Oracle分析函数ROW_NUMBER()|RANK()|LAG()使用详解

ROW_NUMBER()函数:
row_number()和rownum差不多,功能更强一点(可以在各个分组内从1开时排序),效率更高(?效率貌似更差些,实际测验时)。
 
ROW_NUMBER()的使用方法:
    ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY COL1 ORDER BY COL2)
详细说明:
    根据COL1分组
    在分组内部根据 COL2排序
而这个值就表示每组内部排序后的顺序编号(组内连续的唯一的)
  1. ROW_NUMBER()语法如下:  
  2.   
  3. 1、row_number() over(order by column desc)先对列column按照降序,再为每条记录返回一个序列号:  
  4. SELECT D.*, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY D.R_OPATE_NUM DESCAS INX FROM REPORT_DATA D  
ROW_NUMBER()语法如下:

1、row_number() over(order by column desc)先对列column按照降序,再为每条记录返回一个序列号:
SELECT D.*, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY D.R_OPATE_NUM DESC) AS INX FROM REPORT_DATA D
  1. 2、row_number() over(partition by column1 order by column2 asc) 先按照column1分组,再对分组后的数据进行以column2升序排列  
  2. select personalid,ct_smp_type,row_number() over(partition by personalid order by ct_smp_type asc) rn from neogoodsrule   
  3.   
  4. 语法1的具体实例:获取前100名人员的排名信息,如下  
2、row_number() over(partition by column1 order by column2 asc) 先按照column1分组,再对分组后的数据进行以column2升序排列
select personalid,ct_smp_type,row_number() over(partition by personalid order by ct_smp_type asc) rn from neogoodsrule 

语法1的具体实例:获取前100名人员的排名信息,如下
  1. <PRE class=sql name="code">WITH REPORT_DATA AS  
  2.   (SELECT DW.DWID,DW.DWMC,JY.JYXM,JY.JH,RMPC.R_OPATE_NUM   
  3.   FROM REPORT_MONTH_PERSON_COUNT RMPC,JWT_JYXX JY,T_DWXX DW  
  4.   WHERE RMPC.JYID = JY.JYUSERID  
  5.   AND JY.SSDW = DW.DWID  
  6.   AND RMPC.R_YEAR = 2013  
  7.   AND RMPC.R_MONTH = 6  
  8.   AND JY.SSDW LIKE '4102%'  
  9.   ORDER BY RMPC.R_OPATE_NUM DESC)  
  10. SELECT B.*  
  11. FROM (SELECT D.*, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY D.R_OPATE_NUM DESCAS INX  
  12.        FROM REPORT_DATA D  
  13.        ) B  
  14. WHERE B.INX <=100  
  15. ORDER BY B.INX </PRE><BR>  
  16. <PRE></PRE>  
  17. <BR>  
<div class="dp-highlighter bg_sql"><div class="bar"><div class="tools"><strong>[sql]</strong> <a target=_blank target="_blank" class="ViewSource" title="view plain" href="http://blog.csdn.net/liqingan880102/article/details/9924257#">view plain</a><a target=_blank target="_blank" class="CopyToClipboard" title="copy" href="http://blog.csdn.net/liqingan880102/article/details/9924257#">copy</a><a target=_blank target="_blank" class="PrintSource" title="print" href="http://blog.csdn.net/liqingan880102/article/details/9924257#">print</a><a target=_blank target="_blank" class="About" title="?" href="http://blog.csdn.net/liqingan880102/article/details/9924257#">?</a></div></div><ol class="dp-sql"><li class="alt"><span><span class="keyword">WITH</span><span> REPORT_DATA </span><span class="keyword">AS</span><span>  </span></span></li><li><span>  (</span><span class="keyword">SELECT</span><span> DW.DWID,DW.DWMC,JY.JYXM,JY.JH,RMPC.R_OPATE_NUM   </span></li><li class="alt"><span>  </span><span class="keyword">FROM</span><span> REPORT_MONTH_PERSON_COUNT RMPC,JWT_JYXX JY,T_DWXX DW  </span></li><li><span>  </span><span class="keyword">WHERE</span><span> RMPC.JYID = JY.JYUSERID  </span></li><li class="alt"><span>  </span><span class="op">AND</span><span> JY.SSDW = DW.DWID  </span></li><li><span>  </span><span class="op">AND</span><span> RMPC.R_YEAR = 2013  </span></li><li class="alt"><span>  </span><span class="op">AND</span><span> RMPC.R_MONTH = 6  </span></li><li><span>  </span><span class="op">AND</span><span> JY.SSDW </span><span class="op">LIKE</span><span> </span><span class="string">'4102%'</span><span>  </span></li><li class="alt"><span>  </span><span class="keyword">ORDER</span><span> </span><span class="keyword">BY</span><span> RMPC.R_OPATE_NUM </span><span class="keyword">DESC</span><span>)  </span></li><li><span></span><span class="keyword">SELECT</span><span> B.*  </span></li><li class="alt"><span></span><span class="keyword">FROM</span><span> (</span><span class="keyword">SELECT</span><span> D.*, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(</span><span class="keyword">ORDER</span><span> </span><span class="keyword">BY</span><span> D.R_OPATE_NUM </span><span class="keyword">DESC</span><span>) </span><span class="keyword">AS</span><span> INX  </span></li><li><span>       </span><span class="keyword">FROM</span><span> REPORT_DATA D  </span></li><li class="alt"><span>       ) B  </span></li><li><span></span><span class="keyword">WHERE</span><span> B.INX <=100  </span></li><li class="alt"><span></span><span class="keyword">ORDER</span><span> </span><span class="keyword">BY</span><span> B.INX   </span></li></ol></div><pre class="sql" name="code" style="">WITH REPORT_DATA AS
  (SELECT DW.DWID,DW.DWMC,JY.JYXM,JY.JH,RMPC.R_OPATE_NUM 
  FROM REPORT_MONTH_PERSON_COUNT RMPC,JWT_JYXX JY,T_DWXX DW
  WHERE RMPC.JYID = JY.JYUSERID
  AND JY.SSDW = DW.DWID
  AND RMPC.R_YEAR = 2013
  AND RMPC.R_MONTH = 6
  AND JY.SSDW LIKE '4102%'
  ORDER BY RMPC.R_OPATE_NUM DESC)
SELECT B.*
FROM (SELECT D.*, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY D.R_OPATE_NUM DESC) AS INX
       FROM REPORT_DATA D
       ) B
WHERE B.INX <=100
ORDER BY B.INX 




以下为通过row_number() over(...)删除重复数据的例子,仅供参考:

delete from acc_fundnav
where rowid in (select row1
                   from (select rowid row1,
                                row_number() over(partition by HOST_ID order by rowid) lev
                           from acc_fundnav)
                  where lev > 1)

RANK():排序的时候跟派名次一样,可以并列2个第一名之后 是第3名

LAG:分组排序后 ,组内后面一条记录减前面一条记录的差,第一条可返回 NULL

BTW: EXPERT ONE ON ONE 上讲的最详细,还有很多相关特性,文档看起来比较费劲

rank()是跳跃排序,有两个第二名时接下来就是第四名(同样是在各个分组内)
dense_rank()l是连续排序,有两个第二名时仍然跟着第三名。
相比之下row_number是没有重复值的
lag(arg1,arg2,arg3):
arg1是从其他行返回的表达式
arg2是希望检索的当前行分区的偏移量。是一个正的偏移量,时一个往回检索以前的行的数目。
arg3是在arg2表示的数目超出了分组的范围时返回的值。 


另见:《oracle分析函数技术详解(如 over())

oracle分析函数技术详解(配上开窗函数over())

Oracle的LAG和LEAD分析函数



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