gaoqiao1988的专栏

一定要淡定,问题总有解决的办法!

netty 学习 (2)Handler的执行顺序

netty 学习 (2)Handler的执行顺序

发表于2年前(2014-06-04 16:14)   阅读(8120) | 评论(3) 11人收藏此文章, 我要收藏
3

1月16日厦门 OSC 源创会火热报名中,奖品多多哦  

摘要 Handler在netty中,无疑占据着非常重要的地位。Handler与Servlet中的filter很像,通过Handler可以完成通讯报文的解码编码、拦截指定的报文、统一对日志错误进行处理、统一对请求进行计数、控制Handler执行与否。一句话,没有它做不到的只有你想不到的。 参考自:http://blog.csdn.net/u013252773/article/details/21195593

Handler在netty中,无疑占据着非常重要的地位。Handler与Servlet中的filter很像,通过Handler可以完成通讯报文的解码编码、拦截指定的报文、统一对日志错误进行处理、统一对请求进行计数、控制Handler执行与否。一句话,没有它做不到的只有你想不到的。 

Netty中的所有handler都实现自ChannelHandler接口。按照输出输出来分,分为ChannelInboundHandler、ChannelOutboundHandler两大类。ChannelInboundHandler对从客户端发往服务器的报文进行处理,一般用来执行解码、读取客户端数据、进行业务处理等;ChannelOutboundHandler对从服务器发往客户端的报文进行处理,一般用来进行编码、发送报文到客户端。 

Netty中,可以注册多个handler。ChannelInboundHandler按照注册的先后顺序执行;ChannelOutboundHandler按照注册的先后顺序逆序执行,如下图所示,按照注册的先后顺序对Handler进行排序,request进入Netty后的执行顺序为: 

下面例子涉及的类包括: 

一、HelloServer: 


?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
package com.yao.nettyhandler;
 
import io.netty.bootstrap.ServerBootstrap;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioServerSocketChannel;
 
public class HelloServer {
    public void start(int port) throws Exception {
        EventLoopGroup bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        EventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        try {
            ServerBootstrap b = new ServerBootstrap();
            b.group(bossGroup, workerGroup).channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class)
                    .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
                                @Override
                                public void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
                                    // 注册两个OutboundHandler,执行顺序为注册顺序的逆序,所以应该是OutboundHandler2 OutboundHandler1
                                    ch.pipeline().addLast(new OutboundHandler1());
                                    ch.pipeline().addLast(new OutboundHandler2());
                                    // 注册两个InboundHandler,执行顺序为注册顺序,所以应该是InboundHandler1 InboundHandler2
                                    ch.pipeline().addLast(new InboundHandler1());
                                    ch.pipeline().addLast(new InboundHandler2());
                                }
                            }).option(ChannelOption.SO_BACKLOG, 128)
                    .childOption(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, true);
 
            ChannelFuture f = b.bind(port).sync();
 
            f.channel().closeFuture().sync();
        } finally {
            workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
            bossGroup.shutdownGracefully();
        }
    }
 
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        HelloServer server = new HelloServer();
        server.start(8000);
    }
}
二、InboundHandler1: 



?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
package com.yao.nettyhandler;
 
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter;
 
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
 
public class InboundHandler1 extends ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter {
    private static Log logger = LogFactory.getLog(InboundHandler1.class);
 
    @Override
    public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception {
        logger.info("InboundHandler1.channelRead: ctx :" + ctx);
         
        // 通知执行下一个InboundHandler
        //ctx.fireChannelRead(msg);
    }
 
    @Override
    public void channelReadComplete(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
        logger.info("InboundHandler1.channelReadComplete");
        ctx.flush();
    }
}
三、InboundHandler2: 



?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
package com.yao.nettyhandler;
 
import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter;
 
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
 
public class InboundHandler2 extends ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter {
    private static Log  logger  = LogFactory.getLog(InboundHandler2.class);
 
    @Override
    // 读取Client发送的信息,并打印出来
    public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception {
        logger.info("InboundHandler2.channelRead: ctx :" + ctx);
        ByteBuf result = (ByteBuf) msg;
        byte[] result1 = new byte[result.readableBytes()];
        result.readBytes(result1);
        String resultStr = new String(result1);
        System.out.println("Client said:" + resultStr);
        result.release();
 
        ctx.write(msg);
    }
 
    @Override
    public void channelReadComplete(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
        logger.info("InboundHandler2.channelReadComplete");
        ctx.flush();
    }
 
}
四、OutboundHandler1 : 



?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
package com.yao.nettyhandler;
 
import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOutboundHandlerAdapter;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelPromise;
 
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
 
public class OutboundHandler1 extends ChannelOutboundHandlerAdapter {
    private static Log  logger  = LogFactory.getLog(OutboundHandler1.class);
    @Override
    // 向client发送消息
    public void write(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg, ChannelPromise promise) throws Exception {
        logger.info("OutboundHandler1.write");
        String response = "I am ok!";
        ByteBuf encoded = ctx.alloc().buffer(4 * response.length());
        encoded.writeBytes(response.getBytes());
        ctx.write(encoded);
        ctx.flush();
    }
     
     
}

五、OutboundHandler2: 


?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
package com.yao.nettyhandler;
 
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOutboundHandlerAdapter;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelPromise;
 
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
 
 
public class OutboundHandler2 extends ChannelOutboundHandlerAdapter {
    private static Log  logger  = LogFactory.getLog(OutboundHandler2.class);
     
    @Override
    public void write(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg, ChannelPromise promise) throws Exception {
        logger.info("OutboundHandler2.write");
        // 执行下一个OutboundHandler
        super.write(ctx, msg, promise);
    }
}



下面是客户端 


六、HelloClient: 


?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
package com.yao.nettyhandler;
 
import io.netty.bootstrap.Bootstrap;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelFuture;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInitializer;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelOption;
import io.netty.channel.EventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoopGroup;
import io.netty.channel.socket.SocketChannel;
import io.netty.channel.socket.nio.NioSocketChannel;
 
public class HelloClient {
    public void connect(String host, int port) throws Exception {
        EventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
 
        try {
            Bootstrap b = new Bootstrap();
            b.group(workerGroup);
            b.channel(NioSocketChannel.class);
            b.option(ChannelOption.SO_KEEPALIVE, true);
            b.handler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
                @Override
                public void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
                    ch.pipeline().addLast(new HelloClientIntHandler());
                }
            });
 
            // Start the client.
            ChannelFuture f = b.connect(host, port).sync();
            f.channel().closeFuture().sync();
        } finally {
            workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
        }
    }
 
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        HelloClient client = new HelloClient();
        client.connect("127.0.0.1", 8000);
    }
}

七、HelloClientIntHandler: 


?
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
package com.yao.nettyhandler;
 
import io.netty.buffer.ByteBuf;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelHandlerContext;
import io.netty.channel.ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter;
 
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
 
public class HelloClientIntHandler extends ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter {
    private static Log  logger  = LogFactory.getLog(HelloClientIntHandler.class);
    @Override
    // 读取服务端的信息
    public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception {
        logger.info("HelloClientIntHandler.channelRead");
        ByteBuf result = (ByteBuf) msg;
        byte[] result1 = new byte[result.readableBytes()];
        result.readBytes(result1);
        result.release();
        ctx.close();
        System.out.println("Server said:" + new String(result1));
    }
    @Override
    // 当连接建立的时候向服务端发送消息 ,channelActive 事件当连接建立的时候会触发
    public void channelActive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
        logger.info("HelloClientIntHandler.channelActive");
        String msg = "Are you ok?";
        ByteBuf encoded = ctx.alloc().buffer(4 * msg.length());
        encoded.writeBytes(msg.getBytes());
        ctx.write(encoded);
        ctx.flush();
    }
}
八、总结: 

在使用Handler的过程中,需要注意:
1、ChannelInboundHandler之间的传递,通过调用 ctx.fireChannelRead(msg) 实现;调用ctx.write(msg) 将传递到ChannelOutboundHandler。
2、ctx.write()方法执行后,需要调用flush()方法才能令它立即执行。
3、ChannelOutboundHandler 在注册的时候需要放在最后一个ChannelInboundHandler之前,否则将无法传递到ChannelOutboundHandler。
4、Handler的消费处理放在最后一个处理

阅读更多
想对作者说点什么? 我来说一句

没有更多推荐了,返回首页

不良信息举报

netty 学习 (2)Handler的执行顺序

最多只允许输入30个字

加入CSDN,享受更精准的内容推荐,与500万程序员共同成长!
关闭
关闭