五、Python编写接口自动化

1.     总结结果

2.     详细代码:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import requests
import json

class web_requests(object):
    def __init__(self):
        pass

    def Interface(self,Interface_path,**My_data):
         url = "http://testdj.XXXXXX.com:8378/%s" %(Interface_path) # 测试的接口url
         headers = {"Host": "testdj.XXXXXX.com:8378",
                    "Accept": "application/json, text/plain, */*",
                    "Referer": "http://testdj.XXXXXX.com:8280/",
                    "Accept-Language": "zh-CN,zh;q=0.8",
                    "Origin": "http://testdj.XXXXXX.com:8280",
                    "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate",
                    "Accept": "application/json, text/plain, */*",
                    "User-Agent": "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/61.0.3163.79 Safari/537.36"} #消息头
         #data1 = {"beginDate": "2018-01-01", "endDate": "2018-04-01"}  # 接口传送的参数
         data = My_data  # 接口传送的参数
         r = requests.get(url=url, json=data, headers=headers)  # 发送请求
         # return r.json
         print (r.text)  # 获取响应报文
         print (r.status_code)

a = web_requests()
a.Interface('monitor/sxsb-sxzl',beginDate="2018-01-01", endDate="2018-04-01")

 

3.     代码说明:

1、接口的URL:

url = "http://testdj.XXXXXX.com:8378/%s"%(Interface_path)

 

 

2、请求消息头:

headers = {"Host": "testdj.XXXXXX.com:8378",
          
"Accept": "application/json,text/plain, */*",
           
"Referer": "http://testdj.XXXXXX.com:8280/",
          
"Accept-Language": "zh-CN,zh;q=0.8",
          
"Origin": "http://testdj.XXXXXX.com:8280",
          
"Accept-Encoding": "gzip,deflate",
          
"Accept": "application/json,text/plain, */*",
          
"User-Agent": "Mozilla/5.0(Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko)Chrome/61.0.3163.79 Safari/537.36"} #消息头

 

3、接口的传参数:

data = My_data  #接口传送的参数

注:

python传参数的格式原本如下:

data ={"beginDate": "2018-01-01", "endDate":"2018-04-01"}  # 接口传送的参数

但为了方便给外部引用进来,做了如下特殊处理:

这里存在多个参数

a.Interface('monitor/sxsb-sxzl',beginDate="2018-01-01",endDate="2018-04-01")

python将多个参数合并,重点是“**”

def Interface(self,Interface_path,**My_data):

调用时可以直接写:

data = My_data  #接口传送的参数

相当于:data = {'beginDate':'2018-01-01', 'endDate': '2018-04-01'}

 

4、给服务器发起请求:

r = requests.get(url=url, json=data, headers=headers) # 发送请求

 

5、服务器返回结果:

print (r.text) # 获取响应报文

 

4.     Robot引用:

(1)、py代码

Py文件名:Web_Interface.py

代码如下:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import requests

import json

 

class Web_Interface(object):

   def __init__(self):

       pass

 

   def web_interface(self,Interface_path,**My_data):

       url = "http://testdj.XXXXXX.com:8378%s" %(Interface_path)# 测试的接口url

       headers = {"Host": "testdj.XXXXXX.com:8378",

                    "Accept":"application/json, text/plain, */*",

                    "Referer":"http://testdj.XXXXXX.com:8280/",

                   "Accept-Language": "zh-CN,zh;q=0.8",

                    "Origin":"http://testdj.XXXXXX.com:8280",

                   "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate",

                    "Accept":"application/json, text/plain, */*",

                    "User-Agent":"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, likeGecko) Chrome/61.0.3163.79 Safari/537.36"} #消息头

       #data1 = {"beginDate": "2018-01-01","endDate": "2018-04-01"} # 接口传送的参数

       data = My_data  # 接口传送的参数

       r = requests.get(url=url, json=data, headers=headers)  # 发送请求

       #print (r.text)  # 获取响应报文

       #print (r.status_code) # 获取结果码

       return json.loads(r.text)

 

(2)、引用py脚本

(3)、robot使用

(4)输出结果

5.     参见问题:

(1)、python接口能返回结果,但在获取结果里的data值却报错了(string indices must be integers)

原因是接口返回结果没有转换转成obj

  原代码:

     return r.text

  用json.loads 修复如下:

      return json.loads(r.text)
相关推荐
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页