SQL SERVER2012新分页方式

SQL SERVER2012在ORDER BY 子句中加入了新元素offset,允许用户在排序完成的结果集中自定义输出行范围,大大简化了分页SQL的书写方式和效率。以下是与以前的两种分页方式的简单对比

use master
go
set nocount on
go
set showplan_text on
go
--2012的OFFSET分页方式
select number 
from spt_values
where type='p'
order by number offset 10 rows fetch next 5 rows only;
go
--2005的ROW_NUMBER分页方式
select number from (
select number,row_number() over(order by number) as num from spt_values where type='p'
) t where num between 11 and 15
order by number asc
go
--2000的TOP分页方式
select number from (
select top 5 number from (
select top 15 number from spt_values where type='p' order by number asc
) t
order by number desc
) t 
order by number asc
go
set showplan_text off
go
/*
StmtText
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
select number 
from spt_values
where type='p'
order by number offset 10 rows fetch next 5 rows only;

StmtText
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  |--Top(OFFSET EXPRESSION:((10)),TOP EXPRESSION:((5)))
       |--Index Scan(OBJECT:([mssqlsystemresource].[sys].[spt_values].[ix2_spt_values_nu_nc]),  WHERE:(CONVERT(nchar(3),[mssqlsystemresource].[sys].[spt_values].[type],0)=N'p') ORDERED FORWARD)

StmtText
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
select number from (
select number,row_number() over(order by number) as num from spt_values where type='p'
) t where num between 11 and 15
order by number asc

StmtText
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  |--Sort(ORDER BY:([mssqlsystemresource].[sys].[spt_values].[number] ASC))
       |--Filter(WHERE:([Expr1005]>=(11) AND [Expr1005]<=(15)))
            |--Top(TOP EXPRESSION:(CASE WHEN (15) IS NULL OR (15)<(0) THEN (0) ELSE (15) END))
                 |--Sequence Project(DEFINE:([Expr1005]=row_number))
                      |--Segment
                           |--Index Scan(OBJECT:([mssqlsystemresource].[sys].[spt_values].[ix2_spt_values_nu_nc]),  WHERE:(CONVERT(nchar(3),[mssqlsystemresource].[sys].[spt_values].[type],0)=N'p') ORDERED FORWARD)

StmtText
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
select number from (
select top 5 number from (
select top 15 number from spt_values where type='p' order by number asc
) t
order by number desc
) t 
order by number asc

StmtText
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  |--Sort(ORDER BY:([mssqlsystemresource].[sys].[spt_values].[number] ASC))
       |--Sort(TOP 5, ORDER BY:([mssqlsystemresource].[sys].[spt_values].[number] DESC))
            |--Top(TOP EXPRESSION:((15)))
                 |--Index Scan(OBJECT:([mssqlsystemresource].[sys].[spt_values].[ix2_spt_values_nu_nc]),  WHERE:(CONVERT(nchar(3),[mssqlsystemresource].[sys].[spt_values].[type],0)=N'p') ORDERED FORWARD)

*/
从查询计划来看,2012的查询计划中,offset直接操作了top迭代器,分页计划十分简单,看起来也比后两种简单明了。
而在系统预估的查询开销中,OFFSET占9%,ROW_NUMBER占45%,TOP占47%(加起来101% -_-||),OFFSET占了绝对的优势。


在2008的更新中,我最喜欢的是MERGE,2012中就是OFFSET了。

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