Java中执行Shell(.sh)和windows批量处理(.bat)

原文之地:http://blog.csdn.net/Nicolas_Yang/archive/2008/12/12/3504480.aspx

【JAVA 中执行Shell】


jShell.java


/*
* jShell.java
* class jShell is used for executing shell command
* USAGE:
* jShell obj=new jShell(shellCommand);
* obj.startErr();
* obj.startOut();
* obj.startIn();
* You can Interupt I/O thread when nessasary:
* obj.interruptErr();
* obj.interruptOut();
* obj.interruptIn();
*
* BY Ahui Wang Nankai U. 2007-05-12
*/

import java.io.*;

public class jShell {
Thread tIn; //handle input of child process
Thread tOut;//handle output of child process
Thread tErr;//handle error output of child process

public jShell(String shellCommand){

Process child=null; //child process
try{
child=Runtime.getRuntime().exec(shellCommand);
}
catch(IOException e){
e.printStackTrace();
}
if(child==null){
return;
}

final InputStream inputStream=child.getInputStream();
final BufferedReader brOut=
new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(inputStream));

tOut=new Thread(){ //initialize thread tOut
String line;
int lineNumber=0;
public void run(){
try{
while((line=brOut.readLine())!=null){
System.out.println(lineNumber+". "+line);
lineNumber++;
}
}
catch(IOException e){
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
};

final InputStream errorStream=child.getErrorStream();
final BufferedReader brErr=
new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(errorStream));

tErr=new Thread(){ //initialize thread tErr
String line;
int lineNumber=0;
public void run(){
try{
while((line=brErr.readLine())!=null){
System.out.println(lineNumber+". "+line);
lineNumber++;
}
}
catch(IOException e){
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
};

// read buffer of parent process' input stream
final BufferedReader reader =
new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
final OutputStream outputStream = child.getOutputStream();
tIn=new Thread(){
String line;
public void run() {
try {
while (true) {
outputStream.write( (reader.readLine()+"\n").getBytes());
outputStream.flush();
}
}
catch (IOException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
}
};

}
public void startIn(){ //start thread tIn
if(tIn!=null){
tIn.start();
}
}
public void startErr(){ //start thread tErr
if(tErr!=null){
tErr.start();
}
}
public void startOut(){ //start thread tOut
if(tOut!=null){
tOut.start();
}
}
public void interruptIn(){ //interrupt thread tIn
if(tIn!=null){
tIn.interrupt();
}
}
public void interruptErr(){ //interrupt thread tErr
if(tErr!=null){
tErr.interrupt();
}
}
public void interruptOut(){ //interrupt thread tOut
if(tOut!=null){
tOut.interrupt();
}
}

}

CODE: mainC.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
public final class mainC {
public static void main(String[] args) {
jShell shell=new jShell("ls -l");
shell.startErr();
shell.startIn();
shell.startOut();
}
}

RESULT:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
0. 总用量 44
1. -rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 219 5月 12 10:41 ex.pl
2. -rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 211 5月 12 10:39 ex.pl~
3. -rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 150 5月 12 10:41 ex.sh
4. -rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 124 5月 12 10:20 ex.sh~
5. -rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 1198 5月 12 10:43 jShell$1.class
6. -rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 1198 5月 12 10:43 jShell$2.class
7. -rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 1222 5月 12 10:43 jShell$3.class
8. -rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 2241 5月 12 10:43 jShell.class
9. -rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 2720 5月 12 10:43 jShell.java
10. -rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 544 5月 12 11:43 mainC.class
11. -rwxrwxrwx 1 root root 170 5月 12 11:43 mainC.java

PS:

Process process=Runtime.getRuntime().exec("");中产生停滞(阻塞,blocking),怎么解决?
---------------------------------------------------------------

这个是因为Runtime.getRuntime().exec()要自己去处理stdout和stderr的。
所以如果你想让程序正常运行的话,请务必将上述用别的线程流取走。


【JAVA中执行bat】

>test.bat
haha
exit 99

>RuntimeTest.java
public class RuntimeTest {

public static void main(String[] args) {
try {
Process process=Runtime.getRuntime().exec("test.bat");
StreamGobbler errorGobbler = new StreamGobbler(process.getErrorStream(), "ERROR");

// kick off stderr
errorGobbler.start();

StreamGobbler outGobbler = new StreamGobbler(process.getInputStream(), "STDOUT");
// kick off stdout
outGobbler.start();

process.waitFor();
System.out.println(process.exitValue());
} catch(Exception e) {}
}
}


>StreamGobbler.java
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.PrintWriter;

public class StreamGobbler extends Thread {
InputStream is;
String type;
OutputStream os;

StreamGobbler(InputStream is, String type) {
this(is, type, null);
}

StreamGobbler(InputStream is, String type, OutputStream redirect) {
this.is = is;
this.type = type;
this.os = redirect;
}

public void run() {
try {
PrintWriter pw = null;
if (os != null)
pw = new PrintWriter(os);

InputStreamReader isr = new InputStreamReader(is);
BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(isr);
String line=null;
while ( (line = br.readLine()) != null) {
if (pw != null)
pw.println(line);
System.out.println(type + ">" + line);
}
if (pw != null)
pw.flush();
} catch (IOException ioe) {
ioe.printStackTrace();
}
}
}

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