gdb调试之--read by other session 等待事件的重现

转载请注明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/guoyjoe/article/details/18461845

      发生read by other session 等待事件,肯定是两个会话同时物理读同一个数据块,假设有两个会话,会话1发生物理读,会话2正要去物理读发现会话1正在物读理产生,此时会话2发生等待,此等待就是read by other session 等待事件。


实验步骤如下:
1、开会话1,先查出会话1的进程号7376

gyj@OCM> select spid from v$session s,v$process p where s.paddr=p.addr and sid in(select distinct sid from v$mystat);

SPID
------------------------
7376


2、刷新buffer cache,目的就是让select发生物理读

gyj@OCM> alter system flush buffer_cache;

System altered.


3、通过进程号7376,打开gdb

[oracle@mydb ~]$ gdb $ORACLE_HOME/bin/oracle 7376
GNU gdb Fedora (6.8-27.el5)
Copyright (C) 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.  Type "show copying"
and "show warranty" for details.
This GDB was configured as "x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu"...
(no debugging symbols found)
Attaching to program: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/bin/oracle, process 7376
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libodm11.so...(no debugging symbols found)...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libodm11.so
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libcell11.so...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libcell11.so
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libskgxp11.so...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libskgxp11.so
Reading symbols from /lib64/librt.so.1...done.
Loaded symbols for /lib64/librt.so.1
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libnnz11.so...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libnnz11.so
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libclsra11.so...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libclsra11.so
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libdbcfg11.so...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libdbcfg11.so
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libhasgen11.so...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libhasgen11.so
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libskgxn2.so...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libskgxn2.so
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libocr11.so...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libocr11.so
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libocrb11.so...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libocrb11.so
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libocrutl11.so...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libocrutl11.so
Reading symbols from /usr/lib64/libaio.so.1...done.
Loaded symbols for /usr/lib64/libaio.so.1
Reading symbols from /lib64/libdl.so.2...done.
Loaded symbols for /lib64/libdl.so.2
Reading symbols from /lib64/libm.so.6...done.
Loaded symbols for /lib64/libm.so.6
Reading symbols from /lib64/libpthread.so.0...done.
[Thread debugging using libthread_db enabled]
[New Thread 0x2b0b8fef0910 (LWP 7376)]
Loaded symbols for /lib64/libpthread.so.0
Reading symbols from /lib64/libnsl.so.1...done.
Loaded symbols for /lib64/libnsl.so.1
Reading symbols from /lib64/libc.so.6...done.
Loaded symbols for /lib64/libc.so.6
Reading symbols from /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2...done.
Loaded symbols for /lib64/ld-linux-x86-64.so.2
Reading symbols from /usr/lib64/libnuma.so.1...done.
Loaded symbols for /usr/lib64/libnuma.so.1
Reading symbols from /lib64/libnss_files.so.2...done.
Loaded symbols for /lib64/libnss_files.so.2
Reading symbols from /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libnque11.so...done.
Loaded symbols for /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/lib/libnque11.so
0x0000003f0d40d290 in __read_nocancel () from /lib64/libpthread.so.0
(gdb) 


4、在会话1,执行select语句,此时select被阻塞

gyj@OCM> select * from gyj_test where id=1;


5、在gdb设断点,用等待事件的函数,并运行

(gdb) b kslwtbctx
Breakpoint 1 at 0x8f9a5c2
(gdb) c
Continuing.


6、查等待事件kslwtbctx函数的第一个参数,用命令info all-register显示寄存器

(gdb) info all-register
rax            0x62657100       1650815232
rbx            0x15c    348
rcx            0x0      0
rdx            0x1      1
rsi            0x7a59   31321
rdi            0x7fff1c576d40   140733668879680
rbp            0x7fff1c576ce0   0x7fff1c576ce0
rsp            0x7fff1c576ce0   0x7fff1c576ce0
r8             0x2      2
r9             0x25     37
r10            0x7      7
r11            0x0      0
r12            0x0      0
r13            0xbb0c348        196133704
r14            0xbb09d40        196123968
r15            0x1      1
rip            0x8f9a5c2        0x8f9a5c2 <kslwtbctx+4>
eflags         0x246    [ PF ZF IF ]
cs             0x33     51
ss             0x2b     43
ds             0x0      0
es             0x0      0
fs             0x0      0
gs             0x0      0
st0            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
---Type <return> to continue, or q <return> to quit---
st1            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
st2            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
st3            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
st4            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
st5            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
st6            73280    (raw 0x400f8f20000000000000)
st7            73280    (raw 0x400f8f20000000000000)
fctrl          0x27f    639
fstat          0x0      0
ftag           0xffff   65535
fiseg          0x0      0
fioff          0x9394e95        154750613
foseg          0x7fff   32767
fooff          0x1c573f50       475479888
fop            0x0      0


7、找到第一个参数
rdi            0x7fff1c576d40

8、用x/32命令查内存中32个字节

gdb) x/32 0x7fff1c576d40
0x7fff1c576d40: 0x1c577a59      0x00007fff      0x1c576e50      0x00007fff
0x7fff1c576d50: 0x1c576ee0      0x00007fff      0x0918adf2      0x00000000
0x7fff1c576d60: 0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000000
0x7fff1c576d70: 0x00000000      0x00000001      0x00000000      0x00000000
0x7fff1c576d80: 0x002adb17      0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000000
0x7fff1c576d90: 0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000001      0x00000000
0x7fff1c576da0: 0x09b958cc      0x00000000      0x0000015c      0x00000000
0x7fff1c576db0: 0x7fffffff      0x00000000      0x62657100      0x00000000


9、找到0x0000015c,通过此等待事件号,找等待事件

gyj@OCM> select  name from v$event_name where event# in(select to_number('15c','xxxxxxxxxxxxxx') from dual);


NAME
----------------------------------------------------------------
SQL*Net message to client


10、重复第5、6、7、8、9步(注用从第5步的c命令开始)

(gdb) c
Continuing.

Breakpoint 1, 0x0000000008f9a5c2 in kslwtbctx ()
(gdb) info all-register
rax            0x0      0
rbx            0x2000   8192
rcx            0x0      0
rdx            0x0      0
rsi            0x0      0
rdi            0x7fff1c574c38   140733668871224
rbp            0x7fff1c574970   0x7fff1c574970
rsp            0x7fff1c574970   0x7fff1c574970
r8             0x5bbb295        96187029
r9             0x2f8b5f0        49853936
r10            0x52da848e       1390052494
r11            0x2b0b9057e7a8   47328666314664
r12            0x99837da8       2575531432
r13            0x0      0
r14            0x0      0
r15            0x99437498       2571334808
rip            0x8f9a5c2        0x8f9a5c2 <kslwtbctx+4>
eflags         0x246    [ PF ZF IF ]
cs             0x33     51
ss             0x2b     43
ds             0x0      0
es             0x0      0
fs             0x0      0
gs             0x0      0
st0            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
---Type <return> to continue, or q <return> to quit---
st1            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
st2            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
st3            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
st4            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
st5            0        (raw 0x00000000000000000000)
st6            73280    (raw 0x400f8f20000000000000)
st7            73280    (raw 0x400f8f20000000000000)
fctrl          0x27f    639
fstat          0x0      0
ftag           0xffff   65535
fiseg          0x0      0
fioff          0x9394e95        154750613
foseg          0x7fff   32767
fooff          0x1c573f50       475479888
fop            0x0      0
xmm0           {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0 <repeats 16 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x0, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000}
xmm1           {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0 <repeats 16 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x0, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000}
xmm2           {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0 <repeats 16 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x0, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000}
xmm3           {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x54, 0x3, 0x1, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x354, 0x1, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x10354, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {
    0x1035400000000, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000001035400000000}
xmm4           {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x64, 0x0 <repeats 15 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x64, 0x0, 
---Type <return> to continue, or q <return> to quit---
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x64, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x64, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000064}
xmm5           {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x32, 0xa3, 0xd7, 0x2, 0x0 <repeats 12 times>}, 
  v8_int16 = {0xa332, 0x2d7, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x2d7a332, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x2d7a332, 0x0}, 
  uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000002d7a332}
xmm6           {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0 <repeats 16 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x0, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000}
xmm7           {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0xda, 0x87, 0xd7, 0x2, 0x0 <repeats 12 times>}, 
  v8_int16 = {0x87da, 0x2d7, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x2d787da, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x2d787da, 0x0}, 
  uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000002d787da}
xmm8           {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0 <repeats 16 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x0, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000}
xmm9           {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0 <repeats 16 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x0, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000}
xmm10          {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0 <repeats 16 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x0, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000}
xmm11          {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0 <repeats 16 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x0, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000}
xmm12          {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x18, 0xe, 0x73, 0x90, 0xb, 0x2b, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v8_int16 = {0xe18, 0x9073, 0x2b0b, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x90730e18, 0x2b0b, 0x0, 0x0}, 
  v2_int64 = {0x2b0b90730e18, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x000000000000000000002b0b90730e18}
xmm13          {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0 <repeats 16 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x0, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000}
xmm14          {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0 <repeats 16 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x0, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000}
xmm15          {v4_float = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_double = {0x0, 0x0}, v16_int8 = {0x0 <repeats 16 times>}, v8_int16 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 
---Type <return> to continue, or q <return> to quit---
    0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v4_int32 = {0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, v2_int64 = {0x0, 0x0}, uint128 = 0x00000000000000000000000000000000}
mxcsr          0x1fa1   [ IE PE IM DM ZM OM UM PM ]
(gdb) 
(gdb) x/32 0x7fff1c574c38
0x7fff1c574c38: 0x08f97a59      0x00000000      0x9079c6d8      0x00002b0b
0x7fff1c574c48: 0x90742970      0x00002b0b      0x9079c748      0x00002b0b
0x7fff1c574c58: 0x1c574df0      0x00007fff      0x9079c748      0x00002b0b
0x7fff1c574c68: 0x9079c6d8      0x00002b0b      0x00000000      0x00000000
0x7fff1c574c78: 0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000013      0x20000000
0x7fff1c574c88: 0x00000000      0x00000000      0x00000001      0x00000000
0x7fff1c574c98: 0x0a0fcd50      0x00000000      0x00000092      0x00000000
0x7fff1c574ca8: 0x7fffffff      0x00000000      0x00000006      0x00000000
(gdb) 



11、找到0x00000092,通过此等待事件号,找等待事件0x00000092

gyj@OCM> gyj@OCM> select  name from v$event_name where event# in(select to_number('92','xxxxxxxxxxxxxx') from dual);


NAME
----------------------------------------------------------------
db file sequential read

说明此时会话1发生了物理读(db file sequential read等待事件你懂我)



12、打开会话2(此会话2号的SID=146),并在会话2执行SELECT语句,此时SELECT也被阻塞了

gyj@OCM> select sid from v$mystat where rownum=1;

       SID
----------
       146

 gyj@OCM> select * from gyj_test where id=1;


13、打开一个会话3,看会话2(此会话2号的SID=146)的等待事件

sys@OCM> select sid ,event from v$session_wait where sid=146 and wait_class<>'Idle';

       SID EVENT
---------- ----------------------------------------------------------------
       146 read by other session


哈哈。。。终于发现了read by other session等待事件,以后可以用同样的方法去研究其它等待事件!


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