selenium+testng+ant+jenkins 手记

会不会搭建测试平台是一般测试工程师和高级测试工程师分水岭 —-tobecrazy

我们项目有现成的测试平台,使用的是selenium grid+testng+ant+jenkins+VM

 

但是我平时用的是selenium+testng并未体验过使用ant 和jenkins,今天心血来潮尝试使用一下jenkins.

Jenkins简介:

  •  Jenkins是一个开源框架
  •  Jenkins可执行重复的jobs,主要使用在两方面 

            1.可持续build或test project

            2.监控外部执行的jobs

  •   自动build发邮件。。。。。

    了解更多看https://wiki.jenkins-ci.org/display/JENKINS/Meet+Jenkins

    首先安装Jenkins,下载windows平台的版本

    由于安装比较简单,这里就不再介绍

安装ant,下载ant zip文件,解压到C:\Program Files\apache-ant-1.9.4

在系统变量添加ANT_HOME

之后再CMD运行ant -version

若显式:Apache Ant(TM) version 1.9.4 compiled on April 29 2014 

说明ant 配置成功

  1. 使用ant 编译工程,必须有一个xml文件,默认build.xml
  2. 每个build文件配置一个default target,执行ant命令会执行这个target

首先了解一下简单使用ant

使用note pad 写一个class,保存为Test java

复制代码
public class Test {
    /**
     * @author tobecrazy
     * 
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
    System.out.println("This ANT HOME ");
    System.out.println(System.getenv("ANT_HOME"));

    }

}
复制代码

在cmd尝试编译:javac Test.java

如官方没有报错,恭喜你,可以进行下一步

使用ant所做的操作和命令行输入是一样的,只不过所有的命令转换为xml标签:

这次配置如下:

每个target是一个操作,clean是删除build目录,compile是编译,run是执行java class

复制代码
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<project name="AntTest" default="run" basedir="." >
<!-- 默认target是run,运行ant命令直接执行run -->
    <echo message="The base dir is: ${basedir}" />
    <target name="clean">
       <delete dir="build"/>
    </target>
    <target name="compile" depends="clean">
    <!-- 编译java文件依赖clean -->
       <mkdir dir="build/classes"/>
        <javac srcdir="src" destdir="build/classes"/>
    </target>

    <target name="run" depends="compile">
    <!-- 运行class文件,依赖compile -->
     <echo message="Compile dir is:  ${basedir}\build\classes" />
      <java classname="Test">            
      <classpath>               
      <pathelement path="build/classes"/>            
      </classpath>        
      </java>
    </target>
</project>
复制代码

之后在命令行输入ant(cmd切换到该目录)

结果如下:

        

D:\AntTest>ant
Buildfile: D:\AntTest\build.xml
[echo] The base dir is: D:\AntTest

clean:
[delete] Deleting directory D:\AntTest\build

compile:
[mkdir] Created dir: D:\AntTest\build\classes
[javac] D:\AntTest\build.xml:11: warning: ‘includeantruntime’ was not set, d
efaulting to build.sysclasspath=last; set to false for repeatable builds
[javac] Compiling 1 source file to D:\AntTest\build\classes

run:
[echo] Compile dir is: D:\AntTest\build\classes
[java] This ANT HOME
[java] C:\Program Files\apache-ant-1.9.4

BUILD SUCCESSFUL
Total time: 1 second

为了配合使用selenium webdriver打开eclipse创建名为Demo的项目

接下来就是使用Jenkins,如果你的Jenkins安装成功,打开http://localhost:8080/会显示Jenkins主页

点击新建->输入项目名->选择“构建一个自由风格的软件项目”->构建->增加构建步骤->选择invoke ANT
接下来配置如下:

 

此时准备ant build.xml放到工程的根目录

build.xml内容如下,testng 和selenium的jar包需要加载,所以设置

<path id="run.classpath">
由于项目使用的UTF-8编码,在编译时报错所以添加
  <javac srcdir="src" destdir="build/classes" debug="on" encoding="UTF-8">


复制代码
<?xml version="1.0"?>
<project name="Demo" default="run" basedir=".">
    <echo  message="import libs" />
    <path id="run.classpath">
        <fileset dir="${basedir}">
            <include name="lib/testng.jar" />
            <include name="lib/sikuli-script.jar" />
        </fileset>
        <fileset dir="${basedir}/lib/selenium">
            <include name="selenium-java-2.45.0.jar" />
            <include name="libs/*.jar" />
        </fileset>
    </path>
    <taskdef name="testng" classname="org.testng.TestNGAntTask" classpathref="run.classpath" />
    <target name="clean">
        <delete dir="build"/>
    </target>
    <target name="compile" depends="clean">
        <echo message="mkdir"/>
        <mkdir dir="build/classes"/>
        <javac srcdir="src" destdir="build/classes" debug="on" encoding="UTF-8">
            <classpath refid="run.classpath"/>
        </javac>
    </target>
    <path id="runpath"> 
         <path refid="run.classpath"/> 
         <pathelement location="build/classes"/> 
       </path> 
    <target name="run" depends="compile">
        <testng  classpathref="runpath"  outputDir="test-output">
            <xmlfileset dir="${basedir}" includes="testng.xml"/>
            <jvmarg value="-ea" />
        </testng>
    </target>
</project>
复制代码

更多ant和testng  classname=”org.testng.TestNGAntTask”是固定格式

参考:http://testng.org/doc/index.html

 

接下来在项目添加几个case,项目目录如下

准备testng的配置文件如下,放在工程的根目录下

复制代码
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "http://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd">
<suite name="Suite" parallel="none">
  <test name="Test">
  <groups> 
      <run> 
         <include name="Case1" /> 
         <include name="MapTest" /> 
         <include name="JDaddress" /> 
         <include name="useCookies" /> 
       </run> 
    </groups> 
     <classes>
      <class name="com.dbyl.tests.Case1"/>
      <class name="com.dbyl.tests.JDaddress"/>
      <class name="com.dbyl.tests.UseCookieLogin"/>
      <class name="com.dbyl.tests.MapTest"/>
    </classes>
  </test> <!-- Test -->
</suite> <!-- Suite -->
复制代码

 

接下来就是见证奇迹的时候:

在Jenkins里选择构建

Building in workspace C:\Program Files (x86)\Jenkins\workspace\Demo
[workspace] $ cmd.exe /C '""C:\Program Files\apache-ant-1.9.4\bin\ant.bat" -file Demo run && exit %%ERRORLEVEL%%"'
Buildfile: C:\Users\Young\workspace\Demo\build.xml
     [echo] import libs

clean:
   [delete] Deleting directory C:\Users\Young\workspace\Demo\build

compile:
     [echo] mkdir
    [mkdir] Created dir: C:\Users\Young\workspace\Demo\build\classes
    [javac] C:\Users\Young\workspace\Demo\build.xml:21: warning: 'includeantruntime' was not set, defaulting to build.sysclasspath=last; set to false for repeatable builds
    [javac] Compiling 6 source files to C:\Users\Young\workspace\Demo\build\classes

run:
   [testng] [TestNG] Running:
   [testng]   C:\Users\Young\workspace\Demo\testng.xml
   [testng] 
   [testng] Fast test
   [testng] Slow test
   [testng] Starting ChromeDriver (v2.9.248315) on port 43260
   [testng] Starting ChromeDriver (v2.9.248315) on port 20660
   [testng] Starting ChromeDriver (v2.9.248315) on port 13803
   [testng] cookie write to file
。。。。

 

©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页