Okhttp https Android 5.0 以下TLS 版本过低握手失败

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本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/guoxiaolongonly/article/details/82589069

异常如下:

javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: javax.net.ssl.SSLProtocolException: SSL handshake aborted: ssl=0x610df808: Failure in SSL library, usually a protocol error
                                                error:14077410:SSL routines:SSL23_GET_SERVER_HELLO:sslv3 alert handshake failure 

由于集成的 SSL 库版本不同,不同 Android 版本的默认 SSL/TLS 版本配置如下表:

Protocol Supported (API Levels) Enabled by default (API Levels)
SSLv3 1–TBD 1–22
TLSv1 1+ 1+
TLSv1.1 20+ 20+
TLSv1.2 20+ 20+

在 Android 5.0 之前,最高支持的 SSL/TLS 版本为 TLSv1,而这个版本实际上是一个安全性并不是太好的版本,当前已经有许多网站配置为不再支持这种老版本的 SSL/TLS 。在用 Android 5.0 之前的设备,访问一些不再支持 TLSv1 及之前 SSL/TLS 版本的网站的时候,就会出现一些问题。

在 Android 4.3、Android 4.2.2 和 Android 4.1.1 上,用相同版本的 OkHttp 访问前面配置为最低支持 TLSv1.1 的 HTTP 服务器时,抛出了完全相同的异常。

客户端版本低于服务器支持的最低 SSL/TLS 版本时,HTTPS 连接会在握手阶段失败。

解决方案:
1. 添加Tls12SocketFactory.java这个类

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.Socket;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocket;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;

/**
 * Enables TLS v1.2 when creating SSLSockets.
 * <p/>
 * For some reason, android supports TLS v1.2 from API 16, but enables it by
 * default only from API 20.
 * @link https://developer.android.com/reference/javax/net/ssl/SSLSocket.html
 * @see SSLSocketFactory
 */
public class Tls12SocketFactory extends SSLSocketFactory {
    private static final String[] TLS_V12_ONLY = {"TLSv1.2"};

    final SSLSocketFactory delegate;

    public Tls12SocketFactory(SSLSocketFactory base) {
        this.delegate = base;
    }

    @Override
    public String[] getDefaultCipherSuites() {
        return delegate.getDefaultCipherSuites();
    }

    @Override
    public String[] getSupportedCipherSuites() {
        return delegate.getSupportedCipherSuites();
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(Socket s, String host, int port, boolean autoClose) throws IOException {
        return patch(delegate.createSocket(s, host, port, autoClose));
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(String host, int port) throws IOException, UnknownHostException {
        return patch(delegate.createSocket(host, port));
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(String host, int port, InetAddress localHost, int localPort) throws IOException, UnknownHostException {
        return patch(delegate.createSocket(host, port, localHost, localPort));
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(InetAddress host, int port) throws IOException {
        return patch(delegate.createSocket(host, port));
    }

    @Override
    public Socket createSocket(InetAddress address, int port, InetAddress localAddress, int localPort) throws IOException {
        return patch(delegate.createSocket(address, port, localAddress, localPort));
    }

    private Socket patch(Socket s) {
        if (s instanceof SSLSocket) {
            ((SSLSocket) s).setEnabledProtocols(TLS_V12_ONLY);
        }
        return s;
    }
}

2.然后添加如下方法


public static OkHttpClient.Builder enableTls12OnPreLollipop(OkHttpClient.Builder client) {
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 16 && Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 22) {
        try {
            SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("TLSv1.2");
            sc.init(null, null, null);
            client.sslSocketFactory(new Tls12SocketFactory(sc.getSocketFactory()));

            ConnectionSpec cs = new ConnectionSpec.Builder(ConnectionSpec.MODERN_TLS)
                    .tlsVersions(TlsVersion.TLS_1_2)
                    .build();

            List<ConnectionSpec> specs = new ArrayList<>();
            specs.add(cs);
            specs.add(ConnectionSpec.COMPATIBLE_TLS);
            specs.add(ConnectionSpec.CLEARTEXT);

            client.connectionSpecs(specs);
        } catch (Exception exc) {
            Log.e("OkHttpTLSCompat", "Error while setting TLS 1.2", exc);
        }
    }

    return client;
}

3.最后面okhttp构建的时候做SSL重定向

private OkHttpClient getNewHttpClient() {
    OkHttpClient.Builder client = new OkHttpClient.Builder()
            .followRedirects(true)
            .followSslRedirects(true)
            .retryOnConnectionFailure(true)
            .cache(null)
            .connectTimeout(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
            .writeTimeout(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS)
            .readTimeout(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

    return enableTls12OnPreLollipop(client).build();
}

参考资料:
https://developer.android.com/reference/javax/net/ssl/SSLEngine
https://github.com/square/okhttp/issues/2372
https://blog.csdn.net/mrpre/article/details/77978293

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