(未整理)yum安装lnmp

LNMP(即nginx-mysql-php)服务器一直是被认为性能高,内存占用少的服务器,下面我们来介绍怎么通过简单的YUM命令安装,当然,你也可以试下lnmp一键安装

导入第三方软件库

centos 5 32位:

  1. rpm -Uvh http://nginx.org/packages/centos/5/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-5-0.el5.ngx.noarch.rpm
  2. rpm -Uvh http://centos.alt.ru/repository/centos/5/i386/centalt-release-5-3.noarch.rpm

centos 5 64位:

  1. rpm -Uvh http://nginx.org/packages/centos/5/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-5-0.el5.ngx.noarch.rpm
  2. rpm -Uvh http://centos.alt.ru/repository/centos/5/x86_64/centalt-release-5-3.noarch.rpm

安装mysql

1、先卸载系统自带的apache,然后更新软件库

  1. yum remove httpd
  2. yum update

2、yum安装mysql

  1. yum install mysql mysql-server

3、加入启动项并启动mysql

  1. chkconfig --levels 235 mysqld on
  2. /etc/init.d/mysqld start

4、设置mysql密码及相关设置

  1. mysql_secure_installation

因为第一次启动这命令,所以直接回车下一步,然后输入你的mysql密码,按照提示操作。

安装nginx

1、yum安装nginx

  1. yum install nginx

2、添加到启动项并启动nginx

  1. chkconfig --levels 235 nginx on
  2. /etc/init.d/nginx start

安装php

1、安装php及相关模块

  1. yum install php-fpm php-cli php-mysql php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-mssql php-snmp php-soap php-tidy

2、编辑文件php.ini,在文件末尾添加cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1

  1. vi /etc/php.ini

3、启动php-fpm

  1. service php-fpm start

4、php-fpm加入启动项

  1. chkconfig --levels 235 php-fpm on

修改nginx配置文件,添加fastcgi支持

1、修改nginx.conf文件
vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
配置文件部分代码:

  1. [...]
  2.     server {
  3.         listen       80;
  4.         server_name  _;
  5.         #charset koi8-r;
  6.         #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
  7.         location / {
  8.             root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
  9.             index  index.php index.html index.htm;
  10.         }
  11.         error_page  404              /404.html;
  12.         location = /404.html {
  13.             root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
  14.         }
  15.         # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
  16.         #
  17.         error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
  18.         location = /50x.html {
  19.             root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
  20.         }
  21.         # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
  22.         #
  23.         #location ~ \.php$ {
  24.         #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
  25.         #}
  26.         # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
  27.         #
  28.         location ~ \.php$ {
  29.             root           /usr/share/nginx/html;
  30.             fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
  31.             fastcgi_index  index.php;
  32.             fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/share/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;
  33.             include        fastcgi_params;
  34.         }
  35.         # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
  36.         # concurs with nginx's one
  37.         #
  38.         location ~ /\.ht {
  39.             deny  all;
  40.         }
  41.     }
  42. [...]

33行的/usr/share/nginx/html修改为你的网站根目录。
2、重启nginx php-fpm

  1. /etc/init.d/nginx restart
  2. /etc/init.d/php-fpm restart

3、建立info.php文件

  1. vi /usr/share/nginx/html/info.php

添加如下代码:

  1. <?php
  2. phpinfo();
  3. ?>

在浏览器打开测试是否正常,如http://www.centos.bz/info.php

 

http://www.centos.bz/2011/03/yum-install-nginx-mysql-php-fastcgi-lnmp/

 

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