C/C++获取Windows系统CPU和内存及硬盘使用情况

//1.获取Windows系统内存使用率

//windows 内存 使用率
DWORD getWin_MemUsage(){
	MEMORYSTATUS ms;
	::GlobalMemoryStatus(&ms);
	return ms.dwMemoryLoad;
}

//2.获取windowsCPU使用率

__int64 CompareFileTime(FILETIME time1, FILETIME time2)
{
	__int64 a = time1.dwHighDateTime << 32 | time1.dwLowDateTime;
	__int64 b = time2.dwHighDateTime << 32 | time2.dwLowDateTime;

	return (b - a);
}
//WIN CPU使用情况
void getWin_CpuUsage(){
	HANDLE hEvent;
	BOOL res;
	FILETIME preidleTime;
	FILETIME prekernelTime;
	FILETIME preuserTime;
	FILETIME idleTime;
	FILETIME kernelTime;
	FILETIME userTime;

	res = GetSystemTimes(&idleTime, &kernelTime, &userTime);
	preidleTime = idleTime;
	prekernelTime = kernelTime;
	preuserTime = userTime;

	hEvent = CreateEventA(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL); // 初始值为 nonsignaled ,并且每次触发后自动设置为nonsignaled

	while (true){
		WaitForSingleObject(hEvent, 1000);
		res = GetSystemTimes(&idleTime, &kernelTime, &userTime);

		__int64 idle = CompareFileTime(preidleTime, idleTime);
		__int64 kernel = CompareFileTime(prekernelTime, kernelTime);
		__int64 user = CompareFileTime(preuserTime, userTime);

		__int64 cpu = (kernel + user - idle) * 100 / (kernel + user);
		__int64 cpuidle = (idle)* 100 / (kernel + user);
		cout << "CPU利用率:" << cpu << "%" << " CPU空闲率:" << cpuidle << "%" << endl;

		preidleTime = idleTime;
		prekernelTime = kernelTime;
		preuserTime = userTime;
	}
}
//获取 WIN 硬盘使用情况
int getWin_DiskUsage(){
	int DiskCount = 0;
	DWORD DiskInfo = GetLogicalDrives();
	//利用GetLogicalDrives()函数可以获取系统中逻辑驱动器的数量,函数返回的是一个32位无符号整型数据。  
	while (DiskInfo)//通过循环操作查看每一位数据是否为1,如果为1则磁盘为真,如果为0则磁盘不存在。  
	{
		if (DiskInfo & 1)//通过位运算的逻辑与操作,判断是否为1  
		{
			++DiskCount;
		}
		DiskInfo = DiskInfo >> 1;//通过位运算的右移操作保证每循环一次所检查的位置向右移动一位。  
		//DiskInfo = DiskInfo/2;  
	}
	cout << "Logical Disk Number:" << DiskCount << endl;
	//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
	int DSLength = GetLogicalDriveStrings(0, NULL);
	//通过GetLogicalDriveStrings()函数获取所有驱动器字符串信息长度。  
	char* DStr = new char[DSLength];//用获取的长度在堆区创建一个c风格的字符串数组  
	GetLogicalDriveStrings(DSLength, (LPTSTR)DStr);
	//通过GetLogicalDriveStrings将字符串信息复制到堆区数组中,其中保存了所有驱动器的信息。  

	int DType;
	int si = 0;
	BOOL fResult;
	unsigned _int64 i64FreeBytesToCaller;
	unsigned _int64 i64TotalBytes;
	unsigned _int64 i64FreeBytes;

	for (int i = 0; i<DSLength / 4; ++i)//为了显示每个驱动器的状态,则通过循环输出实现,由于DStr内部保存的数据是A:\NULLB:\NULLC:\NULL,这样的信息,所以DSLength/4可以获得具体大循环范围  
	{
		char dir[3] = { DStr[si], ':', '\\' };
		cout << dir;
		DType = GetDriveType(DStr + i * 4);
		//GetDriveType函数,可以获取驱动器类型,参数为驱动器的根目录  
		if (DType == DRIVE_FIXED)
		{
			cout << "Hard Disk";
		}
		else if (DType == DRIVE_CDROM)
		{
			cout << "CD-ROM";
		}
		else if (DType == DRIVE_REMOVABLE)
		{
			cout << "Removable Disk";
		}
		else if (DType == DRIVE_REMOTE)
		{
			cout << "Network Disk";
		}
		else if (DType == DRIVE_RAMDISK)
		{
			cout << "Virtual RAM Disk";
		}
		else if (DType == DRIVE_UNKNOWN)
		{
			cout << "Unknown Device";
		}

		fResult = GetDiskFreeSpaceEx(
			dir,
			(PULARGE_INTEGER)&i64FreeBytesToCaller,
			(PULARGE_INTEGER)&i64TotalBytes,
			(PULARGE_INTEGER)&i64FreeBytes);
		//GetDiskFreeSpaceEx函数,可以获取驱动器磁盘的空间状态,函数返回的是个BOOL类型数据  
		if (fResult)//通过返回的BOOL数据判断驱动器是否在工作状态  
		{
			cout << " totalspace:" << (float)i64TotalBytes / 1024 / 1024 << " MB";//磁盘总容量  
			cout << " freespace:" << (float)i64FreeBytesToCaller / 1024 / 1024 << " MB";//磁盘剩余空间  
		}
		else
		{
			cout << " 设备未准备好";
		}
		cout << endl;
		si += 4;
	}
	return 0;
}

//main函数

int main( int argc, char **argv )
{
	//+++======================获取windows 内存使用率==================+++//
	DWORD dwValue = getWin_MemUsage();
	printf("内存使用率为 %d %% \n",dwValue);
	//+++======================获取Windows CPU使用率====================+++//
	//getWin_CpuUsage();
	//+++======================获取Windows 硬盘使用====================+++//
	getWin_DiskUsage();
        return 0;
}




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