使用idea搭建maven+ssm项目

先新建一个maven的项目

1.file->new->project->next

2.maven->勾选creat from archetype->webapp,同时选择java版本->next


3.输入GroupID,ArtifacID

(在网上看到的一些解释:groupId:定义了项目属于哪个组,一般来说这个通常和公司或组织关联,比如说,你所在的公司为wk.那就应该定义为com.wk.wktest,wktest为项目名称 

artifactId:定 义了当前Maven项目在组中的唯一id,例如wktest这个项目,我则把他定义为test1,还例如spring项目,他的 groupId为org.springframework,对于content项目来说artifactId则为spring-content,web项 目则为spring-web)

点击next


4.选择idea自带的maven或者本地安装好的maven,next


6.默认,不需要改  next


7.点击finish,然后项目构建结束后,点击import changes


8.检测是否成功,控制台打印Build success 说明成功




搭建ssm环境。

1结构搭建

在src下新建test文件夹,和main同级,


选中test,右键-》mark directory as-》test sources root,意思是把test设置为测试类的根目录


在main下新建文件夹resource 和web,右键-》mark directory as

将resource设置为 resources root(资源文件根目录)

将web设置为sources root(文件根目录)


在resource下新建xml文件,用来写sql

在web下新建wk,在wk下新建controller,service,serviceImpl,dao文件夹,再分别建立对应的java文件


在resource下添加配置文件applicationContext.xml,spring-mvc.xml,spring-mybatis.xml,config.properties,log4j.properties


配置pom文件 ,在<properties>节点里添加

        <spring.version>4.2.6.RELEASE</spring.version>
        <!-- mybatis版本�?-->
        <mybatis.version>3.4.0</mybatis.version>
        <!-- log4j日志文件管理包版�?-->
        <slf4j.version>1.7.7</slf4j.version>
        <log4j.version>1.2.17</log4j.version>
        <!--jackson版本�?-->
        <jackson.version>2.7.1</jackson.version>

添加pom文件里的依赖添加到<dependencies>节点中间

   <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>4.11</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>

        <!-- 添加jstl依赖 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>jstl</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.2</version>
        </dependency>

        <!--阿里json包-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
            <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.7</version>
        </dependency>

        <!--jdbc连接池-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-dbcp</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-dbcp</artifactId>
            <version>1.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-pool</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-pool</artifactId>
            <version>1.6</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- spring核心�?-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jms</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>${spring.version}</version>
            <type>jar</type>
            <scope>compile</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
            <version>1.7.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>aspectj</groupId>
            <artifactId>aspectjrt</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.4</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.codehaus.jackson</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-mapper-asl</artifactId>
            <version>1.9.11</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--mybatis核心�?-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
            <version>3.4.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.21</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.oracle</groupId>
            <artifactId>ojdbc14</artifactId>
            <version>10.2.0.1.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>c3p0</groupId>
            <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
            <version>0.9.1.2</version>
            <type>jar</type>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
            <version>1.7.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
            <version>1.7.5</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.17</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>jstl</groupId>
            <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
            <version>1.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <!--json所需要的依赖-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-core</artifactId>
            <version>2.7.3</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
            <version>2.7.3</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
            <artifactId>jackson-annotations</artifactId>
            <version>2.7.3</version>
        </dependency>


修改web.xml文件内容

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" version="2.5">
  <context-param>
    <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
    <param-value>classpath:applicationContext.xml</param-value>
  </context-param>
  <context-param>
    <param-name>log4jConfigLocation</param-name>
    <param-value>classpath:log4j.properties</param-value>
  </context-param>

  <!-- 编码过滤器 -->
  <filter>
    <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
    <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>encoding</param-name>
      <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
    </init-param>
  </filter>
  <filter-mapping>
    <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
    <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
  </filter-mapping>


  <!-- spring监听器 -->
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
  </listener>

  <!-- 防止spring内存溢出监听器,比如quartz -->
  <listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.util.IntrospectorCleanupListener</listener-class>
  </listener>

  <!-- spring mvc servlet-->
  <servlet>
    <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
      <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
      <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
  </servlet>

  <servlet-mapping>
    <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
    <!-- 此处也可以配置成 *.do 形式 -->
    <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
  </servlet-mapping>

  <welcome-file-list>
    <welcome-file>/index.jsp</welcome-file>
  </welcome-file-list>

  <!-- session配置 -->
  <session-config>
    <session-timeout>30</session-timeout>
  </session-config>


</web-app>

配置application.xml内容,注意,base-package的路径下所有的文件spring都会在启动的时候扫描一遍

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.2.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.2.xsd">

    <bean id="configurer" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">
        <property name="locations">
            <list>
                <value>classpath:config.properties</value>
            </list>
        </property>
        <property name="fileEncoding" value="UTF-8"></property>
    </bean>
    <!-- 使用annotation 自动注册bean,并保证@Required,@Autowired的属性被注入 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="wk">
        <context:exclude-filter type="annotation" expression="org.springframework.stereotype.Controller"/>
    </context:component-scan>

    <import resource="spring-mybatis.xml"/>

</beans>

配置spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.2.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.2.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.2.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.2.xsd">

    <mvc:annotation-driven>
        <mvc:message-converters>
            <bean class="org.springframework.http.converter.ByteArrayHttpMessageConverter"/>
            <bean class="org.springframework.http.converter.FormHttpMessageConverter"/>
            <bean class="org.springframework.http.converter.xml.SourceHttpMessageConverter"/>
            <bean class="com.alibaba.fastjson.support.spring.FastJsonHttpMessageConverter"/>
        </mvc:message-converters>
    </mvc:annotation-driven>
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>
    <!-- 使用annotation 自动注册bean,并保证@Required,@Autowired的属性被注入 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="wk.controller">

    </context:component-scan>
    <aop:aspectj-autoproxy proxy-target-class="true">
    </aop:aspectj-autoproxy>
    <!-- 避免IE执行AJAX时,返回JSON出现下载文件 -->
    <!-- 支持JSON数据格式 -->
    <bean
            class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter">
        <property name="messageConverters">
            <list>
                <bean class="org.springframework.http.converter.ByteArrayHttpMessageConverter"/><!-- 解析导出文件byte流 -->
                <ref bean="fastJsonHttpMessageConverter"/>
                <!--
                            <ref bean="mappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter" />
                 -->
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <!-- 使用fastJson来支持JSON数据格式 -->
    <bean id="fastJsonHttpMessageConverter" class="com.alibaba.fastjson.support.spring.FastJsonHttpMessageConverter">
        <property name="supportedMediaTypes">
            <list>
                <value>text/html;charset=UTF-8</value>
                <value>application/json</value>
            </list>
        </property>
        <property name="features">
            <list>
                <value>WriteMapNullValue</value>
                <value>QuoteFieldNames</value>
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

    <!-- 对模型视图名称的解析,即在模型视图名称添加前后缀 -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/"/>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/><!--可为空,方便实现自已的依据扩展名来选择视图解释类的逻辑 -->
    </bean>


</beans>

配置spring-mybatis内容

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.2.xsd
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">

    <!-- 连接池 -->
    <bean id = "dataSource" class = "org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource" destroy-method = "close">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc.driver}" />
        <property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}" />
        <property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}" />
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}" />
        <!-- 初始化连接大小 -->
        <property name="initialSize" value="${jdbc.initialSize}" />
        <!-- 连接池最大数量 -->
        <property name="maxActive" value="${jdbc.maxActive}"/>
        <!-- 连接池最大空闲 -->
        <property name="maxIdle" value="${jdbc.maxIdle}" />
        <!-- 连接池最小空闲 -->
        <property name="minIdle" value="${jdbc.minIdle}" />
        <!-- 获取连接最大等待时间 -->
        <property name="maxWait" value="${jdbc.maxWait}" />
    </bean>

    <!-- 结合Spring和Mybatis -->
    <bean id = "sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
        <!-- 自动扫描mapping.xml文件 -->
        <property name = "mapperLocations" value="classpath:mapper/*.xml" />
    </bean>

    <!-- DAO接口所在包名,Spring会自动查找其下的类 -->
    <bean class = "org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name = "basePackage" value="wk.dao" />
        <property name = "sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value = "sqlSessionFactory" />
    </bean>

    <!-- 定义事务 -->
    <bean id = "transactionManager"
          class = "org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name = "dataSource" ref = "dataSource" />
    </bean>
    <!-- 使用注解定义事务 -->
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager = "transactionManager" />


</beans>

配置log4j.properties文件

### set log levels ###
log4j.rootLogger = info ,  stdout ,  D ,  E

### \u8F93\u51FA\u5230\u63A7\u5236\u53F0 ###
log4j.appender.stdout = org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.Target = System.out
log4j.appender.stdout.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern = %d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-5p [%t] %c %x - %m%n
#log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern =  %d{ABSOLUTE} %5p %c{ 1 }:%L - %m%n

### \u8F93\u51FA\u5230\u65E5\u5FD7\u6587\u4EF6 ###
log4j.appender.D = org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.D.File = C://logs/ssm.log
log4j.appender.D.Append = true
log4j.appender.D.Threshold = DEBUG 
## \u8F93\u51FADEBUG\u7EA7\u522B\u4EE5\u4E0A\u7684\u65E5\u5FD7
log4j.appender.D.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.D.layout.ConversionPattern = %-d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}  [ %t:%r ] - [ %p ]  %m%n

### \u4FDD\u5B58\u5F02\u5E38\u4FE1\u606F\u5230\u5355\u72EC\u6587\u4EF6 ###
log4j.appender.E = org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.E.File = C://logs/error.log
## \u5F02\u5E38\u65E5\u5FD7\u6587\u4EF6\u540D
log4j.appender.E.Append = true
log4j.appender.E.Threshold = ERROR 
## \u53EA\u8F93\u51FAERROR\u7EA7\u522B\u4EE5\u4E0A\u7684\u65E5\u5FD7!!!
log4j.appender.E.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.E.layout.ConversionPattern = %-d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}  [ %t:%r ] - [ %p ]  %m%n

配置config.properties文件

#JDBC
jdbc.driver=oracle.jdbc.OracleDriver
jdbc.url=jdbc:oracle:thin:@127.0.0.1:1521:test
jdbc.username=123
jdbc.password="123"
#\u5B9A\u4E49\u521D\u59CB\u8FDE\u63A5\u6570
jdbc.initialSize=0
#\u5B9A\u4E49\u6700\u5927\u8FDE\u63A5\u6570
jdbc.maxActive=20
#\u5B9A\u4E49\u6700\u5927\u7A7A\u95F2
jdbc.maxIdle=20
#\u5B9A\u4E49\u6700\u5C0F\u7A7A\u95F2
jdbc.minIdle=1
#\u5B9A\u4E49\u6700\u957F\u7B49\u5F85\u65F6\u95F4
jdbc.maxWait=60000

找到自己写sql的xml,我的是在resource-》mapper-》test.xml

添加内容namespace绑定自己的dao的类,这个不用多说

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >
<mapper namespace="wk.dao.TestDao">



</mapper>

tomcat配置

屏幕上方点击尖头--》edit configurations


选择本地tomcat






OK,可以先跑起来,如果能正常运行并且弹出页面表示配置正确




给controller,service,serviceImpl,dao添加注解,方法,并且测试

ontroller

package wk.controller;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import wk.service.TestService;

/**
 * Created by infodba on 2018/5/23.
 */

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/index")
public class TestController {

    private Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass());

    @Autowired
    @Qualifier("testService")
    private TestService testService;

    
    /*
    * 两个方法
    * 第一个不跳转页面,只会在页面显示出返回值
    * 第二个跳转页面
    * 
    * */

    @RequestMapping(value = "/testAction", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    @ResponseBody
    public JSONObject indexTest(String data) {

        int i = testService.testAction();
        JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject();
        jsonObject.put("test", i);

        return jsonObject;
    }


    @RequestMapping(value = "/testActionDemo2", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public String indexTest2() {

        return "home";
    }

}

service

package wk.service;

/**
 * Created by infodba on 2018/5/23.
 */
public interface TestService {
    int testAction();
}

serviceImpl

package wk.serviceImpl;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import wk.dao.TestDao;
import wk.service.TestService;

/**
 * Created by infodba on 2018/5/23.
 */

@Service("testService")
public class TestServiceImpl implements TestService {


    @Autowired(required = false)
    private TestDao testDao;

    @Override
    public int testAction() {

        int i = testDao.selectCount();

        return i;
    }
}

dao

package wk.dao;

/**
 * Created by infodba on 2018/5/23.
 */
public interface TestDao {

    int selectCount();

}


test.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd" >
<mapper namespace="wk.dao.TestDao">

    <select id="selectCount" resultType="Integer">

    SELECT "COUNT"(id) FROM T_PLAN

    </select>

</mapper>


index.jsp

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="renderer" content="webkit|ie-comp|ie-stand">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1">
    <meta name="viewport"
          content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1.0,maximum-scale=1.0,user-scalable=no"/>
    <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-siteapp"/>
    <title>111</title>
</head>


<body>
<h2>Hello World!</h2>

<h2><a href="/testmaven/index/testAction">点---abc---击</a></h2>

</body>
</html>

在webapp下新建home.jsp

<%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="renderer" content="webkit|ie-comp|ie-stand">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1">
    <meta name="viewport"
          content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1.0,maximum-scale=1.0,user-scalable=no"/>
    <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-siteapp"/>
    <title>222</title>
</head>


<body>
<h2>第二个页面</h2>


</body>


ok,完毕,在运行之前,将jdbc连接信息改为自己本地的数据库,同时test.xml里的sql也要改,改为自己的数据库的表
改完之后启动tomcat。

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