学生成绩管理系统【C语言程序设计】

C/C++ 专栏收录该内容
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一、功能实现:

0、浏览学生信息
1、输入学生信息
2、增加学生信息
3、修改学生信息
4、删除学生信息
5、按学号查询
6、按班级查询
7、按姓名查询
8、按课堂名称查询
9、按总分高低排序
10、单科成绩排名
11、查询班级优秀率
12、清屏
13、退出系统

二、运用到的核心知识:

0、动态链表的创建、输出、查找、增加、修改、删除等

1、链表的冒泡排序

三、代码如下:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#define lis struct stu
#define setup (lis *)malloc(sizeof(lis))

struct score
{
    float ord_scor;
    //expe_scor,exam_scor;//可增加学生单科各类成绩,为简便,在此忽略
};

struct stu
{
    int num;
    char name[10];
    struct score Chinese, Math, English, Physics, Chem, Bio;
    float fina_scor;
    lis *next;
};

lis *p;

lis *input()//输入学生信息
{
    lis *head, *tail;
    int cnt = 0;
    p = setup;
    printf( "学号  姓名  语文  数学  英语  物理  化学  生物\n" );
    scanf( "%d", &p->num );
    while( 1 )
    {
        if( p->num == 0 )
            break;
        cnt++;
        scanf( "%s%f%f%f%f%f%f", p->name, &( p->Chinese ).ord_scor, &( p->Math ).ord_scor, &( p->English ).ord_scor, &( p->Physics ).ord_scor, &( p->Chem ).ord_scor, &( p->Bio ).ord_scor );
        if( cnt == 1 )
        {
            head = tail = p;
        }
        else
        {
            tail->next = p;
            tail = p;
        }
        p = setup;
        scanf( "%d", &p->num );
    }
    tail->next = NULL;
    return ( head );
}

lis *alter( lis *head ) //修改学生信息
{
    float alt_num, alt_scor;
    int course;
    printf( "请输入要修改的学生学号(0代表结束): " );
    scanf( "%f", &alt_num );
    while( alt_num != 0 )
    {
        p = head;
        while( p != NULL )
        {
            if( p->num != alt_num )
                p = p->next;
            else
                break;
        }
        if( p == NULL )
        {
            printf( "输入学号有错!请重新输入(0代表结束): " );
        }
        else
        {
            printf( "请输入要修改的课程代表的编号(1-语文,2-数学,3-英语,4-物理,5-化学,6-生物,0-修改结束): " );
            scanf( "%d", &course );
            while( course > 6 || course < 0 )
            {
                printf( "输入编号有错!请重新输入编号(0代表结束): " );
                scanf( "%d", &course );
            }
            while( course != 0 )
            {
                if( course > 6 || course < 0 )
                    printf( "输入编号有错!请重新输入编号(0代表结束): " );
                else
                {
                    p = head;
                    while( p != NULL )
                    {
                        if( p->num == alt_num )
                        {
                            printf( "请输入新成绩:\n" );
                            scanf( "%f", &alt_scor );
                            switch( course )
                            {
                            case 1:
                                ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor = alt_scor;
                                break;
                            case 2:
                                ( p->Math ).ord_scor = alt_scor;
                                break;
                            case 3:
                                ( p->English ).ord_scor = alt_scor;
                                break;
                            case 4:
                                ( p->Physics ).ord_scor = alt_scor;
                                break;
                            case 5:
                                ( p->Chem ).ord_scor = alt_scor;
                                break;
                            case 6:
                                ( p->Bio ).ord_scor = alt_scor;
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                        p = p->next;
                    }
                    printf( "若继续修改该学生成绩,请输入编号(0代表结束): " );
                }
                scanf( "%d", &course );
            }
            printf( "请输入学号(0代表结束): " );
        }
        scanf( "%f", &alt_num );
    }
    return ( head );
}

lis *add( lis *head ) //增加学生信息
{
    lis *tail, *z, *q;
    q = tail = head;
    while( q != NULL )
    {
        z = tail; //z指向倒数第二个结点
        tail = q;
        q = q->next;
    }           //tail->next==NULL
    p = setup;
    printf( "请增加学生信息(学号为0无效,且结束增加):\n学号  姓名  语文  数学  英语  物理  化学  生物\n" );
    scanf( "%d%s%f%f%f%f%f%f", &p->num, p->name, &( p->Chinese ).ord_scor, &( p->Math ).ord_scor, &( p->English ).ord_scor, &( p->Physics ).ord_scor, &( p->Chem ).ord_scor, &( p->Bio ).ord_scor );
    int flag;
    while( p->num != 0 )
    {
        flag = 0;
        while( flag == 0 || flag == 1 )
        {
            q = head;
            while( q != NULL )
            {
                if( q->num == p->num ) //学号重复
                {
                    flag = 1;
                    break;
                }
                else
                    q = q->next;
            }
            if( flag == 1 )
            {
                flag = 0;
                printf( "已存在该学生,请重新输入:\n" );
                p = setup;
                scanf( "%d%s%f%f%f%f%f%f", &p->num, p->name, &( p->Chinese ).ord_scor, &( p->Math ).ord_scor, &( p->English ).ord_scor, &( p->Physics ).ord_scor, &( p->Chem ).ord_scor, &( p->Bio ).ord_scor );
            }
            else
                break;
        }
        z->next = p;
        p->next = tail;
        z = p;
        p = setup;
        scanf( "%d%s%f%f%f%f%f%f", &p->num, p->name, &( p->Chinese ).ord_scor, &( p->Math ).ord_scor, &( p->English ).ord_scor, &( p->Physics ).ord_scor, &( p->Chem ).ord_scor, &( p->Bio ).ord_scor );
    }
    return ( head );
}

lis *delet( lis *head ) //删除学生信息
{
    int del_num;
    lis *t;
    printf( "请输入要删除的成绩对应的学号(0表示删除结束):\n" );
    scanf( "%d", &del_num );
    while( del_num )
    {
        p = head;
        while( p != NULL )
        {
            if( head->num == del_num )
            {
                head = p->next;
                break;
            }
            else if( p->num == del_num )
            {
                t->next = p->next;
                break;
            }
            t = p;
            p = p->next;
        }
        if( p == NULL )
            printf( "输入学号有错!请重新输入:\n" );
        scanf( "%d", &del_num );
    }
    return ( head );
}

void search_print( lis *p )
{
    printf( "%d%7s%8.2f%10.2f%10.2f%10.2f%10.2f%10.2f\n", p->num, p->name, ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor, ( p->Math ).ord_scor, ( p->English ).ord_scor, ( p->Physics ).ord_scor, ( p->Chem ).ord_scor, ( p->Bio ).ord_scor );
}

void search( lis *head, int key ) //各种方式查询学生信息
{
    lis *q = head;
    int sear_num, sear_class, sear_course, flag1 = 0, flag2 = 0;
    char sear_name[10];
    if( key == 5 )
    {
        printf( "请输入学号:" );
        scanf( "%d", &sear_num );
    }
    else if( key == 6 )
    {
        flag1 = 1;                      //标记按班级查询
        printf( "请输入班级:" );
        scanf( "%d", &sear_class );
    }
    else if( key == 7 )
    {
        printf( "请请输入姓名:" );
        scanf( "%s", sear_name );
    }
    else if( key == 8 )
    {
        flag2 = 1;                      //标记按课程查询
        printf( "请输入课程代表的编号(1-语文,2-数学,3-英语,4-物理,5-化学,6-生物):" );
        scanf( "%d", &sear_course );
    }
    if( flag2 )                         //按课程查询
    {
        switch( sear_course )
        {
        case 1:
        {
            printf( "学号    姓名    语文\n" );
            while( q != NULL )
            {
                printf( "%d%7s%8.2f\n", q->num, q->name, ( q->Chinese ).ord_scor );
                q = q->next;
            }
        }
        break;
        case 2:
        {
            printf( "学号    姓名    数学\n" );
            while( q != NULL )
            {
                printf( "%d%7s%8.2f\n", q->num, q->name, ( q->Math ).ord_scor );
                q = q->next;
            }
        }
        break;
        case 3:
        {
            printf( "学号    姓名    英语\n" );
            while( q != NULL )
            {
                printf( "%d%7s%8.2f\n", q->num, q->name, ( q->English ).ord_scor );
                q = q->next;
            }
        }
        break;
        case 4:
        {
            printf( "学号    姓名    物理\n" );
            while( q != NULL )
            {
                printf( "%d%7s%8.2f\n", q->num, q->name, ( q->Physics ).ord_scor );
                q = q->next;
            }
        }
        break;
        case 5:
        {
            printf( "学号    姓名    化学\n" );
            while( q != NULL )
            {
                printf( "%d%7s%8.2f\n", q->num, q->name, ( q->Chem ).ord_scor );
                q = q->next;
            }
        }
        break;
        case 6:
        {
            printf( "学号    姓名    生物\n" );
            while( q != NULL )
            {
                printf( "%d%7s%8.2f\n", q->num, q->name, ( q->Bio ).ord_scor );
                q = q->next;
            }
        }
        break;
        default:
            printf( "输入错误!\n" );
        }
    }
    else
    {
        if( flag1 )                     //按班级查询
        {
            int flag3 = 0;              //标记是否有输入的班级
            while( q != NULL )
            {
                if( ( q->num ) / 100 == sear_class )
                {
                    flag3 = 1;
                    break;
                }
                q = q->next;
            }
            if( flag3 )
            {
                q = head; //q要指向头节点
                printf( "学号    姓名    语文    数学    英语    物理    化学    生物\n" );
                while( q != NULL )
                {
                    if( ( q->num ) / 100 == sear_class )
                        search_print( q );
                    q = q->next;
                }
            }
            else
                printf( "输入错误!\n" );
        }
        else                            //按学号或姓名查询
        {
            while( q != NULL )
            {
                if( q->num == sear_num )
                    break;
                if( strcmp( q->name, sear_name ) == 0 )
                    break;
                q = q->next;
            }
            if( q == NULL )
                printf( "输入错误!\n" );
            else
            {
                printf( "学号    姓名    语文    数学    英语    物理    化学    生物\n" );
                search_print( q );
            }
        }
    }
}

lis *bubble_sort( lis *head, int len, int key ) //冒泡排序
{
    lis *t = setup;
    int i = len;
    if( key == 100 ) //交换总分
    {
        while( i > 1 )
        {
            p = head;
            while( p->next != NULL )
            {
                if( p->fina_scor < ( p->next )->fina_scor )
                {
                    t->num = p->num; //交换学号
                    p->num = ( p->next )->num;
                    ( p->next )->num = t->num;
                    strcpy( t->name, p->name ); //交换姓名
                    strcpy( p->name, ( p->next )->name );
                    strcpy( ( p->next )->name, t->name );
                    t->fina_scor = p->fina_scor;
                    p->fina_scor = ( p->next )->fina_scor;
                    ( p->next )->fina_scor = t->fina_scor;
                }
                p = p->next;
            }
            i--;
        }
        return ( head );
    }
    else if( key == 1 ) //交换语分
    {
        while( i > 1 )
        {
            p = head;
            while( p->next != NULL )
            {
                if( ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor < ( ( p->next )->Chinese ).ord_scor )
                {
                    t->num = p->num; //交换学号
                    p->num = ( p->next )->num;
                    ( p->next )->num = t->num;
                    strcpy( t->name, p->name ); //交换姓名
                    strcpy( p->name, ( p->next )->name );
                    strcpy( ( p->next )->name, t->name );
                    ( t->Chinese ).ord_scor = ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor;
                    ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor = ( ( p->next )->Chinese ).ord_scor;
                    ( ( p->next )->Chinese ).ord_scor = ( t->Chinese ).ord_scor;
                }
                p = p->next;
            }
            i--;
        }
        return ( head );
    }
    else if( key == 2 ) //交换数分
    {
        while( i > 1 )
        {
            p = head;
            while( p->next != NULL )
            {
                if( ( p->Math ).ord_scor < ( ( p->next )->Math ).ord_scor )
                {
                    t->num = p->num; //交换学号
                    p->num = ( p->next )->num;
                    ( p->next )->num = t->num;
                    strcpy( t->name, p->name ); //交换姓名
                    strcpy( p->name, ( p->next )->name );
                    strcpy( ( p->next )->name, t->name );
                    ( t->Math ).ord_scor = ( p->Math ).ord_scor;
                    ( p->Math ).ord_scor = ( ( p->next )->Math ).ord_scor;
                    ( ( p->next )->Math ).ord_scor = ( t->Math ).ord_scor;
                }
                p = p->next;
            }
            i--;
        }
        return ( head );
    }
    else if( key == 3 ) //交换英分
    {
        while( i > 1 )
        {
            p = head;
            while( p->next != NULL )
            {
                if( ( p->English ).ord_scor < ( ( p->next )->English ).ord_scor )
                {
                    t->num = p->num; //交换学号
                    p->num = ( p->next )->num;
                    ( p->next )->num = t->num;
                    strcpy( t->name, p->name ); //交换姓名
                    strcpy( p->name, ( p->next )->name );
                    strcpy( ( p->next )->name, t->name );
                    ( t->English ).ord_scor = ( p->English ).ord_scor;
                    ( p->English ).ord_scor = ( ( p->next )->English ).ord_scor;
                    ( ( p->next )->English ).ord_scor = ( t->English ).ord_scor;
                }
                p = p->next;
            }
            i--;
        }
        return ( head );
    }
    else if( key == 4 ) //交换物分
    {
        while( i > 1 )
        {
            p = head;
            while( p->next != NULL )
            {
                if( ( p->Physics ).ord_scor < ( ( p->next )->Physics ).ord_scor )
                {
                    t->num = p->num; //交换学号
                    p->num = ( p->next )->num;
                    ( p->next )->num = t->num;
                    strcpy( t->name, p->name ); //交换姓名
                    strcpy( p->name, ( p->next )->name );
                    strcpy( ( p->next )->name, t->name );
                    ( t->Physics ).ord_scor = ( p->Physics ).ord_scor;
                    ( p->Physics ).ord_scor = ( ( p->next )->Physics ).ord_scor;
                    ( ( p->next )->Physics ).ord_scor = ( t->Physics ).ord_scor;
                }
                p = p->next;
            }
            i--;
        }
        return ( head );
    }
    else if( key == 5 ) //交换化分
    {
        while( i > 1 )
        {
            p = head;
            while( p->next != NULL )
            {
                if( ( p->Chem ).ord_scor < ( ( p->next )->Chem ).ord_scor )
                {
                    t->num = p->num; //交换学号
                    p->num = ( p->next )->num;
                    ( p->next )->num = t->num;
                    strcpy( t->name, p->name ); //交换姓名
                    strcpy( p->name, ( p->next )->name );
                    strcpy( ( p->next )->name, t->name );
                    ( t->Chem ).ord_scor = ( p->Chem ).ord_scor;
                    ( p->Chem ).ord_scor = ( ( p->next )->Chem ).ord_scor;
                    ( ( p->next )->Chem ).ord_scor = ( t->Chem ).ord_scor;
                }
                p = p->next;
            }
            i--;
        }
        return ( head );
    }
    else if( key == 6 ) //交换生分
    {
        while( i > 1 )
        {
            p = head;
            while( p->next != NULL )
            {
                if( ( p->Bio ).ord_scor < ( ( p->next )->Bio ).ord_scor )
                {
                    t->num = p->num; //交换学号
                    p->num = ( p->next )->num;
                    ( p->next )->num = t->num;
                    strcpy( t->name, p->name ); //交换姓名
                    strcpy( p->name, ( p->next )->name );
                    strcpy( ( p->next )->name, t->name );
                    ( t->Bio ).ord_scor = ( p->Bio ).ord_scor;
                    ( p->Bio ).ord_scor = ( ( p->next )->Bio ).ord_scor;
                    ( ( p->next )->Bio ).ord_scor = ( t->Bio ).ord_scor;
                }
                p = p->next;
            }
            i--;
        }
        return ( head );
    }
}

void final_score_sort( lis *head ) //按总分高低排序
{
    int cnt = 0, z = 100;
    p = head;
    while( p != NULL )
    {
        cnt++;
        p->fina_scor = ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor + ( p->Math ).ord_scor + ( p->English ).ord_scor + ( p->Physics ).ord_scor + ( p->Chem ).ord_scor + ( p->Bio ).ord_scor;
        p = p->next;
    }
    head = bubble_sort( head, cnt, z );
    printf( "名次    学号\t    姓名    总分\n" );
    cnt = 1;
    p = head;
    while( p != NULL )
    {
        printf( "%d\t%d\t%7s%8.2f\n", cnt++, p->num, p->name, p->fina_scor );
        p = p->next;
    }
}

void  single_course_sort( lis *head ) //单科成绩排名
{
    int select, cnt = 0;
    p = head;
    while( p != NULL )
    {
        cnt++;
        p = p->next;
    }
    printf( "请输入课程代表的编号(1-语文,2-数学,3-英语,4-物理,5-化学,6-生物):" );
    scanf( "%d", &select );
    switch( select )
    {
    case 1:
    {
        head = bubble_sort( head, cnt, select );
        printf( "名次    学号\t    姓名    语文分数\n" );
        cnt = 1;
        p = head;
        while( p != NULL )
        {
            printf( "%d\t%d\t%7s%8.2f\n", cnt++, p->num, p->name, ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor );
            p = p->next;
        }
    }
    break;
    case 2:
    {
        head = bubble_sort( head, cnt, select );
        printf( "名次    学号\t    姓名    数学分数\n" );
        cnt = 1;
        p = head;
        while( p != NULL )
        {
            printf( "%d\t%d\t%7s%8.2f\n", cnt++, p->num, p->name, ( p->Math ).ord_scor );
            p = p->next;
        }
    }
    break;
    case 3:
    {
        head = bubble_sort( head, cnt, select );
        printf( "名次    学号\t    姓名    英语分数\n" );
        cnt = 1;
        p = head;
        while( p != NULL )
        {
            printf( "%d\t%d\t%7s%8.2f\n", cnt++, p->num, p->name, ( p->English ).ord_scor );
            p = p->next;
        }
    }
    break;
    case 4:
    {
        head = bubble_sort( head, cnt, select );
        printf( "名次    学号\t    姓名    物理分数\n" );
        cnt = 1;
        p = head;
        while( p != NULL )
        {
            printf( "%d\t%d\t%7s%8.2f\n", cnt++, p->num, p->name, ( p->Physics ).ord_scor );
            p = p->next;
        }
    }
    break;
    case 5:
    {
        head = bubble_sort( head, cnt, select );
        printf( "名次    学号\t    姓名    化学分数\n" );
        cnt = 1;
        p = head;
        while( p != NULL )
        {
            printf( "%d\t%d\t%7s%8.2f\n", cnt++, p->num, p->name, ( p->Chem ).ord_scor );
            p = p->next;
        }
    }
    break;
    case 6:
    {
        head = bubble_sort( head, cnt, select );
        printf( "名次    学号\t    姓名    生物分数\n" );
        cnt = 1;
        p = head;
        while( p != NULL )
        {
            printf( "%d\t%d\t%7s%8.2f\n", cnt++, p->num, p->name, ( p->Bio ).ord_scor );
            p = p->next;
        }
    }
    break;
    default:
        printf( "输入错误!\n" );
    }
}

struct class_excel_rate
{
    int class_num, all_stu, excel_stu;
    struct class_excel_rate *next;
};

void bubble_sort_print( struct class_excel_rate *head, int lenth ) //冒泡排序并输出班级优秀率
{
    struct class_excel_rate *t = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
    int len = 0;
    float s;
    t = head;
    while( t != NULL )
    {
        len++;
        t = t->next;
    }
    while( len > 1 )
    {
        t = head;
        while( t->next != NULL )
        {
            if( ( t->next )->excel_stu / ( ( t->next )->all_stu * 0.1 ) > t->excel_stu / ( t->all_stu * 0.1 ) )
            {
                s = t->excel_stu;
                t->excel_stu = ( t->next )->excel_stu;
                ( t->next )->excel_stu = s;
                s = t->all_stu;
                t->all_stu = ( t->next )->all_stu;
                ( t->next )->all_stu = s;
            }
            t = t->next;
        }
        len--;
    }
    printf( "名次\t班级\t     总人数    优秀人数    优秀率\n" );
    int i = 1;
    t = head;
    while( t != NULL )
    {
        printf( "%d\t%d\t\t%d\t  %d\t   %.2f%%\n", i++, t->class_num, t->all_stu, t->excel_stu, t->excel_stu / ( t->all_stu * 0.1 ) * 10 );
        t = t->next;
    }
}

void select_class_find( lis *head, int len, int key ) //查询班级优秀率
{
    struct class_excel_rate *head1, *q, *r, *k; //创建新链表
    switch( key )
    {
    case 1://查询语文
    {
        p = head;
        head1 = q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
        head1->class_num = p->num / 100; //初始化头节点
        head1->all_stu = 1;
        if( ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
            head1->excel_stu = 1;
        else
            head1->excel_stu = 0;
        p = p->next;
        while( p->next != NULL ) //先建立两个两个首、尾结点,以便其它班级的插入
        {
            if( p->num / 100 == head1->class_num ) //相同班级
            {
                head1->all_stu++;
                if( ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    head1->excel_stu++;
            }
            else
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                head1->next = q;
                q->next = NULL;
                break;//建立链尾结点
            }
            p = p->next;
        }
        p = p->next;
        while( p != NULL ) //检索所有剩余的班级
        {
            r = k = head1; //问题:最后一个班级检索没有被处理
            while( r != NULL ) //检索班级是否相同
            {
                if( p->num / 100 == r->class_num )
                {
                    r->all_stu++;
                    if( ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                        r->excel_stu++;
                    break;
                }
                else
                {
                    k = r;
                    r = r->next;
                }
            }
            if( r == NULL ) //没有相同的班级,插入新结点
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                k->next = q;
                q->next = r;
            }
            p = p->next; //检索下一个处理的班级
        }
        bubble_sort_print( head1, len );
    }
    break;
    case 2://查询数学
    {
        p = head;
        head1 = q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
        head1->class_num = p->num / 100; //初始化头节点
        head1->all_stu = 1;
        if( ( p->Math ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
            head1->excel_stu = 1;
        else
            head1->excel_stu = 0;
        p = p->next;
        while( p->next != NULL ) //先建立两个两个首、尾结点,以便其它班级的插入
        {
            if( p->num / 100 == head1->class_num ) //相同班级
            {
                head1->all_stu++;
                if( ( p->Math ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    head1->excel_stu++;
            }
            else
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->Math ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                head1->next = q;
                q->next = NULL;
                break;//建立链尾结点
            }
            p = p->next;
        }
        p = p->next;
        while( p != NULL ) //检索所有剩余的班级
        {
            r = k = head1; //问题:最后一个班级检索没有被处理
            while( r != NULL ) //检索班级是否相同
            {
                if( p->num / 100 == r->class_num )
                {
                    r->all_stu++;
                    if( ( p->Math ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                        r->excel_stu++;
                    break;
                }
                else
                {
                    k = r;
                    r = r->next;
                }
            }
            if( r == NULL ) //没有相同的班级,插入新结点
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->Math ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                k->next = q;
                q->next = r;
            }
            p = p->next; //检索下一个处理的班级
        }
        bubble_sort_print( head1, len );
    }
    break;
    case 3://查询英语
    {
        p = head;
        head1 = q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
        head1->class_num = p->num / 100; //初始化头节点
        head1->all_stu = 1;
        if( ( p->English ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
            head1->excel_stu = 1;
        else
            head1->excel_stu = 0;
        p = p->next;
        while( p->next != NULL ) //先建立两个两个首、尾结点,以便其它班级的插入
        {
            if( p->num / 100 == head1->class_num ) //相同班级
            {
                head1->all_stu++;
                if( ( p->English ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    head1->excel_stu++;
            }
            else
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->English ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                head1->next = q;
                q->next = NULL;
                break;//建立链尾结点
            }
            p = p->next;
        }
        p = p->next;
        while( p != NULL ) //检索所有剩余的班级
        {
            r = k = head1; //问题:最后一个班级检索没有被处理
            while( r != NULL ) //检索班级是否相同
            {
                if( p->num / 100 == r->class_num )
                {
                    r->all_stu++;
                    if( ( p->English ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                        r->excel_stu++;
                    break;
                }
                else
                {
                    k = r;
                    r = r->next;
                }
            }
            if( r == NULL ) //没有相同的班级,插入新结点
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->English ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                k->next = q;
                q->next = r;
            }
            p = p->next; //检索下一个处理的班级
        }
        bubble_sort_print( head1, len );
    }
    break;
    case 4://查询物理
    {
        p = head;
        head1 = q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
        head1->class_num = p->num / 100; //初始化头节点
        head1->all_stu = 1;
        if( ( p->Physics ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
            head1->excel_stu = 1;
        else
            head1->excel_stu = 0;
        p = p->next;
        while( p->next != NULL ) //先建立两个两个首、尾结点,以便其它班级的插入
        {
            if( p->num / 100 == head1->class_num ) //相同班级
            {
                head1->all_stu++;
                if( ( p->Physics ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    head1->excel_stu++;
            }
            else
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->Physics ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                head1->next = q;
                q->next = NULL;
                break;//建立链尾结点
            }
            p = p->next;
        }
        p = p->next;
        while( p != NULL ) //检索所有剩余的班级
        {
            r = k = head1; //问题:最后一个班级检索没有被处理
            while( r != NULL ) //检索班级是否相同
            {
                if( p->num / 100 == r->class_num )
                {
                    r->all_stu++;
                    if( ( p->Physics ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                        r->excel_stu++;
                    break;
                }
                else
                {
                    k = r;
                    r = r->next;
                }
            }
            if( r == NULL ) //没有相同的班级,插入新结点
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->Physics ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                k->next = q;
                q->next = r;
            }
            p = p->next; //检索下一个处理的班级
        }
        bubble_sort_print( head1, len );
    }
    break;
    case 5://查询化学
    {
        p = head;
        head1 = q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
        head1->class_num = p->num / 100; //初始化头节点
        head1->all_stu = 1;
        if( ( p->Chem ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
            head1->excel_stu = 1;
        else
            head1->excel_stu = 0;
        p = p->next;
        while( p->next != NULL ) //先建立两个两个首、尾结点,以便其它班级的插入
        {
            if( p->num / 100 == head1->class_num ) //相同班级
            {
                head1->all_stu++;
                if( ( p->Chem ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    head1->excel_stu++;
            }
            else
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->Chem ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                head1->next = q;
                q->next = NULL;
                break;//建立链尾结点
            }
            p = p->next;
        }
        p = p->next;
        while( p != NULL ) //检索所有剩余的班级
        {
            r = k = head1; //问题:最后一个班级检索没有被处理
            while( r != NULL ) //检索班级是否相同
            {
                if( p->num / 100 == r->class_num )
                {
                    r->all_stu++;
                    if( ( p->Chem ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                        r->excel_stu++;
                    break;
                }
                else
                {
                    k = r;
                    r = r->next;
                }
            }
            if( r == NULL ) //没有相同的班级,插入新结点
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->Chem ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                k->next = q;
                q->next = r;
            }
            p = p->next; //检索下一个处理的班级
        }
        bubble_sort_print( head1, len );
    }
    break;
    case 6://查询生物
    {
        p = head;
        head1 = q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
        head1->class_num = p->num / 100; //初始化头节点
        head1->all_stu = 1;
        if( ( p->Bio ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
            head1->excel_stu = 1;
        else
            head1->excel_stu = 0;
        p = p->next;
        while( p->next != NULL ) //先建立两个两个首、尾结点,以便其它班级的插入
        {
            if( p->num / 100 == head1->class_num ) //相同班级
            {
                head1->all_stu++;
                if( ( p->Bio ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    head1->excel_stu++;
            }
            else
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->Bio ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                head1->next = q;
                q->next = NULL;
                break;//建立链尾结点
            }
            p = p->next;
        }
        p = p->next;
        while( p != NULL ) //检索所有剩余的班级
        {
            r = k = head1; //问题:最后一个班级检索没有被处理
            while( r != NULL ) //检索班级是否相同
            {
                if( p->num / 100 == r->class_num )
                {
                    r->all_stu++;
                    if( ( p->Bio ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                        r->excel_stu++;
                    break;
                }
                else
                {
                    k = r;
                    r = r->next;
                }
            }
            if( r == NULL ) //没有相同的班级,插入新结点
            {
                q = ( struct class_excel_rate * )malloc( sizeof( struct class_excel_rate ) );
                q->class_num = p->num / 100;
                q->all_stu = 1;
                if( ( p->Bio ).ord_scor >= 90.0 )
                    q->excel_stu = 1;
                else
                    q->excel_stu = 0;
                k->next = q;
                q->next = r;
            }
            p = p->next; //检索下一个处理的班级
        }
        bubble_sort_print( head1, len );
    }
    break;
    }
}

void select_course_find( lis *head ) //选择查询课程优秀率
{
    int select, cnt = 0;
    p = head;
    while( p != NULL )
    {
        cnt++;
        p = p->next;
    }
    printf( "请输入课程代表的编号(1-语文,2-数学,3-英语,4-物理,5-化学,6-生物):" );
    scanf( "%d", &select );
    switch( select )
    {
    case 1:
        select_class_find( head, cnt, select );
        break;
    case 2:
        select_class_find( head, cnt, select );
        break;
    case 3:
        select_class_find( head, cnt, select );
        break;
    case 4:
        select_class_find( head, cnt, select );
        break;
    case 5:
        select_class_find( head, cnt, select );
        break;
    case 6:
        select_class_find( head, cnt, select );
        break;
    default:
        printf( "输入错误!\n" );
    }
}

void output( lis *head ) //输出学生信息
{
    p = setup;
    p = head;
    printf( "学号    姓名    语文      数学      英语      物理      化学      生物\n" );
    while( p != NULL )
    {
        printf( "%d%7s%8.2f%10.2f%10.2f%10.2f%10.2f%10.2f\n", p->num, p->name, ( p->Chinese ).ord_scor, ( p->Math ).ord_scor, ( p->English ).ord_scor, ( p->Physics ).ord_scor, ( p->Chem ).ord_scor, ( p->Bio ).ord_scor );
        p = p->next;
    }
}

void print()
{
    printf( "\t\t-------学生成绩管理系统-------\n" );
    printf( "\t\t\t0、浏览学生信息\n\t\t\t1、输入学生信息\n\t\t\t2、增加学生信息\n\t\t\t3、修改学生信息\n\t\t\t4、删除学生信息\n\t\t\t5、按学号查询\n" );
    printf( "\t\t\t6、按班级查询\n\t\t\t7、按姓名查询\n\t\t\t8、按课堂名称查询\n\t\t\t9、按总分高低排序\n\t\t\t10、单科成绩排名\n\t\t\t11、查询班级优秀率\n\t\t\t12、清屏\n\t\t\t13、退出系统\n" );
    printf( "\t\t------------------------------\n" );
    printf( "\n>>请输入要实现功能前的序号:  " );
}

int main()
{
    int fun;
    lis *student;
    print();
    while( 1 )
    {
        scanf( "%d", &fun );
        switch( fun )
        {
        case 0:
            output( student );
            break;
        case 1:
            student = input();
            break;
        case 2:
            student = add( student );
            break;
        case 3:
            student = alter( student );
            break;
        case 4:
            student = delet( student );
            break;
        case 5:
        case 6:
        case 7:
        case 8:
            search( student, fun );
            break;
        case 9:
            final_score_sort( student );
            break;
        case 10:
            single_course_sort( student );
            break;
        case 11:
            select_course_find( student );
            break;
        case 12: {
            system( "cls" );
            print();
        }
        }
        if( fun == 1 )
        {
            system( "cls" );
            print();
        }
        else if( fun == 13 )
            break;
        else if( fun > 13 )
            printf( "\n\t**输入错误!\n>>请输入要实现功能前的序号: " );
        else if( fun != 12 )
            printf( "\n>>请输入要实现功能前的序号: " );
    }
    return 0;
}

/*测试数据
150901 james  100  99    94   89.9    93    95
130118 bryant 93   98    75   78.9    99.2  97.1
161226 lu     85   99    78   79      66    66.9
130821 jordon 99   100   98.1 90.6    91    89.9
150928 antony 98   97.4  91.9 89      78    79.4
161127 durant 100  98    93   82      97    80
161222 love   90   89    90   91.2    93    82.7
130156 duncan 99   98    91   82.5    89    78
160703 paul   90   91.5  98   89      87.9  80
150433 wade   93   93.4  95   91      89    80.9
161316 irving 96   89    91.8 95      91    98.8
161205 harden 89   88    93   95      96.7  99
161305 curry  89.9 92    89   46.9    39    100
160739 bosh   91.5 78    98   69.9    89    85
0
*/





学生成绩管理系统 #include #include #include #include struct student_type { char name[8]; int num; int clss; float score[3]; double ave; }stud[10]; char ar[100]={"学号 姓名 班级 课程1 课程2 课程3 平均成绩\n"}; int n;//学生人数。 int main() { void write (); void save (); void display (); int n=0; while (1) { printf ("\n\t\t\t\t学生成绩管理\n\n"); printf ("\t1:请输入学生成绩记录\n"); printf ("\t2:显示成绩记录\n"); printf ("\t3:退出系统\n"); printf ("\t输入操作选项序号:"); scanf ("%d",&n); switch (n) { case 1 : write (); break; case 2 : display (); break; case 3 : printf("\n\t\t\t**************谢谢使用!**************\n");break; default : printf("\n请输入1、2或3!!!"); } if (n==3) break; } //system("pause"); return 0; } /* *********输入学生成绩**********/ void write() { int i=0, j=0; printf("请输入需要输入的人数:"); scanf("%d",&n); for(i=0; i<n ;i++) { printf("请输入学号 姓名 班级 :"); scanf("%d%s%d",&stud[i].num, &stud[i].name, &stud[i].clss); for(j=0; j<3; j++) { printf("请依次输入课程成绩 :"); scanf("%f", &stud[i].score[j]); } stud[i].ave = (stud[i].score[0] + stud[i].score[1] + stud[i].score[2]) / 3; } printf ("\n\t\t是否保存?\n\t\t\t是:1;\n\t\t\t否:2.\n"); scanf("%d",&i); if(i==1) save(); else main(); } /**********读出文件资料***********/ void display () { int i=0; FILE *fp; fp =fopen("score.txt","r"); if ((fp=fopen("score.txt","r")) == NULL) { printf("cannot open this score"); exit(0); } fread(&ar,sizeof(ar),1,fp); for(i=0;i<n;i++) { //fscanf(fp, "%11d%s%2d%5.2f%5.2f%5.2f%5.2f\n",&stud[i].num, &stud[i].name[i], // &stud[i].clss, &stud[i].score[0], &stud[i].score[1], &stud[i].score[2], // &stud[i].ave); fread(&stud[i],sizeof(struct student_type),1,fp); printf("%s",ar); printf("%11d %s %2d %5.2f %5.2f %5.2f %5.2f \n", stud[i].num, stud[i].name, stud[i].clss, stud
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