoop-4's password: 

authorized_keys                                                                                                                                                   100% 3992     3.9KB/s   00:00

测试远程连接

hadoop-1节点

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh hadoop-1 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-1 (192.168.0.31)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-1,192.168.0.31' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:19:52 CST

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh hadoop-1 date
20161024日 星期一 22:20:18 CST

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh hadoop-2 date
20161024日 星期一 22:20:23 CST

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh hadoop-3 date
20161024日 星期一 22:20:29 CST

root@hadoop-1:~# ssh hadoop-4 date
20161024日 星期一 22:20:35 CST

hadoop-2节点

root@hadoop-2:~# ssh hadoop-1 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-1 (192.168.0.31)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-1,192.168.0.31' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:20:51 CST

root@hadoop-2:~# ssh hadoop-2 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-2 (192.168.0.32)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-2,192.168.0.32' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:22:50 CST

root@hadoop-2:~# ssh hadoop-3 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-3 (192.168.0.33)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-3,192.168.0.33' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:22:57 CST

root@hadoop-2:~# ssh hadoop-4 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-4 (192.168.0.34)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-4,192.168.0.34' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:23:06 CST

root@hadoop-2:~# ssh hadoop-1 date
20161024日 星期一 22:23:11 CST

root@hadoop-2:~# ssh hadoop-2 date
20161024日 星期一 22:23:14 CST

root@hadoop-2:~# ssh hadoop-3 date
20161024日 星期一 22:23:16 CST

root@hadoop-2:~# ssh hadoop-4 date
20161024日 星期一 22:23:18 CST

hadoop-3节点

root@hadoop-3:~# ssh hadoop-1 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-1 (192.168.0.31)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-1,192.168.0.31' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:23:31 CST

root@hadoop-3:~# ssh hadoop-2 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-2 (192.168.0.32)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-2,192.168.0.32' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:23:52 CST

root@hadoop-3:~# ssh hadoop-3 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-3 (192.168.0.33)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-3,192.168.0.33' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:23:57 CST

root@hadoop-3:~# ssh hadoop-4 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-4 (192.168.0.34)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-4,192.168.0.34' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:24:02 CST

root@hadoop-3:~# ssh hadoop-1 date
20161024日 星期一 22:24:04 CST

root@hadoop-3:~# ssh hadoop-2 date
20161024日 星期一 22:24:06 CST

root@hadoop-3:~# ssh hadoop-3 date
20161024日 星期一 22:24:07 CST

root@hadoop-3:~# ssh hadoop-4 date
20161024日 星期一 22:24:11 CST

hadoop-4节点

root@hadoop-4:~# ssh hadoop-1 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-1 (192.168.0.31)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-1,192.168.0.31' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:24:25 CST

root@hadoop-4:~# ssh hadoop-2 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-2 (192.168.0.32)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-2,192.168.0.32' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:24:31 CST

root@hadoop-4:~# ssh hadoop-3 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-3 (192.168.0.33)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-3,192.168.0.33' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:24:38 CST

root@hadoop-4:~# ssh hadoop-4 date
The authenticity of host 'hadoop-4 (192.168.0.34)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is SHA256:qnu1tEyeXgqVRYPkdGjVjQ5E/PBA8kbIQ1xRNH61OQ0.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'hadoop-4,192.168.0.34' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
20161024日 星期一 22:24:48 CST

root@hadoop-4:~# ssh hadoop-1 date
20161024日 星期一 22:24:51 CST

root@hadoop-4:~# ssh hadoop-2 date
20161024日 星期一 22:24:53 CST

root@hadoop-4:~# ssh hadoop-3 date
20161024日 星期一 22:24:55 CST

root@hadoop-4:~# ssh hadoop-4 date
20161024日 星期一 22:24:58 CST

在 hadoop-1 上安装 Hadoop

hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz 复制到目录 /opt/softwares ,然后解压。

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# ls
hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz    jdk1.8.0_101    

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# tar -zxvf hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# ls
hadoop-0.20.2   hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz    jdk1.8.0_101    

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# rm -rf hadoop-0.20.2.tar.gz

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# ls
hadoop-0.20.2   jdk1.8.0_101

在 hadoop-1 上配置 Hadoop

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# cd hadoop-0.20.2/conf/

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/conf# ls -l

总用量 56
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 3936 10月 24 19:29 capacity-scheduler.xml
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  535 10月 24 19:29 configuration.xsl
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  267 10月 24 22:37 core-site.xml
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2282 10月 24 22:30 hadoop-env.sh
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1245 10月 24 19:29 hadoop-metrics.properties
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 4190 10月 24 19:29 hadoop-policy.xml
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  581 10月 24 22:46 hdfs-site.xml
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2815 10月 24 19:29 log4j.properties
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  273 10月 24 22:48 mapred-site.xml
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root    8 10月 24 22:48 masters
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   26 10月 24 22:49 slaves
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1243 10月 24 19:29 ssl-client.xml.example
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1195 10月 24 19:29 ssl-server.xml.example

配置 hadoop-env.sh

# The java implementation to use.  Required.
# export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/j2sdk1.5-sun

export JAVA_HOME=/opt/softwares/jdk1.8.0_101

配置 core-site.xml

<configuration>
    <property>
        <name>fs.default.name</name>
        <value>hdfs://hadoop-1:9000</value>
    </property>
</configuration>

配置 hdfs-site.xml

<configuration>
    <property>
        <name>dfs.data.dir</name>         
        <value>/opt/softwares/hadoop-data</value> 
    </property>
    <property>
        <name>dfs.name.dir</name>         
        <value>/opt/softwares/hadoop-name</value> 
    </property>
    <property>
        <name>fs.checkpoint.dir</name>         
        <value>/opt/softwares/hadoop-namesecondary</value> 
    </property>
    <property>
        <name>dfs.replication</name>         
        <value>2</value> 
    </property>
</configuration>

配置 mapred-site.xml

<configuration>
    <property>
        <name>mapred.job.tracker</name>         
        <value>hadoop-1:9001</value> 
    </property>
</configuration>

配置 masters

hadoop-1

配置 slaves

hadoop-2
hadoop-3
hadoop-4

分发 hadoop-1 上配置好的的 hadoop 软件到 hadoop-1,hadoop-2, hadoop-3 节点

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# scp -r hadoop-0.20.2/ hadoop-2:/opt/softwares/
root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# scp -r hadoop-0.20.2/ hadoop-3:/opt/softwares/
root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares# scp -r hadoop-0.20.2/ hadoop-4:/opt/softwares/

启动 Hadoop

Hadoop环境配置好以后,启动起来看一下效果。

格式化 HDFS(在 hadoop-1 节点上)

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin# ./hadoop namenode -format

Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
16/10/24 22:55:52 INFO namenode.NameNode: STARTUP_MSG: 
/************************************************************
STARTUP_MSG: Starting NameNode
STARTUP_MSG:   host = hadoop-1/192.168.0.31
STARTUP_MSG:   args = [-format]
STARTUP_MSG:   version = 0.20.2
STARTUP_MSG:   build = https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/hadoop/common/branches/branch-0.20 -r 911707; compiled by 'chrisdo' on Fri Feb 19 08:07:34 UTC 2010
************************************************************/
16/10/24 22:55:53 INFO namenode.FSNamesystem: fsOwner=root,root
16/10/24 22:55:53 INFO namenode.FSNamesystem: supergroup=supergroup
16/10/24 22:55:53 INFO namenode.FSNamesystem: isPermissionEnabled=true
16/10/24 22:55:53 INFO common.Storage: Image file of size 94 saved in 0 seconds.
16/10/24 22:55:53 INFO common.Storage: Storage directory /opt/softwares/hadoop-name has been successfully formatted.
16/10/24 22:55:53 INFO namenode.NameNode: SHUTDOWN_MSG: 
/************************************************************
SHUTDOWN_MSG: Shutting down NameNode at hadoop-1/192.168.0.31
************************************************************/

启动 Hadoop 的所有节点

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin# ./start-all.sh 

starting namenode, logging to /opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin/../logs/hadoop-root-namenode-hadoop-1.out
Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
hadoop-2: starting datanode, logging to /opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin/../logs/hadoop-root-datanode-hadoop-2.out
hadoop-3: starting datanode, logging to /opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin/../logs/hadoop-root-datanode-hadoop-3.out
hadoop-4: starting datanode, logging to /opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin/../logs/hadoop-root-datanode-hadoop-4.out
hadoop-1: starting secondarynamenode, logging to /opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin/../logs/hadoop-root-secondarynamenode-hadoop-1.out
starting jobtracker, logging to /opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin/../logs/hadoop-root-jobtracker-hadoop-1.out
Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
hadoop-4: starting tasktracker, logging to /opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin/../logs/hadoop-root-tasktracker-hadoop-4.out
hadoop-3: starting tasktracker, logging to /opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin/../logs/hadoop-root-tasktracker-hadoop-3.out
hadoop-2: starting tasktracker, logging to /opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin/../logs/hadoop-root-tasktracker-hadoop-2.out

查看 Hadoop 进程

hadoop-1

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin# jps

Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
2033 NameNode
2163 SecondaryNameNode
2243 JobTracker
2361 Jps

hadoop-2

root@hadoop-2:/home/deepin# jps

Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
1705 Jps
1519 DataNode
1599 TaskTracker

hadoop-3

root@hadoop-3:/home/deepin# jps

Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
1719 TaskTracker
1639 DataNode
1786 Jps

hadoop-4

root@hadoop-4:/home/deepin# jps

Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
1586 DataNode
1666 TaskTracker
1735 Jps

访问 http 服务

http://hadoop-1:50030/(jobtracker的HTTP服务器地址和端口)

http://hadoop-1:50060/(taskertracker的HTTP服务器地址和端口)

http://hadoop-1:50070/(namenode的HTTP服务器地址和端口)

http://hadoop-1:50075/(datanode的HTTP服务器地址和端口)

http://hadoop-1:50090/(secondary namenode的HTTP服务器地址和端口)

使用 WordCount 测试 Hadoop 集群

Hadoop 集群搭建起来后,我们来用一个单词统计的小程序来测试一下。

使用 Eclipse 新建一个 Map/Reduce 工程。

这里写图片描述

编写代码如下。

package org.apache.hadoop.examples;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.StringTokenizer;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.IntWritable;
import org.apache.hadoop.io.Text;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Job;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Mapper;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Reducer;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.input.FileInputFormat;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.output.FileOutputFormat;
import org.apache.hadoop.util.GenericOptionsParser;

public class WordCount
{

    public static class TokenizerMapper extends Mapper<Object, Text, Text, IntWritable>
    {

        private final static IntWritable one = new IntWritable(1);
        private Text word = new Text();

        public void map(Object key, Text value, Context context) throws IOException, InterruptedException
        {
            String line = value.toString();
            StringTokenizer itr = new StringTokenizer(line);
            while (itr.hasMoreTokens())
            {
                word.set(itr.nextToken().toLowerCase());
                context.write(word, one);
            }
        }
    }

    public static class IntSumReducer extends Reducer<Text, IntWritable, Text, IntWritable>
    {
        private IntWritable result = new IntWritable();

        public void reduce(Text key, Iterable<IntWritable> values, Context context) throws IOException, InterruptedException
        {
            int sum = 0;
            for (IntWritable val : values)
            {
                sum += val.get();
            }
            result.set(sum);
            context.write(key, new IntWritable(sum));
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception
    {
        Configuration conf = new Configuration();
        String[] otherArgs = new GenericOptionsParser(conf, args).getRemainingArgs();
        if (otherArgs.length != 2)
        {
            System.err.println("Usage: wordcount <in> <out>");
            System.exit(2);
        }
        Job job = new Job(conf, "word count");
        job.setJarByClass(WordCount.class);
        job.setMapperClass(TokenizerMapper.class);
        job.setCombinerClass(IntSumReducer.class);
        job.setReducerClass(IntSumReducer.class);
        job.setOutputKeyClass(Text.class);
        job.setOutputValueClass(IntWritable.class);
        FileInputFormat.addInputPath(job, new Path(otherArgs[0]));
        FileOutputFormat.setOutputPath(job, new Path(otherArgs[1]));
        System.exit(job.waitForCompletion(true) ? 0 : 1);
    }
}

导出为 JAR file。然后传到 hadoop-1 机器上的 /opt/softwares 目录下。

创建 HDFS 的输入目录 /input

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin# ./hadoop fs -mkdir /input

将单词文本文件传到 /input 目录下面。文件传入之后的效果如下面所示。

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin# ./hadoop fs -ls /input
Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
Found 20 items
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test1.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test10.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test11.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test12.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test13.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test14.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test15.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test16.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test17.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test18.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test19.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test2.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test20.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test3.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test4.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test5.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test6.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test7.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test8.txt
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-24 23:19 /input/test9.txt
root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin# 

现在开始使用 Hadoop 运行我们的 WordCount 程序。

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin# ./hadoop jar /opt/softwares/wordcount.jar org.apache.hadoop.examples.WordCount /input /output

Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
16/10/25 23:09:37 INFO input.FileInputFormat: Total input paths to process : 20
16/10/25 23:09:37 INFO mapred.JobClient: Running job: job_201610252229_0002
16/10/25 23:09:38 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 0% reduce 0%
16/10/25 23:09:47 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 10% reduce 0%
16/10/25 23:09:53 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 40% reduce 0%
16/10/25 23:09:56 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 45% reduce 0%
16/10/25 23:09:59 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 75% reduce 13%
16/10/25 23:10:02 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 80% reduce 13%
16/10/25 23:10:05 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 100% reduce 13%
16/10/25 23:10:08 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 100% reduce 25%
16/10/25 23:10:17 INFO mapred.JobClient:  map 100% reduce 100%
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient: Job complete: job_201610252229_0002
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient: Counters: 18
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:   Map-Reduce Framework
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Combine output records=180
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Spilled Records=360
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Reduce input records=180
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Reduce output records=9
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Map input records=80
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Map output records=360
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Map output bytes=2540
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Reduce shuffle bytes=1800
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Combine input records=360
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Reduce input groups=9
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:   FileSystemCounters
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     HDFS_BYTES_READ=1140
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     FILE_BYTES_WRITTEN=4126
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     FILE_BYTES_READ=1686
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     HDFS_BYTES_WRITTEN=57
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:   Job Counters 
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Launched map tasks=20
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Launched reduce tasks=1
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Rack-local map tasks=1
16/10/25 23:10:19 INFO mapred.JobClient:     Data-local map tasks=19

打开网页 http://hadoop-1:50030/ 可以看到执行过程。

这里写图片描述

这里写图片描述

现在看一下执行结果。

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin# ./hadoop fs -ls /output

Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
Found 2 items
drwxr-xr-x   - root supergroup          0 2016-10-25 23:09 /output/_logs
-rw-r--r--   2 root supergroup         57 2016-10-25 23:10 /output/part-r-00000

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin# ./hadoop fs -cat /output/part-r-00000

Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp
Picked up _JAVA_OPTIONS:   -Dawt.useSystemAAFontSettings=gasp

a   80
am  60
boy 40
girl    40
i   60
is  20
or  20
she 20
who 20

至此,可以初步说明我们的 Hadoop0.20.2 完全分布式安装和配置是正确的。

关掉 Hadoop 所有节点。

root@hadoop-1:/opt/softwares/hadoop-0.20.2/bin# ./stop-all.sh 

stopping jobtracker
hadoop-4: stopping tasktracker
hadoop-3: stopping tasktracker
hadoop-2: stopping tasktracker
stopping namenode
hadoop-4: stopping datanode
hadoop-2: stopping datanode
hadoop-3: stopping datanode
hadoop-1: stopping secondarynamenode

参考文献

http://blog.itpub.net/26613085/viewspace-1077424/

http://blog.csdn.net/gane_cheng/article/details/52913354

http://february30thcf.iteye.com/blog/1768795

阅读更多

没有更多推荐了,返回首页