【英语学渣上分录】用句子修饰(定于从句)

何为定语

修饰名词的词叫做定语(确定的定)。我来看看定语都有那些分类

一个词修饰名词: This is an ugly dog

词组修饰名词:I saw a man on the bus

句子修饰名词 :I know the boy who is drinking tea

;了解 which that who whose when why where 连词的使用条件就能用好定语从句

连词做主语

用英语说话老是有一种强调的感觉,先主干后分支。例如我说我像有个上得了厅堂下得了厨房的老婆。在不会用句子时就只能这样说了

i want to have a wife 。she is pretty and able to have cook

当我们会用句子的时候就会说
i want to have a wife who is smart and good at socializing

这里的连词who 就是指代被修饰名词 wife,且做从句的主语

连词做宾语

连词做从句的主语且修饰部分时物用 which ,人用who,或者都用that

  • This is the man who/that wants to see you
  • A clock is a machine which/that tells people the time
  • The book which/that is on the table is mine
  • The man who/that was passing by saw what happened

连词做从句的宾语且被修饰部分时物用 which 人用who(m),或者都用that

  • The man (whom/who/that) I met yesterday lent (借出) me some money

  • Here is the pen ( which/that ) you lost the day before yesterday

  • The man (who/whom/that )you went to see has come

  • These books**( which/that )you lent me** were very useful

ps : 一般做从句宾语的连词我们都省略,因为者很native

巩固

请分析下面句子是不是省略定语从句连词,如果省略省略了那个连词。

  1. The people we met at the party were very friendly
  2. The people who work in the office are very friendly
  3. What have you done with the money I give you
  4. What happened to the money that was on the table
  5. It was the worst film I’ve ever seen
  6. It was the worst thing that has ever happened to me
  7. The woman who he fell in love left him after a few week

分析

  1. we met the people .the people 做从句宾语, 省略了whom/that。
  2. the people work in the office. the people 做从句主语,
  3. i give you money . money 做从句宾语,省略了which/that.
  4. money was on the table ,money 做从句主语。
  5. i’ve ever seen file, file 做从句并于,省略了which/that
  6. thing has eve happened to me 。连词做主语
  7. 错误!应该是 the woman who(m) he fell in love with 或者是 the woman with whom he fell in love

介词提前

下面的句子是错的。
The woman who he fell in love left him after a few week

因为fell in love 后面不能跟宾语了。为了加宾语只能通过加介词使动词变成及物动词。

The woman who he fell in love with left him after a few week

如果想native 一点就要把介词提到连词前面

The woman with whom he fell in love left him after a few week

记得介词提前之后就只能用 which 和whom了,不能用that

ps:
i am interesting in that …

这个that 是引导是宾语从句(类似名词)的,不要弄混了

巩固:

  1. American women usually take their best friend as someone with whom they can talk frequently

  2. The English play in which my students acted at the New Year’s party was a great success

  3. The schools themselves admit that not all children will be successful in the jobs for which they are being trained

  4. We saw several natives advancing(前进) towards our party, and one of them camp up to us ,to whom we gave some bells and glasses

上面的句子还是比较复杂的:

  1. they can talk frequently with someone
  2. my students acted in the English play
  3. admint that这个that 引导宾语从句,they are being trained for the job,为了工作而培训
  4. we gave some bells and glasses to them。这个没什么好解释

Of which

of which 并不宾语从句,of 是其中,which 指代前面的事物

  1. of the students go to school by bus
  2. There are altogether eleven books on the shelf. of which five are mine
  3. I have many friends, of which some are businessmen
  4. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months of which the sailing time was 226 days

连词做从句定语

连词做从句的定语,不管被修饰的词语是人或物都用whose

  1. Show me the boy whose mother is a well-known singer
  2. The house whose window is broken belongs to my sister
  3. Have you seen the film “Titanic ”, whose leading actor is world famous

连词做从句状语

连词做从句的状语,地点+where=介词+ which, 时间+when=介词+ which, reason+why=for which

  1. I can never forget the day when(on which) we worked together
  2. I can never forget the day (which/that) we spend together

分析:

  1. we worked on the day 所以可以用 when
  2. we spend the day ,所以不能用day

同理可以理解下面的句子,

  1. We went to the city where(in which) we lived last year
  2. We went to the city (which/that) we visited last year
  3. This is the reason why( for which )he left home
  4. This was the reason (which/that) he give me

ps:
连词做状语可以通过两中思维来考虑

  1. 从句完整,用 whenn ,why ,where ,why来链接,如

we hate the time when we live in shanghai
we live in shanghai 就是完整的句子

  1. 从句不完整,用 which来做从做从句宾语
    we hate shanghai in which we live.
    we live 缺少宾语,所以用 in which 来引导

所以作状语的连词就是找后面动词是不是既无动词

巩固:

  1. the place () interested me most was the children’s place(从句中做主语)

  2. Gun control is a subject () Americans have argued for a long time (不能使用where when 因为被修饰部分不是地点时间)

  3. Whatever is left over may be put into the refrigerator , in which it will keep for two or three weeks

  4. Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes() people were eaten by the tiger

  5. The days are gone during () physical strength was all you needed to make a living

  6. I walked up to the top of the hill with my friend。()we enjoyed a splendid(极好) view of the lake

  7. We live in an age() more information is available with greater ease than ever before

  8. Do you have anything to say yourself
    Yes, there’s one point ( ) we must insist on

答案:

  1. the place interested me most 。the place 做从句主语,只能用 which 或者that
  2. have argued about subject ,因为不是地点和事件所以不能用where 和when,只能用about which
  3. whatever is left over 是主语, it will keep for two or three weeks in refrigerator,所以可以用 in which或者where
  4. who had seen the film 定语从句。were eaten by tiger in scenes,因为不是地点所以只能用in which了
  5. 定语从句和被修饰的部分分开了,用during which 和when
  6. on which 或者where
  7. in which或者 when
  8. which
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