OkHttp下载文件并带进度条

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做这一行,不能太懒,不然就被淘汰!

OkHttp是比较火的网络框架,它支持同步与异步请求,支持缓存,可以拦截,更方便下载大文件与上传文件的操作。下面我们用OkHttp来下载文件并带进度条!

相关资料:
官网地址:http://square.github.io/okhttp/

github源码地址:https://github.com/square/okhttp

一、服务器端简单搭建

可以参考搭建本地Tomcat服务器及相关配置 这篇文章。

新建项目OkHttpServer,在WebContent目录下新建downloadfile目录,将要下载的jpg文件放在项目下。如下图:


启动服务器,文件下载地址为http://localhost:8080/OkHttpServer/download/2.jpg 。这样我们服务器就搭好了。

二、Android端

下面我们进入正题。

1.build.gradle的dependencies配置如下

 compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:24.1.1'
compile 'com.squareup.okhttp3:okhttp:3.2.0'
compile 'com.squareup.okio:okio:1.7.0'

2.activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    tools:context="com.huang.myokhttp.MainActivity">


    <Button
        android:id="@+id/ok_download"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="下载文件" />


    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/download_text"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:text="0" />


    <ProgressBar
        android:id="@+id/download_progress"
        style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:max="100" />


</RelativeLayout>

3.编写OkHttpUtil如下:

  private static OkHttpClient okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient.Builder().connectTimeout(10000, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)
                                                .readTimeout(10000,TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)
                                                .writeTimeout(10000,TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS).build();

    //下载文件方法
    public static void downloadFile(String url, final ProgressListener listener, Callback callback){
    //增加拦截器
        OkHttpClient client = okHttpClient.newBuilder().addNetworkInterceptor(new Interceptor() {
            @Override
            public Response intercept(Chain chain) throws IOException {
                Response response = chain.proceed(chain.request());
                return response.newBuilder().body(new ProgressResponseBody(response.body(),listener)).build();
            }
        }).build();

        Request request  = new Request.Builder().url(url).build();
        client.newCall(request).enqueue(callback);
    }

4.上面代码中的ProgressResponseBody是自己编写的类,ProgressListener 是监听的接口:
ProgressListener 接口

public interface ProgressListener {
//已完成的 总的文件长度 是否完成
    void onProgress(long currentBytes, long contentLength, boolean done);
}

ProgressResponseBody继承ResponseBody ,返回监听进度

public class ProgressResponseBody extends ResponseBody {
    public static final int UPDATE = 0x01;
    public static final String TAG = ProgressResponseBody.class.getName();
    private ResponseBody responseBody;
    private ProgressListener mListener;
    private BufferedSource bufferedSource;
    private Handler myHandler;
    public ProgressResponseBody(ResponseBody body, ProgressListener listener) {
        responseBody = body;
        mListener = listener;
        if (myHandler==null){
            myHandler = new MyHandler();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 将进度放到主线程中显示
     */
    class MyHandler extends Handler {

        public MyHandler() {
            super(Looper.getMainLooper());
        }

        @Override
        public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
            switch (msg.what){
                case UPDATE:
                    ProgressModel progressModel = (ProgressModel) msg.obj;
                    //接口返回
                    if (mListener!=null)mListener.onProgress(progressModel.getCurrentBytes(),progressModel.getContentLength(),progressModel.isDone());
                    break;

            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public MediaType contentType() {
        return responseBody.contentType();
    }

    @Override
    public long contentLength() {
        return responseBody.contentLength();
    }

    @Override
    public BufferedSource source() {

        if (bufferedSource==null){
            bufferedSource = Okio.buffer(mySource(responseBody.source()));
        }
        return bufferedSource;
    }

    private Source mySource(Source source) {

        return  new ForwardingSource(source) {
            long totalBytesRead = 0L;
            @Override
            public long read(Buffer sink, long byteCount) throws IOException {
                long bytesRead = super.read(sink, byteCount);
                totalBytesRead +=bytesRead!=-1?bytesRead:0;
                //发送消息到主线程,ProgressModel为自定义实体类
                Message msg = Message.obtain();
                msg.what = UPDATE;
                msg.obj =  new ProgressModel(totalBytesRead,contentLength(),totalBytesRead==contentLength());
                myHandler.sendMessage(msg);

                return bytesRead;
            }
        };
    }
}

5.MainActivity的代码:

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements View.OnClickListener{

    public static final String TAG = MainActivity.class.getName();
    private ProgressBar download_progress;
    private TextView download_text;
    public static String basePath = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath() + "/okhttp";
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        download_progress = (ProgressBar) findViewById(R.id.download_progress);
        download_text = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.download_text);

        findViewById(R.id.ok_download).setOnClickListener(this);
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View view) {
        switch (view.getId()){
            case R.id.ok_download:
                String url = "http://192.168.0.104:8080/OkHttpServer/download/2.jpg";
                final String fileName = url.split("/")[url.split("/").length - 1];
                Log.i(TAG, "fileName==" + fileName);
                OkHttpUtil.downloadFile(url, new ProgressListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void onProgress(long currentBytes, long contentLength, boolean done) {
                        Log.i(TAG, "currentBytes==" + currentBytes + "==contentLength==" + contentLength + "==done==" + done);
                        int progress = (int) (currentBytes * 100 / contentLength);
                        download_progress.setProgress(progress);
                        download_text.setText(progress + "%");
                    }
                }, new Callback() {
                    @Override
                    public void onFailure(Call call, IOException e) {

                    }


                    @Override
                    public void onResponse(Call call, Response response) throws IOException {
                        if (response != null) {
                            InputStream is = response.body().byteStream();
                            FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(new File(basePath + "/" + fileName));
                            int len = 0;
                            byte[] buffer = new byte[2048];
                            while (-1 != (len = is.read(buffer))) {
                                fos.write(buffer, 0, len);
                            }
                            fos.flush();
                            fos.close();
                            is.close();
                        }
                    }
                });
                break;
        }
    }
}

6.最后不要忘了添加权限:

 <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>

这里写图片描述
下载文件目录结构
文件下载目录

源码下载

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