计算各种图形的周长(接口与多态)

版权声明:正在学习中,有错误欢迎指出。感谢比❤❤~ https://blog.csdn.net/gx17864373822/article/details/79955084

Problem Description
定义接口Shape,定义求周长的方法length()。
定义如下类实现接口Shape的抽象方法:
(1)三角形类Triangle (2)长方形类Rectangle (3)圆形类Circle等。
定义测试类ShapeTest,用Shape接口定义变量shape,用其指向不同类形的对象,输出各种图形的周长。并为其他的Shape接口实现类提供良好的扩展性。
Input
输入多组数值型数据(double);
一行中若有1个数,表示圆的半径;
一行中若有2个数(中间用空格间隔),表示长方形的长度、宽度。
一行中若有3个数(中间用空格间隔),表示三角形的三边的长度。

若输入数据中有负数,则不表示任何图形,周长为0。
Output
行数与输入相对应,数值为根据每行输入数据求得的图形的周长(保留2位小数)。
Sample Input
1
2 3
4 5 6
2
-2
-2 -3
Sample Output
6.28
10.00
15.00
12.56
0.00
0.00
Hint
构造三角形时要判断给定的三边的长度是否能组成一个三角形,即符合两边之和大于第三边的规则;
计算圆周长时PI取3.14。

import java.util.*;
interface Shape{
    public double length();
}
class Triangle implements Shape{
    double a, b, c;

    public Triangle(double a, double b, double c) {
        super();
        if(a < 0 || b < 0 || c < 0) {
            a = 0;
            b = 0;
            c = 0;
        }
        if(a + b > c && a + c > b && b + c > a) {//三角形必须符合成立条件
            this.a = a;
            this.b = b;
            this.c = c;
        }
    }

    public double length() {
        return a+b+c;
    }
}

class Rectangle implements Shape{
    double l, w;
    public Rectangle(double l, double w) {
        if(l < 0 || w < 0) {
            l = 0;
            w = 0;
        }
        else {
            this.l = l;
            this.w = w;
        }
    }
    public double length() {
        return 2*(this.l + this.w);
    }
}

class Circle implements Shape{
    double r;
    public Circle(double r) {
        if(r < 0) {
            r = 0;
        }
        this.r = r;
    }
    public double length() {
        return 2*3.14*r;
    }
}

class ShapeTest{//定义测试类ShapeTest,用Shape接口定义变量shape,用其指向不同类形的对象,输出各种图形的周长。
    public double length(Shape shape) {
        return shape.length();
    }
}

public class Main {

    public static void main(String[] args){
        Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);

        ShapeTest shapetest = new ShapeTest();

        while(sc.hasNext()) {
            Shape shape = null;
            String str = sc.nextLine();
            String[] array = str.split(" ");
            if(array.length == 1) {//圆形
                double r = Double.parseDouble(array[0]);
                shape = new Circle(r);
            }
            else if(array.length == 2) {//长方形
                double l = Double.parseDouble(array[0]);
                double w = Double.parseDouble(array[1]);
                shape = new Rectangle(l, w);
            }
            else if(array.length == 3) {//三角形
                double a = Double.parseDouble(array[0]);
                double b = Double.parseDouble(array[1]);
                double c = Double.parseDouble(array[2]);
                shape = new Triangle(a, b, c);
            }

            if(shape != null) {
                double area = shapetest.length(shape);
                System.out.printf("%.2f\n", area);
            }
            else {
                System.out.println("0.00");
            }
        }
        sc.close(); 
    }
}
import java.util.*;
import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.text.*;

interface Shape{
    public double length();
}
class Triangle implements Shape{
    double a, b, c;

    public Triangle(double a, double b, double c) {
        if(a < 0 || b < 0 || c < 0) {
            this.a = 0;
            this.b = 0;
            this.c = 0;
        }
        if(a + b > c && a + c > b && b + c > a) {
            this.a = a;
            this.b = b;
            this.c = c; 
        }
    }

    @Override
    public double length() {
        return a+b+c;
    }

}
class Rectangle implements Shape{

    double length, width;

    public Rectangle(double length, double width) {
        if(length < 0 || width < 0) {
            this.length = 0;
            this.width = 0;
        }
        else {
            this.length = length;
            this.width = width;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public double length() {

        return 2*(length + width);
    }

}
class Circle implements Shape{
    double r;

    public Circle(double r) {
        if(r < 0) {
            this.r = 0;
        }
        else
        this.r = r;
    }

    @Override
    public double length() {
        return 2*r*3.14;
    }
}

class ShapeTest{
    public double length(Shape shape) {
        return shape.length();
    }
}

public class Main {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws ParseException {
        Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
        while(sc.hasNext()) {
            Shape shape = null;
            String s = sc.nextLine();
            String[] arr = s.split(" ");
            if(arr.length == 1) {
                int a = Integer.parseInt(arr[0]);
                shape = new Circle(a);
            }
            else if(arr.length == 2) {
                int a = Integer.parseInt(arr[0]);
                int b = Integer.parseInt(arr[1]);
                shape = new Rectangle(a, b);
            }
            else if(arr.length == 3){
                int a = Integer.parseInt(arr[0]);
                int b = Integer.parseInt(arr[1]);
                int c = Integer.parseInt(arr[2]);
                shape = new Triangle(a, b, c);
            }
            System.out.println(String.format("%.2f", shape.length()));
        }
        sc.close();
    }

}
阅读更多 登录后自动展开
想对作者说点什么? 我来说一句

没有更多推荐了,返回首页